Michael Khorobrit "the Bold" (?) Prince of Moscow, Great Prince of Vladimir1,2,3,4

M, #49021, d. between 1248 and 1249
FatherYaroslav II Feodor Vsevolodovitch (?) 6th Grand Prince of Vladimir1,4 b. 8 Feb 1191, d. 30 Sep 1246
Last Edited16 Oct 2004
     Michael Khorobrit "the Bold" (?) Prince of Moscow, Great Prince of Vladimir died between 1248 and 1249 at Protva River; killed in battle.3,4
     He was Mikhail "Khorobrit", Pr of Moscow (1246-48), Great Pr of Vladimir (1248), +k.a.Protva River 1248.4 He was Prince of Moscow between 1246 and 1248.3,4 He was Grand Prince of Vladimir in 1248.4

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 271. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 101: Russia - General survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 102: Russia - Grand Dukes of Vladimir and Moscow (House of Rurik).
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 8 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik8.html

Michael VIII Dukas Komnenos Palaiologos Emperor of Byzantine Empire1,2,3

M, #49022, b. between 1224 and 1225, d. 1282
FatherAndronikos Dukas Komnenos Palaiologos Governor of Thessalonika4,3,5 d. a 1246
MotherTheodora Palaiologina4,3,6 b. c 1200
Last Edited28 Nov 2008
     Michael VIII Dukas Komnenos Palaiologos Emperor of Byzantine Empire was born between 1224 and 1225.4 He married Theodora Dukaina Batatzaina, daughter of Ioannes Doukas Batatzes and Eudokia Angelina, in 1253.1,7,4,3
Michael VIII Dukas Komnenos Palaiologos Emperor of Byzantine Empire died in 1282.1,4
     He was Emperor of the Byzantine Empire, MICHAEL VIII (Paleologus), who was first co-emperor with the boy John, whom in 1261 he had imprisoned and blinded. Michael was an able and energetic general, whose great objective was to reestablish the Greek power at Constantinople. He was the ablest of the Paleologi, a man who devoted himself to the restoration of Byzantine authority throughout the Balkan area, persisting despite many setbacks. Michael established a foothold in the southeastern part of the Peloponnese (Morea). Mistra (Misithra) became the capital of a flourishing principality and one of the great centers of late-Byzantine culture.

1274: The Council of Lyons. Michael, to escape from the Angevin danger, accepted the Roman creed and the primacy of the pope, thus effecting the reunion with Rome. This purely political move met with vigorous resistance on the part of the Orthodox Greeks. between 1259 and 1282.1

Family 2

Theodora Dukaina Batatzaina b. 1240, d. 1303
Children

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 275. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Byzant 8 page (The Palaiologos family): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/byzant/byzant8.html
  3. [S1671] Count W. H. Rüdt-Collenberg, The Rupenides, Hethumides and Lusignans: The Structure of the Armeno-Cilician Dynasties (11, Rude de Lille, Paris 7e, France: Librairie C. Klincksieck for the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation Armenian Libraryn (Lisbon), 1963), Chart B (R2): Relationship Table XIII - XIV Century. Hereinafter cited as Rudt-Collenberg: The Rupenides, etc.
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Byzantium 8 page (The Palaiologos family): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/byzant/byzant8.html
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Andronikos Dukas Komnenos Palaiologos: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00139075&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Alexios Komnenos Palaiologos: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00139078&tree=LEO
  7. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Byzant 7 page (The Batatzes Family): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/byzant/byzant7.html
  8. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Byzantium 8 page - The Palaiologos family: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/byzant/byzant8.html
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Andronikus II Palaiologos: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004983&tree=LEO

Theodora Dukaina Batatzaina1,2,3

F, #49023, b. 1240, d. 1303
FatherIoannes Doukas Batatzes2 b. 1215
MotherEudokia Angelina2
Last Edited28 Nov 2008
     Theodora Dukaina Batatzaina was born in 1240.2 She married Michael VIII Dukas Komnenos Palaiologos Emperor of Byzantine Empire, son of Andronikos Dukas Komnenos Palaiologos Governor of Thessalonika and Theodora Palaiologina, in 1253.1,2,3,4
Theodora Dukaina Batatzaina died in 1303.2
     ; per Pter Stewart email: "For information & sources see Alice-Mary Talbot's 'Empress Theodora Palaiologina, Wife of Michael VIII' in _Homo byzantinus: Papers in Honor of Alexander Kazhdan_, edited by Anthony Cutler & Simon Franklin, _Dumbarton Oaks Papers_ 46 (1992) 295-303."5

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 275. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Byzant 7 page (The Batatzes Family): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/byzant/byzant7.html
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Byzantium 8 page (The Palaiologos family): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/byzant/byzant8.html
  4. [S1671] Count W. H. Rüdt-Collenberg, The Rupenides, Hethumides and Lusignans: The Structure of the Armeno-Cilician Dynasties (11, Rude de Lille, Paris 7e, France: Librairie C. Klincksieck for the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation Armenian Libraryn (Lisbon), 1963), Chart B (R2): Relationship Table XIII - XIV Century. Hereinafter cited as Rudt-Collenberg: The Rupenides, etc.
  5. [S1886] Peter Stewart, "Stewart email 3 Apr 2005: "Re: Theodora, wife of Michael VIII Palaeologus"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 3 Apr 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Stewart email 3 Apr 2005."
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Byzantium 8 page - The Palaiologos family: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/byzant/byzant8.html
  7. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Byzant 8 page (The Palaiologos family): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/byzant/byzant8.html
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Andronikus II Palaiologos: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004983&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.

Charles (?) Duc d'Angoulême, d'Orleans, de Chatellerault et de Bourbon1,2,3

M, #49024, b. 1522, d. 1545
FatherFrançois I (?) of Angoulême, King of France1,2,3 b. 12 Sep 1494, d. 31 Mar 1547
MotherClaudia/Claude (?) Dss de Bretagne et de Berry1,2,3 b. 1499, d. 1524
Last Edited26 Oct 2003
     Charles (?) Duc d'Angoulême, d'Orleans, de Chatellerault et de Bourbon was born in 1522 at St. Germain-en-Laye, France.2,3
Charles (?) Duc d'Angoulême, d'Orleans, de Chatellerault et de Bourbon died in 1545 at Abbaye de Forestmontier, Boulogne, Pas-de-Calais, Hauts-de-France, France.2,3
Charles (?) Duc d'Angoulême, d'Orleans, de Chatellerault et de Bourbon was buried in 1545 at St. Denis, Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France.3


     He was Duc d'Angoulême, d'Orleans, de Chatellerault et de Bourbon.2,3

; Charles, Duc d'Angoulême, d'Orleans, de Chatellerault et de Bourbon, *St.Germain-en-Laye 1522, +Abbaye de Forestmontier 1545, bur St.Denis.3

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 292. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 64: France - House of Valois-Orléans and Angoulême. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 23 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet23.html

Marguerite (?) of France, Dss de Berry1,2,3

F, #49025, b. 5 June 1523, d. 15 September 1574
FatherFrançois I (?) of Angoulême, King of France1,2 b. 12 Sep 1494, d. 31 Mar 1547
MotherClaudia/Claude (?) Dss de Bretagne et de Berry1,2 b. 1499, d. 1524
Last Edited17 Sep 2004
     Marguerite (?) of France, Dss de Berry was born on 5 June 1523 at St. Germain-en-Laye, France.2,4,3 She married Emanuele Filiberto "Testa di Ferro" (?) Conte d'Asti, Duca di Savoia, Principe del Piemonte, Conte d'Aosta, Moriana e Nizza, son of Carlo III "il Buono" (?) Duca di Savoia, Principe del Piemonte, Conte di Aosta, Moriana e Aosta, titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem and Maria Brites/Beatrice (?) of Portugal, Cts d'Asti, on 10 July 1559 at Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France.1,2,3,4
Marguerite (?) of France, Dss de Berry died on 15 September 1574 at Turin (Torino), Città Metropolitana di Torino, Piemonte, Italy (now), at age 51.2,3,4
Marguerite (?) of France, Dss de Berry was buried after 15 September 1574 at Turin (Torino), Città Metropolitana di Torino, Piemonte, Italy (now).3,4

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 292. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 64: France - House of Valois-Orléans and Angoulême. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 23 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet23.html
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Savoy 3 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/savoy/savoy3.html
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Carlo Emanuele I: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001616&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.

