Eangyth (?)1

F, #49351
Last Edited4 Oct 2019
     Eangyth (?) married Centwine (?) King of Wessex, son of Cynegils (Cynglis) (?).1

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 298, 306-307. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 298, 307.

Oshere (?)1

M, #49352, d. before 720
FatherCentwine (?) King of Wessex1
MotherEangyth (?)1
Last Edited9 Mar 2004
     Oshere (?) died before 720.1

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 298, 307. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Eadburh (?)1

M, #49353
FatherCentwine (?) King of Wessex1
MotherEangyth (?)1
Last Edited5 Mar 2004

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 298, 307. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Cuthfils (?)1

M, #49354
FatherCeolwulf (?)1 d. 611
Last Edited5 Mar 2004

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 298. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Cenfus (?)1

M, #49355
FatherCuthfils (?)1
Last Edited5 Mar 2004

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 298. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 298, 305.

Aescwine (?) King of Wessex1

M, #49356, d. 676
FatherCenfus (?)1
Last Edited24 Feb 2003
     Aescwine (?) King of Wessex died in 676.1
     He was King of the West Saxons: [Ashley, p. 305] AESCWINE West Saxons, 674-6. One of the many sub-kings who partitioned Wessex amongst themselves after the death of CENWEALH. One chronicle records that Aescwine's father, Cenfus, also claimed the kingship. Both claimed descent from Ceolwulf, the son of CYNRIC (who may be the same CEOLWULF who ruled seventy years earlier). Aescwine's name may have survived because he alone amongst the claimants defeated WULFHERE of Mercia, late in 674 or early 675. The battle was doubtless over territory just north of the Thames. Aescwine ruled for only two years, yet he must have been a young man, so we must deduce he died of an illness or was mortally wounded or killed in battle. He was succeeded by CENTWINE. between 674 and 676.1

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 298, 305. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 298, 310.
  3. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 298, 310-311.

Cuthred II (?)1

M, #49357, d. 756
FatherAescwine (?) King of Wessex1 d. 676
Last Edited5 Mar 2004
     Cuthred II (?) died in 756.1
     He was King of the West Saxons: [Ashely, pp. 310-311] CUTHRED (II) Wessex, 740-56. He was related to his predecessor ATHELHEARD, though if Symeon of Durham's suggestion that they were brothers is true, then he must have been elderly when he ascended the throne, because Athelheard was also supposed to be the brother-in-law of INE. According to the ASC, Cuthred "resolutely made war against ATHELBALD of Mercia", who had imposed his overlordship on Wessex. Although this entry is given in the first year of Cuthred's reign it is not evident that Cuthred did rebel immediately, though he may have made it known that he was not as weak a king as his brother. In 743 it is recorded that Cuthred fought alongside Athelbald against the Welsh. Athelbald had for many years had border problems with the Welsh and had started construction of Wat's Dyke, so it is probable that Cuthred was genuinely fighting against the people we now call the Welsh. But the origin of that word "welisc" meant "foreigners" in the Saxon tongue and was equally applied to all the native British. Cuthred's battle against the "Welsh" may have been against the British in Cornwall, and that is almost certainly what is meant by a similar entry in 753, when Cuthred alone is mentioned. Although Ine had conquered Devon, he had not conquered Cornwall, and there were almost certainly border skirmishes and local insurrections throughout the eighth and ninth centuries. Cuthred may have been able to contain the conflict, but he made no progress towards conquering Cornwall. In the second half of his reign he had to face the inevitable uprisings by claimants to the throne. The ASC records, without explanation, that in 748, Cynric, prince of Wessex, was slain, and that in 750 Cuthred fought against Athelhun, "the presumptuous ealdorman"! Although Cuthred weathered these storms it shows that his control at home was not absolute, and it may have been this that caused him to assert himself against Athelbald. Bede records that in 750 Cuthred "rose against Athelbald", and this was the start of hostilities that culminated in the battle of Beorhford in 752, where Cuthred defeated Athelbald. From then on he must have reclaimed his independence from Mercia and gained control again over lands in Berkshire and Wiltshire. By the time he died in 756, Cuthred must have been comfortable in the knowledge that he had restored the status of the West Saxons, though he did not realise that this would be short-lived. He does not seem to have nominated an heir and he was succeeded by SIGEBERT. between 740 and 756.1

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 298, 310-311. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Athelheard (?) King of Wessex1

