Eudo/Eudes/Eudon/Eon II (?) vicomte de Porhoet, Duc de Bretagne1,2,3,4

M, #15991, d. circa 1185
FatherGeoffroi (?) Vicomte de Porhoet1,5,2,6,4 d. 1141
MotherHawise (?) of Brittany1,5,2,4
ReferenceGAV24
Last Edited15 Jan 2007
     Eudo/Eudes/Eudon/Eon II (?) vicomte de Porhoet, Duc de Bretagne married de Leon (?), daughter of Herve II (?) vicomte de Leon, Earl of Wiltshire and 'filia Stephani' (?); his 2nd wife.4 Eudo/Eudes/Eudon/Eon II (?) vicomte de Porhoet, Duc de Bretagne married Bertha (?) de Cornouailles, heiress of Brittany, daughter of Conan III le Gros (?) Duc de Bretagne and Matilda (Maud) (?), in 1147; her 2nd husband.2,3
Eudo/Eudes/Eudon/Eon II (?) vicomte de Porhoet, Duc de Bretagne died circa 1185.4
     Eudo/Eudes/Eudon/Eon II (?) vicomte de Porhoet, Duc de Bretagne Cte Eudon=Eon II de Porhoët, Duc de Bretagne (1148-56), +after 1168; m.1147 Berthe de Cornouailles (+1158/64), heiress of Bretagne (which was inherited by her son by her 1m.)7 GAV-24.

Eudo/Eudes/Eudon/Eon II (?) vicomte de Porhoet, Duc de Bretagne EON/EUDON, VISCOUNT de PORHOËT; acknowledged as DUKE OF BRITTANY in right of his wife 1148-56; granted a charter to the Abbey of Marmoutier 1153.5 He was living between 1148 and 1156.5 He was Duc de Bretagne (jure uxoris) between 1148 and 1156.2

Family 1

de Leon (?)
Child

Citations

  1. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans: Many of the English Ancestral Lines Prior to 1300 of those Colonial Americans with known Royal Ancestry but Fully Developed in all Possible Lines (PO Box 220333, Santa Clarita, CA 91322-0333: Carl Boyer 3rd, 2001), p. 264, de la ZOUCHE 1:i. Hereinafter cited as Boyer, Med English Ancestors (2001).
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Rohan 1 page (Family de Rohan): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/rohan/rohan1.html
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Bretagne 4 page (Cournouaille (Cornwall) family): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/bretagne/bretagne4.html
  4. [S2016] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 15 Dec 2005: "Breaute and Geneville ancestry: King Stephen of England"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 15 Dec 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 15 Dec 2005."
  5. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Zouche Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  6. [S1490] Leo van de Pas Web Site "Leo's Genealogics Website", online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Geoffroi: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00046748&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Leo's Genealogics Website.
  7. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Rohan 1 page - Family de Rohan: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/rohan/rohan1.html
  8. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 214A-28, p. 179. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  9. [S1490] Leo's Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Mathilde de Porhoët: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00139855&tree=LEO

William de Belmeis1,2

M, #15992, d. 1199
FatherAlain I la Zouche1,3,2 d. 1190
MotherAlice de Belmeis1,3,2
Last Edited7 Sep 2004
     William de Belmeis married Bonenee (?)3,2
William de Belmeis died in 1199; died without heirs.1,3,2
     William de Belmeis William de BELMEIS; undertook mily service in Normandy c 1194, held land in Sussex; confirmed a charter to Lilleshall Abbey, Salop; m Bonenée (d after her husb) and dsp 1199.3

Family

Bonenee (?) d. a 1199

Citations

  1. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans: Many of the English Ancestral Lines Prior to 1300 of those Colonial Americans with known Royal Ancestry but Fully Developed in all Possible Lines (PO Box 220333, Santa Clarita, CA 91322-0333: Carl Boyer 3rd, 2001), p. 264, de la ZOUCHE 2:i. Hereinafter cited as Boyer, Med English Ancestors (2001).
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Rohan 1 page - Family de Rohan: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/rohan/rohan1.html
  3. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Zouche Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.

Philip Ceoche1

M, #15993
FatherAlain I la Zouche1 d. 1190
MotherAlice de Belmeis1
Last Edited12 Feb 2002
     Philip Ceoche was also known as Philip La Coche.1

Citations

  1. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans: Many of the English Ancestral Lines Prior to 1300 of those Colonial Americans with known Royal Ancestry but Fully Developed in all Possible Lines (PO Box 220333, Santa Clarita, CA 91322-0333: Carl Boyer 3rd, 2001), p. 264, de la ZOUCHE 2:iii. Hereinafter cited as Boyer, Med English Ancestors (2001).

Constance Tuchet1,2,3

F, #15994, b. 1443
FatherSir James Tuchet (Audley) 5th Lord Audley1,3,2 b. c 1398, d. 23 Sep 1459
MotherAlianor/Eleanor Holand1,2,3
Last Edited13 Jul 2008
     Constance Tuchet was born in 1443 at Heleigh, Staffordshire, England.2 She married Sir Robert Whitney Knt., of Whitney, Herefordshire, son of Eustace Whitney Esq., of Whitney and Coleychard and Joan Trussell, circa 1464; his 1st wife.1,3,4,2
     Constance Tuchet van de Pas cites: 1. Burke's Presidential families of the United States of America, London, 1975., Reference: tree 13
2. Cahiers de Saint Louis , Dupont, Jacques and Saillot, Jacques, Reference: 997.2 Constance Tuchet was also known as Constance Touchet.2

Citations

  1. [S673] David Faris, Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists: The Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies before 1701, English Ancestry Series, Volume 1, Second Edition (Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), p. 26, BEVAN 8. Hereinafter cited as Faris, "Plantagenet Ancestry."
  2. [S1490] Leo van de Pas Web Site "Leo's Genealogics Website", online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Constance Touchet: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00249154&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Leo's Genealogics Website.
  3. [S2261] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 1st edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 2004), Bevan 12: p. 104. Hereinafter cited as Richardson PA.
  4. [S1490] Leo's Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Robert Whitney, of Whitney: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00249153&tree=LEO
  5. [S2261] Douglas Richardson, Richardson PA, Bevan 13: p. 105.
  6. [S1490] Leo's Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Joan Whitney: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00282840&tree=LEO
  7. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (n.p.: Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Co., 1999, unknown publish date), line 105-13, p. 138. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.

Sir Robert Whitney Knt., of Whitney, Herefordshire1,2,3,4

M, #15995
FatherEustace Whitney Esq., of Whitney and Coleychard5,6,3 d. bt 1480 - 1481
MotherJoan Trussell3,5,7
Last Edited1 Sep 2008
     Sir Robert Whitney Knt., of Whitney, Herefordshire married Elizabeth Vaughan.8,3 Sir Robert Whitney Knt., of Whitney, Herefordshire married Constance Tuchet, daughter of Sir James Tuchet (Audley) 5th Lord Audley and Alianor/Eleanor Holand, circa 1464; his 1st wife.2,9,3,10
     Sir Robert Whitney Knt., of Whitney, Herefordshire van de Pas cites: 1. Burke's Presidential families of the United States of America, London, 1975., Reference: tree 13
2. The Bradley Family and Ancestry, 1997. , Bradley, Robert.3

Sir Robert Whitney Knt., of Whitney, Herefordshire lived at Whitney, Herefordshire, England.1

Family 1

Elizabeth Vaughan

Citations

  1. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (n.p.: Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Co., 1999, unknown publish date), line 105-13, p. 138. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  2. [S673] David Faris, Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists: The Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies before 1701, English Ancestry Series, Volume 1, Second Edition (Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), p. 26, BEVAN 8. Hereinafter cited as Faris, "Plantagenet Ancestry."
  3. [S1490] Leo van de Pas Web Site "Leo's Genealogics Website", online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Robert Whitney, of Whitney: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00249153&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Leo's Genealogics Website.
  4. [S2261] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 1st edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 2004), Coytemore 16: p. 243. Hereinafter cited as Richardson PA.
  5. [S2261] Douglas Richardson, Richardson PA, Bevan 11: p. 104.
  6. [S1490] Leo's Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Eustace Whitney: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00326744&tree=LEO
  7. [S1490] Leo's Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Joan Trussell: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00326745&tree=LEO
  8. [S1490] Leo's Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Elizabeth Vaughan: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00322466&tree=LEO
  9. [S2261] Douglas Richardson, Richardson PA, Bevan 12: p. 104.
  10. [S1490] Leo's Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Constance Touchet: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00249154&tree=LEO
  11. [S2261] Douglas Richardson, Richardson PA, Bevan 13: p. 105.
  12. [S1490] Leo's Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Joan Whitney: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00282840&tree=LEO

