Juana/Joanna "the Mad' (?) Infanta of Aragon, Queen of Spain1,2,3

F, #13771, b. 6 November 1479, d. 12 April 1555
FatherFernando II "the Catholic" (?) King of Aragon, Sicily and Naples4,2,3,5,1 b. 10 Mar 1452, d. 23 Jan 1516
MotherIsabella I "la Catolica" (?) Queen of Castile and Leon4,2,3,6,1 b. 22 Apr 1451, d. 26 Nov 1504
Last Edited19 May 2004
     Juana/Joanna "the Mad' (?) Infanta of Aragon, Queen of Spain was born on 6 November 1479 at Toledo, Provincia de Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain.2,3,1 She married Philip I "the Fair" (?) Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, King of Castile, son of Maximilian I (?) Holy Roman Emperor, King of Germany, Archduke of Austria and Marie "the Rich" (?) de Bourgogne, on 22 October 1496 at Lille, France,
; Louda & Macalagan says m. 1494.4,2,7,3,1
Juana/Joanna "the Mad' (?) Infanta of Aragon, Queen of Spain died on 12 April 1555 at Castle Tordesillas, Valladolid, Spain, at age 75.2,3,1
      ; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Genealogie der Graven van Holland Zaltbommel, 1969. , Dr. A. W. E. Dek, Reference: page 121.
2. Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, 4 volumes, Marburg, 1953, 1975., W. K. Prinz von Isenburg, Reference: vol I, II.3

; In 1488 the Emperor Maximilian had sent envoys to Spain to request Juana's hand in marriage for his son, Philip. However, it took until 1495 before an engagement was agreed. It then became a double engagement as Juana's brother, Juan, heir of Aragon and Castile, was betrothed to Philip's sister, Margaret.

Juana's proxy wedding took place in Valladolid in early 1496. Dark-haired and quiet, Juana had been brought up in a devout manner and was two years younger than the 18-year-old Philip. Her ship landed in Arnemuiden in September 1496 but Philip was in Austria on behalf of his father. It took until the middle of October before they met.

Juana immediately fell in love with Philip who was known as 'the Handsome'. Unable to wait, a dean was found to marry them quietly and that night the marriage was consummated. On 20 October 1496 they were again married with pomp and in public. Although their marriage was passionate, it also brought despair to the unstable Juana.

On 16 November 1498 their first child was born, Eleanor, who would become Queen of Portugal and France. However, Philip started to lose interest in his devout, ever passionate but possessive wife and became promiscuous. Nevertheless, on 24 February 1500, their first son, the future Emperor Charles V, was born.

However, much less fortunate was Juana's only brother, Juan, who, in 1496 had married Margaret of Austria, as he died only six months after their marriage. Juana's eldest sister Isabel, Queen of Portugal, was now heir of Castile and Aragon but died giving birth to a son, Miguel, but who lived for only two years, which made Juana heir of her parents.

Juana and Philip were then pressured to come to Spain to take the Oath of the Cortes, obligatory to all heirs. In 1501, when another daughter was born to them, Juana became depressed, neurotic and highly hysterical. In November 1501 they went via France to Spain, leaving their children behind. While at Blois they met the French king with whom Philip went falconing and played tennis.

By Easter 1502 they reached Madrid and soon Philip's men began to dislike the highly religious Spaniards. Also on their way to Toledo from Madrid, Philip contracted measles. While recovering at Olias, Juana's father arrived to an enthusiastic welcome from her. A week later they all went to Toledo to be joined by Juana's mother, the formidable Isabella.

Soon they received the news that, first, Prince Arthur of England, husband of the youngest Spanish Infanta, had died; and second, the death of an uncle of King Ferdinand. The court went into mourning with vigour and, with Juana again pregnant, Philip was bored and so went hunting and playing chess with his father-in-law.

Philip wanted to return to The Netherlands but it took until October before they were summoned to take the Oath. However, the Cortes would only accept Philip as Juana's consort, and then only during her lifetime. Philip then was left to preside over the Cortes who wanted to discuss war with Philip's friend, the King of France.

By now Philip had had enough. He insisted on returning to The Netherlands, even if it meant leaving the heavily pregnant Juana behind. When told, Juana was hurt and lost control of herself. Nevertheless Philip still left and their son, Ferdinand, was born, 10 March 1503, at Alcala de Henares.

Philip, realising that Juana could be manipulated by her parents, wrote asking her to come. On receiving this letter Juana went into ecstasy and, in the weeks that followed, the next stage of her madness appeared. When her mother suggested she stay in Spain, she went into violent rages and left on bad terms with her mother.

When Juana arrived in Brussels she objected violently to Philip's new mistress and, in a fury, cut off the hair of the terrified girl. From now on Juana and Philip continually argued. At the end of 1504 the news arrived of the death of Juana's mother, which should make Juana Queen of Castile. However, as Philip wanted Castile for himself, Ferdinand, aware of Juana's instability, had the Cortes make himself regent.

Philip wrote first to Ferdinand, telling him to get out of Castile, and then to the Cortes advising them that Philip and Juana, the rightful queen, were on their way to Spain. Ferdinand then married again, hoping to father a son who would then be heir of Aragon, and so split Spain into two. After giving birth to another daughter, Juana was very ill.