Emanuele Filiberto "Testa di Ferro" (?) Conte d'Asti, Duca di Savoia, Principe del Piemonte, Conte d'Aosta, Moriana e Nizza1,2,3

M, #49026, b. 8 July 1528, d. 30 August 1580
FatherCarlo III "il Buono" (?) Duca di Savoia, Principe del Piemonte, Conte di Aosta, Moriana e Aosta, titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem4,3 b. 10 Oct 1486, d. 17 Aug 1553
MotherMaria Brites/Beatrice (?) of Portugal, Cts d'Asti5,3 b. 31 Dec 1504, d. 1538
Last Edited17 Sep 2004
     Emanuele Filiberto "Testa di Ferro" (?) Conte d'Asti, Duca di Savoia, Principe del Piemonte, Conte d'Aosta, Moriana e Nizza was born on 8 July 1528 at Chambèry, Savoy, France.2,3 He married Marguerite (?) of France, Dss de Berry, daughter of François I (?) of Angoulême, King of France and Claudia/Claude (?) Dss de Bretagne et de Berry, on 10 July 1559 at Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France.1,2,6,3
Emanuele Filiberto "Testa di Ferro" (?) Conte d'Asti, Duca di Savoia, Principe del Piemonte, Conte d'Aosta, Moriana e Nizza died on 30 August 1580 at Turin (Torino), Città Metropolitana di Torino, Piemonte, Italy (now), at age 52.2,3
     ; SAVOY was an independent state whose rulers also governed Piedmont. Lying astride the Alps and commanding the passes from France into Italy, the state was one of considerable importance, but the feudal organization resulted in such weakness that the dukes were long unable to pursue an independent policy. In the early 16th century Savoy was decidedly under French influence, and when in 1536 the duke departed from the traditional policy, his dominions were overrun and for the larger part occupied by the French.7

; Emanuele Filiberto "Testa di Ferro" Conte d'Asti 1538; Duca di Savoia, Principe del Piemonte, Conte d'Aosta, Moriana e Nizza, titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem (1553-80), *Chambery 8.7.1528, +Torino 30.8.1580; m.Paris 10.7.1559 Marguerite of France, Dss de Berry (*5.6.1523 +15.9.1574.)3 He was titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem between 1553 and 1580.3 He was Duke of Savoy - Emmanuel Philibert (1553-80) was the first really outstanding ruler. By following the Spanish lead he secured his dominions again in 1559, and in the course of his reign acquired Asti and other territories by negotiation. He made much progress in breaking the power of the nobility and in organizing a central government and an effective army. between 1553 and 1580.7

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 292. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 64: France - House of Valois-Orléans and Angoulême. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Savoy 3 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/savoy/savoy3.html
  4. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 97: Italy and Sardinia - General survey (House of Savoy).
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Emanuel Philibert: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00003795&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 23 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet23.html
  7. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed., p. 299.
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Carlo Emanuele I: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001616&tree=LEO

Charles IX (?) King of France1,2

M, #49027, b. 27 June 1550, d. 30 May 1574
FatherHenri II de Valois King of France1,2 b. 31 Mar 1519, d. 10 Jul 1559
MotherCaterina de Medici Comtesse d'Auvergne, Queen of France1,2 b. 3 Apr 1519, d. 5 Jan 1589
Last Edited25 Oct 2003
     Charles IX (?) King of France was born on 27 June 1550 at St. Germain-en-Laye, France.2,3 He married Elizabeth (?) of Austria, daughter of Maximilian II (?) Holy Roman Emperor and Maria (?) Infanta of Spain, on 26 December 1570 at Mezieres-en-Champagne, France.4,2,5,3,6
Charles IX (?) King of France died on 30 May 1574 at Vincennes, Departement du Val-de-Marne, Île-de-France, France, at age 23; Charles IX died on May 30, 1574. His brother, who fled from Poland, became king.4,2,3
Charles IX (?) King of France was buried after 30 May 1574 at St. Denis, Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France.3


     ; King CHARLES IX of France (1560-74), *St.Germain-en-Laye 27.6.1550, +Vincennes 30.5.1574, bur St.Denis; m.1570 Elisabeth of Austria (*5.7.1554 +22.1.1592.)3 He was King of France - CHARLES IX (ten years old), the brother of Francis. He was wholly under the influence of his mother. Weak monarchy and civil war characterized the latter part of the century. between 1560 and 1574.1,2,3

; MASSACRE OF ST. BARTHOLOMEW. Murder of Coligny and general massacre of Protestants in Paris and in the provinces, on the occasion of the marriage of Henry of Bourbon, king of Navarre, and the sister of Charles IX, Margaret of Valois. Henry of Navarre saved his life by a pretended conversion to Catholicism. The massacre led to.

Family

Elizabeth (?) of Austria b. 5 Jul 1554, d. 22 Jan 1592

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 292. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 64: France - House of Valois-Orléans and Angoulême. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 23 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet23.html
  4. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed., pp. 292, 301.
  5. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 75: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - Hapsburgs in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html

Elizabeth (?) of Austria1,2,3,4

F, #49028, b. 5 July 1554, d. 22 January 1592
FatherMaximilian II (?) Holy Roman Emperor5,2,3,4 b. 31 Jul 1527, d. 12 Oct 1576
MotherMaria (?) Infanta of Spain5,3,4 b. 21 Jun 1528, d. 26 Feb 1603
Last Edited25 Oct 2003
     Elizabeth (?) of Austria was born on 5 July 1554 at Vienna, Austria.2,3,4 She married Charles IX (?) King of France, son of Henri II de Valois King of France and Caterina de Medici Comtesse d'Auvergne, Queen of France, on 26 December 1570 at Mezieres-en-Champagne, France.1,2,3,6,4
Elizabeth (?) of Austria died on 22 January 1592 at Vienna, Austria, at age 37; buried there.2,3,4

Family

Charles IX (?) King of France b. 27 Jun 1550, d. 30 May 1574

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), pp. 292, 301. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 64: France - House of Valois-Orléans and Angoulême. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 75: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - Hapsburgs in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html
  5. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed., p. 301.
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 23 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet23.html