Fulk Wodhull Esq., of Warkworth, co. Northampton1,2,3,4

M, #15997, b. 1459, d. between 1508 and 1509
FatherJohn Wodhull Esq., of Warkworth, Northamptonshire5,6,7,3 b. 1435, d. 12 Sep 1490
MotherJoan Etwell of London5,6,8,3 d. b 12 Sep 1490
Last Edited13 Sep 2008
     Fulk Wodhull Esq., of Warkworth, co. Northampton married Elizabeth Webb, daughter of John Webb Esq.; her 1st husband.2 Fulk Wodhull Esq., of Warkworth, co. Northampton was born in 1459; Richardson says b. ca 1458.5,2,3 He married Anne Newenham of Thenford, co. Northampton, daughter of William Newenham of Thenford, co. Northampton, circa June 1475; his 1st wife.1,2,3,9,4
Fulk Wodhull Esq., of Warkworth, co. Northampton died between 1508 and 1509.5,2,3
     Fulk Wodhull Esq., of Warkworth, co. Northampton van de Pas cites: 1. Ancestors of American Presidents, 1995, Boston, Massachusetts , Roberts, Gary Boyd, Reference: 236
2. Lineage book of the descendants of the illegitimate sons and daughters of the kings of Great Britain., Reference: 2.3 He was Sheriff of Northamptonshire between 1500 and 1501 at Northamptonshire, England.5

Family 1

Elizabeth Webb d. b 17 May 1511

Citations

  1. [S673] David Faris, Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists: The Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies before 1701, English Ancestry Series, Volume 1, Second Edition (Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), pp. 54-55, BULL 5. Hereinafter cited as Faris, "Plantagenet Ancestry."
  2. [S2261] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 1st edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 2004), Chetwode 13: p. 204. Hereinafter cited as Richardson PA.
  3. [S1490] Leo van de Pas Web Site "Leo's Genealogics Website", online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Fulk Wodhull: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00359752&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Leo's Genealogics Website.
  4. [S2261] Douglas Richardson, Richardson PA, Elkington: p. 285.
  5. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 150-38, p. 132. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  6. [S2261] Douglas Richardson, Richardson PA, Chetwode 12: pp. 203-204.
  7. [S1490] Leo's Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, John Wodhull: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00359750&tree=LEO
  8. [S1490] Leo's Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Joan Etwell: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00359751&tree=LEO
  9. [S1490] Leo's Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Anne Newenham: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00359753&tree=LEO

Anne Newenham of Thenford, co. Northampton1,2,3

F, #15998
FatherWilliam Newenham of Thenford, co. Northampton4,2
Last Edited13 Sep 2008
     Anne Newenham of Thenford, co. Northampton married Fulk Wodhull Esq., of Warkworth, co. Northampton, son of John Wodhull Esq., of Warkworth, Northamptonshire and Joan Etwell of London, circa June 1475; his 1st wife.1,2,5,3,6
     Anne Newenham of Thenford, co. Northampton van de Pas cites: Ancestors of American Presidents, 1995, Boston, Massachusetts , Roberts, Gary Boyd, Reference: 237.3

Citations

  1. [S673] David Faris, Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists: The Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies before 1701, English Ancestry Series, Volume 1, Second Edition (Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), pp. 54-55, BULL 5. Hereinafter cited as Faris, "Plantagenet Ancestry."
  2. [S2261] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 1st edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 2004), Chetwode 13: p. 204. Hereinafter cited as Richardson PA.
  3. [S1490] Leo van de Pas Web Site "Leo's Genealogics Website", online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Anne Newenham: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00359753&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Leo's Genealogics Website.
  4. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 150-38, p. 132. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  5. [S1490] Leo's Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Fulk Wodhull: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00359752&tree=LEO
  6. [S2261] Douglas Richardson, Richardson PA, Elkington: p. 285.

Anne Wodhull1

F, #15999
FatherSir Nicholas Wodhull Esq., of Warkworth, Northamptonshire1 b. 1482, d. 6 May 1531
MotherElizabeth Parr1 d. b 6 May 1531
Last Edited18 Sep 2001

Citations

  1. [S673] David Faris, Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists: The Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies before 1701, English Ancestry Series, Volume 1, Second Edition (Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), p. 55, BULL 4. Hereinafter cited as Faris, "Plantagenet Ancestry."

Henry Tyler Jr.1

M, #16000, b. circa 1660, d. 1729
Last Edited5 Sep 2017
     Henry Tyler Jr. was born circa 1660 at York Co., Virginia, USA.1 He married Elizabeth Chiles, daughter of Walter Chiles Jr. and Mary Page, circa 1683.1,2
Henry Tyler Jr. died in 1729 at Williamsburg, Virginia, USA.1

Family

Elizabeth Chiles b. c 1656, d. 19 Jan 1703
Child

Citations

  1. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition (n.p.: Carl Boyer, 3rd, Santa Clarita, California, 1995, 1995), p. 20.
  2. [S1549] "Author's comment", various, Gregory A. Vaut (e-mail address), to unknown recipient (unknown recipient address), 5 Sept 2017; unknown repository, unknown repository address. Hereinafter cited as "GA Vaut Comment."

John Tyler1

M, #16001, b. circa 1685, d. circa 1727
FatherHenry Tyler Jr.1,2 b. c 1660, d. 1729
MotherElizabeth Chiles1,2 b. c 1656, d. 19 Jan 1703
Last Edited5 Sep 2017
     John Tyler married Elizabeth Jarrett.1 John Tyler was born circa 1685 at York Co., Virginia, USA.1
John Tyler died circa 1727 at Williamsburg, Virginia, USA.1

Family

Elizabeth Jarrett
Child

Citations

  1. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition (n.p.: Carl Boyer, 3rd, Santa Clarita, California, 1995, 1995), p. 20.
  2. [S1549] "Author's comment", various, Gregory A. Vaut (e-mail address), to unknown recipient (unknown recipient address), 5 Sept 2017; unknown repository, unknown repository address. Hereinafter cited as "GA Vaut Comment."

Elizabeth Jarrett1

F, #16002
Last Edited19 Sep 2001
     Elizabeth Jarrett married John Tyler, son of Henry Tyler Jr. and Elizabeth Chiles.1

Family

John Tyler b. c 1685, d. c 1727
Child

Citations

  1. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition (n.p.: Carl Boyer, 3rd, Santa Clarita, California, 1995, 1995), p. 20.

John Tyler Jr.1

M, #16003, b. between 1710 and 1715, d. 1773
FatherJohn Tyler1 b. c 1685, d. c 1727
MotherElizabeth Jarrett1
Last Edited19 Sep 2001
     John Tyler Jr. married Anne Contesse.1 John Tyler Jr. was born between 1710 and 1715 at Williamsburg, Virginia, USA.1
John Tyler Jr. died in 1773 at Williamsburg, Virginia, USA.1

Family

Anne Contesse
Child

Citations

  1. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition (n.p.: Carl Boyer, 3rd, Santa Clarita, California, 1995, 1995), p. 20.

Anne Contesse1

F, #16004
Last Edited19 Sep 2001
     Anne Contesse married John Tyler Jr., son of John Tyler and Elizabeth Jarrett.1

Family

John Tyler Jr. b. bt 1710 - 1715, d. 1773
Child

Citations

  1. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition (n.p.: Carl Boyer, 3rd, Santa Clarita, California, 1995, 1995), p. 20.