In January 1506 Juana and Philip set out by ship. Soon they were hit by a storm and forced to land in England. Henry VII welcomed them and invited them to Windsor where they stayed for over two months, during which Juana again became pregnant.

Once arrived in Spain, Philip made himself popular and Ferdinand was forced to accept Philip and Juana as souvereigns of Castile, and, conceding that Juana was unable to rule, accepted Philip as actual ruler. Nevertheless, Philip was unable to convince the Cortes of Juana's madness. But then fate took a hand when, in September, there was a terrible heatwave. Philip had been playing his favourite game of 'pelota' and, perspiring profusely, asked for cold water but began to feel unwell. The following day, although feverish, he still went hunting. After three days a chill set in. On the fourth day he was spitting blood, the six-months pregnant Juana spending most of her time with him.

Philip was only twenty-eight when he died on 24 September 1506, which completely unhinged Juana. On 14 January 1507 she gave birth to their last daughter, Catharina. Juana had been told of a prince who had come to life after fourteen years in the grave, and so she watched over Philip's open coffin for fourteen years. As well, she would even travel around with the coffin, opening it at night.3

; Queen JUANA of Spain, *Toledo 6.11.1479, +Castle Tordesillas, Valladolid 12.4.1555, bur Capilla Real, Granada; m.Lille 12.11.1496 Philip von Habsburg, later King Felipe I of Spain (*22.6.1478 +25.9.1506.)1

Family

Philip I "the Fair" (?) Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, King of Castile b. 22 Jun 1478, d. 25 Sep 1506
Children

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Ivrea 8 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/ivrea/ivrea8.html
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 49: Spain - House of Hapsburg. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Infanta Juana of Aragón: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001568&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 58. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Fernando II 'the Catholic': http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00003144&tree=LEO
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Isabella I 'the Catholic': http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00003143&tree=LEO
  7. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg4.html
  8. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 301. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  9. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 75: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - Hapsburgs in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
  10. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Archduchess Eleonore of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001672&tree=LEO
  11. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Charles V: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000361&tree=LEO
  12. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 50: Spain - War of Succession (Houses of Hapsburg and Bourbon).
  13. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 74: Austria - Expansion through marriages.
  14. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Archduchess Maria of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001671&tree=LEO
  15. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Archduchess Katharina of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001477&tree=LEO

Joan Mortimer1,2

F, #13772
FatherSir Robert Mortimer1,2
Last Edited27 Dec 2012
     Joan Mortimer died; dsp.1 She married Sir William Skipwith Knt., of Ormsby, Lincolnshire, son of Sir Thomas Skipwith Knt. and Margery de Willoughby de Eresby,
; his 1st wife.1,3,2

Citations

  1. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Skipwith Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Joan Mortimer: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00348121&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Sir William Skipwith, of South Ormsby: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00566997&tree=LEO

Marie de Montmirail1,2,3

F, #13774
FatherJean I de Montmirail Chatelain de Cambrai4 b. c 1167, d. 28 Sep 1217
MotherHelvide de Dampierre Dame de Somsois5 d. a 1194
ReferenceEDV24
Last Edited8 Nov 2020
     Marie de Montmirail married Enguerrand III de Coucy Seigneur de Coucy et de Marle, Cte de Roucy et de Perche, son of Raoul I de Coucy Seigneur de Coucy, Marle and le Fère and Adelaide/Alice/Alix de Dreux.1,3,2

      ; Marie de Montmirail, heiress of Montmirail, Meaux, de Cambrai, etc (+ca 1267) dau.of Jean de Montmirail by Helvide de Dampierre.2 EDV-24.

; Leo van de Pas cites: Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag Marburg., Detlev Schwennicke, Editor, Reference: VII 81.1

Citations

  1. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Marie de Montmirail: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00164623&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Coucy 1 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/french/coucy1.html
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Enguerrand III de Coucy: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00164622&tree=LEO
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Jean de Montmirail: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00026313&tree=LEO
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Helvide de Dampierre: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00026314&tree=LEO
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Alix de Coucy: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00108748&tree=LEO
  7. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/nfralaoncou.htm#AlixCoucyMArnoulIIIGuines. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Marie de Coucy: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00002876&tree=LEO
  9. [S2280] Racines et Histoire, online http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/LGN-frameset.html, http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/PDF/Flandres.pdf, p. 16. Hereinafter cited as Racines et Histoire.
  10. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/nfralaoncou.htm#EnguerrandIVCoucydied1310

Siegfried von Ringelheim 1st Count (Markgraf) of Brandenburg1

M, #13775
FatherDietrich II (?) von Ringelheim, Count of Saxon-Hamelant1 b. c 872, d. 8 Dec 917
MotherReginhilde (?) von Friesland1 d. 917
Last Edited26 Aug 2004

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 63. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.

