Harald/Hardeknud II Parcus (?) of Jelling, King of Sjaelland1,2,3

M, #20341, b. circa 880, d. 899
FatherFrodo (?) King of Sjaelland4 d. 885
Last Edited29 Oct 2020
     Harald/Hardeknud II Parcus (?) of Jelling, King of Sjaelland married Elgiva (?), daughter of Aethelred I (?) King of Wessex and Wilfrid (?).1 Harald/Hardeknud II Parcus (?) of Jelling, King of Sjaelland was born circa 880.5
Harald/Hardeknud II Parcus (?) of Jelling, King of Sjaelland died in 899.4
     ; Per Andersen: "King Hardeknud of Jelling, whose name here is written in modern danish. born around 845. Married to: Princess ... of Northumbria."6

; Per Med Lands:
     "HARDEKNUD . Adam of Bremen records that "Hardegon filius Suein" deprived "Sigerich" of the kingdom, but qualifies this by saying that it was uncertain how many kings reigned in Denmark during this period[131]. The passage is undated but immediately precedes the recording of an event in 915. The Chronicon Roskildense records that "[Swen] huius filii Gorm et Hartha Knut" invaded Denmark, killed "rege Danorum Haldano cum filiis eius" and divided the kingdom between them[132]. This passage in the Chronicon Roskildense is confused but appears to refer to the same Hardeknud as Adam of Bremen, but making him the brother instead of father of Gorm."
Med Lands cites:
[131] Adami, Gesta Hammenburgensis Ecclesiæ Pontificum I.54, MGH SS VII, p. 303.
[132] Chronicon Roskildense, IV, p. 18.3


; This is the same person as ”Harthacnut I of Denmark” at Wikipedia and as ”Hardeknud (Knud 1.)” at Wikipedia (DK).5,7 He was King of Sjaelland between 885 and 899.4

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I2761
  2. [S1453] Allan M. Andersen, "Andersen email "Ancestors of Harald Bluetooth, from a Danish point of view"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/aG-3L8fZM8E/m/-rJQ7JA_Qh8J) to e-mail address, 27 June 2003. Hereinafter cited as "Andersen email 27 June 2003."
  3. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/DENMARK.htm#Gormdiedbefore950A. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  4. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 738, 458 (Chart 29). Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  5. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harthacnut_I_of_Denmark. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  6. [S1453] Allan M. Andersen, "Andersen email 27 June 2003," e-mail to e-mail address, 27 June 2003, https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/aG-3L8fZM8E/m/-rJQ7JA_Qh8J
  7. [S4783] Wikipedia - Die frie encyklopædi, online https://da.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forside, Hardeknud (Knud 1.): https://da.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hardeknud_(Knud_1.). Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia (DK).
  8. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/DENMARK.htm#Gormdiedbefore950

Harald III Hardraade Sigurdsson King of Norway1,2,3

M, #20342, b. 1015, d. 25 September 1066
FatherSigurd Halfdansson Syr (?) King of Ringeringe1,2,4,5 d. 1018
MotherAsta Gudbrandsdatter (?)2,6,5
Last Edited31 Aug 2020
     Harald III Hardraade Sigurdsson King of Norway was born in 1015.7,8,2,9,3 He married Elizabeth/Jellisif/Elisaveta Yaroslavna (?) of Kiev, daughter of Yaroslav I Vladimirovich "Mudriy/The Wise" (?) Grand Duke of Kiev and Ingegarde (Ingeborg) Olafsdottir (?) Princess of Sweden, between 1043 and 1044.8,2,9,10,3
Harald III Hardraade Sigurdsson King of Norway died on 25 September 1066 at Battle at Stamford Bridge, Yorkshire, England.11,8,2,9,3
     ; Per Genealogics:
     "Harald was born in 1015, the son of Sigurd Syr, king of Ringerike, and Asta Gudbrandsdatter. Harald was only fifteen when he fought beside his half-brother at the battle of Stiklestad. He fled from Norway to Gardariket (Russia) then travelled on to Constantinople, known to the Vikings as Miklagard, where he served in the emperor's personal guard.
     "In 1034 he returned to the Nordic countries a wealthy man. He gave some of his wealth to King Magnus, and as a reward he was given part of Norway. In 1047 when Magnus died, Harald became king of both Norway and Denmark. However in 1064, after numerous battles, he had to part with Denmark. In trying to make the Norwegian Church more independent from the archbishop of Bremen, Harald allowed his bishops to be ordained in England and France. From Harald's time both the Orkneys and Hjaltland were ruled from Norway.
     "After the death of the English King Edward 'the Confessor', Harald raided England but he was beaten by Edward's successor King Harold II and died in the Battle of Stamford Bridge on 25 September1066."3