Gov. John Tyler III1

M, #16005, b. 28 February 1747, d. 6 January 1813
FatherJohn Tyler Jr.1 b. bt 1710 - 1715, d. 1773
MotherAnne Contesse1
Last Edited19 Sep 2001
     Gov. John Tyler III was born on 28 February 1747 at Yarmouth, Virginia, USA.1 He married Mary Marot Armistead, daughter of Robert Booth Armistead and Anne Shields, circa 1776.1
Gov. John Tyler III died on 6 January 1813 at Greenway, Charles City Co., Virginia, USA, at age 65.1
     He was Governor of Virginia.1

Family

Mary Marot Armistead b. c 1761, d. 5 Apr 1797
Child

Citations

  1. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition (n.p.: Carl Boyer, 3rd, Santa Clarita, California, 1995, 1995), p. 20.

Mary Marot Armistead1

F, #16006, b. circa 1761, d. 5 April 1797
FatherRobert Booth Armistead2 b. c 1737, d. b 21 Jul 1760
MotherAnne Shields3 b. 31 Jul 1742
Last Edited20 Oct 2013
     Mary Marot Armistead was born circa 1761 at York Co., Virginia, USA.4 She married Gov. John Tyler III, son of John Tyler Jr. and Anne Contesse, circa 1776.4
Mary Marot Armistead died on 5 April 1797 at Greenway, Charles City Co., Virginia, USA.4

Family

Gov. John Tyler III b. 28 Feb 1747, d. 6 Jan 1813
Child

Citations

  1. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition (n.p.: Carl Boyer, 3rd, Santa Clarita, California, 1995, 1995), p. 19.
  2. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition, p. 20, line 6.
  3. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition, p. 20, line 7.
  4. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition, p. 20.

President John Tyler IV1

M, #16007, b. 29 March 1790, d. 18 January 1862
FatherGov. John Tyler III1 b. 28 Feb 1747, d. 6 Jan 1813
MotherMary Marot Armistead1 b. c 1761, d. 5 Apr 1797
Last Edited9 Oct 2014
     President John Tyler IV was born on 29 March 1790 at Greenway, Charles City Co., Virginia, USA.1 He married Letitia Christian on 29 March 1813 at Cedar Grove, New Kent Co., Virginia, USA.1 President John Tyler IV married Julia Gardiner on 26 June 1844 at New York, New York, USA.1
President John Tyler IV died on 18 January 1862 at Richmond, Virginia, USA, at age 71.1

Family 1

Letitia Christian b. 12 Nov 1790, d. 10 Sep 1842

Family 2

Julia Gardiner b. 4 May 1820, d. 10 Jul 1889

Citations

  1. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition (n.p.: Carl Boyer, 3rd, Santa Clarita, California, 1995, 1995), p. 20.

Letitia Christian1

F, #16008, b. 12 November 1790, d. 10 September 1842
Last Edited3 Sep 2002
     Letitia Christian was born on 12 November 1790 at Cedar Grove, New Kent Co., Virginia, USA.1 She married President John Tyler IV, son of Gov. John Tyler III and Mary Marot Armistead, on 29 March 1813 at Cedar Grove, New Kent Co., Virginia, USA.1
Letitia Christian died on 10 September 1842 at The White House, Washington, D. C., District of Columbia, USA, at age 51.1

Family

President John Tyler IV b. 29 Mar 1790, d. 18 Jan 1862

Citations

  1. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition (n.p.: Carl Boyer, 3rd, Santa Clarita, California, 1995, 1995), p. 20.

Julia Gardiner1

F, #16009, b. 4 May 1820, d. 10 July 1889
Last Edited19 Sep 2001
     Julia Gardiner was born on 4 May 1820 at Gardiner's Island, New York, USA.1 She married President John Tyler IV, son of Gov. John Tyler III and Mary Marot Armistead, on 26 June 1844 at New York, New York, USA.1
Julia Gardiner died on 10 July 1889 at Richmond, Virginia, USA, at age 69.1

Family

President John Tyler IV b. 29 Mar 1790, d. 18 Jan 1862

Citations

  1. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition (n.p.: Carl Boyer, 3rd, Santa Clarita, California, 1995, 1995), p. 20.

Jane Rogers1

F, #16010
Last Edited19 Sep 2001
     Jane Rogers married Capt. Isham Randolph, son of Col. William Randolph and Mary Isham.1

Family

Capt. Isham Randolph b. c 1690, d. Nov 1742
Child

Citations

  1. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition (n.p.: Carl Boyer, 3rd, Santa Clarita, California, 1995, 1995), p. 182.

Jane Randolph1

F, #16011, b. circa February 1720, d. 31 March 1776
FatherCapt. Isham Randolph1 b. c 1690, d. Nov 1742
MotherJane Rogers1
Last Edited25 Nov 2018
     Jane Randolph was born circa February 1720 at London, England.2 She married Peter Jefferson, son of Thomas Jefferson Jr. and Mary Field, circa October 1739 at Goochland Co., Virginia, USA.1,2
Jane Randolph died on 31 March 1776 at Monticello, Albemarle Co., Virginia, USA.2

Family

Peter Jefferson b. 29 Feb 1708, d. 17 Aug 1757
Children

Citations

  1. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition (n.p.: Carl Boyer, 3rd, Santa Clarita, California, 1995, 1995), p. 182.
  2. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition, p. 7.
  3. [S4398] Emma Dicken, compiler, Terrell Genealogy (San Antonio, TX: The Naylor Company, 1952), p. 31. Hereinafter cited as Dicken [1952] Terrell Genealogy.

Peter Jefferson1

M, #16012, b. 29 February 1708, d. 17 August 1757
FatherThomas Jefferson Jr.2 b. c 1679, d. 15 Feb 1730/31
MotherMary Field3 b. 3 Feb 1679/80, d. 13 Aug 1715
Last Edited25 Nov 2018
     Peter Jefferson was born on 29 February 1708 at Osborne's, Chesterfield Co., Virginia, USA.4 He married Jane Randolph, daughter of Capt. Isham Randolph and Jane Rogers, circa October 1739 at Goochland Co., Virginia, USA.1,4
Peter Jefferson died on 17 August 1757 at Shadwell, Albemarle Co., Virginia, USA, at age 49.4

Family

Jane Randolph b. c Feb 1720, d. 31 Mar 1776
Children

Citations

  1. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition (n.p.: Carl Boyer, 3rd, Santa Clarita, California, 1995, 1995), p. 182.
  2. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition, 3: p. 7, line 4.
  3. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition, 3: p. 7, line 2.
  4. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition, p. 7.
  5. [S4398] Emma Dicken, compiler, Terrell Genealogy (San Antonio, TX: The Naylor Company, 1952), p. 31. Hereinafter cited as Dicken [1952] Terrell Genealogy.

Pres. Thomas Jefferson1,2

M, #16013, b. 2 April 1743, d. 4 July 1826
FatherPeter Jefferson1 b. 29 Feb 1708, d. 17 Aug 1757
MotherJane Randolph1 b. c Feb 1720, d. 31 Mar 1776
Last Edited19 Sep 2014
     Pres. Thomas Jefferson was born on 2 April 1743 at Shadwell, Albemarle Co., Virginia, USA.1,3 He married Martha Wayles on 1 January 1772 at The Forest, Charles City Co., Virginia, USA.3
Pres. Thomas Jefferson died on 4 July 1826 at Monticello, Albemarle Co., Virginia, USA, at age 83.1,3

Family

Martha Wayles b. 19 Oct 1748, d. 6 Sep 1782

Citations

  1. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition (n.p.: Carl Boyer, 3rd, Santa Clarita, California, 1995, 1995), p. 182.
  2. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition, pp. 7-8.
  3. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition, p. 7.

Martha Wayles1

F, #16014, b. 19 October 1748, d. 6 September 1782
Last Edited19 Sep 2001
     Martha Wayles was born on 19 October 1748 at Charles City Co., Virginia, USA.1 She married Pres. Thomas Jefferson, son of Peter Jefferson and Jane Randolph, on 1 January 1772 at The Forest, Charles City Co., Virginia, USA.1
Martha Wayles died on 6 September 1782 at Monticello, Albemarle Co., Virginia, USA, at age 33.1

Family

Pres. Thomas Jefferson b. 2 Apr 1743, d. 4 Jul 1826

Citations

  1. [S661] Compiled by Gary Boyd Roberts, Ancestors of American Presidents, First Authoritative Edition (n.p.: Carl Boyer, 3rd, Santa Clarita, California, 1995, 1995), p. 7.