M, #49358, d. 740
FatherAescwine (?) King of Wessex1 d. 676
Last Edited4 Mar 2004
     Athelheard (?) King of Wessex married Frithugyth (?) of Mercia.1
Athelheard (?) King of Wessex died in 740.1
     He was King of the West Saxons: [Ashley, p. 310] ATHELHEARD Wessex, 726-40. When INE abdicated in 726, he left behind a kingdom to which he had given shape and form but which in its final years had become wracked by internal dynastic strife, and this continued. Ine had evidently not nominated a successor or, if he had, it was disputed between two athelings, Athelheard and Oswald. Oswald's pedigree given in the ASC shows his descent from CEAWLIN (or probably more accurately CUTHA), but Athelheard's ancestry is not known. A copy of an ancient charter (later found to be forged, but which may contain some truth) noted that Athelheard was the brother of Ine's wife. If this is true Athelheard may have been middle-aged. ATHELBALD of Mercia used this dynastic division to impose his authority over Wessex. He supported Athelheard's claim, and thereafter the West Saxon king was beholden to Mercia. The later West Saxon chroniclers who composed the ASC must have regarded this as a sign of weakness, because they troubled to record the date of Oswald's death in 730, suggesting that they supported him. Oswald probably continued to contest the throne until his death which would have further undermined Athelheard's control. It is likely that Athelheard's wife, Frithugyth, was also Mercian, related to Athelbald's sub-king, FRITHUWOLD. Athelheard therefore appears as a weak king dominated by his Mercian patron. This allowed Athelbald considerable leeway. In 733 he invaded Somerset, captured Somerton, and brought much of western Wessex directly under Mercian control. Athelbald also took control of Berkshire, always a disputed territory, much of Wiltshire, extending Mercia's borders south of the Thames and into the West Saxon heartlands, and of Sussex. Athelheard seemed powerless against this. In fact Athelheard had to support Athelbald in his campaigns against the Welsh. Little else is known of Athelheard's reign. In 737 it is recorded that his wife Frithugyth journeyed to Rome with bishop Forthhere of Sherborne, but nothing else is said about this. between 726 and 740.1

Family

Frithugyth (?) of Mercia

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 298, 310. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Eystein Yrsason (?)1

M, #49360
FatherYrsa Helgison (?)1
ReferenceGAV39 EDV40
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     GAV-39 EDV-40 GKJ-40.

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Yrsa Helgison (?)1

M, #49361
FatherHelgi Halfdanson (?)1
ReferenceGAV40 EDV41
Last Edited20 Feb 2003
     GAV-40 EDV-41 GKJ-41.

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Helgi Halfdanson (?)1

M, #49362
FatherHalfdan Frodisson (?)2
ReferenceGAV41 EDV42
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     GAV-41 EDV-42 GKJ-42.

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 209, Chart 10; p. 737.

Hroar Halfdanson (?) King of Roeskilde1

M, #49363
FatherHalfdan Frodisson (?)1
ReferenceGAV39 EDV39
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     GAV-39 EDV-39 GKJ-40. Hroar Halfdanson (?) King of Roeskilde was living in 550.2

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 209, Chart 10; p. 737.

Halfdan Frodisson (?)1

M, #49364
FatherFrodi IV Fridleifsson (?)1
ReferenceGAV40 EDV40
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     GAV-40 EDV-40 GKJ-41. Halfdan Frodisson (?) was living in 530.1

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10; p. 737. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 209, Chart 10.

Frodi IV Fridleifsson (?)1

M, #49365
FatherFridleif III Frodisson (?)1
ReferenceGAV41 EDV41
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     GAV-41 EDV-41 GKJ-42. Frodi IV Fridleifsson (?) was living in 500.1

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10; p. 737. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Fridleif III Frodisson (?)1

M, #49366
FatherFrodi III Dansson (?)1
ReferenceGAV42 EDV42
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     GAV-42 EDV-42 GKJ-43. Fridleif III Frodisson (?) was living in 480.1

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10; p. 737. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Frodi III Dansson (?)1

M, #49367
FatherDan Olafson (?)1
ReferenceGAV43 EDV43
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     GAV-43 EDV-43 GKJ-44. Frodi III Dansson (?) was living in 450.1

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10; p. 737. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Dan Olafson (?)1

M, #49368
FatherOlaf Vermundson (?)1
ReferenceGAV44 EDV44
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     GAV-44 EDV-44 GKJ-45. Dan Olafson (?) was living in 430.1

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10; p. 737. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Olaf Vermundson (?)1

M, #49369
FatherVermund Frodisson (?)1
ReferenceGAV45 EDV45
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     GAV-45 EDV-45 GKJ-46. Olaf Vermundson (?) was living in 400.1