; King Harald III "Haard Raade" of Norway (1047-66), *1015, +k.a.during his invasion in North England 25.9.1066; m.ca 1045 Elizabeth of Kiev (+after 1045.)2

; Harold III (Hardrada) ... was a tough, romantic figure who had fought bravely in the Byzantine Army, campaigned in Sicily, reigned in Norway and perished in an effort to conquer England.12 Harald III Hardraade Sigurdsson King of Norway was also known as Harald Haardraada.13

; See Wikipedia article.14

Reference: Genealogics Cites:
1. Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag, Marburg, Schwennicke, Detlev (Ed.) 2:109.
2. Medieval Scandinavia: from Conversion to Reformation, circa 800-1500. The Nordic Series, vol 17, U. Minn. Press, page 61, Sawyer, Birgit and Peter.
3. Norge som odel i Harald Hårfagres aett, Historisk Tidsskrift, Oslo, 1989, Krag, Claus.3
He was King of Norway between 1047 and 1066.7,8

Family 2

Thora Thorbergsdotter (?)
Children

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 448 (Chart 28). Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Norway 2 page - Yngling Family: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/scand/norway2.html
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Harald III 'Hardråde' Sigurdsson: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00140268&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, 'kinglet' Sigurd Halfdansson 'Syr'" https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00140265&tree=LEO
  5. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/NORWAY.htm#SigurdSyrdied1018. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Asta Gudbrandsdottir: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00140266&tree=LEO
  7. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 741.
  8. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 24. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  9. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 1 page - Rurikids: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik1.html
  10. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Elisabeth (Jellisif) of Kiev: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00279852&tree=LEO
  11. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 448 (Chart 28), 741.
  12. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, p. 52.
  13. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I38904
  14. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harald_Hardrada. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  15. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 16.
  16. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Norway 2 page (Yngling family): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/scand/norway2.html
  17. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 27.