Aethelbald (?) King of Wessex1,2,3

M, #16015, b. between 831 and 832, d. 20 December 860
FatherAethelwulf (?) King of Wessex1,2,3 b. c 795, d. 13 Jan 858
MotherOsburh/Osburga (?)1,2,3 b. 810, d. c 852
Last Edited5 Jun 2011
     Aethelbald (?) King of Wessex was born between 831 and 832; Genealogy.EU (Cerdic 1 page) says b. ca 834.4,3 He married Judith (?) Princess of France, daughter of Charles II "The Bald" (?) Holy Roman Emperor, etc. and ErmentrudeErmengardeHermintrudis (?) of Orleans, after 858.1,4,5,6,7
Aethelbald (?) King of Wessex was buried in December 860 at Sherborne Abbey, England.4,3
Aethelbald (?) King of Wessex died on 20 December 860.1,4,3
     Aethelbald (?) King of Wessex Ethelbald, King of Wessex (855-856)+(858-860), *ca 834, +20.12.860, bur Sherborne Abbey, Dorset; m.860 his father's widow Judith of Franks (*843/444, +after 870.)3 He was King of Wessex: [Ashley, pp. 317-318] ATHELBALD Wessex, 855-20 December 860. Athelbald was the eldest son of ATHELWOLF (unless the mysterious ATHELSTAN was also Athelwolf's son), and was probably born about the year 831 or 832. He is first mentioned as fighting alongside his father at the battle of Acleah in 851, where they defeated a host of Danes. On his father's abdication in 855, Athelbald became king of Wessex, supported by Ealhstan the bishop of Sherborne, and with his younger brother ATHELBERT as king of Kent. There is no doubt that Athelbald was a strong and determined king, probably more ambitious than his father, inheriting some of the grit of his grandfather EGBERT. When the following year Athelwolf returned, perhaps unexpectedly, from his pilgrimage to Rome, Athelbald refused to concede the kingdom to him, and Athelwolf retired to Kent. After his father's death, Athelbald caused a scandal by marrying his step-mother, Judith, the daughter of Charles the Bald, king of the Franks. Since Judith had been crowned queen, Athelbald may well have believed that this confirmed further authority on his position and upon his likely children. He was twenty-seven and Judith was only fifteen, and there was every likelihood of a long reign and many children. However the church frowned on the marriage and within a year it was annulled. Judith returned to Francia where, six years later, she married Baldwin, count of Flanders. Their son, Baldwin, married Elfreda, the daughter of ALFRED THE GREAT. Athelbald lived only another year after this, dying in December 860, probably of an illness. He was buried at Sherborne Abbey. between 855 and 20 December 860.8,4 The marriage of Aethelbald (?) King of Wessex and Judith (?) Princess of France was annulled circa 859.4,6,5

Family

Judith (?) Princess of France b. 844, d. a 879

Citations

  1. [S761] John Cannon and Ralph Griffiths, The Oxford Illiustrated History of the British Monarchy (Great Clarendon Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 1998), p. 44. Hereinafter cited as Cannon & Griffiths, British Monarchy 1998.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Cerdic 1 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/brit/cerdic1.html
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Cerdic 1 page (The House of Cerdic): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/brit/cerdic1.html
  4. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 298, 317-318. Hereinafter cited as Ashley: British Kings.
  5. [S1490] Leo van de Pas Web Site "Leo's Genealogics Website", online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Judith de France: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00018644&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Leo's Genealogics Website.
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Carolin 1 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/carolin/carolin1.html
  7. [S2280] Racines et Histoire, online http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/PDF/, http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/PDF/Flandres.pdf, p. 2. Hereinafter cited as Racines et Histoire.
  8. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 181. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.

Aethelberht (?) Subregulus of Kent1,2

M, #16016, b. circa 836, d. 865
FatherAethelwulf (?) King of Wessex1,2 b. c 795, d. 13 Jan 858
MotherOsburh/Osburga (?)1,2 b. 810, d. c 852
Last Edited18 Nov 2003
     Aethelberht (?) Subregulus of Kent was born circa 836.2
Aethelberht (?) Subregulus of Kent died in 865.1,3
Aethelberht (?) Subregulus of Kent was buried between 865 and 866 at Sherborne Abbey, England.3
     Aethelberht (?) Subregulus of Kent Ethelbert, Subregulus of Kent (852-865), King of Wessex (860-865), *ca 836, +autumn 865, bur Sherborne Abbey, Dorset.2 He was King of Wessex: [Ashley, p. 318] ATHELBERT Kent, 855-856, 858-860; Wessex, 20 December 860-865/6. Athelbert was the second son of ATHELWOLF, and succeeded to the sub-kingdom of Kent (which included Essex and Sussex) in 855, when his father abdicated and ATHELBALD (his elder brother) succeeded to the kingdom of Wessex. It is possible that Athelbert succeeded to the sub-kingdom earlier, whenever their uncle ATHELSTAN died, but there is no record of the date. When Athelwolf returned from Rome in 856, Athelbald refused to concede the kingdom of Wessex, so Athelwolf retired to Kent, where Athelbert seemed more amenable to bow to his father's authority in that land. It was probably no more than a token gesture, as Athelwolf was already in his sixties, and Athelbald now held authority over all of southern England. When Athelbald died in 860 Athelbert succeeded to Wessex and does not seem to have appointed a new sub-king in Kent. During his reign the Danes returned with a vengeance. Sometime soon after his accession a Danish army landed either via the Thames or on the south coast and advanced as far as Winchester before two contingents of Saxons defeated them. Towards the end of his reign a more organized force arrived under the command of Ragnar Lodbrok. His fleet had been harrying the east coast of England, particularly Northumbria, and in the winter of 864/S they stayed in Thanet. Although the Saxons made a pact with them, the Danes plundered east Kent, before advancing back up the east coast. Athelbert died towards the end of 865 (or possibly early in 866), aged about thirty-two. He was buried at Sherborne Abbey He had not married and was succeeded by his brother ATHELRED. between 20 December 860 and 866.4,3

Citations

  1. [S761] John Cannon and Ralph Griffiths, The Oxford Illiustrated History of the British Monarchy (Great Clarendon Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 1998), appendix. Hereinafter cited as Cannon & Griffiths, British Monarchy 1998.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Cerdic 1 page (The House of Cerdic): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/brit/cerdic1.html
  3. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 298, 318. Hereinafter cited as Ashley: British Kings.
  4. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 181. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.

Aethelflaed (?) Lady of the Mercians1,2,3

F, #16017, b. circa 869, d. 12 June 918
FatherAlfred "the Great" (?) King of England1,3 b. 849, d. 26 Oct 899
MotherEalhswith (?) of Mercia1,3,4 b. bt 850 - 855, d. bt 5 Dec 902 - 903
Last Edited3 Nov 2013
     Aethelflaed (?) Lady of the Mercians was born circa 869.3 She married Aethelred (?) ealdorman of Mercia between 886 and 887.1,3
Aethelflaed (?) Lady of the Mercians died on 12 June 918 at Tamworth, Staffordshire, England.1,3
Aethelflaed (?) Lady of the Mercians was buried after 12 June 918 at Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.3
     Aethelflaed (?) Lady of the Mercians Ethelfleda, Lady of the Mercians, *ca 869, +Tamworth, Staffordshire 12.6.918, bur Gloucester Cathedral; m.886/7 Ethelred, Ealdorman of Mercia (+911.)3

Family

Aethelred (?) ealdorman of Mercia d. 911
Child

Citations

  1. [S761] John Cannon and Ralph Griffiths, The Oxford Illiustrated History of the British Monarchy (Great Clarendon Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 1998), appendix. Hereinafter cited as Cannon & Griffiths, British Monarchy 1998.
  2. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 181. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Cerdic 1 page (The House of Cerdic): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/brit/cerdic1.html
  4. [S1702] The Henry Project: The ancestors of king Henry II of England, An experiment in cooperative medieval genealogy on the internet, online http://sbaldw.home.mindspring.com/hproject/henry.htm, Ealhswith: http://sbaldw.home.mindspring.com/hproject/prov/ealhs000.htm. Hereinafter cited as The Henry Project.
  5. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 468 (Chart 30). Hereinafter cited as Ashley: British Kings.