Henry III (?) King of France, King of Poland1,2

M, #49029, b. 19 September 1551, d. 31 July 1589
FatherHenri II de Valois King of France1,2 b. 31 Mar 1519, d. 10 Jul 1559
MotherCaterina de Medici Comtesse d'Auvergne, Queen of France1,2 b. 3 Apr 1519, d. 5 Jan 1589
Last Edited25 Oct 2003
     Henry III (?) King of France, King of Poland was born on 19 September 1551 at Fontainebleau, France.2 He married Louise de Mercoeur de Lorraine, Dss de Bourbon, daughter of Nicolas (?) Duc de Lorraine-Mercoeur and Marguerite d'Egmont, on 16 February 1575 at Reims, Departement de la Marne, Champagne-Ardenne, France.1,3,2,4
Henry III (?) King of France, King of Poland died on 31 July 1589 at St. Cloud, France, at age 37; Henry III fled to Henry of Navarre in the Huguenot camp, where he was murdered at St. Cloud, a suburb of Paris, by the monk Jacques Clément (July 31.)5,3,2
     ; King HENRI III of France (1574-89), King of Poland (1573-18.6.1574), *Fontainebleau 19.9.1551, +murdered at St.Cloud 1/2.8.1589, bur St.Denis; he was the last legitimate male descendant of King Philippe III (+1285) and was succeeded after much negotiation and warfare by his extremely distant cousin, Henri IV; [may have 1m:, in Poland, a Pss Giedroyc]; m.Rheims 16.2.1575 Louise de Lorraine, Dss de Bourbon (*30.4.1553 +29.1.1601.)2 He was King of Poland: HENRY OF VALOIS was elected king on condition of signing the Pacta Conventa, formally recognizing the right of the nobility to elect kings and strictly limiting the royal power. The diet was to meet at least once every two years. Henry paid richly for his election and for the alliance of Poland with France, but, on the death of his brother, Charles IX, he slipped away and returned to France. There followed a period of confusion, during which the Habsburgs made great efforts to secure the crown. between 1573 and 18 June 1574 at Poland.6,3,2 He was King of France between 1574 and 1589.1,3,2

Family

Louise de Mercoeur de Lorraine, Dss de Bourbon b. 30 Apr 1553, d. 29 Jan 1601

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 292. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 23 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet23.html
  3. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 64: France - House of Valois-Orléans and Angoulême. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Lorraine 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/lorraine/lorraine4.html
  5. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed., pp. 292-3.
  6. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed., p. 309.

Louise de Mercoeur de Lorraine, Dss de Bourbon1,2,3,4

F, #49030, b. 30 April 1553, d. 29 January 1601
FatherNicolas (?) Duc de Lorraine-Mercoeur2,4 b. 16 Oct 1524, d. 23 Jan 1577
MotherMarguerite d'Egmont4 b. 1517, d. 10 Mar 1554
Last Edited28 May 2004
     Louise de Mercoeur de Lorraine, Dss de Bourbon was born on 30 April 1553 at Nomeny, France (now).3,4 She married Henry III (?) King of France, King of Poland, son of Henri II de Valois King of France and Caterina de Medici Comtesse d'Auvergne, Queen of France, on 16 February 1575 at Reims, Departement de la Marne, Champagne-Ardenne, France.1,2,3,4
Louise de Mercoeur de Lorraine, Dss de Bourbon died on 29 January 1601 at Château de Moulins, France (now), at age 47.2,3,4
     ; Louise, Dss de Bourbon, *Nomeny 30.4.1553 +Château de Moulins 29.1.1601, bur Capucins, Paris; m.Reims 15.2.1575 King Henri III of France (*19.9.1551 +2.8.1589.)4

Family

Henry III (?) King of France, King of Poland b. 19 Sep 1551, d. 31 Jul 1589

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 292. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 64: France - House of Valois-Orléans and Angoulême. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 23 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet23.html
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Lorraine 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/lorraine/lorraine4.html

Francois (?) Duc d'Anjou, d'Alencon, de Touraine, de Berry et de Lorraine1,2,3

M, #49031, b. 1555, d. 1584
FatherHenri II de Valois King of France1,2 b. 31 Mar 1519, d. 10 Jul 1559
MotherCaterina de Medici Comtesse d'Auvergne, Queen of France1,2 b. 3 Apr 1519, d. 5 Jan 1589
Last Edited25 Oct 2003
     Francois (?) Duc d'Anjou, d'Alencon, de Touraine, de Berry et de Lorraine was born in 1555.2,3
Francois (?) Duc d'Anjou, d'Alencon, de Touraine, de Berry et de Lorraine died in 1584.2,3
Francois (?) Duc d'Anjou, d'Alencon, de Touraine, de Berry et de Lorraine was buried in 1584 at St. Denis, Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France.3


     ; François, Duc d'Anjou, d'Alencon, de Touraine, de Berry et de Lorraine; he interposed himself in the struggle between Spain and the United Provinces, and was recognized for a while as Count of Flanders; *1555, +Chateau-Thierry 1584, bur St.Denis.3 He was Duc d'Anjou, d'Alencon, de Touraine, de Berry et de Lorraine; recognized for a while as Count of Flanders.2,3

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 292. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 64: France - House of Valois-Orléans and Angoulême. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 23 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet23.html

Marguerite (?) of France, Dss de Valois1,2,3

F, #49032, b. 14 May 1553, d. 27 March 1615
FatherHenri II de Valois King of France1,2,3 b. 31 Mar 1519, d. 10 Jul 1559
MotherCaterina de Medici Comtesse d'Auvergne, Queen of France1,2,3 b. 3 Apr 1519, d. 5 Jan 1589
Last Edited25 Oct 2003
     Marguerite (?) of France, Dss de Valois was born on 14 May 1553 at St. Germain-en-Laye, France.2,3 She married Henri IV (?) King of France, King of Navarre, son of Antoine de Bourbon Duc de Vendome, King of Navarre and Juana/Jeanne/Joan III d'Albret Queen of Navarre, Princess de Béarn, Duchess d'Albret, Cts de Foix, on 18 August 1572; his 1st wife.1,2,3,4,5 Marguerite (?) of France, Dss de Valois and Henri IV (?) King of France, King of Navarre were divorced in 1599.2,3,4
Marguerite (?) of France, Dss de Valois died on 27 March 1615 at age 61.2,3
     ; Marguerite, Dss de Valois, *St.Germain-en-Laye 14.5.1553, +Paris 27.3.1615, bur St.Denis; m.Paris 18.8.1572 (div 1599) King Henri IV of France (*13.12.1553 +14.5.1610.)3

Family

Henri IV (?) King of France, King of Navarre b. 13 Dec 1553, d. 14 May 1610

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 292. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 64: France - House of Valois-Orléans and Angoulême. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 23 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet23.html
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 40 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet40.html
  5. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 38 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet238.html

Margaretha (?) of Hapsburg, Archduchess of Austria, Regent of the Netherlands1,2,3,4

F, #49033, b. 10 January 1480, d. 1 December 1530
FatherMaximilian I (?) Holy Roman Emperor, King of Germany, Archduke of Austria1,5,2,6,3,4 b. 22 Mar 1459, d. 12 Jan 1519
MotherMarie "the Rich" (?) de Bourgogne1,2,3,4,7 b. 12 Feb 1457, d. 27 Mar 1482
Last Edited19 May 2004
     Margaretha (?) of Hapsburg, Archduchess of Austria, Regent of the Netherlands was born on 10 January 1480 at Brussels, Belgium.5,2,3,8 She married Juan (?) Infant of Aragon, Prince of the Asturias, son of Fernando II "the Catholic" (?) King of Aragon, Sicily and Naples and Isabella I "la Catolica" (?) Queen of Castile and Leon, on 3 April 1497 at Burgos, Provincia de Burgos, Castilla y León, Spain (now); her 1st husband.1,5,2,3,4,8 Margaretha (?) of Hapsburg, Archduchess of Austria, Regent of the Netherlands married Filiberto II "il Bello" (?) Duca di Savoia, Principe del Piemonte, Conte di Aosta, Moriana e Nizza, titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem, son of Filippo II "Senza Terra" (?) Duca di Savoia, Conte di Aosta, Moriana, Nizza, Principe del Piemonte, titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem and Marguerite de Bourbon, on 2 December 1501 at Romainmotier; her 2nd husband; his 2nd wife.1,5,2,3,9,4
Margaretha (?) of Hapsburg, Archduchess of Austria, Regent of the Netherlands died on 1 December 1530 at Mechelen (Malines?) at age 50.5,2,3,8
     ; Leo van de Pas cites: Genealogie der Graven van Holland Zaltbommel, 1969. , Dr. A. W. E. Dek.4

; Before she died she wrote to her nephew, Emperor Charles V: 'I have made you my universal and sole heir, recommending you to fulfil the charges in my will.