Tove (?) of the Obotrites, Queen of Denmark1,2,3

F, #20343, d. circa 990
FatherMstivoj/Mstivir (?) Prince of the Obotrites4,5 b. c 935, d. 995
Last Edited21 Jul 2020
     Tove (?) of the Obotrites, Queen of Denmark married Harald I "Blåtand/Bluetooth" Gormsson (?) King of Denmark, son of Gorm "den Gamle/the Old" Haraldsson (?) King of Denmark and Thyra "Danebod" (?) of Jutland, Queen of Denmark, circa 970;
His 2nd wife.6,7,2,8,5
Tove (?) of the Obotrites, Queen of Denmark died circa 990.2,5
     ; Per Genealogy.EU (Denmark 1): “A2. Harald "Bluetooth-Blaatand", King of Denmark and Norway (970-991), *ca 910, +before 988/991; 1m: Gunhild N; 2m: Tove (possibly a dau.of Pr Mistiwoj of the Wends)”.9
; Per Med Lands:
     "HARALD Gormsen, son of GORM "den Gamle/the Old" King of Denmark & his wife Tyre "Danebod" ([925/35]-Jomsborg 1 Dec [986/87], bur Roskilde Cathedral[154]). Adam of Bremen records that "filium autem regis [=Worm] Haroldum" succeeded as ruler in Denmark[155]. Saxo Grammaticus names Harald as son of Tyre[156]. The Chronicon Roskildense names "Gorm pater Haraldi", specifying that "Haraldus" reigned for 15 years during the life of his father and 50 years after his father died, and was known as "Blatan sive Clac Harald", on the other hand a later passage specifies that Harald succeeded his father Gorm[157]. He succeeded his father before 950 as HARALD I "Blåtand/Bluetooth" King of Denmark. Snorre records that "King Harald Gormson" ruled in Denmark when the sons of King Eirik " Blodøks" sought refuge there in [955][158]. According to Snorre, he invaded Norway in 965 after the death of King Harald II, supported by Jarl Haakon Sigurdson, Harald Gudrodson "Grenske" and other Norwegian exiles[159]. He effectively made himself ruler of Norway, but returned to Denmark after leaving Jarl Haakon in Norway as his regent[160]. Emperor Otto invaded Jutland and defeated King Harald, who took refuge at Limafjord on the island of Marsey where he was converted to Christianity by Bishop Poppo after agreeing a truce with the emperor[161]. Adam of Bremen records that King Harald submitted to Emperor Otto and was baptised "cum uxore Gunhild et filio parvulo"[162]. Adam of Bremen names "Suein Otto, filius magni Haroldi regis Danorum" when recording that he deposed and expelled his father who fled to "civitatem Sclavorum quæ Iumne dicitur" where King Harald died from his wounds. Adam specifies that his body was repatriated to Roskilde for burial in the church of the Holy Trinity which he had built, that King Harald had ruled for 50 years and that he died "in festivitate omnium sanctorum"[163]. His son Svend rebelled against him and forced his father to flee to Jomsburg (now Wolin) where he died from wounds received while counter-attacking his son's forces[164]. Guillaume of Jumièges records that “Aigroldus rex Danorum” was expelled from his kingdom by "filio suo...Sveno" and was received in Normandy by “dux” [Guillaume Comte de Normandie] who granted him “Constantiensem comitatum”[165], although this is evidently anachronistic as Duke Guillaume died in 942. Guillaume of Jumièges records that Louis IV King of the West Franks, after the death of Richard´s father, marched on Rouen, was received by “Rodulphus et Bernardus atque Anslech totius Normannici ducatus tutores”, and captured Richard, who was taken to Laon but was freed by “Osmundus...consilio cum Yvone patre Willelmi de Belismo” and taken to “Silvanectis” where “Bernardus...comes” protected “nepotem suum Richardum”[166], a passage dated to [945] from the context. According to King Olav Trygvason's Saga, King Harald defeated his son but died from wounds received in the battle[167]. Modern-day "Bluetooth" computer technology was named after King Harald, his union of Denmark and Norway being considered by the inventors, for some reason, as analogous with the wire-free linking of computer devices[168].
     "m firstly ([before 960]) GUNHILD, daughter of ---. Adam of Bremen names Gunhild as wife of King Harald when recording that the couple were baptised with their small son[169]. 965.
     "m secondly TOVE, daughter of [MSTIVOJ] & his wife --- (-[990]). Her marriage and parentage are confirmed by a Runic stone at Sönder Vissing, Denmark which records that "Tufa let gera [make] kuml [monument], Mistiuis do´tter,ept [daughter] Mo´thur [mother] sina.Kona [queen] Haralds hins Goda,Gorms sonar"[170]. According to Europäische Stammtafeln[171] she was Tove, daughter of Mstivoj the Wendish prince. The name of Tove´s father, "Mistiuis", on the Runic stone bears some similarity to Mstivoj. However, one difficulty is the apparent chronological discrepancy. The only other reference to Mstivoj is dated to 1000 (see MECKLENBURG) and gives no idea about his age at the time. Nor is there any indication of the date of Tove´s marriage, although it appears unlikely that she married much later than 980 considering the date her husband died. This would place her birth in [960] which, in turn, would mean that Mstivoj would have been over 60 years old when he is mentioned in 1000. This is not impossible, but it seems a little surprising. Another possibility is that she was Tove of Poland, daughter of Mieszko I Prince of Poland. The name "Mieszko" is just as similar to "Mistiuis" as "Mstivoj". This would place her birth after 966, later than suggested above, assuming that she was Mieszko´s daughter by his wife Dobrava of Bohemia. If this hypothesis is correct, Tove could have been the sister of the first wife of King Harald´s son, King Svend, implying a father/son double marriage with two sisters. This would place King Svend´s marriage rather earlier than the date suggested below, but the idea is not impossible.
     "[m [thirdly] ([984/85]) GYRITHA of Sweden, sister of STYRBJÖRN "den Starke/the Strong" King of Sweden, daughter of ---. This marriage is only referred to by Saxo Grammaticus, who says that King Styrbjörn had sought help from King Harald after being deposed as king of Sweden by his cousin and granted Harald his sister in marriage[172].]
     "King Harald I had six children, maybe all by his first wife although this is not certain:
1. HAKON Haraldsen (-before 987).
2. SVEND Haraldsen ([960]-Gainsborough 3 Feb 1014, bur in England, later removed to Roskilde Cathedral).
3. TYRE Haraldsdatter (-18 Sep [1000]).
4. GUNHILD Haraldsdatter (-murdered in England 13 Nov 1002).
5. MO Haraldsdatter (-[1015]).
6. THORGNY Haraldsdatter."

