• [S609] Inc. Brøderbund Software, World Family Tree Vol. 15, Ed. 1, Family # 1330 (n.p.: n.pub., unknown publish date).
  • [S615] Inc. Brøderbund Software, World Family Tree Vol. 16, Ed. 1, Family # 2144 (n.p.: n.pub., unknown publish date).
  • [S618] Inc. Br²derbund Software, GEDCOM file imported on 27 Dec 1999 from World Family Tree Vol. 6, Ed. 1, Family #6-3214 (n.p.: Release date: August 22, 1996, unknown publish date).
  • [S620] Inc. Br²derbund Software, World Family Tree Vol. 18, Ed. 1, Family #1156 (n.p.: Release date: March 27, 1998, unknown publish date).
  • [S642] Inc. Brøderbund Software, World Family Tree European Origins Vol. E1, Ed. 1, Family #0902 (n.p.: Release date: September 15, 1997, unknown publish date).
  • [S666] Unknown author, Rust of Virginia p. 16 (n.p.: n.pub., unknown publish date).
  • [S669] Inc. Brøderbund Software, World Family Tree Vol. 1, Ed. 1, Family #4085 (n.p.: Release date: November 29, 1995, unknown publish date).
  • [S738] Norman W. Ingham, "A Slavist's View of Agatha, Wife of Edward the Exile, as a Possible Daughter of Yaroslav the Wise", New England Historical and Genealogical Register, April 1998, 152:216-223 (n.p.: The New England Historic Genealogical Society
    Boston, April 1998, unknown publish date).
  • [S740] Rene Jette, "Is the Mystery of the Origin of Agatha, Wife of Edward the Exile, Finally Solved?", The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, October 1996, 150:417-432. (n.p.: The New England Historic Genealogical Society
    Boston, unknown publish date).
  • [S741] Unknown compiler, World Family Tree Vol. 18, Ed. 1., CD-ROM (n.p.: Brøderbund Software, Inc., Release date: March 27, 1998). Hereinafter cited as World Family Tree Vol. 18, Ed. 1.
  • [S905] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:2172660, Karen Moore (unknown location), downloaded 20 July 2002.
  • [S917] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=traveler, Mike Johnston (unknown location), downloaded updated 30 Oct 2001.
  • [S1406] History Book Club FYI, "History Book Club FYI Ancient & Medieval History Newsletter: "The Year 1000: Prince Vladimir of Russia, Sinner to Saint"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to Greg Vaut, 17 Oct 2002. Hereinafter cited as "History Book Club FYI 17 Oct 2002."
  • [S1424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners, 2nd ed. (Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., 1992). Hereinafter cited as Stuart [1992] Royalty for Commoners.
  • [S1430] Translated from the Greek by E. R. A. Sewter, editor, The Alexiad of Anna Comnena (New York: Penguin Books/Viking Pengun, 1969). Hereinafter cited as The Alexiad of Anna Comnena.
  • [S1432] Simon R. Doubleday, The Lara Family: Crown and Nobility in Medieval Spain (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001). Hereinafter cited as Doubleday [2001] The Lara Family.
  • [S1434] Simon Barton, The Aristocracy in Twelfth-Century Leon and Castile (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1997). Hereinafter cited as Barton [1997] Aristocracy in 12th Cent Leon & Castile.
  • [S1463] Thierry Stasser, "Stasser email "Re: Aimeri de Narbonne"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/t-7jjfjHxVo/m/4YzombalQZ0J) to e-mail address, 16 August 2003. Hereinafter cited as "Stasser email 16 August 2003."
  • [S1501] Charles Cawley, "Cawley email "Amadeus III Count of Savoy"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 6 November 2003. Hereinafter cited as "Cawley email 2 6 November 2003."
  • [S1525] Richard Borthwick, "Borthwick 23 Jan 1999 email "Re: Agnes of Savoy"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to soc.genealogy.medieval, 23 Jan 1999. Hereinafter cited as "Borthwick email 23 Jan 1999."
  • [S1592] Peter Stewart, "Stewart email 29 Feb 2004 "Re: Anna de Kiev"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 29 Feb 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Stewart email 29 Feb 2004."
  • [S1718] Curt Nilsen, "Nilsen email 3 July 2005 "A dumb question about Sex, King Herod, and Settipani"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/L__1rC5cvbA/m/6SL92gNXo1AJ) to e-mail address, 3 July 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Nilsen email 3 July 2005."
  • [S1741] Adrian Channing, "Channing email 22 July 2005: "Re: Belvoir confusion - came from John Throckmorton messages"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 22 July 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Channing email 22 July 2005."
  • [S1768] Thierry Stasser, "Stasser email 31 Aug 2005 "Re: Children of Robert Guiscard and Sikelgaita"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/z4ODwK98jjs/m/5BxUDWlyvxcJ) to e-mail address, 31 Aug 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Stasser email 31 Aug 2005."