Aethelred (?) ealdorman of Mercia1

M, #16018, d. 911
Last Edited18 Nov 2003
     Aethelred (?) ealdorman of Mercia married Aethelflaed (?) Lady of the Mercians, daughter of Alfred "the Great" (?) King of England and Ealhswith (?) of Mercia, between 886 and 887.1,2
Aethelred (?) ealdorman of Mercia died in 911.1,2

Family

Aethelflaed (?) Lady of the Mercians b. c 869, d. 12 Jun 918
Child

Citations

  1. [S761] John Cannon and Ralph Griffiths, The Oxford Illiustrated History of the British Monarchy (Great Clarendon Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 1998), appendix. Hereinafter cited as Cannon & Griffiths, British Monarchy 1998.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Cerdic 1 page (The House of Cerdic): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/brit/cerdic1.html
  3. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 468 (Chart 30). Hereinafter cited as Ashley: British Kings.

Ecgwynn (?)1,2,3,4

F, #16019, d. between 901 and 902
Last Edited3 Nov 2013
     Ecgwynn (?) married Edward I "the Elder" (?) King of Wessex, son of Alfred "the Great" (?) King of England and Ealhswith (?) of Mercia; his 1st wife.3,4
Ecgwynn (?) died between 901 and 902.3
     Ecgwynn (?) daughter of a Wessex nobleman.3

Ecgwynn (?) per The Henry Project: "Hrotsvith of Gandersheim states that king Æthelstan's mother was of low birth ["Altera sed generis mulier satis inferioris." Gesta Oddonis, line 82, MGH SS 4: 321]. John of Worcester and William of Malmesbury state that she was of high birth [FlW a. 901; Lib. Monast. Hyde, 111-2."Ex muliere nobilissima Ecgwyna ..." John Worc., s.a. 901 (1: 117); "... Ecgwyn, foemina nobilissima..." ibid., 1: 274; "... ex Egwinna illustri foemina ..." Wm. Malmes., Gesta Regum, c. 126 (1: 136-7)], but then William relates a fanciful story that makes her a daughter of a shepherd ["opilionis filia" Wm. Malmes., Gesta Regum, c. 139 (1: 155)]."

Bibliography

AC = John Williams ab Ithel, ed., Annales Cambriæ (Rolls Series 20, London, 1860).

Æthelweard = A. Campbell ed., Chronicon Æthelweardi/The Chronicle of Æthelweard, (New York, 1962).

Angus (1938) = W. S. Angus, "The Chronology of the Reign of Edward the Elder", English Historical Review 53 (1938): 194-210.

AU = Seán Mac Airt and Gearóid Mac Niocaill, eds., The Annals of Ulster (Dublin, 1983).

Beaven (1917) = Murray L. R. Beaven, "The Regnal Dates of Alfred, Edward the Elder, and Athelstan", English Historical Review 32 (1917): 517-531.

Besly (1840) = Jean Besly, Histoire des comtes de Poictou et ducs de Guyenne (new ed., Paris, 1840, orig. publ. 1647).

Cart. Sax. = Walter de Gray Birch, ed., Cartularium Saxonicum, 4 vols. (1885-99).

Chaume (1925) = Maurice Chaume, Les origines du duché de Bourgogne, 4 vols. (Dijon, 1925).

Chaume (1931) = Maurice Chaume, "Le problème des origines de la maison de Savoie" (Études carolingiennes, II), Annales de Bourgogne 3 (1931): 120-161.

Coronini (1770) = Rudolph Coronini, Specimen genealogico-progonologicum ad illustrandam augustam Habsburgo-Lotharingicam prosapiam ... (Vienna, 1770).

Crawford Charters = A. S. Napier & W. H. Stevenson, Anecdota Oxoniensia - The Crawford Collection of Early Charters and Documents (Oxford, 1895).

CS = W. M. Hennessy, ed. & trans., Chronicum Scotorum (Rolls Series 46, London, 1866).

Dümmler (1876) = Rudolf Köpke & Ernst Dümmler, Kaiser Otto der Große (Leipzig, 1876).

Dümmler (1877) = Ernst Dümmler, ed., Liudprandi episcopi Cremonensis opera omnia (MGH SRG, Hannover, 1877).

Dumville (1986) = David N. Dumville, "The West Saxon Genealogical Regnal List: Manuscripts and Texts", Anglia 104 (1986): 1-32.

Fiala (1889) = Eduard Fiala, Beschreibung der Sammlung böhmischer Münzen und Medaillen des Max Donebauer (Prague, 1889).

Germond (1982) = Arthur Germond, "The Daughters of King Edward the Elder", Journal of Ancient and Medieval Studies 1 (1982): 91-. [Not seen by me]

HBC = F. Maurice Powicke & E. B. Fryde, eds., Handbook of British Chronology (2nd ed., London 1961).

Hlawitschka (1976) = Eduard Hlawitschka, "Die verwandtschftlichen Verbinderungen zwischen dem hochburgundischen und dem niederburgundischen Königshaus. Zugleich ein Beitrag zur Geschichte Burgunds in der 1. Hälfte des 10. Jahrhunderts", in Schlügl und Herde, Grundwissenschaften und Geschichte. Festschrift für Peter Acht (Münchener historische Studien Abtielun geschichtl. Hilfswissenschaften 15, 1976), 28-57.

Hlawitschka (2006) = Eduard Hlawitschka, Die Ahnen de hochmittelalterlichen deutschen Könige, Kaiser und ihrer Gemahlinnen. Ein kommentiertes Tafelwerk. Band I: 911-1137, 2 vols. (MGH Hilfsmittel, 25, Hannover, 2006).

John Worc. = Benjamin Thorpe, ed., Florentii Wigorniensis monachi chronicon ex chronicis, 2 vols., (London, 1848-9). (The work formerly attributed to Florence of Worcester is now generally attributed to John of Worcester.) Also edited more recently in Darlington & McGurk, eds., The Chronicle of John of Worcester, 3 vols. (Oxford, 1995-). I do not have easy access to the latter edition, and most of the citations are given from Thorpe's edition.

Kelley (1989) = David H. Kelley, "The House of Aethelred", in Lindsay L. Brook, ed., Studies in Genealogy and Family History in Tribute to Charles Evans On the Occasion of His Eightieth Birthday (Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, Occasional Publication No. 2, Salt Lake City, 1989), 63-93.

Lauer (1900) = Ph. Lauer, Le Règne de Louis IV d'Outre-Mer (Paris, 1900).

Lib. Monast. Hyde = Edward Edwards, ed., Liber Monasterii de Hyda: a Chronicle and Chartulary of Hyde Abbey, Winchester, 455-1023 (Rolls Series 45, London, 1866).

Lib. Vit. Hyde = Walter de Gray Birch, Liber Vitae: Register and Martyrology of New Minister and Hyde Abbey Winchester (London, 1892).

Mathieu (2006) = Jean-Noël Mathieu, "La lignée maternelle du pape Léon IX et ses relations avec les premiers Montbéliard", in Georges Bischoff & Benoît-Michel Tock, eds., Léon IX et son temps (Turnhout, Belgium, 2006), 77-110.

MGH DD = Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Diplomata series (H I = Heinrich I).

MGH SS = Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores series.

Mem. Dunstan = William Stubbs, ed., Memorials of Saint Dunstan Archbishop of Canterbury (Rolls Series 63, London, 1874).

Nelson (1991) = Janet Nelson, "Reconstructing a Royal Family: Reflections on Alfred, From Asser, chapter 2", in Ian Wood & Niels Lund, eds., People and Places in Northern Europe 500-1600 - Essays in Honour of Peter Hayes Pawyer (Woodbridge, 1991), 47-66.

Onom. Anglo-Sax. = William George Searle, Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum (Cambridge, 1897). Spellings of Anglo-Saxon names on this page have been standardized according to this source.

Orna (1965) = Bernard Orna, "Tracing a lost princess", Coins and Medals 2.2 (October 1965): 94-6.