Georg II Wilhelm (?) Duke zu Kalenberg, Zelle and Dannenberg1,2,3

M, #13776, b. 26 January 1624, d. 28 August 1705
FatherGeorg (?) Duke von Braunschweig-Lüneburg zu Kalenberg4,5,2,3 b. 17 Feb 1582, d. 12 Apr 1641
MotherAnne Eleanor (?) Landgräfin von Hessen-Darmstadt4,6,2,3 b. 30 Jul 1601, d. 6 May 1659
Last Edited7 Nov 2004
     Georg II Wilhelm (?) Duke zu Kalenberg, Zelle and Dannenberg was born on 26 January 1624 at Herzberg, Stadtkreis Braunschweig, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany (now).7,2,3 He married Eléonore Desmier d'Olbreus, Frau von Harburg, Gfn von Wilhelmsburg, Dss of Braunschweig u.Lüneburg, daughter of Alexander Desmier Desmier Sire d'Olbreuse and Jacquette Poussard de Vendré, on 15 September 1665 at Celle, Germany (now),
; Louda & Maclagan Table 85 says m. 1664; Welf 7 page says m. 2/12.4.1665; Leo van de Pas says m. 15 Sep 1665.7,2,3,8
Georg II Wilhelm (?) Duke zu Kalenberg, Zelle and Dannenberg died on 28 August 1705 at Weinhausen, Germany (now), at age 81.7,4,2,3
      ; Duke Georg II Wilhelm zu Kalenberg 1648, in Celle (1665-1703), in Dannenberg 1673, in Saxe-Lauenburg 1689, *Herzberg 26.1.1624, +Wienhausen 28.8.1705; m.Celle 2/12.4.1665 Eléonore Desmier d'Olbreuse, cr Frau von Harburg, Gfn von Wilhelmsburg, and in 1676 Dss of Braunschweig u.Lüneburg (*Olbreuse I.1639 +Celle 5.2.1722.)2

; per Leo van de Pas: " As a young man he was inseparable from his youngest brother, Ernst August. In 1653 they made their first visit to Heidelberg while on their way to Venice. It was said that they were looking for brides but, according to Elizabeth, the Electress Palatine, 'people went to Venice for whores, not wives'. It was during this visit to Heidelberg that the two brothers met the Electress's daughter, Sophie.

A respectful petition had been sent to Georg Wilhelm, asking him to marry. His people offered him a handsome increase in revenue but Georg Wilhelm valued his freedom more. While asking for more money, he wrote to the Elector Palatine and enquired after Sophie. On his annual journey to Venice, accompanied by Ernst August, he again called in at Heidelberg. A marriage contract was drawn up and signed but kept secret so that Georg Wilhelm would have more bargaining power with his Estates. Then the two Dukes moved on to Venice.

However, Georg Wilhelm changed his mind. Marriage was not for him. An increase in his allowance enabled him to provide for his brother, Ernst August, who would then also take Sophie as his bride, their children becoming his heirs. He even promised never to marry and, after bribing another younger brother, Johann Friedrich, achieved his aim.

On 30 September 1658, Ernst August and Sophie married and afterwards, when Georg Wilhelm would pay Sophie too much attention, Ernst August became jealous. Nevertheless, when it was time to go to Venice, all three went; but halfway Sophie returned alone to Hannover. However, on a visit to The Hague Georg Wilhelm fell in love and when, in March 1665, their eldest brother, Christian Ludwig, lay dying, he was criticised for spending too much time with Eléonore d'Olbreuse instead of rushing to his brother who wanted to talk with him. As a result, Johann Friedrich was able to lay hold of estates which should have been inherited by Georg Wilhelm. It took till August 1665 before all was settled and Georg Wilhelm became the Duke of Brunswick-Celle.

As he had vowed never to marry, on 15 September 1665, he signed a contract with Eléonore securing her finances and making her 'Frau von Harburg'. A year later a daughter was born and, on 20 December 1675, he married Eléonore and legitimised their daughter. In May 1675 both Georg Wilhelm and Ernst August fought against the French and, in August 1675, defeated the Maréchal de Crequi at Conz-Saarbrücken."3

; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Sophie, Electress of Hanover London, 1973. , Maria Kroll, Reference: 117 bio
2. Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, 4 volumes, Marburg, 1953, 1975., W. K. Prinz von Isenburg, Reference: vol I page 74.
3. L'Allemagne dynastique , Huberty, Giraud, Magdelaine, Reference: vol III page 42.
4. Ancestors Juliana, Q. of The Netherlands Jaarboek Centraal Bureau Genealogie Den Haag, Reference: 582.3 He was Duke zu Kalenberg in 1648.2 He was Duke zu Zelle (Celle) between 1665 and 1703.2 He was Duke of Brunswick-Celle between 1665 and 1705.3 He was Duke of Dannenberg in 1673.2 He was Duke in Saxe-Lauenburg in 1689.2

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 66. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Welf 7 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/welf/welf7.html
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Georg Wilhelm: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004464&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 85: Brunswick and Hanover - General Survey (House of Guelph). Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Georg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004374&tree=LEO
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Landgräfin Anna Eleonore von Hessen-Darmstadt: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004375&tree=LEO
  7. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 84: Prussia - Ancestors of Frederick II and William II.
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Eléonore Desmier d'Olbreuse: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004465&tree=LEO
  9. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table : Great Britain - House of Hanover.
  10. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Sophie Dorothea of Brunswick-Celle: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000325&tree=LEO