  • [S1813] Stewart Baldwin, "Baldwin email 14 Oct 2004 "Loose ends: children of Conan I of Brittany"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 14 Oct 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Baldwin email 14 Oct 2004."
  • [S1822] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 28 Oct 2004 "Euphemia, Countess of Ross (was Re: Magna Carta line of Eufemia)"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 28 Oct 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 28 Oct 2004."
  • [S1853] Peter Stewart, "Stewart email 6 Jan 2005 email "Re: Umberto III, Count of Savoy"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 6 Jan 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Stewart email 6 Jan 2005."
  • [S1862] Peter Stewart, "Stewart email 21 Jan 2005 email "Re: Thierry d'Alsace, Count of Flanders"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 21 Jan 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Stewart email 21 Jan 2005."
  • [S1868] J Bunot, "Bunot email 26 Jan 2005: "Toulouse according to Settipani"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 26 Jan 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Bunot email 26 Jan 2005."
  • [S1884] Michael Andrews-Reading, "Andrews-Reading email 13 Feb 2006: "FitzWarine puzzle"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 13 Feb 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Andrews-Reading email 13 Feb 2006."
  • [S1899] Todd Whitesides, "Whitesides email 9 July 2005 "Hugh "of Kevelioc" (1147-1181), Earl of Chester"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 9 July 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Whitesides email 9 July 2005."
  • [S1969] James Dow Allen, "Allen email 1 Oct 2005: "Diana's ancestors fallen at Flodden Field"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 1 Oct 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Allen email 1 Oct 2005."
  • [S2077] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 3 June 2006: "Re: Brittany was Re: William de Mohun's (d Oct 1193) ancestors," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 3 June 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 3 June 2006."
  • [S2087] Hans Vogels, "Vogels email 9 Aug 2006: "Hildegard of Flanders Re: Louis VI to Charlemagne Fw: Capetien from Charlemagne"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 9 Aug 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 9 Aug 2006."
  • [S2090] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 19 Aug 2006: "Re: The Comyns and the House of Galloway: a prior Connection ?"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 19 Aug 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 19 Aug 2006."
  • [S2128] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 24 Jan 2007: "Ancestry of Matilda of Apulia: the dukes of Naples"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/HBUMZ5AmysI/m/f-6WOFrSFgIJ) to e-mail address, 24 Jan 2007. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 24 Jan 2007."
  • [S2142] Peter Stewart, "Stewart email 10 Mar 2007: "Re: umberto I Of SAVOY"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 10 Mar 2007. Hereinafter cited as "Stewart email 10 Mar 2007."
  • [S2174] Michael Andrews-Reading, "Andrews-Reading email 31 Aug 2007: "Aspal of Stonham Aspal, Suffolk"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 31 Aug 2007. Hereinafter cited as "Andrews-Reading email 31 Aug 2007."
  • [S3425] Douglas Richardson, "Richardson email 28 May 2016: "C.P. Addition: New light on the parentage of Maud de Lucy, wife of     Sir Gilbert de Segrave, 1st Lord Segrave (died 1295)"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 28 May 2016. Hereinafter cited as "Richardson email 28 May 2016."
  • [S3884] 1880 Federal Census, 1880 Census TN Davidson Co District 20.
  • [S3885] 1870 Federal Census, 1870 Census TN Davidson Co District 20.
  • [S3886] 1900 Federal Census, 1900 Census TN Davidson Co Nashville.
  • [S3887] 1910 Federal Census, 1910 Census TN Davidson Co Civil Dist 10.
  • [S4122] Gary Boyd Roberts, Royal Descents of 600 Immigrants to the American Colonies or the United States with a 2008 Addendum, Coda and Final Addition, in 2 volumes (Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Col., Inc., 2008). Hereinafter cited as Roberts Royal Descents of 600 Immigrants.
  • [S4754] A Database of Crusaders to the Holy Land | 1095 - 1149, online <https://www.dhi.ac.uk/crusaders/>. Hereinafter cited as Crusaders to the Holy Land 1095-1149.
  • [S4764] Wikipedia - Wolna encyklopedia, online https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Strona_g%C5%82%C3%B3wna. Hereinafter cited as Wikipédia (PL).
  • [S4765] Wikipedia - L'enciclopedia libera, online https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pagina_principale. Hereinafter cited as Wikipédia (IT).
  • [S4782] Wikipedia: Den fria encyklopedin, online https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Huvudsida. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia (SE).
  • [S4787] People of Medieval Scotland, online <https://www.poms.ac.uk/>. Hereinafter cited as POMS - People of Medieval Scotland.
  • [S4811] "Origin and early generations of the Tosny family (rev. March 2012)", July 2009, Peter Stewart (e-mail address), to unknown recipient (https://www-personal.umich.edu/~bobwolfe/gentxt/Origin_and_early_generations_of_the_Tosny_family.pdf); unknown repository, unknown repository address. Hereinafter cited as "Stewart (2009/12) - Tosny Family."