Med Lands cites:
[154] Saxo Grammaticus (Christiansen), 10, VIII, p. 14.
[155] Adami, Gesta Hammenburgensis Ecclesiæ Pontificum I.61, MGH SS VII, p. 304.
[156] Saxo Grammaticus (Christiansen), 10, II, p. 5.
[157] Chronicon Roskildense, IV and V, pp. 17-18.
[158] Snorre, Haakon the Good's Saga, 10.
[159] Snorre, King Olav Trygvason's Saga Part I, 15.
[160] Snorre, King Olav Trygvason's Saga Part I, 15.
[161] Snorre, King Olav Trygvason's Saga Part I, 27.
[162] Adami, Gesta Hammenburgensis Ecclesiæ Pontificum II.3, MGH SS VII, p. 307.
[163] Adami, Gesta Hammenburgensis Ecclesiæ Pontificum II.25 and 26, MGH SS VII, p. 315.
[164] Saxo Grammaticus (Christiansen), 10, VIII, pp. 12-14.
[165] Willelmi Gemmetensis monachi Historiæ Normannorum, Du Chesne, A. (1619) Historiæ Normannorum Scriptores Antiqui (Paris) (“Willelmi Gemmetencis Historiæ (Du Chesne, 1619)”), Liber III, IX, p. 237.
[166] Willelmi Gemmetencis Historiæ (Du Chesne, 1619), Liber IV, IX, p. 243.
[167] Snorre, King Olav Trygvason's Saga Part I, 38.
[168] Bluetooth Resource Center – “What is Bluetooth?”, consulted at (5 Feb 2004).
[169] Adami, Gesta Hammenburgensis Ecclesiæ Pontificum II.3, MGH SS VII, p. 307.
[170] Runic Stone at Sönder Vissing, Denmark, information supplied by Jan Hedbor of Uppsala, in a private email to the author dated 4 May 2008.
[171] ES II 97.
[172] Saxo Grammaticus (Christiansen), 10, II, p. 5.8


; This is the same person as:
”Tove of the Obotrites” at Wikipedia and as
”Tove af Danmark” at Wikipedia (DK).10,11

Reference: Genealogics cites: Gorms des Alten, 1978 , Brenner, S. Otto. nr. 3.2

; Per Med Lands:
     "[TOVE (-[990]). Her marriage and parentage are confirmed by a Runic stone at Sönder Vissing, Denmark which records that "Tufa let gera [make] kuml [monument], Mistiuis do´tter,ept [daughter] Mo´thur [mother] sina.Kona [queen] Haralds hins Goda,Gorms sonar"[57]. Europäische Stammtafeln identifies Tove´s father as Mstivoj the Wendish prince[58]. The name of Tove´s father, "Mistiuis", on the Runic stone bears some similarity to Mstivoj. However, one difficulty is the apparent chronological discrepancy. The only other reference to Mstivoj is dated to 1000 and gives no idea about his age at the time. Nor is there any indication of the date of Tove´s marriage, although it appears unlikely that she married much later than 980 considering the date her husband died. This would place her birth in [960] which, in turn, would mean that Mstivoj would have been over 60 years old when he is mentioned in 1000. This is not impossible, but it seems a little surprising. Another possibility is that she was Tove of Poland, daughter of Mieszko I Prince of Poland. The name "Mieszko" is just as similar to "Mistiuis" as "Mstivoj". This would place her birth after 966, later than suggested above, assuming that she was Mieszko´s daughter by his wife Dobrava of Bohemia. If this hypothesis is correct, Tove could have been the sister of the first wife of King Harald´s son, King Svend, implying a father/son double marriage with two sisters. This would place King Svend´s marriage rather earlier than the date suggested below, but the idea is not impossible.
     "m as his second wife, HARALD I "Blåtand/Bluetooth" King of Denmark, son of GORM "den Gamle/the Old" King of Denmark & his wife Tyre "Danebod" (before 935-Jomsborg 1 Dec [986/87], bur Roskilde Cathedral).]"
Med Lands cites:
[57] Runic Stone at Sönder Vissing, Denmark, information supplied by Jan Hedbor of Uppsala, in a private email to the author dated 4 May 2008.
[58] ES II 97.5
She was Queen consort of Denmark circa 975.10

