• [S584] Inc. Brøderbund Software, GEDCOM file imported on 24 Oct 1999 from World Family Tree Vol. 11, Ed. 1, Family # 0167 (n.p.: Release date: July 1, 1997, unknown publish date).
  • [S585] Unknown author, GEDCOM file imported on 24 Oct 1999 from World Family Tree Vol. 11, Ed. 1, Family #2765 (n.p.: published by: Family Tree Maker, Broderbund Software, Inc., Release date: July 1, 1997, unknown publish date).
  • [S586] Inc. Brøderbund Software, GEDCOM file imported on 24 Oct 1999 from World Family Tree Vol. 11, Ed. 1, Family #3809 (n.p.: Release date: July 1, 1997, unknown publish date).
  • [S589] Inc. Brøderbund Software, GEDCOM file imported on 25 Oct 1999 from World Family Tree Vol. 12, Ed. 1, Family #2326 (n.p.: Release date: July 28, 1997, unknown publish date).
  • [S595] Inc. Brøderbund Software, GEDCOM file imported on 26 Oct 1999 from World Family Tree Vol. 13, Ed. 1, Family #1900 (n.p.: Release date: August 14, 1997, unknown publish date).
  • [S599] Inc. Brøderbund Software, GEDCOM file imported on 28 Oct 1999 from World Family Tree Vol. 14, Ed. 1, family # 1829 (n.p.: Release date: October 20, 1997, unknown publish date).
  • [S616] Inc. Br²derbund Software, GEDCOM file imported on 26 Dec 1999 from World Family Tree Vol. 18, Ed. 1, Family #18-0770 (n.p.: Release date: March 27, 1998, unknown publish date).
  • [S619] Inc. Br²derbund Software, GEDCOM file imported on 27 Dec 1999 from World Family Tree Vol. 6, Ed. 1, Family #6-1556 (n.p.: Release date: August 22, 1996, unknown publish date).
  • [S634] Robert Bartlett, The New Oxford History of England: England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings 1075-1225 (n.p.: Clarendon Press, Oxford, 2000, unknown publish date).
  • [S636] Inc. Brøderbund Software, GEDCOM file imported on 6 Oct 2000 from World Family Tree Vol. L1, Ed. 1, Family #0043 (n.p.: Release date: October 30, 1998, unknown publish date).
  • [S639] Inc. Brøderbund Software, GEDCOM file imported on 6 Oct 2000 from World Family Tree Vol. L1, Ed. 1, Family #0017 (n.p.: Release date: October 30, 1998, unknown publish date).
  • [S643] Unknown compiler, GEDCOM file imported on 9 Oct 2000. World Family Tree European Origins Vol. E1, Ed. 1, Family #0756., CD-ROM (n.p.: Brøderbund Software, Inc., Release date: September 15, 1997). Hereinafter cited as WFT E1-0756.
  • [S737] Compiler Don Charles Stone, Some Ancient and Medieval Descents (n.p.: Ancient and Medieval Descents Project
    2401 Pennsylvania Ave., #9B-2B
    Philadelphia, PA 19130-3034
    Tel: 215-232-6259
    e-mail address
    or e-mail address
    copyright 1995, 1998, 1999, 2000, unknown publish date).
  • [S742] Ed. Antonia Fraser, The Lives of the Kings & Queens of England (revised and updated) (n.p.: University of California Press, Berkely, 1998, unknown publish date).
  • [S753] Jr. Aileen Lewers Langston and J. Orton Buck, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. II (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1974 (1996 reprint)). Hereinafter cited as Langston & Buck [1974] - Charlemagne Desc. vol II.
  • [S761] John Cannon and Ralph Griffiths, The Oxford Illiustrated History of the British Monarchy (Great Clarendon Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 1998). Hereinafter cited as Cannon & Griffiths, British Monarchy 1998.
  • [S787] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=SHOW&db=tlchew&recno=0, Tim Chew (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Oct. 2001.
  • [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002.
  • [S968] Unknown author, the LEE Cronicle by Cazenouva Gardner Lee Jr., The VA Colonial Abstracts Series 1 Vol 19 Abstracted by Beverley Fleet., VA Historical some of her descendants' by Mrs O A Keach., Northumberland CO VA Wills and Series 2 #1). Lancaster Co., VA. She was the daughter of Richard Lee, Col. and Anne Petition for the probate of his will was dated 17 Apr 1689 by Mrs. Elizabeth destroyed by fire on 25 Oct 1710. (Chevy Chase, MD), THE VIRGINIA GENEALOGIST, Vol. 40, No. 2 (April-June 1996), (n.p.: n.pub., unknown publish date).
  • [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001). Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  • [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998). Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  • [S1373] The Official Site of the British Monarchy, online http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page1.asp. Hereinafter cited as British Monarchy Site.
  • [S1513] Chris Phillips, "Phillips email "Bastards of Henry I"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 14 November 2003. Hereinafter cited as "Phillips email 14 November 2003."
  • [S1514] Stewart Baldwin, "Baldwin email "Re: Bastards of Henry I"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 14 November 2003. Hereinafter cited as "Baldwin email 14 November 2003."
  • [S1515] Douglas Richardson, "Richardson 15 Nov email "Re: Bastards of Henry I"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 15 Nov 2003. Hereinafter cited as "Richardson email 15 Nov 2003."