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10; p. 737. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Vermund Frodisson (?)1

M, #49370
FatherFrodi II Havarson (?)1
ReferenceGAV46 EDV46
Last Edited20 Feb 2003
     GAV-46 EDV-46 GKJ-47. Vermund Frodisson (?) was living in 380.1

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10; p. 737. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Frodi II Havarson (?)1

M, #49371
FatherHavar Fridleifson (?)1
ReferenceGAV47 EDV47
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     GAV-47 EDV-47 GKJ-48. Frodi II Havarson (?) was living in 360.1

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10; p. 737. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Havar Fridleifson (?)1

M, #49372
FatherFridleif II Frodisson (?)1
ReferenceGAV48 EDV48
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     GAV-48 EDV-48 GKJ-49. Havar Fridleifson (?) was living in 340.1

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10; p. 737. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Fridleif II Frodisson (?)1

M, #49373
FatherFrodi I Fridleifson (?)1
ReferenceGAV49 EDV49
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     GAV-49 EDV-49 GKJ-50. Fridleif II Frodisson (?) was living in 320.1

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10; p. 737. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Frodi I Fridleifson (?)1

M, #49374
FatherFridleif I Skjoldsson (?)1
ReferenceGAV50 EDV50
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     GAV-50 EDV-50 GKJ-51. Frodi I Fridleifson (?) was living in 300.1

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10; p. 737. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Fridleif I Skjoldsson (?)1

M, #49375
FatherSkjold (?) King of the Danes1
ReferenceGAV51 EDV51
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     GAV-51 EDV-51 GKJ-51. Fridleif I Skjoldsson (?) was living in 280.1

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10; p. 737. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Skjold (?) King of the Danes1

M, #49376
ReferenceGAV52 EDV52
Last Edited20 Feb 2003
     GAV-52 EDV-52 GKJ-53. Skjold (?) King of the Danes was living in 250.1

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10; p. 737. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Valdar Hroarsson (?) King of Roeskilde1

M, #49377
FatherHroar Halfdanson (?) King of Roeskilde1
ReferenceGAV38 EDV38
Last Edited20 Feb 2003
     GAV-38 EDV-38 GKJ-39. Valdar Hroarsson (?) King of Roeskilde was living in 570.1

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10; p. 737. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Harald I Valdarsson (?) King of Roeskilde1

M, #49378
FatherValdar Hroarsson (?) King of Roeskilde1
ReferenceGAV37 EDV37
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     Harald I Valdarsson (?) King of Roeskilde married Hildur Heidriksdotter (?), daughter of Heidrik Aingantyrsson (?) and Amfled "the Younger" (?).2
     GAV-37 EDV-37 GKJ-38. Harald I Valdarsson (?) King of Roeskilde was living in 590.1

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10; p. 737. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  2. [S1609] Alan Tompkins, "Tompkins email 14 April 2004 WorldConnect: Post-em," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to Greg Vaut, 14 April 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Tompkins email 14 April 2004."

Halfdan Haraldsson (?) King of Roeskilde and Sweden1

M, #49379
FatherHarald I Valdarsson (?) King of Roeskilde1
MotherHildur Heidriksdotter (?) b. c 572; per Tompkins (28 April 2004): "yes, HILDUR HEIDRIKSDOTTER is indeed the mother of HALFDAN. I am only too happy to be able to add this bit to your records."2,3
ReferenceGAV36 EDV36
Last Edited14 May 2004
     GAV-36 EDV-36 GKJ-37. Halfdan Haraldsson (?) King of Roeskilde and Sweden was living in 610.1

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10; p. 737. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  2. [S1609] Alan Tompkins, "Tompkins email 14 April 2004 WorldConnect: Post-em," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to Greg Vaut, 14 April 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Tompkins email 14 April 2004."
  3. [S1618] Alan Tompkins, "Tompkins email 28 April 2004 "Re: WorldConnect: Post-em posted"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to Greg Vaut, 28 April 2004, provides source of information. Hereinafter cited as "Tompkins email 28 April 2004."

Ivar Halfdansson (?) King of Roeskilde, Lethra and Sweden1

M, #49380
FatherHalfdan Haraldsson (?) King of Roeskilde and Sweden1
ReferenceGAV35 EDV35
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     GAV-35 EDV-35 GKJ-36. Ivar Halfdansson (?) King of Roeskilde, Lethra and Sweden was living in 640.1

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10; p. 737. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.