Family

Harald I "Blåtand/Bluetooth" Gormsson (?) King of Denmark b. c 905, d. bt 1 Nov 986 - 987
Child

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Denmark 1 page (Denmark family): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/denmark/denmark1.html
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Tove: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00079508&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, Tove of the Obotrites: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tove_of_the_Obotrites. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  4. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, Mstivoj: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mstivoj
  5. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/MECKLENBURG.htm#ToveMHaraldIDenmark. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  6. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I25173
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Harald I Gormsen Blatand: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00079506&tree=LEO
  8. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/DENMARK.htm#HaraldIdied986987B
  9. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Denmark 1 page (Denmark family): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/denmark/denmark1.html
  10. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tove_of_the_Obotrites
  11. [S4783] Wikipedia - Die frie encyklopædi, online https://da.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forside, Tove af Danmark: https://da.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tove_af_Danmark. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia (DK).
  12. [S1217] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:1590432, Sue Cary (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:1590432&id=I06408

Billung (?) of Obotrites

M, #20344, b. circa 775, d. 798
FatherBillung I (?) of Obotrites b. c 755
MotherHildegarde (?) b. c 755
ReferenceGAV34 EDV34
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     Billung (?) of Obotrites married Jutta (?)1 Billung (?) of Obotrites was born circa 775.
Billung (?) of Obotrites died in 798.
     GAV-34 EDV-34 GKJ-35.

Family

Jutta (?) b. c 775
Child

Billung I (?) of Obotrites

M, #20345, b. circa 755
FatherAnbert I (?) of Obotrites b. c 725
MotherMandana (?) b. c 725
ReferenceGAV35 EDV35
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     Billung I (?) of Obotrites married Hildegarde (?) Billung I (?) of Obotrites was born circa 755.
     GAV-35 EDV-35 GKJ-36.

Family

Hildegarde (?) b. c 755
Child

Hildegarde (?)

F, #20346, b. circa 755
ReferenceGAV35 EDV35
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     Hildegarde (?) married Billung I (?) of Obotrites, son of Anbert I (?) of Obotrites and Mandana (?). Hildegarde (?) was born circa 755.
     GAV-35 EDV-35 GKJ-36.

Family

Billung I (?) of Obotrites b. c 755
Child

Anbert I (?) of Obotrites

M, #20347, b. circa 725
FatherVislas I (?) King of Obotrites b. c 695
MotherPetrussa (?) of the Lombards b. c 695
ReferenceGAV36 EDV36
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     Anbert I (?) of Obotrites married Mandana (?) Anbert I (?) of Obotrites was born circa 725.
     GAV-36 EDV-36 GKJ-37.

Family

Mandana (?) b. c 725
Child

Mandana (?)

F, #20348, b. circa 725
ReferenceGAV36 EDV36
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     Mandana (?) married Anbert I (?) of Obotrites, son of Vislas I (?) King of Obotrites and Petrussa (?) of the Lombards. Mandana (?) was born circa 725.
     GAV-36 EDV-36 GKJ-37.

Vislas I (?) King of Obotrites

M, #20349, b. circa 695
ReferenceGAV37 EDV37
Last Edited20 Feb 2003
     Vislas I (?) King of Obotrites married Petrussa (?) of the Lombards, daughter of Aripert II (?). Vislas I (?) King of Obotrites was born circa 695.
     GAV-37 EDV-37 GKJ-38.