George III (?) King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hannover1,2,3,4

M, #13777, b. 4 June 1738, d. 29 January 1820
FatherFrederick Lewis (?) Prince of Wales5,2,3,6,4 b. 20 Jan 1707, d. 20 Mar 1751
MotherAugusta (?) Princess of Saxe-Gotha, Duchess of Saxony3,5,2,7,4 b. 30 Nov 1719, d. 8 Feb 1772
Last Edited12 Nov 2004
     George III (?) King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hannover was born on 4 June 1738 at Norfolk House, England.1,2,3,4 He married Charlotte Sophie (?) Dss von Mecklenburg-Strelitz, daughter of Karl Ludwig Friedrich (?) Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Elisabeth Albertina (?) Pss of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Duchess of Saxony, on 8 September 1761 at St. Jame's Palace, London, City of London, Greater London, England.1,2,3,8,4,9

George III (?) King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hannover died on 29 January 1820 at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Windsor and Maidenhead Royal Borough, Berkshire, England, at age 81.2,3,4
      ; GEORGE III William Frederick, King of Great Britain, Ireland (1760-1820), King of Hanover (12.10.1814-1820), Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, King of United Kingdom 1.1.1801, *Norfolk House 4.6.1738, +Windsor Castle 29.1.1820, bur St.George´s Chapel, Windsor; blind from 1811; m.St.James's Palace 8.9.1761 Dss Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (*19.5.1744 +17.11.1818.)3

; Leo van de Pas cites: The Royal House of Stuart London, 1969,1971,1976. , A. C. Addington.4 He was Duke von Braunschweig-Lüneburg.3

; per Leo van de Pas: "The first British-born monarch since Queen Anne, he was the second child of the Prince of Wales. He was educated by Lord Harcourt and the Bishop of Norwich. Only twelve years old, he lost his father and became his grandfather's heir, and king at twenty-two.

His first love was Lady Sarah Lennox but, regarding her unsuitable, he decided on and married the German Princess Charlotte von Mecklenburg-Strelitz. She came to England and was crowned with him. They would become the parents of fifteen children.

In 1764 the first attack of porphyria occurred. When he recovered he insisted on a law which would allow him to make Queen Charlotte, or any other member of the royal family, Regent in case the illness returned. The unsuitable marriages of two of his brothers led to the passage of the Royal Marriages Act in 1772. The American War of Independence distressed him greatly and, in 1789 porphyria returned more seriously to last for over three months.

The French Revolution created even more concern and several attempts on his life were made. The last ten years of his reign involved England in the Napoleonic wars. His eyesight was failing and the death of his favourite daughter, Amelia, started the last attack of porphyria---and this time he never recovered.

The Regency Act was passed and his eldest son, George (IV), became Regent for ten years. His last years were spent at Windsor, blind, deaf and mad. He was unaware of his wife's death though he himself did not die till two years later.

Porphyria: a group of rare, inherited disorders caused by a flaw in the metabolism of porphyrins, the breakdown products of the red blood pigment. The condition may be in the liver (hepatic porphyria) or in the bone marrow (erythropoiryic porphyria) or both. Characteristic features of the defect are discoloration of the urine, which may turn dark brown if let standing for an hour or so; sensitivity to sunlight, which causes blistering skin rashes; bouts of abdominal pain; mental disturbances; and neuritis.

The underlying genetic fault cannot be corrected, and there is no specific treatment."4 He was King of Great Britain and Ireland between 1760 and 1820.2,3 He was King of Hanover between 12 October 1814 and 1820.2,3,4

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 66. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 8: Great Britain - House of Hanover. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Welf 7 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/welf/welf7.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, George III: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000189&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 669, Chart 52. Great Britain (2) - The Hanoverians. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Frederick Lewis: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000190&tree=LEO
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000326&tree=LEO
  8. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Meckl 7 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/meckl/meckl7.html
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Duchess Charlotte Sophie von Mecklenburg-Strelitz: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000318&tree=LEO
  10. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, George IV: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000381&tree=LEO
  11. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Prince Frederick Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000494&tree=LEO
  12. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, William Henry: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000371&tree=LEO
  13. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Charlotte Augusta Matilda of Great Britain and Ireland: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004912&tree=LEO
  14. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Prince Edward Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000188&tree=LEO
  15. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Ernst August: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004416&tree=LEO
  16. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Prince Augustus Frederick of Great Britain and Ireland: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000486&tree=LEO
  17. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Prince Adolphus Frederick of Great Britain and Ireland: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000275&tree=LEO
  18. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Mary of Great Britain and Ireland: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000492&tree=LEO

Charlotte Sophie (?) Dss von Mecklenburg-Strelitz1,2,3,4,5

F, #13778, b. 19 May 1744, d. 17 November 1818
FatherKarl Ludwig Friedrich (?) Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz1,6,2,3,5,7 b. 23 Feb 1708, d. 5 Jun 1752
MotherElisabeth Albertina (?) Pss of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Duchess of Saxony1,6,3,5,8 b. 4 Aug 1713, d. 29 Jun 1761
Last Edited12 Nov 2004
     Charlotte Sophie (?) Dss von Mecklenburg-Strelitz was born on 19 May 1744 at Mirow.1,3,2,4,5 She married George III (?) King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hannover, son of Frederick Lewis (?) Prince of Wales and Augusta (?) Princess of Saxe-Gotha, Duchess of Saxony, on 8 September 1761 at St. Jame's Palace, London, City of London, Greater London, England.1,2,4,3,9,5