  • [S1516] Stewart Baldwin, "Baldwin email "Re: Bastards of Henry I"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 15 November 2003. Hereinafter cited as "Baldwin email 15 November 2003."
  • [S1536] Stewart Baldwin, "Baldwin 27 November 2003 email "Bastards of Henry I, part 1: Introduction and Bibliography"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 27 November 2003. Hereinafter cited as "Baldwin email #1 27 November 2003."
  • [S1537] Stewart Baldwin, "Baldwin 27 November 2003 email "Bastards of Henry I, part 2: sons"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 27 November 2003. Hereinafter cited as "Baldwin email #2 27 November 2003."
  • [S1538] Stewart Baldwin, "Baldwin 27 November 2003 email "Bastards of Henry I, part 3: daughters"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 27 November 2003. Hereinafter cited as "Baldwin email #3 27 November 2003."
  • [S1539] Stewart Baldwin, "Baldwin 27 November 2003 email "Bastards of Henry I, part 4: probable, possible, etc."," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 27 November 2003. Hereinafter cited as "Baldwin email #4 27 November 2003."
  • [S1540] Stewart Baldwin, "Baldwin 27 November 2003 email "Bastards of Henry I, part 5: mothers"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 27 November 2003. Hereinafter cited as "Baldwin email #5 27 November 2003."
  • [S1556] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 1 Jan 2004: "Bastards of Robert 'Curthose', Duke of Normandy"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 1 Jan 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 1 Jan 2004."
  • [S1575] History Book Club FYI, "History Book Club FYI Ancient & Medieval History Newsletter: "William the Conqueror: The Bastard Who Became King"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to Greg Vaut, 10 Feb 2004. Hereinafter cited as "HBC FYI 10 Feb 2004."
  • [S1593] Kelsey J. Williams, "Williams email 24 Feb 2004 "Re: Kuman lines into European( and other )Royalty"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 16 Feb 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Williams email 16 Feb 2004."
  • [S1599] Peter Stewart, "Stewart email 3 March 2004 "Marriages of Isabelle of Angoulême's mother Alix de Courtenay"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 3 March 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Stewart email 3 March 2004."
  • [S1646] Alasdair Friend, "Friend email 7 July 2004: " DFA: Scipio - Philagrius - Alfred"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 7 July 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Friend email 7 July 2004."
  • [S1671] Count W. H. Rüdt-Collenberg, The Rupenides, Hethumides and Lusignans: The Structure of the Armeno-Cilician Dynasties (11, Rude de Lille, Paris 7e, France: Librairie C. Klincksieck for the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation Armenian Libraryn (Lisbon), 1963). Hereinafter cited as Rudt-Collenberg: The Rupenides, etc.
  • [S1704] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 17 Dec 2004 "A Plantagenet Descent: FitzWilliam of Woodhall to William Farrar"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 17 Dec 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 17 Dec 2004."
  • [S1769] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 12 Aug 2005: "Re: Count Odo/Cunegonde"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 12 Aug 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 12 Aug 2005."
  • [S1842] Dorothy Dunnett, King Hereafter (New York: Vintage Books (Random House), 1982 (Oct. 1998)). Hereinafter cited as Dunnett (1982) King Hereafter.
  • [S1901] Brad Verity, "Verity email 24 July 2005: "Some Descendants of Alice Talbot, Dame Barre"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 24 July 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Verity email 24 July 2005."
  • [S1936] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 25 Aug 2005: "Robert II of France to Maud de Bernake (was CP Addition:..)"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 25 Aug 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 25 Aug 2005."
  • [S1979] Douglas Richardson, "Mississippienne email 18 Oct 2005: "Grandchildren of Eleanor of Aquitaine"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 18 Oct 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Mississippienne email 18 Oct 2005."
  • [S2009] Nathaniel Taylor, "Taylor email 15 Nov 2005: "Blount of Kinlet, Astley, North Carolina (was re: Children of Sancha de Ayala)"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 15 Nov 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Taylor email 15 Nov 2005."
  • [S2104] John Higgins, "Higgins email 28 Oct 2006: "RPA additions - Mackworth"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 28 Oct 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Higgins email 28 Oct 2006."
  • [S2114] Doug Smith, "Smith email 17 Dec 2006 "Early Comtes de Boulogne"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 17 Dec 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Smith email 17 Dec 2006."
  • [S3341] History The Interesting Bits, online http://historytheinterestingbits.com/. Hereinafter cited as History The Interesting Bits.
  • [S3765] Natl Soc of the Colonial Dames of America - Virginia, compiler, Parish Register of Christ Church, Middlesex County, Va. from 1653 to 1812 (Richmond, VA: Wm Ellis Jones, 1897). Hereinafter cited as Col Dames [1897] Christ Church Parish Register.
  • [S4501] Dolores L. HudsonVonnie Pryor and Jason E. Tomberlin, "The Workings of Early North Carolina Marriage Bonds and Banns", Hudson Family Association Bulletin No. 120, pp. 1-4 (Fourth Quarter, 2002). Hereinafter cited as "HFA Bulletin [2002:120:1-4] Early NC Marriage Bond."
  • [S4750] Michael Anne Guido and John P. Ravilious, "From Theophanu to St. Margaret of Scotland: A study of Agatha's ancestry", Foundations IV:81-121 (Vol. IV, 2012). Hereinafter cited as "From Theophanu to St. Margaret."