Petrussa (?) of the Lombards

F, #20350, b. circa 695
FatherAripert II (?) b. c 675, d. 712
ReferenceGAV37 EDV37
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     Petrussa (?) of the Lombards married Vislas I (?) King of Obotrites. Petrussa (?) of the Lombards was born circa 695.
     GAV-37 EDV-37 GKJ-38.

Aripert II (?)

M, #20351, b. circa 675, d. 712
FatherReginpert (?) Duke of Turin b. c 660
ReferenceGAV38 EDV38
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     Aripert II (?) was born circa 675.
Aripert II (?) died in 712.
     GAV-38 EDV-38 GKJ-39.

Family

Child

Reginpert (?) Duke of Turin

M, #20352, b. circa 660
FatherGodepert (?) of the Lombards b. c 640, d. 662
ReferenceGAV39 EDV39
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     Reginpert (?) Duke of Turin was born circa 660.
     GAV-39 EDV-39 GKJ-40.

Family

Child

Godepert (?) of the Lombards1

M, #20353, b. circa 640, d. 662
FatherAripert I (?) King of the Lombards2
ReferenceGAV40 EDV40
Last Edited10 Mar 2004
     Godepert (?) of the Lombards was born circa 640.
Godepert (?) of the Lombards died in 662.
     GAV-40 EDV-40 GKJ-41.

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Godepert of The Lombards: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00248900&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Aripert I: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00248901&tree=LEO

Jutta (?)1

F, #20354, b. circa 775
ReferenceGAV34 EDV34
Last Edited22 Feb 2003
     Jutta (?) married Billung (?) of Obotrites, son of Billung I (?) of Obotrites and Hildegarde (?).1 Jutta (?) was born circa 775.1
     GAV-34 EDV-34 GKJ-35.

Family

Billung (?) of Obotrites b. c 775, d. 798
Child

Mieceslas (?) of Obotrites1

M, #20355, b. circa 795, d. 811
FatherBillung (?) of Obotrites1 b. c 775, d. 798
MotherJutta (?)1 b. c 775
ReferenceGAV33 EDV33
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     Mieceslas (?) of Obotrites married Antonia (?)2 Mieceslas (?) of Obotrites was born circa 795.1
Mieceslas (?) of Obotrites died in 811.1
     GAV-33 EDV-33 GKJ-34.

Family

Antonia (?) b. c 795
Child

Antonia (?)1

F, #20356, b. circa 795
ReferenceGAV33 EDV33
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     Antonia (?) married Mieceslas (?) of Obotrites, son of Billung (?) of Obotrites and Jutta (?).1 Antonia (?) was born circa 795.1
     GAV-33 EDV-33 GKJ-34.

Family

Mieceslas (?) of Obotrites b. c 795, d. 811
Child

Rodigastus (?) of Obotrites1

M, #20357, d. 840
FatherMieceslas (?) of Obotrites1 b. c 795, d. 811
MotherAntonia (?)1 b. c 795
ReferenceGAV32 EDV32
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     Rodigastus (?) of Obotrites died in 840.1
     GAV-32 EDV-32 GKJ-33.

Family

Child

Mistui I (?) of Obotrites1

M, #20358, b. circa 855
FatherRodigastus (?) of Obotrites1 d. 840
ReferenceGAV31 EDV31
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     Mistui I (?) of Obotrites was born circa 855.1
     GAV-31 EDV-31 GKJ-32.

Family

Child

Mieceslas I (?) of Obotrites1

M, #20359, b. circa 895, d. 934
FatherMistui I (?) of Obotrites1 b. c 855
ReferenceGAV30 EDV30
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     Mieceslas I (?) of Obotrites married (?) (?) of Puffow.1 Mieceslas I (?) of Obotrites was born circa 895.1
Mieceslas I (?) of Obotrites died in 934.1
     GAV-30 EDV-30 GKJ-31.

(?) (?) of Puffow1

F, #20360
ReferenceGAV30 EDV30
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     (?) (?) of Puffow married Mieceslas I (?) of Obotrites, son of Mistui I (?) of Obotrites.1
     GAV-30 EDV-30 GKJ-30.