Charlotte Sophie (?) Dss von Mecklenburg-Strelitz died on 17 November 1818 at Kew Palace, London, City of London, Greater London, England, at age 74.1,4,2,3,5
      ; per Leo van de Pas: "Probably encouraged by his mother, King George III selected Charlotte as his bride. Only seventeen years old, she set out for England. On the journey she practised 'God Save the King' on her harpsichord while her attendants were seasick.

Charlotte has been described as dim and formidably ugly. While regretting her plainness, George III, a sensual man but with a high moral sense, did his 'duty', thereby producing fifteen children of which only two boys died in childhood. Even though Charlotte was interested only in domestic matters and exercised no political influence, their marriage reduced George III's dependance on the Earl of Bute.

George III was an affectionate but unwise father, not wanting his six daughters to marry. However, if rather late, three escaped 'the nunnery'. With the exception of the Duke of York, their sons were reluctant to find suitable brides. It was only financial pressure which made the Prince of Wales (George IV) accept his most unsuitable first cousin, Caroline of Brunswick.

When the Duke of Cumberland proposed and, in 1815, married Queen Charlotte's niece, the Queen was most upset. Friederike von Mecklenburg-Strelitz, it was rumoured, had poisoned one husband, Prince Ludwig of Prussia, rejected the offer of marriage from the Duke of Cambridge (another son of George III and Charlotte) and was already pregnant when she married her second husband, Prince Friedrich zu Solms-Braunfels.

After the onset of his illness, then misunderstood as madness, George III was placed in the care of his wife, who could not bring herself to visit him very often. Queen Charlotte had become the fond grandmother of Princess Charlotte of Wales, and it was a great blow to her when this granddaughter died in childbirth. It was this death that started the undignified scramble of George III's middle-aged sons to find wives. The Duke of Clarence (William IV), aged 53, married Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, aged 27; the Duke of Kent, aged 50, married the widowed Viktoria of Saxe-Saalfeld, aged 31; the Duke of Cambridge, aged 44, married the 20-year-old Auguste of Hessen-Kassel. A year after her granddaughter Charlotte's death, Queen Charlotte died seated in a small armchair holding the hand of her eldest son."5

; Sophie-Charlotte, *Mirow 19.5.1744, +Kew Palace 17.11.1818; m.St.James's Palace 8.9.1761 King George III of Great Britain, Ireland and Hannover, etc (*4.6.1738 +29.1.1820.)3

; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. The Royal House of Stuart London, 1969,1971,1976. , A. C. Addington, Reference: page 12
2. Het Groothertogelijk Huis Mecklenburg Bergen-op-Zoom, 1901-1902. , W. J. F. Juten, Reference: page 126.5

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 66. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 8: Great Britain - House of Hanover. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Meckl 7 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/meckl/meckl7.html
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Welf 7 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/welf/welf7.html
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Duchess Charlotte Sophie von Mecklenburg-Strelitz: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000318&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  6. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 11: Great Britain - Ancestors of Queen Victoria, Elizabeth II and Prince Philip.
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Duke Karl Ludwig Friedrich of Mecklenburg-Strelitz: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004489&tree=LEO
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Elisabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004490&tree=LEO
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, George III: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000189&tree=LEO
  10. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, George IV: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000381&tree=LEO
  11. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Prince Frederick Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000494&tree=LEO
  12. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, William Henry: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000371&tree=LEO
  13. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Charlotte Augusta Matilda of Great Britain and Ireland: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004912&tree=LEO
  14. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Prince Edward Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000188&tree=LEO
  15. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Ernst August: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004416&tree=LEO
  16. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Prince Augustus Frederick of Great Britain and Ireland: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000486&tree=LEO
  17. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Prince Adolphus Frederick of Great Britain and Ireland: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000275&tree=LEO
  18. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Mary of Great Britain and Ireland: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000492&tree=LEO

Karl Ludwig Friedrich (?) Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz1,2

M, #13779, b. 23 February 1708, d. 5 June 1752
Last Edited12 Nov 2004
     Karl Ludwig Friedrich (?) Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz was born on 23 February 1708 at Strelitz, Mecklenburg, Germany (now).3,2 He married Elisabeth Albertina (?) Pss of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Duchess of Saxony, daughter of Ernest Frederick I (?) Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen, on 5 February 1735 at Eisfeld, Germany (now).1,3,4,2

Karl Ludwig Friedrich (?) Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz died on 5 June 1752 at Mirow, Germany (now), at age 44.3,2
      ; per Leo van de Pas: "He was born at Strelitz on 23 February 1708 but resided at Mirow where he died aged forty-four on 4 June 1752. In February 1735 he married Elisabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen, by whom he became the father of ten children. Karl's elder half-brother, Adolf Friedrich III, was the ruling Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz who died childlessly only six months after Karl. This made Karl's third child the next ruling Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz as Adolf Friedrich IV. However, as he was a minor, it was his mother who acted on his behalf. Elisabeth Albertine was regent until only 1753 when her son finished his studies and took control of the Duchy himself. She died eight years later and, less than two months after her death, her daughter Charlotte Sophie married King George III of Great Britain."2 He was Duke von Mecklenburg-Strelitz.5,2

; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, 4 volumes, Marburg, 1953, 1975., W. K. Prinz von Isenburg, Reference: vol I page 124.
2. Het Groothertogelijk Huis Mecklenburg Bergen-op-Zoom, 1901-1902. , W. J. F. Juten, Reference: page 125.
3. Ancestors Juliana, Q. of The Netherlands Jaarboek Centraal Bureau Genealogie Den Haag, Reference: ancestor 76.
4. Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels Fürstliche Häuser , Reference: yr 1959.2

Family

Elisabeth Albertina (?) Pss of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Duchess of Saxony b. 4 Aug 1713, d. 29 Jun 1761
Children

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 66. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Duke Karl Ludwig Friedrich of Mecklenburg-Strelitz: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004489&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 11: Great Britain - Ancestors of Queen Victoria, Elizabeth II and Prince Philip. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Elisabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004490&tree=LEO
  5. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 8: Great Britain - House of Hanover.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Karl Ludwig Friedrich: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004491&tree=LEO
  7. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Meckl 7 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/meckl/meckl7.html
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Duchess Charlotte Sophie von Mecklenburg-Strelitz: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000318&tree=LEO

Elisabeth Albertina (?) Pss of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Duchess of Saxony1,2,3

F, #13780, b. 4 August 1713, d. 29 June 1761
FatherErnest Frederick I (?) Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen1,2,3
Last Edited8 Nov 2004
     Elisabeth Albertina (?) Pss of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Duchess of Saxony was born on 4 August 1713 at Hildburghausen, Germany (now).2,3 She married Karl Ludwig Friedrich (?) Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz on 5 February 1735 at Eisfeld, Germany (now).1,2,3,4

Elisabeth Albertina (?) Pss of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Duchess of Saxony died on 29 June 1761 at Neustrelitz, Germany (now), at age 47.2,3

Family

Karl Ludwig Friedrich (?) Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz b. 23 Feb 1708, d. 5 Jun 1752
Children

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 66. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 11: Great Britain - Ancestors of Queen Victoria, Elizabeth II and Prince Philip. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Elisabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004490&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Duke Karl Ludwig Friedrich of Mecklenburg-Strelitz: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004489&tree=LEO
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Karl Ludwig Friedrich: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004491&tree=LEO
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Meckl 7 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/meckl/meckl7.html
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Duchess Charlotte Sophie von Mecklenburg-Strelitz: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000318&tree=LEO

Ernest Frederick I (?) Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen1,2

M, #13781
Last Edited8 Nov 2004

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 66. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 11: Great Britain - Ancestors of Queen Victoria, Elizabeth II and Prince Philip. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Elisabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004490&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.

Edward Augustus (?) Duke of Kent, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg, KG1,2,3,4

M, #13782, b. 2 November 1767, d. 23 January 1820
FatherGeorge III (?) King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hannover1,2,3,5,4 b. 4 Jun 1738, d. 29 Jan 1820
MotherCharlotte Sophie (?) Dss von Mecklenburg-Strelitz1,2,3,6,4 b. 19 May 1744, d. 17 Nov 1818
Last Edited10 Nov 2004
     Edward Augustus (?) Duke of Kent, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg, KG was born on 2 November 1767 at Buckingham House, London, City of London, Greater London, England.1,2,3,4 He married Maria Louisa Victoria (?) Princess of Saxe-Coburg & Saalfeld, Duchess of Saxony, daughter of Franz I Friedrich Anton (?) Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duke of Saxony and Augusta Caroline Sophia (?) Gräfin Reuss zu Lobenstein-Ebersdorf, on 29 May 1818 at Coburg, Germany (now),
; her 2nd husband; married Coburg 29.5.1818 and Kew Palace 11.7.1818.1,2,3,4,7
Edward Augustus (?) Duke of Kent, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg, KG died on 23 January 1820 at Sidmouth, England, at age 52.1,2,3,4
      ; Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, etc, *Buckingham House 2.11.1767, +Sidmouth 23.1.1820; m.Coburg 29.5.1818 and Kew Palace 11.7.1818 Pss Viktoria Mary of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (*17.8.1786 +16.3.1861.)3

; per Leo van de Pas: "The fifth child and fourth son of King George III, it appears that, with his brothers, the Dukes of York and Sussex, he displayed symptoms of porphyria. He went into the army but proved to be too severe a disciplinarian, causing trouble wherever he was in command. After a mutiny in Gibraltar, he was recalled but nevertheless was gazetted field-marshal the following year.

He was the baldest of the whole family and Sheridan suggested that this was because grass did not grow upon deserts. The Duke remarked when he heard this joke, 'If Sheridan means that I haven't genius, I can tell him that such a gift would have been of small value to a Prince, whose business it is to keep quiet. I am luckier in having, like my country, a sound constitution.'