'I leave you your countries over here which, during your absence, I have not only kept as you left them to me at your departure, but have greatly increased them, and restore to you the government of the same, of which I believe to have loyally acquitted myself, in such a way as I hope for divine reward, satisfaction from you, monseigneur, and the goodwill of your subjects; particulartly recommending to you peace, especially with the Kings of France and England.

'And to end, monseigneur, I beg of you for the love you have been pleased to bear this poor body, that you will remember the salvation of the soul, and the recommendation of my poor vassals and servants.

'Bidding you the last adieu, to whom I pray, monseigneur, and give you prosperity and a long life. From Malines, the last day of November 1530.

Your very humble aunt, Margaret.4'

Family 1

Juan (?) Infant of Aragon, Prince of the Asturias b. 28 Jun 1478, d. 4 Oct 1497

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 301. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 73: Austria - House of the Hapsburgs in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Archduchess Margaretha of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00011446&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 49: Spain - House of Hapsburg.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Maximilian I: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004049&tree=LEO
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Marie 'the Rich': http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004050&tree=LEO
  8. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Ivrea 8 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/ivrea/ivrea8.html
  9. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Savoy 3 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/savoy/savoy3.html

Filiberto II "il Bello" (?) Duca di Savoia, Principe del Piemonte, Conte di Aosta, Moriana e Nizza, titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem1,2,3,4

M, #49034, b. 10 April 1480, d. 10 September 1504
FatherFilippo II "Senza Terra" (?) Duca di Savoia, Conte di Aosta, Moriana, Nizza, Principe del Piemonte, titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem4,5 b. 5 Feb 1438, d. 7 Nov 1497
MotherMarguerite de Bourbon4 b. bt 5 Feb 1438 - 5 Feb 1444, d. 1483
Last Edited16 Dec 2019
     Filiberto II "il Bello" (?) Duca di Savoia, Principe del Piemonte, Conte di Aosta, Moriana e Nizza, titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem was born on 10 April 1480 at Pont d'Ain.3,4,6 He married Violante Ludovica (?) di Savoia, daughter of Carlo I "il Guerriero" (?) Duca di Savoia, Conte di Aosta, Moriana e Nizza, Principe del Piemonte, Marchese di Saluzzo and Bianca del Monferrato, in 1496; his 1st wife.4 Filiberto II "il Bello" (?) Duca di Savoia, Principe del Piemonte, Conte di Aosta, Moriana e Nizza, titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem married Margaretha (?) of Hapsburg, Archduchess of Austria, Regent of the Netherlands, daughter of Maximilian I (?) Holy Roman Emperor, King of Germany, Archduke of Austria and Marie "the Rich" (?) de Bourgogne, on 2 December 1501 at Romainmotier; her 2nd husband; his 2nd wife.1,2,3,6,4,7
Filiberto II "il Bello" (?) Duca di Savoia, Principe del Piemonte, Conte di Aosta, Moriana e Nizza, titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem died on 10 September 1504 at Pont d'Ain at age 24.2,4,6
Filiberto II "il Bello" (?) Duca di Savoia, Principe del Piemonte, Conte di Aosta, Moriana e Nizza, titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem was buried after 10 September 1504 at Abbaye de Hautcombe, Saint-Pierre-de-Curtille, Departement de la Savoie, Rhône-Alpes, France,

; From Find A Grave:
     BIRTH     24 Jul 1487
     DEATH     13 Sep 1499 (aged 12)
     Royalty, only daughter of Carlo I Duke of Savoy and King of Cyprus and Maria of Montferrat. She married Filiberto II in 1496. She died after three years marriage.
     Family Members
     Parents
          Carlo I of Savoy 1468–1490
          Bianca of Monferrat 1472–1519
     Spouse
          Philibert II of Savoy 1480–1504
     BURIAL     Abbaye de Hautecombe, Saint-Pierre-de-Curtille, Departement de la Savoie, Rhône-Alpes, France
     Created by: Lutetia
     Added: 8 May 2012
     Find A Grave Memorial 89772461.8
     ; Filiberto II "il Bello", Duca di Savoia, Principe del Piemonte, Conte di Aosta, Moriana e Nizza, titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem (1497-1504), *Pont d'Ain 10.4.1480, +there 10.9.1504; 1m: 1496 Violante Ludovica di Savoia (*11.7.1487 +12.9.1499); 2m: Romainmôtier 2.12.1501 Archduchess Margareta von Habsburg (*10.1.1480 +1.12.1530.)4

Family 1

Violante Ludovica (?) di Savoia b. 11 Jul 1487, d. 12 Sep 1499

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 301. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 49: Spain - House of Hapsburg. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 73: Austria - House of the Hapsburgs in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Savoy 3 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/savoy/savoy3.html
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Philippe I: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005009&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Archduchess Margaretha of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00011446&tree=LEO
  8. [S2374] Find a Grave, online http://www.findagrave.com/, Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 16 December 2019), memorial page for Philibert II of Savoy (1480–1504), Find A Grave Memorial no. 44732496, citing Royal Monastery of Brou, Bourg-en-Bresse, Departement de l'Ain, Rhône-Alpes, France ; Maintained by Lutetia (contributor 46580078), at: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/44732496/philibert_ii-of_savoy. Hereinafter cited as Find a Grave.

Juan (?) Infant of Aragon, Prince of the Asturias1,2,3,4,5

M, #49035, b. 28 June 1478, d. 4 October 1497
FatherFernando II "the Catholic" (?) King of Aragon, Sicily and Naples2,6,5 b. 10 Mar 1452, d. 23 Jan 1516
MotherIsabella I "la Catolica" (?) Queen of Castile and Leon2,7,5 b. 22 Apr 1451, d. 26 Nov 1504
Last Edited19 May 2004
     Juan (?) Infant of Aragon, Prince of the Asturias was born on 28 June 1478 at Sevills, Provincia de Sevilla, Andalucia, Spain (now).2,4,5 He married Margaretha (?) of Hapsburg, Archduchess of Austria, Regent of the Netherlands, daughter of Maximilian I (?) Holy Roman Emperor, King of Germany, Archduke of Austria and Marie "the Rich" (?) de Bourgogne, on 3 April 1497 at Burgos, Provincia de Burgos, Castilla y León, Spain (now); her 1st husband.1,2,3,8,9,5
Juan (?) Infant of Aragon, Prince of the Asturias died on 4 October 1497 at Salamanca, Provincia de León, Castilla y León, Spain (now), at age 19.2,4,5
     ; Juan, Pr of the Asturias, *Seville 1478, +Salamanca 1497; m.Burgos 1497 Archduchess Margareta of Austria (*Brussels 1480, +Malines 1530.)5

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 301. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 49: Spain - House of Hapsburg. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 73: Austria - House of the Hapsburgs in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg2.html
  5. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Ivrea 8 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/ivrea/ivrea8.html
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Fernando II 'the Catholic': http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00003144&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Isabella I 'the Catholic': http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00003143&tree=LEO
  8. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Archduchess Margaretha of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00011446&tree=LEO