Family

Mieceslas I (?) of Obotrites b. c 895, d. 934
Child

Mistui II (?) Prince of the Obotrites1

M, #20361, b. circa 919, d. 934
FatherMieceslas I (?) of Obotrites1 b. c 895, d. 934
Mother(?) (?) of Puffow1
ReferenceGAV29 EDV29
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     Mistui II (?) Prince of the Obotrites was born circa 919.1
Mistui II (?) Prince of the Obotrites died in 934.1
     GAV-29 EDV-29 GKJ-30.

Family

Child

Gerulf "Vassal" (?)1

M, #20362, b. circa 800, d. after 839
FatherGerulf (?) Ruler in middle Friesland2 b. c 770, d. a 834
ReferenceGAV31 EDV31
Last Edited21 Jan 2003
     Gerulf "Vassal" (?) was born circa 800.1
Gerulf "Vassal" (?) died after 839.1
     GAV-31 EDV-31 GKJ-33.

Family

Child

Gerulf (?) Ruler in middle Friesland1

M, #20363, b. circa 770, d. after 834
FatherNordalah (?) Ruler in middle Friesland2 b. c 740, d. 810
ReferenceGAV32 EDV32
Last Edited21 Jan 2003
     Gerulf (?) Ruler in middle Friesland was born circa 770.1
Gerulf (?) Ruler in middle Friesland died after 834.1
     GAV-32 EDV-32 GKJ-34.

Family

Child

Nordalah (?) Ruler in middle Friesland1

M, #20364, b. circa 740, d. 810
FatherAlfbad (?)2 b. c 710, d. b 786
Motherunknown (?) of Austrasia3
ReferenceGAV33 EDV33
Last Edited21 Jan 2003
     Nordalah (?) Ruler in middle Friesland was born circa 740.1
Nordalah (?) Ruler in middle Friesland died in 810.1
     GAV-33 EDV-33 GKJ-35.

Family

Child

Alfbad (?)1

M, #20365, b. circa 710, d. before 786
ReferenceGAV34 EDV34
Last Edited21 Jan 2003
     Alfbad (?) married unknown (?) of Austrasia, daughter of Charles Martel "the Hammer" (?) King of the Franks and Suanhilde/Suanachildis (?).2 Alfbad (?) was born circa 710.1
Alfbad (?) died before 786.1
     GAV-34 EDV-34 GKJ-36.

unknown (?) of Austrasia1

F, #20366
FatherCharles Martel "the Hammer" (?) King of the Franks1 b. 23 Aug 688, d. 22 Oct 741
MotherSuanhilde/Suanachildis (?)1 d. a 17 Sep 741
ReferenceGAV34 EDV34
Last Edited25 Feb 2003
     Unknown (?) of Austrasia married Alfbad (?)1
     GAV-34 EDV-34 GKJ-36.

Family

Alfbad (?) b. c 710, d. b 786
Child

Liutgarde (?) of Flanders1,2

F, #20367, b. between 935 and 941, d. 962
FatherArnulf/Arnoul I "The Great" or "The Old" (?) comte de Flandres et d’Artois1,2,3,4,5,6 b. bt 885 - 889, d. 27 Mar 965
MotherAdèle/Alix (?) de Vermandois1,7,2,8,9 b. c 910, d. 10 Oct 960
ReferenceGAV30 EDV30
Last Edited27 Aug 2020
     Liutgarde (?) of Flanders was born between 935 and 941.1,10,2 She married Wichmann IV (?) graf von Hamaland, comte de Gand, son of Bruno(n) (?) de Hamaland, circa 950.1,2
Liutgarde (?) of Flanders died in 962; Genealogy.EU says d. 29 Sep 964; The Henry Project says d. 962 and cites Annales Blandinienses, MGH SS 5, 20-34.1,7
     GAV-30 EDV-30.