Like his brothers he had trouble to live within his income. To make ends meet he went to live in Brussels for several years, accompanied by his mistress, Madame St.Laurent. When his brother's daughter and heir died in 1817, he joined the scramble to provide an heir for the nation. In 1818, after twenty-seven years together, he broke with Madame St.Laurent. The Duke is recorded to have said, 'You may well imagine the pang it will occasion me to part with her'. Little is known about this Julie de St.Laurent other than she left Marseille in 1790 to join Edward in Malaga and stayed with him until 1818; she was rumoured to have had children by him and even to be his morganatic wife.

However, the Duke of Kent married the widowed Princess Viktoria of Leiningen and their daughter, the future Queen Victoria, was born in 1819. Edward wanted the names Alexandrina Georgina but his brother, the Prince-Regent, vetoed Georgina, perhaps to embarrass the brother he disliked as much as he disliked his brother's wife. And so the Regent decided she would be named Alexandrina Victoria, Alexandrina in honour of the Russian Emperor and Victoria after her mother.

Being married and the father of a child, he was still plagued with financial worries. Again he decided to return to the continent to save money, but first Christmas was to be spent in Sidmouth, Devon. Edward visited the nearby Cathedral of Salisbury and caught a cold. When his cold became worse he stayed in bed and soon it became clear he was not going to recover. His wife, nursing him, was asked 'Do not forget me'. The Duke of Kent died of pneumonia, January 23rd, 1820. His father, dying six days later, was buried with him at the same time in the family vault at Windsor. All he left was an enormous debt."4

; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. The Royal House of Stuart London, 1969,1971,1976. , A. C. Addington, Reference: page 12.
2. The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales Edinburgh, 1977., Gerald Paget, Reference: ancestor F31.
3. L'Allemagne dynastique , Huberty, Giraud, Magdelaine, Reference: vol III page 146.4 He was Duke of Kent and Strathearn.2,3

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 66. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 8: Great Britain - House of Hanover. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Welf 7 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/welf/welf7.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Prince Edward Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000188&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, George III: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000189&tree=LEO
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Duchess Charlotte Sophie von Mecklenburg-Strelitz: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000318&tree=LEO
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Viktoria of Saxe-Saalfeld-Coburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00003661&tree=LEO
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Alexandrina Victoria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000007&tree=LEO

Maria Louisa Victoria (?) Princess of Saxe-Coburg & Saalfeld, Duchess of Saxony1,2,3,4

F, #13783, b. 17 August 1786, d. 16 March 1861
FatherFranz I Friedrich Anton (?) Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duke of Saxony1,2,3,4,5 b. 15 Jul 1750, d. 9 Dec 1806
MotherAugusta Caroline Sophia (?) Gräfin Reuss zu Lobenstein-Ebersdorf1,2,3,4,6 b. 9 Jan 1757, d. 16 Nov 1831
Last Edited20 Nov 2004
     Maria Louisa Victoria (?) Princess of Saxe-Coburg & Saalfeld, Duchess of Saxony was born on 17 August 1786 at Coburg, Germany (now).1,3,7,4 She married Emich Carl (?) Fürst zu Leiningen on 21 December 1803 at Coburg, Germany (now),
; her 1st husband; his 2nd wife.8,4 Maria Louisa Victoria (?) Princess of Saxe-Coburg & Saalfeld, Duchess of Saxony married Edward Augustus (?) Duke of Kent, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg, KG, son of George III (?) King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hannover and Charlotte Sophie (?) Dss von Mecklenburg-Strelitz, on 29 May 1818 at Coburg, Germany (now),
; her 2nd husband; married Coburg 29.5.1818 and Kew Palace 11.7.1818.1,9,7,10,4
Maria Louisa Victoria (?) Princess of Saxe-Coburg & Saalfeld, Duchess of Saxony died on 16 March 1861 at Frogmore House, London, City of London, Greater London, England, at age 74.1,7,3,4
      ; Marie Luise VIKTORIA, *Coburg 17.8.1786, +Frogmore House 16.3.1861; 1m: Coburg 21.12.1803 Fst Carl zu Leiningen (*27.9.1763 +4.7.1814); 2m: Coburg 29.5.1818 and Kew Palace 11.7.1818 Pr Edward of Great Britain, Ireland and Hannover, Duke of Kent, etc (*2.11.1767 +23.1.1820.)3

; per Leo van de Pas: "When only 17-years-old she married her first husband, the childless widower of her mother's youngest sister. No doubt this was not as good a match as her sisters': Antoinette, who had married Duke Alexander of Wurttemberg; and Juliane, who married the Russian Grand Duke Constantine. But at least it was better than that of Sofie who, three months later, married Count Emanuel von Mensdorff-Pouilly.

Eleven years later her husband died, leaving her a widow with a son, Carl, and a daughter, Feodora. In 1816 her brother, Leopold, married Charlotte, the daughter and heir of the British king George IV. Leopold and Charlotte urged Charlotte's uncle, the Duke of Kent, to visit Viktoria in Wald-Leiningen. This was not for the British succession but for the Duke's need of an income which would be given to him once married---and the thirty-year-old Viktoria needed a husband.