Poole (1911) = Reginald L. Poole, "Burgundian Notes I: The Alpine Son-in-Law of Edward the Elder", English Historical Review 26 (1911): 310-7.

Poupardin (1901) = René Poupardin, Le royaume de Provence sous les Carolingiens (Paris, 1901).

R. Diceto = William Stubbs, ed., Radulfi de Diceto Decani Lundonensis Opera Historica - The Historical Works of Master Ralph de Diceto Dean of London, 2 vols. (Rolls Series 68, London 1876).

Rec. actes Lothair & Louis V = Louis Halphen & Ferdinand Lot, eds., Recueil des actes de Lothaire et de Louis V rois de France (Paris, 1908).

Richard (1903) = Alfred Richard, Histoire des comtes de Poitou 778-1204, 2 vols. (Paris, 1903).

Robinson (1923) = J. Armitage Robinson, The Times of Saint Dunstan (Oxford, 1923).

Rog. Hoveden = William Stubbs, ed., Chronica Magistri Rogeri de Houedene, 4 vols. (Rolls Series 51, 1868-71). For an English translation, see Henry T. Riley, trans., The Annals of Roger de Hoveden, 2 vols. (London, 1853). Citations are from the edition of Stubbs.

Rog. Wendover = Henry O. Coxe, ed., Rogeri de Wendover Chronica, sive Flores Historiarum, 2 vols. (London, 1841).

Sawyer (1968) = P. H. Sawyer, Anglo-Saxon Charters. An Annotated List and Bibliography (London, 1968).

Searle (1899) = William George Searle, Anglo-Saxon Bishops, Kings and Nobles (Cambridge, 1899).

Sim. Durh. = Thomas Arnold, ed., Symeonis Monachi Opera Omnia, 2 vols. (Rolls Series 75, 1882-5).

Vaughan (1954) = Richard Vaughan, "The Chronology of the Parker Chronicle, 890-970", English Historical Review 69 (1954): 59-66.

Wainwright (1945) = F. T. Wainwright, "The Chronology of the 'Mercian Register' ", English Historical Review 60 (1945): 385-392.

Weir (1989) = Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families - The Complete Genealogy (London, 1989).

Williams (1978) = Ann Williams, "Some Notes and Considerations on Problems Connected with the English Royal Succession, 860-1066, Proceedings of the Battle Conference on Anglo-Norman Studies 1 (1978): 144-167, 225-233.

Wm. Malmes, Gesta Pont. = N. E. S. A. Hamilton, ed., Willelmi Malmesbiriensis Monachi de Gestiis Pontificum Anglorum libri quinque (Rolls Series 52, London, 1870).

Wm. Malmes., Gesta Regum = William Stubbs, ed., Willelmi Malmesbiriensis Monachi De gestis regum Anglorum. libri quinque; Historiæ Novellæ libri tres, 2 vols. (Rolls series 90, 1887-9).

Wood (2004) = Michael Wood, "Anglo-Saxon Pedigrees Annotated", Foundations 1 (2004): 269-274, 375-385, 445-457.4 Ecgwynn (?) was also known as Ecgwyn.5

Family

Edward I "the Elder" (?) King of Wessex b. c 872, d. 17 Jul 924
Children

Citations

  1. [S761] John Cannon and Ralph Griffiths, The Oxford Illiustrated History of the British Monarchy (Great Clarendon Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 1998), appendix. Hereinafter cited as Cannon & Griffiths, British Monarchy 1998.
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 473 (Chart 31). Hereinafter cited as Ashley: British Kings.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Cerdic 1 page (The House of Cerdic): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/brit/cerdic1.html
  4. [S1702] The Henry Project: The ancestors of king Henry II of England, An experiment in cooperative medieval genealogy on the internet, online http://sbaldw.home.mindspring.com/hproject/henry.htm, Eadweard (Edward) "the Elder": http://sbaldw.home.mindspring.com/hproject/prov/edwar001.htm. Hereinafter cited as The Henry Project.
  5. [S1373] The Official Site of the British Monarchy, online http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page1.asp, http://www.royal.gov.uk/files/pdf/wessex.pdf "Kings of Wessex and England: 802-1066". Hereinafter cited as British Monarchy Site.

Athelstan (?) King of Wessex and Mercia, King of England1,2,3,4

M, #16020, b. 895, d. 17 October 939
FatherEdward I "the Elder" (?) King of Wessex1,3,4 b. c 872, d. 17 Jul 924
MotherEcgwynn (?)1,3,5 d. bt 901 - 902
Last Edited3 Nov 2013
     Athelstan (?) King of Wessex and Mercia, King of England was born in 895.1,3
Athelstan (?) King of Wessex and Mercia, King of England died on 17 October 939 at Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.1,3,4
Athelstan (?) King of Wessex and Mercia, King of England was buried after 27 October 939 at Malmesbury Abbey, Wiltshire, England.2,3
     Athelstan (?) King of Wessex and Mercia, King of England Athelstan, King of Wessex and of a formally unified England (924-939), cr Kingston-upon-Thames 4.9.924, *ca 895, +Gloucester Palace 27.10.939, bur Malmesbury Abbey, Wiltshire.3

Athelstan (?) King of Wessex and Mercia, King of England per The Henry Project: "Æthelstan, d. 27 October 939, king of Wessex and Mercia (king of England) 924×5-939.
According to most of his charters which show a regnal year, Æthelstan appears to have dated his reign from a point which started somewhere between 25 December 924 and 26 January 925 [see above under Eadweard's date of death]. Since Eadweard had died the previous July, this suggests a longer than average succession period, which may have included a short reign in Wessex by Æthelstan's brother Ælfweard [Wm. Malmes., Gesta Regum, c. 139 (1: 156); see below under Ælfweard]. According to a dubious charter, Æthelstan was crowned on 4 September 925 [Cart. Sax. 2: 317 (#641)]. He died on 27 October 939 and was succeeded by his brother Eadmund "Her Æþelstan cyning forðferde on .vi. kl. Nov. ymbe .xl. wintra butan anre niht þæs þe Ælfred cyning forþferde; & Eadmund æþeling feng to rice. & he wæs þa .xviii. wintre. & Æþelstan cyning rixade .xiiii. gear & .x. wucan." ASC(A) s.a. 941 (orig. 940) (".xli." altered to ".xl.") ("Here King Athelstan passed away on 27 October, 40 years all but a day after King Alfred passed away. And the ætheling Edmund succeeded to the kingdom; and he was then 18 years old. King Athelstan ruled 14 years and 10 weeks." ASC(Eng), 110); "Her Æðelstan cyning forðferde. & feng Ædmund to rice his broðor." ASC(E) s.a. 940; "Strenuus et gloriosus rex Anglorum Æthelstanus, decimo sexto regni sui anno, indictione XIV., vi. kal. Novembris, feria IV., apud Glawornam e vita decessit, et a[d Maidulfi urbem delatus, honorifice est tumulatus; cui frater suus Eadmundus, XVIIIº. ætatis suæ anno, in regnum successit." John Worc., s.a. 940 (1: 132-3); "27 [Oct.] Obitus Æþelstani regis." Lib. Vit. Hyde, 272; AU s.a. 938=939; on 939 as the year of Æthelstan's death, see Beaven (1917); Vaughan (1954)]."

Bibliography

Bibliography

AC = John Williams ab Ithel, ed., Annales Cambriæ (Rolls Series 20, London, 1860).

Æthelweard = A. Campbell ed., Chronicon Æthelweardi/The Chronicle of Æthelweard, (New York, 1962).

Angus (1938) = W. S. Angus, "The Chronology of the Reign of Edward the Elder", English Historical Review 53 (1938): 194-210.

AU = Seán Mac Airt and Gearóid Mac Niocaill, eds., The Annals of Ulster (Dublin, 1983).

Beaven (1917) = Murray L. R. Beaven, "The Regnal Dates of Alfred, Edward the Elder, and Athelstan", English Historical Review 32 (1917): 517-531.

Besly (1840) = Jean Besly, Histoire des comtes de Poictou et ducs de Guyenne (new ed., Paris, 1840, orig. publ. 1647).

Cart. Sax. = Walter de Gray Birch, ed., Cartularium Saxonicum, 4 vols. (1885-99).