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Flanders 1 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/flanders/flanders1.html
  2. [S2280] Racines et Histoire, online http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/LGN-frameset.html, http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/PDF/Flandres.pdf, p. 3. Hereinafter cited as Racines et Histoire.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Arnulf I 'the Great': https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00018650&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arnulf_I,_Count_of_Flanders. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  5. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/FLANDERS,%20HAINAUT.htm#ArnoulIdied964B. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  6. [S1702] The Henry Project: The ancestors of king Henry II of England, An experiment in cooperative medieval genealogy on the internet (now hosted by the American Society of Genealogists, ASG), online https://fasg.org/projects/henryproject/, Arnulf (Arnoul) I "the Great" or "the Old" (Arnulfus Magnus, Arnulfus Vetulus): https://fasg.org/projects/henryproject/data/arnul000.htm. Hereinafter cited as The Henry Project.
  7. [S1702] The Henry Project, online https://fasg.org/projects/henryproject/, http://sbaldw.home.mindspring.com/hproject/prov/arnul000.htm
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Adela de Vermandois: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00018651&tree=LEO
  9. [S1702] The Henry Project, online https://fasg.org/projects/henryproject/, Adèle de Vermandois: https://fasg.org/projects/henryproject/data/adele000.htm
  10. [S2087] Hans Vogels, "Vogels email 9 Aug 2006: "Hildegard of Flanders Re: Louis VI to Charlemagne Fw: Capetien from Charlemagne"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 9 Aug 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 9 Aug 2006."
  11. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I44863
  12. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SAXONY.htm#Immeddied983

Wichmann IV (?) graf von Hamaland, comte de Gand1

M, #20368, b. circa 930, d. after 14 December 973
FatherBruno(n) (?) de Hamaland1
ReferenceGAV30 EDV31
Last Edited2 Mar 2020
     Wichmann IV (?) graf von Hamaland, comte de Gand was born circa 930.2,1 He married Liutgarde (?) of Flanders, daughter of Arnulf/Arnoul I "The Great" or "The Old" (?) comte de Flandres et d’Artois and Adèle/Alix (?) de Vermandois, circa 950.3,1
Wichmann IV (?) graf von Hamaland, comte de Gand died after 14 December 973; Racines et Histoire says d aft 27/9/979.3,1
     GAV-30 EDV-31.

Family

Liutgarde (?) of Flanders b. bt 935 - 941, d. 962
Child

Citations

  1. [S2280] Racines et Histoire, online http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/LGN-frameset.html, http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/PDF/Flandres.pdf, p. 3. Hereinafter cited as Racines et Histoire.
  2. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I44864
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Flanders 1 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/flanders/flanders1.html
  4. [S812] e-mail address, updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I44863
  5. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SAXONY.htm#Immeddied983. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.

Adela (?) von Hamaland und Frisia1,2

F, #20369, b. circa 936
FatherWichmann IV (?) graf von Hamaland, comte de Gand1,3 b. c 930, d. a 14 Dec 973
MotherLiutgarde (?) of Flanders1,3 b. bt 935 - 941, d. 962
ReferenceGAV29 EDV30
Last Edited10 May 2020
     Adela (?) von Hamaland und Frisia married Immed III (?) Count of Saxony;
Her 1st husband.4,3 Adela (?) von Hamaland und Frisia was born circa 936.1
     GAV-29 EDV-30 GKJ-31.

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I44863
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Adela von Hamaland und Frisia: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00571865&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SAXONY.htm#Immeddied983. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  4. [S812] e-mail address, updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I44862
  5. [S1818] Janko Pavsic, "Pavsic email 20 Oct 2004 "Re: wife of Adalbert, Margrave of Austria?"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 20 Oct 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Pavsic email 20 Oct 2004."
  6. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SAXONY.htm#Emmadied1038
  7. [S812] e-mail address, updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I44861
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Glismond: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00571888&tree=LEO

Immed III (?) Count of Saxony1

M, #20370, d. 27 January 983
ReferenceGAV29 EDV30
Last Edited10 May 2020
     Immed III (?) Count of Saxony married Adela (?) von Hamaland und Frisia, daughter of Wichmann IV (?) graf von Hamaland, comte de Gand and Liutgarde (?) of Flanders;
Her 1st husband.1,2
Immed III (?) Count of Saxony died on 27 January 983.2
     GAV-29 EDV-30.

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I44862
  2. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SAXONY.htm#Immeddied983. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  3. [S1818] Janko Pavsic, "Pavsic email 20 Oct 2004 "Re: wife of Adalbert, Margrave of Austria?"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 20 Oct 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Pavsic email 20 Oct 2004."
  4. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SAXONY.htm#Emmadied1038
  5. [S812] e-mail address, updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I44861
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Glismond: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00571888&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.