Eleanor (?) Archduchess of Austria1,2,3

F, #49036, b. 15 November 1498, d. 18 February 1558
FatherPhilip I "the Fair" (?) Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, King of Castile1,2,4,5,3 b. 22 Jun 1478, d. 25 Sep 1506
MotherJuana/Joanna "the Mad' (?) Infanta of Aragon, Queen of Spain1,2,3,6 b. 6 Nov 1479, d. 12 Apr 1555
Last Edited10 Feb 2004
     Eleanor (?) Archduchess of Austria was born on 15 November 1498 at Brussels, Belgium; Leo van de Pas says b. 24 Nov 1498.7,2,4,3 She married Manoel I (?) King of Portugal and Algarves, sn de Guinee, son of Fernao (?) Inft of Portugal, Duque de Beja, de Salvaterra e de Viseu and Brites/Beatrice (?) of Portugal, on 24 November 1519 at Lisbon, Portugal; his 3rd wife; Genealogy.EU (Capet 53 page) says m. 25/11/1518.1,7,2,4,8,3 Eleanor (?) Archduchess of Austria married François I (?) of Angoulême, King of France, son of Charles (?) d'Orleans, Comte d'Angouleme et de Perigord and Louise (?) of Savoy, on 5 August 1530 at Abbaye de Veien, Capsioux, France; her 2nd husband, his 2nd wife.1,7,9,2,10,4,3
Eleanor (?) Archduchess of Austria died on 18 February 1558 at Talavera (near Badajoz) at age 59.7,2,4,3
Eleanor (?) Archduchess of Austria was buried after 18 February 1558.4


     ; Eleonore, *Brussels 15.11.1498, +Talavera, nr Badajoz 18.2.1558, bur Escorial; 1m: Lisbon 1519 *[19500] King Manoel I of Portugal (*1469 +1521); 2m: Abbaye de Veien 1530 *[13143] King François I of France (*1494 +1547.)4

; On 24 November 1518, aged just twenty, she became the third wife of King Manuel of Portugal whose two previous wives were sisters and aunts of Eleonore. From this marriage were born a son who died in infancy and a daughter who remained unmarried. After three years of marriage Eleonore became a widow.

In 1530, for political reasons, she married Francois I, King of France. She was then in her early thirties and not unattractive; however, being quiet and self-effacing, hardly left her mark among the Queens of France. There were no children of this marriage and one wonders if Francois I had already contracted the syphilis which was to be the probable cause of his death.3

; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Genealogie der Graven van Holland Zaltbommel, 1969. , Dr. A. W. E. Dek, Reference: page 121.
2. Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, 4 volumes, Marburg, 1953, 1975., W. K. Prinz von Isenburg, Reference: vol I, II.3

Family 1

Manoel I (?) King of Portugal and Algarves, sn de Guinee b. 1 Jun 1469, d. 13 Dec 1521

Family 2

François I (?) of Angoulême, King of France b. 12 Sep 1494, d. 31 Mar 1547

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 301. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 75: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - Hapsburgs in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Archduchess Eleonore of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001672&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Archduke Philip of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001567&tree=LEO
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Infanta Juana of Aragón: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001568&tree=LEO
  7. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 49: Spain - House of Hapsburg.
  8. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 53 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet53.html
  9. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 64: France - House of Valois-Orléans and Angoulême.
  10. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 23 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet23.html

Johann (?)1

M, #49037, d. 1539
FatherFerdinand I (?) Emperor of Austria, Holy Roman Emperor1 b. 10 Mar 1503, d. 25 Jul 1564
MotherAnna (?) of Bohemia and Hungary1 b. 23 Jul 1503, d. 27 Jan 1547
Last Edited17 Mar 2004
     Johann (?) was born in 1538 at Prague, Okres Praha, Bohemia, Czech Republic (now).1
Johann (?) died in 1539 at Innsbruck, Austria.1

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html

Maria (?) Archduchess of Austria1,2,3,4

F, #49038, b. 15 September 1505, d. 18 October 1558
FatherPhilip I "the Fair" (?) Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, King of Castile1,2,3,5,6,4 b. 22 Jun 1478, d. 25 Sep 1506
MotherJuana/Joanna "the Mad' (?) Infanta of Aragon, Queen of Spain1,2,3,7,4 b. 6 Nov 1479, d. 12 Apr 1555
Last Edited10 Feb 2004
     Maria (?) Archduchess of Austria was born on 15 September 1505 at Brussels, Flanders, Belgium (now); Leo van de Pas says b. 17 Sep 1505.2,5,4 She married Ludwik/Louis II (?) King of Bohemia and Hungary, son of Wladislaw II Jagiello (?) King of Bohemia and Hungary and Anne de Foix, on 13 January 1522 at Prague, Okres Praha, Bohemia, Czech Republic (now).1,2,3,4,5,8
Maria (?) Archduchess of Austria died on 18 October 1558 at Cigales (near Valladolid), Spain, at age 53; Louda & Maclagan (Table 74) says d. Dec 1558.2,5,4
     ; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag Marburg., Detlev Schwennicke, Editor, Reference: 1.1.43
2. Genealogie der Graven van Holland Zaltbommel, 1969. , Dr. A. W. E. Dek.4

Family

Ludwik/Louis II (?) King of Bohemia and Hungary b. 1 Jul 1506, d. 29 Aug 1526

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 301. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 74: Austria - Expansion through marriages. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 75: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - Hapsburgs in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Archduchess Maria of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001671&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Archduke Philip of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001567&tree=LEO
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Infanta Juana of Aragón: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001568&tree=LEO
  8. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Jagelo page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/jagelo/jagelo.html

Ludwik/Louis II (?) King of Bohemia and Hungary1,2,3

M, #49039, b. 1 July 1506, d. 29 August 1526
FatherWladislaw II Jagiello (?) King of Bohemia and Hungary4,5,6,3 b. 1 Mar 1456, d. 13 Mar 1516
MotherAnne de Foix3,5 b. 1484, d. 26 Jul 1506
Last Edited16 Aug 2008
     Ludwik/Louis II (?) King of Bohemia and Hungary was born on 1 July 1506 at Prague, Okres Praha, Bohemia, Czech Republic (now); Leo van de Pas says b. in Buda, Hungary.4,2,7,5 He married Maria (?) Archduchess of Austria, daughter of Philip I "the Fair" (?) Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, King of Castile and Juana/Joanna "the Mad' (?) Infanta of Aragon, Queen of Spain, on 13 January 1522 at Prague, Okres Praha, Bohemia, Czech Republic (now).1,4,2,8,9,3
Ludwik/Louis II (?) King of Bohemia and Hungary died on 29 August 1526 at battle of Mohacs, Mohacs, Hungary, at age 20.4,2,7,5
Ludwik/Louis II (?) King of Bohemia and Hungary was buried after 29 August 1526 at Székesfehérvár, Székesfehérvári járás, Fejér, Hungary.3


     ; His premature birth, not surprising in the circumstances, killed his mother. The minute child was kept warm and alive by being plunged into the opened bodies of freshly killed animals. He was born on 1 July 1506, the same year that his marriage contract with Archduchess Maria of Austria was signed. The costs for this marriage and that of Lajos's sister, Anna, with Maria's brother, Ferdinand were paid for by the Fugger Bank. Maria and Ferdinand's grandfather, Emperor Maximilian I, already owed them a fortune, but Fugger still needed the Emperor. However, the marriage of Lajos II and Maria did not take place until they married in Buda on 13 January 1522.