Chaume (1925) = Maurice Chaume, Les origines du duché de Bourgogne, 4 vols. (Dijon, 1925).

Chaume (1931) = Maurice Chaume, "Le problème des origines de la maison de Savoie" (Études carolingiennes, II), Annales de Bourgogne 3 (1931): 120-161.

Coronini (1770) = Rudolph Coronini, Specimen genealogico-progonologicum ad illustrandam augustam Habsburgo-Lotharingicam prosapiam ... (Vienna, 1770).

Crawford Charters = A. S. Napier & W. H. Stevenson, Anecdota Oxoniensia - The Crawford Collection of Early Charters and Documents (Oxford, 1895).

CS = W. M. Hennessy, ed. & trans., Chronicum Scotorum (Rolls Series 46, London, 1866).

Dümmler (1876) = Rudolf Köpke & Ernst Dümmler, Kaiser Otto der Große (Leipzig, 1876).

Dümmler (1877) = Ernst Dümmler, ed., Liudprandi episcopi Cremonensis opera omnia (MGH SRG, Hannover, 1877).

Dumville (1986) = David N. Dumville, "The West Saxon Genealogical Regnal List: Manuscripts and Texts", Anglia 104 (1986): 1-32.

Fiala (1889) = Eduard Fiala, Beschreibung der Sammlung böhmischer Münzen und Medaillen des Max Donebauer (Prague, 1889).

Germond (1982) = Arthur Germond, "The Daughters of King Edward the Elder", Journal of Ancient and Medieval Studies 1 (1982): 91-. [Not seen by me]

HBC = F. Maurice Powicke & E. B. Fryde, eds., Handbook of British Chronology (2nd ed., London 1961).

Hlawitschka (1976) = Eduard Hlawitschka, "Die verwandtschftlichen Verbinderungen zwischen dem hochburgundischen und dem niederburgundischen Königshaus. Zugleich ein Beitrag zur Geschichte Burgunds in der 1. Hälfte des 10. Jahrhunderts", in Schlügl und Herde, Grundwissenschaften und Geschichte. Festschrift für Peter Acht (Münchener historische Studien Abtielun geschichtl. Hilfswissenschaften 15, 1976), 28-57.

Hlawitschka (2006) = Eduard Hlawitschka, Die Ahnen de hochmittelalterlichen deutschen Könige, Kaiser und ihrer Gemahlinnen. Ein kommentiertes Tafelwerk. Band I: 911-1137, 2 vols. (MGH Hilfsmittel, 25, Hannover, 2006).

John Worc. = Benjamin Thorpe, ed., Florentii Wigorniensis monachi chronicon ex chronicis, 2 vols., (London, 1848-9). (The work formerly attributed to Florence of Worcester is now generally attributed to John of Worcester.) Also edited more recently in Darlington & McGurk, eds., The Chronicle of John of Worcester, 3 vols. (Oxford, 1995-). I do not have easy access to the latter edition, and most of the citations are given from Thorpe's edition.

Kelley (1989) = David H. Kelley, "The House of Aethelred", in Lindsay L. Brook, ed., Studies in Genealogy and Family History in Tribute to Charles Evans On the Occasion of His Eightieth Birthday (Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, Occasional Publication No. 2, Salt Lake City, 1989), 63-93.

Lauer (1900) = Ph. Lauer, Le Règne de Louis IV d'Outre-Mer (Paris, 1900).

Lib. Monast. Hyde = Edward Edwards, ed., Liber Monasterii de Hyda: a Chronicle and Chartulary of Hyde Abbey, Winchester, 455-1023 (Rolls Series 45, London, 1866).

Lib. Vit. Hyde = Walter de Gray Birch, Liber Vitae: Register and Martyrology of New Minister and Hyde Abbey Winchester (London, 1892).

Mathieu (2006) = Jean-Noël Mathieu, "La lignée maternelle du pape Léon IX et ses relations avec les premiers Montbéliard", in Georges Bischoff & Benoît-Michel Tock, eds., Léon IX et son temps (Turnhout, Belgium, 2006), 77-110.

MGH DD = Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Diplomata series (H I = Heinrich I).

MGH SS = Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores series.

Mem. Dunstan = William Stubbs, ed., Memorials of Saint Dunstan Archbishop of Canterbury (Rolls Series 63, London, 1874).

Nelson (1991) = Janet Nelson, "Reconstructing a Royal Family: Reflections on Alfred, From Asser, chapter 2", in Ian Wood & Niels Lund, eds., People and Places in Northern Europe 500-1600 - Essays in Honour of Peter Hayes Pawyer (Woodbridge, 1991), 47-66.

Onom. Anglo-Sax. = William George Searle, Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum (Cambridge, 1897). Spellings of Anglo-Saxon names on this page have been standardized according to this source.

Orna (1965) = Bernard Orna, "Tracing a lost princess", Coins and Medals 2.2 (October 1965): 94-6.

Poole (1911) = Reginald L. Poole, "Burgundian Notes I: The Alpine Son-in-Law of Edward the Elder", English Historical Review 26 (1911): 310-7.

Poupardin (1901) = René Poupardin, Le royaume de Provence sous les Carolingiens (Paris, 1901).

R. Diceto = William Stubbs, ed., Radulfi de Diceto Decani Lundonensis Opera Historica - The Historical Works of Master Ralph de Diceto Dean of London, 2 vols. (Rolls Series 68, London 1876).

Rec. actes Lothair & Louis V = Louis Halphen & Ferdinand Lot, eds., Recueil des actes de Lothaire et de Louis V rois de France (Paris, 1908).

Richard (1903) = Alfred Richard, Histoire des comtes de Poitou 778-1204, 2 vols. (Paris, 1903).

Robinson (1923) = J. Armitage Robinson, The Times of Saint Dunstan (Oxford, 1923).

Rog. Hoveden = William Stubbs, ed., Chronica Magistri Rogeri de Houedene, 4 vols. (Rolls Series 51, 1868-71). For an English translation, see Henry T. Riley, trans., The Annals of Roger de Hoveden, 2 vols. (London, 1853). Citations are from the edition of Stubbs.

Rog. Wendover = Henry O. Coxe, ed., Rogeri de Wendover Chronica, sive Flores Historiarum, 2 vols. (London, 1841).

Sawyer (1968) = P. H. Sawyer, Anglo-Saxon Charters. An Annotated List and Bibliography (London, 1968).

Searle (1899) = William George Searle, Anglo-Saxon Bishops, Kings and Nobles (Cambridge, 1899).

Sim. Durh. = Thomas Arnold, ed., Symeonis Monachi Opera Omnia, 2 vols. (Rolls Series 75, 1882-5).

Vaughan (1954) = Richard Vaughan, "The Chronology of the Parker Chronicle, 890-970", English Historical Review 69 (1954): 59-66.

Wainwright (1945) = F. T. Wainwright, "The Chronology of the 'Mercian Register' ", English Historical Review 60 (1945): 385-392.

Weir (1989) = Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families - The Complete Genealogy (London, 1989).

Williams (1978) = Ann Williams, "Some Notes and Considerations on Problems Connected with the English Royal Succession, 860-1066, Proceedings of the Battle Conference on Anglo-Norman Studies 1 (1978): 144-167, 225-233.

Wm. Malmes, Gesta Pont. = N. E. S. A. Hamilton, ed., Willelmi Malmesbiriensis Monachi de Gestiis Pontificum Anglorum libri quinque (Rolls Series 52, London, 1870).

Wm. Malmes., Gesta Regum = William Stubbs, ed., Willelmi Malmesbiriensis Monachi De gestis regum Anglorum. libri quinque; Historiæ Novellæ libri tres, 2 vols. (Rolls series 90, 1887-9).

