• [S1155] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=SHOW&db=randyj2222&recno=0, Randy Jones (unknown location), downloaded updated 8 Feb 2002.
  • [S1366] Edward P. Pratt, "Edward Pratt email 23 May 2002," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to Greg Vaut, 23 May 2002. Hereinafter cited as "Edward Pratt email 23 May 2002."
  • [S1421] History Book Club FYI, "History Book Club FYI Ancient & Medieval History Newsletter: "The Brutal Revenge of Princess Olga"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to Greg Vaut, 31 Jan 2003. Hereinafter cited as "History Book Club FYI 31 Jan 2003."
  • [S1425] Roz Griston, "Griston email 23 Feb 2003 RE: Henry de Grey m. Iseude de Bardolf," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to Greg Vaut, 23 Feb 2003. Hereinafter cited as "Griston email 23 Feb 2003."
  • [S1517] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 15 Nov 2003: "Re: Bastards of Henry I"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 15 Nov 2003. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 15 Nov 2003."
  • [S1518] Todd A. Farmerie, "Farmerie 14 Nov email "Re: Bastards of Henry I"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 14 Nov 2003. Hereinafter cited as "Farmerie email 14 Nov 2003."
  • [S1519] Brandon Fradd and Douglas Richardson, "The Royal Ancestry of Percival Lowell", The New Engalnd Historical and Genealogical Register Vol. 157, pp. 309-319 (October 2003). Hereinafter cited as "Royal Ancestry of Percival Lowell."
  • [S1520] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 12 Nov 2003: "Edward Bruce, Earl of Carrick and Isabella of Ross (1317)"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 12 Nov 2003. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 12 Nov 2003."
  • [S1529] Alan B. Wilson, "Wilson email 5 June 1998 "Early viscounts of Chateaudun"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/g1HK4TjyRZg/m/B_wyzebDT3AJ) to soc.genealogy.medieval, 5 June 1998. Hereinafter cited as "Wilson email 5 June 1998."
  • [S1530] Les Eveques et Archeveques de Tours, online http://www.francebalade.com/tours/tourscath.htm#eveque. Hereinafter cited as Les Eveques et Archeveques de Tours.
  • [S1547] Peter Stewart, "Stewart 13 Jan 2004 email "Re: Adelaide de Provence, Cts de Forcalquier (1040-1129)"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 13 Jan 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Stewart email 13 Jan 2004."
  • [S1559] The Periphery of Francia: Outremer - Kings of Jerusalem and Cyprus,
    Counts of Edessa, Princes of Antioch, Counts of Tripoli, Kings of Thessalonica, Dukes of Athens, Princes of Achaea, and the Grand Masters of the Military Monastic Orders, online The Periphery of Francia: Outremer. Hereinafter cited as http://www.friesian.com/outremer.htm#edessa
  • [S1571] Thierry Stasser, "Stasser email 11 Jan 2004 "Re: Richilde, wife of William FitzOsber, Earl of Hereford"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 11 Jan 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Stasser email 11 Jan 2004."
  • [S1572] Jim Weber, "Weber email 10 Jan 2004 "Richilde, wife of William FitzOsber, Earl of Hereford"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 10 Jan 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Weber email 10 Jan 2004."
  • [S1573] Leo van de Pas, "van de Pas email 11 Jan 2004 "Re: Richilde, wife of William FitzOsber, Earl of Hereford"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 15 Jan 2004. Hereinafter cited as "van de Pas email 11 Jan 2004."
  • [S1604] Thierry Stasser, "Stasser email 28 March 2004 "Re: Sons-in-law of Friederich Barbarossa"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 28 March 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Stasser email 28 March 2004."
  • [S1605] J. L. Fernandez-Blanco, "Fernandez-Blanco email 28 March 2004: "Re: Sons-in-law of Friederich Barbarossa"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 28 March 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Fernandez-Blanco email 28 March 2004."
  • [S1629] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 26 April 2004: "CP Addition: Ancestry of the Lords Botreaux"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 26 Apr 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 26 April 2004."
  • [S1658] Todd A. Farmerie, "Farmerie email 13 June 2004 "Re: Teresa de Castille, born 1070"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 13 June 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Farmerie email 13 June 2004."
  • [S1659] Ian S. R. Mladjov, "Reconsidering Agatha, Wife of Eadward the Exile", The Plantagene Connection (Spring/Winter 2003, pp. 1-85). Hereinafter cited as "Mladjov [2003] Reconsidering Agatha."
  • [S1668] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 1 Aug 2004: "Re: Empress Theophano, wife of Otto II"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 1 Aug 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 1 Aug 2004."
  • [S1669] Kelsey J. Williams, "Williams email 1 Aug 2004: "Re: Empress Theophano, wife of Otto II"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 1 Aug 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Williams email 1 Aug 2004."
  • [S1714] J Bunot, "Bunot email 22 Feb 2005: "New parentage of Gerberge de Provence?"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 22 Feb 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Bunot email 22 Feb 2005."
  • [S1715] J Bunot, "Bunot email 7 Jun 2005: "Re: Ahnentafel Petronille de Comminges-Bigorre"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 7 Jun 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Bunot email 7 Jun 2005."
  • [S1716] Jeff ?, "Jeff email 7 Jun 2005: "Re: Ahnentafel Petronille de Comminges-Bigorre"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 7 Jun 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Jeff email 7 Jun 2005."