In 1526 when the Turks threatened Hungary, the first great Turkish break-through was at the battle of Mohacs in the Hungarian plain. Suleiman's hordes, advancing up the Danube towards Buda, found themselves faced by King Lajos II, King of Hungary and Bohemia, the head of an army of twenty-five thousand. There were nearly half a million in the Sultan's forces, moving with ease over the dry, flat plain under a broiling August sun. Hardly a Hungarian survived that terrible day. Most lay dead on the battlefield. Two thousand, taken prisoner, were slaughtered on the following day. Lajos II himself was killed. It was the end of Hungary as an independent kingdom. His sister, Anna, was his heir and, as a result, Hungary with Austria formed the Austro-Hungarian empire until this was broken up, in 1918, after the First World War.5

; Leo van de Pas cites: Genealogie der Graven van Holland Zaltbommel, 1969. , Dr. A. W. E. Dek, Reference: 122.5

; Ludwik II, King of Bohemia (1516-26) as Ludvík, King of Hungary (1516-26) as Lajos II -cr 4.6.1508, King of Croatia (1516-26), *Prague 1.7.1506, +k.a.Mohács 29.8.1526, bur Székesfehérvár; m.Prague 13.1.1522 Marie of Flanders (*15.9.1505 +XII.1558.)3 Ludwik/Louis II (?) King of Bohemia and Hungary was also known as Lajos II (?) King of Hungary and Bohemia.5 He was King of Croatia (1516-26) between 1516 and 1526.3 He was King of Hungary (1516-26) as Lajos II -cr 4.6.1508 between 1516 and 1526.3 He was King of Bohemia between 1516 and 1526.7,5,3

Family

Maria (?) Archduchess of Austria b. 15 Sep 1505, d. 18 Oct 1558

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 301. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 75: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - Hapsburgs in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Jagelo page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/jagelo/jagelo.html
  4. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 74: Austria - Expansion through marriages.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Lajos II: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00088722&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Wladislaw Jagiello: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005069&tree=LEO
  7. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, http://genealogy.euweb.cz/jagelo/jagelo.html#V2
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Archduchess Maria of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001671&tree=LEO
  9. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html

Catarina/Katharina/Catherine (?) Archducess of Austria1,2,3,4

F, #49040, b. 14 January 1507, d. 12 January 1578
FatherPhilip I "the Fair" (?) Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, King of Castile1,2,3,5,4 b. 22 Jun 1478, d. 25 Sep 1506
MotherJuana/Joanna "the Mad' (?) Infanta of Aragon, Queen of Spain1,2,3,6,4 b. 6 Nov 1479, d. 12 Apr 1555
Last Edited10 Feb 2004
     Catarina/Katharina/Catherine (?) Archducess of Austria was born on 14 January 1507 at Torquemada, Spain.2,3,4 She married Joao III (?) King of Portugal and Algarves, son of Manoel I (?) King of Portugal and Algarves, sn de Guinee and Maria (?) of the Asturias, Infanta of Spain, on 5 February 1525 at Salamanca, Provincia de León, Castilla y León, Spain (now).1,2,7,8,3,4
Catarina/Katharina/Catherine (?) Archducess of Austria died on 12 January 1578 at Lisbon, Portugal, at age 70.2,3,4
Catarina/Katharina/Catherine (?) Archducess of Austria was buried after 12 January 1578 at Belem, Portugal.3


     ; Leo van de Pas cites: Genealogie der Graven van Holland Zaltbommel, 1969. , Dr. A. W. E. Dek, Reference: 122.4

; On 5 February 1525 at Salamanca aged eighteen, she married her sister's stepson, Joao III, King of Portugal, and they became the parents of nine children of which only one son survived. This son died aged sixteen, leaving a pregnant wife. The baby's mother returned to Spain after the birth, leaving the baby with his grandparents, King Joao III and Queen Catharina.

On 11 June 1557, only three years after the death of their last child, Catharina's husband died without leaving instructions about a regency. A hastily convened council of nobles declared that it had been his wish that Queen Catharina should undertake the office and she was duly appointed. She was almost as bigoted as her husband had been and was so aggressively Spanish that her rule became unpopular with all classes.

It was widely believed that she was intriguing to secure the eventual succession of her nephew, Philip II of Spain. The Regent had a rival in the person of her brother-in-law Cardinal Enrique, who felt the regency should have been his. Catharina was not a bad ruler but apparently grew weary of it. She first voiced her intention to resign in favour of Cardinal Enrique in December 1560, but the plan was not put into effect and approved by the Cortes until two years later, when Enrique took over on the proviso that Sebastian, who was to remain in his grandmother's care, should come of age at fourteen.4

Family

Joao III (?) King of Portugal and Algarves b. 6 Jun 1502, d. 2 Jun 1557
Children

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 301. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 75: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - Hapsburgs in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 Page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Archduchess Katharina of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001477&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Archduke Philip of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001567&tree=LEO
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Infanta Juana of Aragón: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001568&tree=LEO
  7. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 93: Portugal - House of Aviz.
  8. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 53 Page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet53.html
  9. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 49: Spain - House of Hapsburg.

Joao III (?) King of Portugal and Algarves1,2,3

M, #49041, b. 6 June 1502, d. 2 June 1557
FatherManoel I (?) King of Portugal and Algarves, sn de Guinee4,2,3 b. 1 Jun 1469, d. 13 Dec 1521
MotherMaria (?) of the Asturias, Infanta of Spain4,2,3 b. 29 Jun 1482, d. 7 Mar 1517
Last Edited10 Nov 2003
     Joao III (?) King of Portugal and Algarves was born on 6 June 1502 at Lisbon, Portugal.4,2,3 He married Catarina/Katharina/Catherine (?) Archducess of Austria, daughter of Philip I "the Fair" (?) Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, King of Castile and Juana/Joanna "the Mad' (?) Infanta of Aragon, Queen of Spain, on 5 February 1525 at Salamanca, Provincia de León, Castilla y León, Spain (now).1,5,2,3,6,7
Joao III (?) King of Portugal and Algarves died on 2 June 1557 at Lisbon, Portugal, at age 54.4,2,3
Joao III (?) King of Portugal and Algarves was buried after 2 June 1557 at Belem, Portugal.3


     He was sn de Guinee.3

; King JOAO III of Portugal and Algarves (19.12.1521-1557), sn de Guinee, *Lisbon 6.6.1502, +Lisbon 2.6.1557, bur Belem; m.Salamanca II.1525 Catarina of Spain (*14.1.1507 +12.2.1578.)3 Joao III (?) King of Portugal and Algarves was also known as John III (?) King of Portugal.5 He was King of Portugal between 1521 and 1557.2,3

Family

Catarina/Katharina/Catherine (?) Archducess of Austria b. 14 Jan 1507, d. 12 Jan 1578
Children

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 301. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 93: Portugal - House of Aviz. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 53 Page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet53.html
  4. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 74: Austria - Expansion through marriages.
  5. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 75: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - Hapsburgs in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 Page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Archduchess Katharina of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001477&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  8. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 49: Spain - House of Hapsburg.

Isabella (?) Archduchess of Austria1,2,3,4,5

F, #49042, b. 18 July 1501, d. 19 January 1526
FatherPhilip I "the Fair" (?) Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, King of Castile1,2,3,4,6 b. 22 Jun 1478, d. 25 Sep 1506
MotherJuana/Joanna "the Mad' (?) Infanta of Aragon, Queen of Spain1,3,4,7 b. 6 Nov 1479, d. 12 Apr 1555
Last Edited28 May 2004
     Isabella (?) Archduchess of Austria was born on 18 July 1501 at Brussels, Belgium (now).2,3,4,8,5 She married Christian II (?) King of Denmark and Sweden, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein, son of Johan I (?) King of Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Christina (?) Duchess of Saxony, on 12 August 1515 at Copenhagen, Denmark.1,2,3,4,8,5,9
Isabella (?) Archduchess of Austria died on 19 January 1526 at Zwijnaarde near Ghent at age 24; Louda & Maclagan Table 75 says d. 1526, Table 19 says d. 1525.2,3,4,8,5
     ; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag Marburg., Detlev Schwennicke, Editor, Reference: 1.1.43
2. Genealogie der Graven van Holland Zaltbommel, 1969. , Dr. A. W. E. Dek.5

Family

Christian II (?) King of Denmark and Sweden, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein b. 1 Jul 1481, d. 25 Jan 1559
Child

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 301. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 19: Denmark and Norway - House of Oldenburg until the eighteenth century. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 75: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - Hapsburgs in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Archduchess Isabella of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001673&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Archduke Philip of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001567&tree=LEO
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Infanta Juana of Aragón: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001568&tree=LEO
  8. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Oldenburg 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/oldenburg/oldenburg2.html
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Christian II: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004356&tree=LEO