Wood (2004) = Michael Wood, "Anglo-Saxon Pedigrees Annotated", Foundations 1 (2004): 269-274, 375-385, 445-457.4


Athelstan (?) King of Wessex and Mercia, King of England Ethelstan, Alfred's grandson. The descendants of Alfred were the first true kings of England; his great-grandson Edgar (959-75) was recognized as such. Archbishop Dunstan, Edgar's chief counselor, was a great ecclesiastical reformer (simony and morals) of the Church and the people. He followed a policy of fusion and conciliation toward the Danes, and Oda, a full-blooded Dane, became (942) archbishop of Canterbury. The absorption of the Danelaw by Wessex left the Celtic fringe in Scotland and Wales independent under a vague kind of vassalage to the king. between 924 and 940. He was King of England: [Ashley, pp. 472-475] ATHELSTAN King of the English, 17 July 924-27 October 939. Crowned: Kingston-upon-Thames, 4 September 925. Born: c895. Died: Gloucester, 27 October 939, aged 44. Buried: Malmesbury Abbey, Wiltshire. Athelstan, arguably the most powerful of all Saxon kings, was the eldest son of EDWARD THE ELDER, though there is a question about his legitimacy. Edward may not have married Athelstan's mother Egwina, and though she was later described as "a noblewoman", the scandal-mongers of the day remembered her as a shepherd's daughter whom Edward took a fancy to in his youth and who bore him two or perhaps three children. Maybe it was because he was illegitimate that Athelstan was raised by Edward's sister, ATHELFLÆD, at her court at Gloucester in Mercia and not at Winchester. Some authorities make much of the fact that Athelstan was a favourite of his grandfather's, ALFRED, as if he preferred this child over the others and singled him out for succession; in fact Athelstan was the only grandchild Alfred knew, as all of Alfred's other grandchildren were born after his death. Nevertheless, because Athelstan was reared in Mercia he had a loyalty from the Mercians that his forebears had never received. When Edward died, the Mercians immediately proclaimed him their king whilst the West Saxon witan were still deliberating. No doubt, if Athelstan was illegitimate, there was an issue to resolve, and possibly Edward had suggested before his death that Athelstan would succeed him in Mercia whilst one of his legitimate sons would succeed in Wessex. EDWIN was already subking in Kent and the obvious choice but perhaps he declined (or, if his recorded death date is in error, he may have already been dead). There is a suggestion that ELFWEARD the hermit was summoned to Winchester as a possible candidate, but he died en route, and thereafter there was no other choice but Athelstan, but he was not confirmed in Wessex until some months after his accession in Mercia. Even then he was not crowned for over a year. Just what the reluctance was amongst the West Saxons is not clear, and it may be that they just did not trust Athelstan. There is no doubt that Athelstan's strength of character may also have been a disadvantage, because he had a distrust for the Saxon nobility whom he treated with reserve, and they probably saw him as haughty and unwelcoming. Yet to his subjects he was kind and generous, perhaps because of his own origins. He was exceedingly generous to the church and delighted in giving gifts and receiving memorabilia. Like Arthur he was an avid reader but also a collector of treasures he later donated to the church. He was a tall, if thin, man with long golden hair and conveyed the image of a handsome, powerful knight. It may be something of Athelstan who lives on in our folk memory of Sir Lancelot.
No sooner was Athelstan ensconced as king than we find his authority recognized by SITRIC CAECH of York, the Norse king who had refused to recognize Edward's sovereignty. Sitric recognized that Athelstan's power base in Mercia gave him a much greater ability to attack Northumbria if necessary. Sitric and Athelstan thus agreed terms and as part of the arrangement Sitric was married to Athelstan's saintly sister Eadgyth on 30 January 926. The alliance with Sitric did not last for long, as he refused to accept Christianity, and by March 927 he was dead. Athelstan seized this opportunity. Sitric's brother, Gothfrith, who was king of Dublin, attempted to claim the throne of York, but Athelstan defeated him and, after showing him hospitality, despatched him back to Ireland. During this episode Athelstan summoned the kings of Scotland and Strathclyde to Eamont Bridge in July 927 and made them swear that they would not support Gothfrith in his designs upon the throne of York. Athelstan entered York, the first Saxon king to do so, since all previous kings before the Scandinavians had been Angles.
During 926 Athelstan had summoned the Welsh princes to a meeting at Hereford. Although the three primary rulers had previously paid homage to Edward, there had been a Norse uprising in 924 supported by the Welsh at Chester. Athelstan was determined to put a stop to Welsh hostilities in Mercia. At Hereford he laid down the boundary between Wales and England, particularly the southern stretch which had always been in dispute, where he now specified the Wye, and he exacted harsh tribute from the princes. It is not clear how far they ever met this demand, but it was evident that they recognized Athelstan's authority. HYWEL DDA in particular was fascinated by the Saxon court, appreciating its possibilities in Wales, and he learned much from Athelstan that he was able to put into practice. Immediately after this agreement, Athelstan hurried to Devon where the Cornish were again in revolt, probably under their king HOEL. Athelstan expelled the Cornish from Exeter. driving them back over the Tamar, which now became the boundary between Cornwall and England. He refortified Exeter and it seems he may have taken Hoe! hostage to ensure the Cornish compliance, because Hoe! was with him a year later at Eamont Bridge.
The alliance with the Scots lasted for seven years, a remarkable period of peace and prosperity in England during which time Athelstan reviewed his troops, improved his fortifications and generally settled down to the government of his subjects. It seems that Athelstan also made friends with the king of Norway, Harald Fairhair or Finehair, who sent gifts to Athelstan and also adopted the current vogue for fostering by sending his son, Haakon, then aged about seven, to Athelstan's court to benefit from understanding the English form of government. One consequence of this was that Haakon became such a welcome king in Norway that the elders deposed his brother, ERIK BLOODAXE, who immediately become a problem for Athelstan's successors. This was but one example of Athelstan's role in Europe. Because of a series of political marriages amongst his aunts and his own sisters, Athelstan was on close terms with many of the major rulers in Europe. These included Count Baldwin of Flanders, who had married his aunt Elfreda, Charles III of France, who had married his sister Edgiva, the influential Hugh, Count of Paris, who had married another sister, Edhilda, and Otto, duke of Saxony and subsequently German emperor, who had married a further sister, Eadgyth. There was another possible half-sister who married Gorm the Old, the first king of a united Denmark. All of this demonstrates that Athelstan was a key activist on the international scene, and though it is not recorded that he travelled abroad, his relationships improved trade and culture in England extensively.
In 934 Athelstan was incensed when the Scottish king CONSTANTINE married his daughter to OLAF GOTHFRITHSON of Dublin, which Athelstan saw as a flagrant breach of the Eamont treaty. He decided to give Constantine a lesson and in 934 he raised a huge army which increased in numbers as he marched north from Winchester, and he devastated Scotland en route as far north as Fordun. Constantine recognized Athelstan's power, but it only made him all the more determined to seek the support of Olaf as a defence against the English might. In 937, after the death of Gothfrith, Olaf combined his army with Constantine's. He took York and marched down into Mercia. Athelstan met him at Brunanburh, near Nottingham. It was one of the most decisive of all Saxon victories, and passed into legend. From then until his death two years later Athelstan ruled peacefully, the complete master of his realm. Athelstan's reign was remembered by later annalists as a golden age, and certainly there would be little like it again for many years to come. Athelstan died of an illness, probably a manifestation of the same malady which afflicted his family, many of whom died young. He was only forty-four. Athelstan had never married, and he was succeeded by his half-brother EDMUND. between 17 July 924 and 27 October 939.1,6

Citations

  1. [S761] John Cannon and Ralph Griffiths, The Oxford Illiustrated History of the British Monarchy (Great Clarendon Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 1998), appendix. Hereinafter cited as Cannon & Griffiths, British Monarchy 1998.
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 468 (Chart 30), 472-475. Hereinafter cited as Ashley: British Kings.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Cerdic 1 page (The House of Cerdic): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/brit/cerdic1.html
  4. [S1702] The Henry Project: The ancestors of king Henry II of England, An experiment in cooperative medieval genealogy on the internet, online http://sbaldw.home.mindspring.com/hproject/henry.htm, Æthelred Mucil/Mucel: http://sbaldw.home.mindspring.com/hproject/prov/aethe003.htm. Hereinafter cited as The Henry Project.
  5. [S1702] The Henry Project, online http://sbaldw.home.mindspring.com/hproject/henry.htm, Eadweard (Edward) "the Elder": http://sbaldw.home.mindspring.com/hproject/prov/edwar001.htm
  6. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 181. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.