  • [S1774] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 17 Jun 2005 "Re: CP Addition? - Margery/Margaret wife of Michael de Poynings"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 17 Jun 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 17 Jun 2005."
  • [S1820] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 22 Oct 2004 "Stanton FitzWarren, co. Wilts. and the Descendants of Sibyl Corbet"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 22 Oct 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 22 Oct 2004."
  • [S1852] Theresa Opel, "Opel email 14 Jan 2005: "Re: Nest of South Wales"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 14 Jan 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Opel email 14 Jan 2005."
  • [S1878] Arkadiusz Bugaj, "Bugaj email 7 April 2005: "Re: Polish Nobility"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 7 April 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Bugaj email 7 April 2005."
  • [S1882] Peter Stewart, "Stewart email 21 March 2005: "Re: Saxony - Billung question"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 21 March 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Stewart email 21 March 2005."
  • [S1883] Leo van de Pas, "van de Pas email 20 March 2005: "Saxony - Billung question"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 20 March 2005. Hereinafter cited as "van de Pas email 20 March 2005."
  • [S1893] Maria Emma Escobar, "Escobar 12 Nov 2005 email: "Ramiro I, king of Aragon"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 12 Nov 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Escobar email 12 Nov 2005."
  • [S1897] Peter Stewart, "Stewart email 23 June 2005: "Re: Extended Pedigree of Counts of Boulogne-sur-Mer"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 23 June 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Stewart email 23 June 2005."
  • [S1958] Patron Saints Index, online http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/. Hereinafter cited as Patron Saints Index.
  • [S1980] Todd A. Farmerie, "Farmerie email 18 Oct 2005: "Re: Grandchildren of Eleanor of Aquitaine"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 18 Oct 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Farmerie email 18 Oct 2005."
  • [S2008] MJ Carr, "Carr email 18 Dec 2005: "Re: The early Wroths of Enfield, Middlesex "," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 18 Dec 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Carr email 18 Dec 2005."
  • [S2028] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 24 Jan 2006 #2: "Wentworth ancestry: William de Wynteworth Wodehouses"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 24 Jan 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 24 Jan 2006 #2."
  • [S2043] Todd A. Farmerie, "Farmerie email 21 Feb 2006: "Re: Spanish Moor marriages to Catholics"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 21 Feb 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Farmerie email 21 Feb 2006."
  • [S2052] Douglas Richardson, "Richardson email 27 Mar 2006: "Ducal Kinsfolk: Duke Henry of Bavaria & Saxony's kinsman, Friedrich II, Count Palatine of Saxony"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/Bwy-wiR4HzY/m/_WjBWUor01IJ) to e-mail address, 26 Mar 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Richardson email 26 Mar 2006."
  • [S2100] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 1 Oct 2006: "Re: Robert de Digby and Sibyl de Evering"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 1 Oct 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 1 Oct 2006."
  • [S2105] Peter Stewart, "Stewart email 5 Nov 2006: "Re: King's Kinsfolk: Philip, King of the Romans' kinsman, Otto, Count of Poitou"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 5 Nov 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Stewart email 5 Nov 2006."
  • [S2147] Leo van de Pas, "van de Pas email 11 Nov 2007: "American multiplication - or pie in the sky?"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 11 Nov 2007. Hereinafter cited as "van de Pas email 11 Nov 2007."
  • [S2183] Todd A. Farmerie, "Farmerie email 22 Sept 2007: "Zaida (& Isabel, Jimena and the others)"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/m6k-8wSZxSs/m/dxuh84rN86QJ) to e-mail address, 22 Sept 2007. Hereinafter cited as "Farmerie email 22 Sept 2007."
  • [S2379] Leo van de Pas, "van de Pas email 7 Aug 2010: "Geoffroy, Comte d'Arles, Markgraf of Provence"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 7 Aug 2010. Hereinafter cited as "van de Pas email 7 Aug 2010."
  • [S4110] Inc. Genealogical Publishing Co., compiler, Genealogies of Virginia Families from the William and Mary College Quarterly. Vol. I. Adams-Clopton (republished as a databse on Ancestry.com) (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1982). Hereinafter cited as Genealogies of VA Families from Wm & Mary Qrtrly I.
  • [S4511] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, 2012 Edition (with revisions and updates): Additions and Corrections to the 2012 reprint (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, November 2015). Hereinafter cited as Roberts [2015] Corrections to Ancestors of Am Pres.
  • [S4788] Wikipédia - A enciclopédia livre, online https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constan%C3%A7a_de_Portugal,_Rainha_de_Castela. Hereinafter cited as Wikipédia (PT).
  • [S4789] Douglas Richardson and Kimball G. Everingham, Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial & Medieval Families (n.p.: Douclas Richardson, 2013). Hereinafter cited as Richardson and Everingham [2013] Royal Ancestry.
  • [S4792] Hélène et Thierry Site Internet: Généalogie familiale, Généalogie moyen-âgeuse, documentation, online <http://thierryhelene.bianco.free.fr/drupal/>. Hereinafter cited as H&T Site Internet.
  • [S4793] Ateliers des Dauphins: Patrimoine du Haut-Grésivaudan, online <http://www.atelierdesdauphins.com/index.htm>. Hereinafter cited as Ateliers des Dauphins.