Christian II (?) King of Denmark and Sweden, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein1,2,3,4

M, #49043, b. 1 July 1481, d. 25 January 1559
FatherJohan I (?) King of Denmark, Norway, Sweden2,3,4 b. 1 Feb 1455, d. 20 Feb 1513
MotherChristina (?) Duchess of Saxony2,3,4 b. 25 Dec 1461, d. 8 Dec 1521
Last Edited26 Aug 2004
     Christian II (?) King of Denmark and Sweden, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein was born on 1 July 1481.5,3,6 He married Isabella (?) Archduchess of Austria, daughter of Philip I "the Fair" (?) Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, King of Castile and Juana/Joanna "the Mad' (?) Infanta of Aragon, Queen of Spain, on 12 August 1515 at Copenhagen, Denmark.1,2,5,6,3,7,4
Christian II (?) King of Denmark and Sweden, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein died on 25 January 1559 at Castle Kalundborg, Denmark, at age 77.5,3,6,4
     ; King CHRISTIAN II of Denmark (1513-23) and Sweden (1520-21), Duke of Schleswig-Holstein (1513-23), *1.7.1481, +Kalundborg 25.1.1559; m.1515 Infanta Isabella of Spain (*18.7.1501 +19.1.1526.)3

; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Genealogie der Graven van Holland Zaltbommel, 1969. , Dr. A. W. E. Dek, Reference: page 122.
2. Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, 4 volumes, Marburg, 1953, 1975., W. K. Prinz von Isenburg, Reference: vol II page 72.4 He was Duke of Schleswig-Holstein between 1513 and 1523.3 He was King of Denmark between 1513 and 1523.2,3 He was King of Sweden between 1520 and 1521.3

Family

Isabella (?) Archduchess of Austria b. 18 Jul 1501, d. 19 Jan 1526
Child

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 301. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 19: Denmark and Norway - House of Oldenburg until the eighteenth century. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Oldenburg 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/oldenburg/oldenburg2.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Christian II: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004356&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 75: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - Hapsburgs in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Archduchess Isabella of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001673&tree=LEO

Isabella (?) of Portugal1,2,3,4

F, #49044, b. 24 October 1503, d. 1 May 1539
FatherManoel I (?) King of Portugal and Algarves, sn de Guinee2,5,3,4 b. 1 Jun 1469, d. 13 Dec 1521
MotherMaria (?) of the Asturias, Infanta of Spain2,3,4 b. 29 Jun 1482, d. 7 Mar 1517
Last Edited10 Feb 2004
     Isabella (?) of Portugal was born on 24 October 1503 at Lisbon, Portugal.2,3,4 She married Charles/Karl V/I (?) King of Spain, Holy Roman Emperor, son of Philip I "the Fair" (?) Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, King of Castile and Juana/Joanna "the Mad' (?) Infanta of Aragon, Queen of Spain, on 11 March 1526 at Sevills, Provincia de Sevilla, Andalucia, Spain.1,2,6,3,4,7,8
Isabella (?) of Portugal died on 1 May 1539 at Toledo, Provincia de Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain, at age 35.2,3,4
Isabella (?) of Portugal was buried after 1 May 1539 at Escorial, Spain.4

Family

Charles/Karl V/I (?) King of Spain, Holy Roman Emperor b. 24 Feb 1500, d. 21 Sep 1558
Children

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 301. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 49: Spain - House of Hapsburg. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 93: Portugal - House of Aviz.
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 53 Page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet53.html
  5. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 74: Austria - Expansion through marriages.
  6. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 75: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - Hapsburgs in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
  7. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 Page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Charles V: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000361&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Philip II: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000297&tree=LEO

Maria (?) Infanta of Spain1,2,3,4,5

F, #49045, b. 21 June 1528, d. 26 February 1603
FatherCharles/Karl V/I (?) King of Spain, Holy Roman Emperor1,2,3,4,6 b. 24 Feb 1500, d. 21 Sep 1558
MotherIsabella (?) of Portugal1,2,3,4 b. 24 Oct 1503, d. 1 May 1539
Last Edited17 Mar 2004
     Maria (?) Infanta of Spain was born on 21 June 1528.2,4,5 She married Maximilian II (?) Holy Roman Emperor, son of Ferdinand I (?) Emperor of Austria, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna (?) of Bohemia and Hungary, on 13 September 1548 at Valladolid, Spain.1,2,3,4,5
Maria (?) Infanta of Spain died on 26 February 1603 at age 74.2,4,5

Family

Maximilian II (?) Holy Roman Emperor b. 31 Jul 1527, d. 12 Oct 1576
Children

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 301. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 49: Spain - House of Hapsburg. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 74: Austria - Expansion through marriages.
  4. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 75: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - Hapsburgs in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
  5. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Charles V: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000361&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  7. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed., pp. 301-302.
  8. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 50: Spain - War of Succession (Houses of Hapsburg and Bourbon).
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Archduke Albrecht of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000365&tree=LEO

Anna (?) of Bohemia and Hungary1,2,3,4

F, #49046, b. 23 July 1503, d. 27 January 1547
FatherWladislaw II Jagiello (?) King of Bohemia and Hungary1,2,3,5,4 b. 1 Mar 1456, d. 13 Mar 1516
MotherAnne de Foix6,3,4 b. 1484, d. 26 Jul 1506
Last Edited19 May 2004
     Anna (?) of Bohemia and Hungary was born on 23 July 1503 at Prague, Okres Praha, Bohemia, Czech Republic (now).2,7,4 She married Ferdinand I (?) Emperor of Austria, Holy Roman Emperor, son of Philip I "the Fair" (?) Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, King of Castile and Juana/Joanna "the Mad' (?) Infanta of Aragon, Queen of Spain, on 25 May 1521 at Linz, Austria.1,2,7,4
Anna (?) of Bohemia and Hungary died on 27 January 1547 at Prague, Okres Praha, Bohemia, Czech Republic (now), at age 43.2,7,4
     She was Heiress of Bohemia and Hungary.2

Family

Ferdinand I (?) Emperor of Austria, Holy Roman Emperor b. 10 Mar 1503, d. 25 Jul 1564
Children

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), pp. 301-302. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 74: Austria - Expansion through marriages. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1451] Graphical Index to the Ancestry of Charles II: Table I - Ancestors of Charles II, King of Great Britain (1630-1685), online http://fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/Gen1-6.htm, http://fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/5-10/31.htm. Hereinafter cited as Ancestors of Charles II.
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Jagelo page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/jagelo/jagelo.html
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Wladislaw Jagiello: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005069&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  6. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 79: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - Ancestors of Ferdinand II, Maria Theresa and Francis Joseph I.
  7. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html
  8. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 75: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - Hapsburgs in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
  9. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed., p. 301.
  10. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 50: Spain - War of Succession (Houses of Hapsburg and Bourbon).

Guglielmo I Gonzaga Duca di Mantova, Marchese del Monferrato, 1st Duca del Monferrato1

M, #49047, b. 24 April 1538, d. 14 August 1587
FatherFederico II Gonzaga Marchese di Mantova, 1st Duca di Mantova, Marchese del Montferrato1,2 b. 17 May 1500, d. 28 Jun 1540
MotherMargherita Palaiologos Margravine of Montferrato, heiress of Montferrat1 b. 11 Aug 1510, d. 28 Dec 1566
Last Edited7 Nov 2004
     Guglielmo I Gonzaga Duca di Mantova, Marchese del Monferrato, 1st Duca del Monferrato was born on 24 April 1538 at Mantua, Italy (now).3,1 He married Eleanora (?) von Hapsburg, daughter of Ferdinand I (?) Emperor of Austria, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna (?) of Bohemia and Hungary, on 26 April 1561 at Mantua, Italy (now).3,1,4
Guglielmo I Gonzaga Duca di Mantova, Marchese del Monferrato, 1st Duca del Monferrato died on 14 August 1587 at Goito/Bozzolo, Italy (now), at age 49.3,1
     ; Guglielmo I, Duca di Mantova (1550-87), Marchese del Monferrato (1550-74), 1st Duca del Monferrato (1574-87), *Mantova 24.4.1538, +Goito/Bozzolo 14.8.1587; m.Mantova 26.4.1561 Eleonora von Habsburg (*2.11.1534 +5.8.1594.)1 Guglielmo I Gonzaga Duca di Mantova, Marchese del Monferrato, 1st Duca del Monferrato was also known as William Gonzaga Duke of Mantua.3 He was Marchese del Monferrato between 1550 and 1574.1 He was Duca di Mantova (Duke of Mantua) between 1550 and 1587.3,1 He was 1st Duca del Monferrato between 1574 and 1587.1

Family

Eleanora (?) von Hapsburg b. 2 Nov 1534, d. 5 Aug 1594
Children

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Gonzaga 3 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/gonzaga/gonzaga3.html
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Federico II Gonzaga: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00011137&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 75: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - Hapsburgs in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html

Maximilian II (?) Holy Roman Emperor1,2,3,4

M, #49048, b. 31 July 1527, d. 12 October 1576
FatherFerdinand I (?) Emperor of Austria, Holy Roman Emperor1,5,3,6,4 b. 10 Mar 1503, d. 25 Jul 1564
MotherAnna (?) of Bohemia and Hungary1,3,6,4 b. 23 Jul 1503, d. 27 Jan 1547
Last Edited17 Mar 2004
     Maximilian II (?) Holy Roman Emperor was born on 31 July 1527 at Vienna, Austria.2,5,3,6,4 He married Maria (?) Infanta of Spain, daughter of Charles/Karl V/I (?) King of Spain, Holy Roman Emperor and Isabella (?) of Portugal, on 13 September 1548 at Valladolid, Spain.7,2,3,6,4
Maximilian II (?) Holy Roman Emperor died on 12 October 1576 at Regensburg, Stadtkreis Regensburg, Bavaria (Bayern), Germany, at age 49.1,2,5,3,6,4
     ; MAXIMILIAN II, Viceroy of Spain (1548-50), Holy Roman Emperor (1564-76), King of Bohemia (1564-76) as Maxmilián -cr 1562, King of Hungary (1564-76) as Miksa -cr 8.9.1563, *Vienna 31.7.1527, +Regensburg 12.10.1576, bur Prague; m.Valladolid 13.9.1548 Infanta Maria of Spain (*21.6.1528 +26.2.1603.)4 He was Viceroy of Spain between 1548 and 1550.4 He was King of Bohemia and Hungary between 1564 and 1576.3,4 He was Holy Roman Emperor, MAXIMILIAN II, son of Ferdinand, was of a mild disposition and favorably inclined to the Protestants, whom he left undisturbed in the free exercise of their religion. War with John Zápolya, prince of Transylvania, and the Ottoman Turks. Sultan Suleyman I died in camp before Szigeth, which was defended by the heroic Nicholas Zrinyi. By the truce with Selim II (1566, [>] each party retained its possessions. between 1564 and 1576.1,5,3,6

Family

Maria (?) Infanta of Spain b. 21 Jun 1528, d. 26 Feb 1603
Children

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), pp. 301-302. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 49: Spain - House of Hapsburg. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 74: Austria - Expansion through marriages.
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html
  5. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 50: Spain - War of Succession (Houses of Hapsburg and Bourbon).
  6. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 75: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - Hapsburgs in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
  7. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed., p. 301.
  8. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 64: France - House of Valois-Orléans and Angoulême.
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Archduke Albrecht of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000365&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.

Ferdinand (?) Archduke of Tyrol, Stattholder in Bohemia1,2,3,4

M, #49049, b. 14 June 1529, d. 24 January 1595
FatherFerdinand I (?) Emperor of Austria, Holy Roman Emperor1,2,3,4 b. 10 Mar 1503, d. 25 Jul 1564
MotherAnna (?) of Bohemia and Hungary1,2,3,4 b. 23 Jul 1503, d. 27 Jan 1547
Last Edited17 Mar 2004
     Ferdinand (?) Archduke of Tyrol, Stattholder in Bohemia was born on 14 June 1529 at Linz, Austria.2,4 He married Philipine Welser Baroness of Zinnenburg in 1557; his 1st wife.3,4 Ferdinand (?) Archduke of Tyrol, Stattholder in Bohemia married Anne Catherine Gonzaga, daughter of Guglielmo I Gonzaga Duca di Mantova, Marchese del Monferrato, 1st Duca del Monferrato and Eleanora (?) von Hapsburg, on 14 May 1582 at Innsbruck, Austria; his 2nd wife.3,5,4
Ferdinand (?) Archduke of Tyrol, Stattholder in Bohemia died on 24 January 1595 at Innsbruck, Austria, at age 65.2,4
     ; Ferdinand, Archduke of Tyrol (1567-76), Stattholder in Bohemia (1547-67), *Linz 14.6.1529, +Innsbruck 24.1.1595; 1m: 1576 (secretly Bresnice 1557) Philippine Welser, Frn von Zinneburg 1627, Fst zu Ambras und Hohenberg 1578 (*1527, +Schloss Ambras 13.4.1580); 2m: Innsbruck 14.5.1582 Anna Caterina Gonzaga (*17.1.1566 +3.8.1621.)4

; FERDINAND II, Gf von Tyrol (1590-1625), Archduke von Steyer 1590, Holy Roman Emperor (1619-37), King of Bohemia (1619)+(1620-37) -elected 9.6.1617, cr 29.7.1617, dethroned 27.8.1619, King of Hungary (1619-37) -cr 1.7.1618, *Graz 9.9.1578, +Vienna 15.2.1637, bur St.Klara Kloster, Graz; 1m: Graz 23.4.1600 Maria Anna of Bavaria (*8.12.1574 +8.3.1616); 2m: Innsbruck 4.2.1622 Eleonora Gonzaga (*23.9.1598 +27.6.1655.)4 He was Stattholder in Bohemia between 1547 and 1567.4 He was Archduke in Tyrol between 1567 and 1576.4

Family 1

Philipine Welser Baroness of Zinnenburg b. 1527, d. 1580

Family 2

Anne Catherine Gonzaga b. bt 17 Jan 1566 - 27 Jan 1566, d. 3 Aug 1621
Child

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 301. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 74: Austria - Expansion through marriages. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 75: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - Hapsburgs in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html
  5. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Gonzaga 3 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/gonzaga/gonzaga3.html

Maria (?) of Hapsburg1,2,3

F, #49050, b. 15 May 1531, d. 11 December 1581
FatherFerdinand I (?) Emperor of Austria, Holy Roman Emperor1,2,3 b. 10 Mar 1503, d. 25 Jul 1564
MotherAnna (?) of Bohemia and Hungary1,2,3 b. 23 Jul 1503, d. 27 Jan 1547
Last Edited18 Mar 2004
     Maria (?) of Hapsburg was born on 15 May 1531 at Prague, Okres Praha, Bohemia, Czech Republic (now).2,3 She married William V (?) Duke of Julich-Cleves-Berg on 18 July 1546 at Regensburg, Stadtkreis Regensburg, Bavaria (Bayern), Germany.1,2,3,4
Maria (?) of Hapsburg died on 11 December 1581 at Schloß Hambacn at age 50.2,3

Family

William V (?) Duke of Julich-Cleves-Berg b. 28 Jul 1516, d. 5 Jan 1592

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 301. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 75: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - Hapsburgs in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Cleves 5 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/cleves/cleves5.html