Not in a hurry to press matters, the Duke was annoyed when his courting became known. He quickly wrote to Leopold asking him to press his sister to make up her mind. The Duke of Kent felt guilty about the discarding of his mistress of many years but was happy when, on 25 January 1818, Viktoria accepted him. They married on 29 May 1818. In the following year their daughter, the future Queen Victoria, was born. But shortly after that she lost her second husband and would be the Dowager Duchess of Kent for another forty-one years.

Viktoria realised the importance of bringing Victoria up in England as she was next in line for the throne. Her brother, Leopold, gave her an allowance of 3,000 pounds a year, and, in 1825, the English parliament gave her another annuity of 6,000 pounds. In 1830, the Regency Act named the Duchess as regent in case Victoria would be a minor when called to the throne.

The Duchess of Kent had tried to alienate Victoria from her uncle, William IV, and then tried the same thing with this king's illegitimate children. The Duchess and William IV didn't like each other and, at the king's birthday dinner, he publicly insulted the Duchess, referring to her 'evil advisers'. The Duchess relied heavily upon Sir John Conroy, who had been her deceased husband's equerry, and allowed him to dominate her household. Conroy caused an open rift between mother and daughter and, after Victoria's accession to the throne, was generously pensioned off though completely disregarded. The new Queen Victoria at first showed more affection for the Dowager-Queen Adelaide than for her own mother. This was mainly due to Viktoria having been dominated by Conroy.

After a while the Duchess required permission to see her daughter but often received a note 'Busy', declining a meeting. This made the Duchess angry as she wanted to see her child, not the Queen. However, Conroy remained with the Duchess which for a long period cooled the relationship between mother and daughter. Victoria's behaviour towards Conroy gave credence to the untrue story of Conroy having an affaire with the Duchess of Kent.

At the time of the birth of Leopold, the future Duke of Albany and the Duchess of Kent's youngest grandson, haemophilia appeared in the Royal family. Previously it had not existed in the House of Hannover, nor in that of the Duchess's own family, so it was now presumed to have been a spontaneous mutation in Queen Victoria's genes. Leopold was a sufferer and three of his sisters would transmit the disease to the generations following.

In March 1861 she was operated on for an abscess on her arm and, after a short period, it became clear her condition was desperate. Queen Victoria and Prince Albert came to her and, during her last night, Queen Victoria came in to her room several times to check on her. However, the Duchess of Kent died early in the morning.

During her last years, mother and daughter had been much closer to each other. Queen Victoria had a nervous breakdown when her mother died, partly because she probably realized, when going through her mother's papers, how much her mother had loved her."4

; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels Fürstliche Häuser
2. The Royal House of Stuart London, 1969,1971,1976. , A. C. Addington.4

Family 1

Emich Carl (?) Fürst zu Leiningen b. 27 Sep 1763, d. 4 Jul 1814

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 66. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 11: Great Britain - Ancestors of Queen Victoria, Elizabeth II and Prince Philip. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Wettin 8 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wettin/wettin8.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Viktoria of Saxe-Saalfeld-Coburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00003661&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Franz Friedrich Anton: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004084&tree=LEO
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Gräfin Auguste Reuss zu Lobenstein und Ebersdorf: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004085&tree=LEO
  7. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Welf 7 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/welf/welf7.html
  8. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Leiningen 6 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/leiningen/leiningen6.html
  9. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 8: Great Britain - House of Hanover.
  10. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Prince Edward Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000188&tree=LEO
  11. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Alexandrina Victoria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000007&tree=LEO

Franz I Friedrich Anton (?) Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duke of Saxony1,2,3,4

M, #13784, b. 15 July 1750, d. 9 December 1806
FatherErnst Friedrich (?) Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duke of Saxony2,3,5,4 b. 8 Mar 1724, d. 8 Sep 1800
MotherSofie Antonie (?) Dss von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel2,3,6,4 b. 23 Jan 1724, d. 17 May 1802
Last Edited21 Nov 2004
     Franz I Friedrich Anton (?) Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duke of Saxony was born on 15 July 1750 at Coburg, Germany (now).2,3,4 He married Sophie (?) Pss of Saxe-Hildburghausen on 6 March 1776 at Hildburghausen, Germany (now),
; his 1st wife.3,4,7 Franz I Friedrich Anton (?) Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duke of Saxony married Augusta Caroline Sophia (?) Gräfin Reuss zu Lobenstein-Ebersdorf, daughter of Henry XXIV (?) Count of Reuss-Ebersdorf and Carolina (?), on 13 June 1777 at Ebersdorf, Germany (now),
; his 2nd wife.1,2,3,8,4,9
Franz I Friedrich Anton (?) Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duke of Saxony died on 9 December 1806 at Coburg, Germany (now), at age 56.2,3
      ; Leo van de Pas cites: Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels Fürstliche Häuser , Reference: yr 1956.4

; Duke FRANZ Friedrich Anton of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld 8.9.1800, *Coburg 15.7.1750, +Coburg 9.12.1806; 1m: Hildburghausen 6.3.1776 Pss Sophie of Saxe-Hildburghausen (*Hildburghausen 22.2.1760, +Coburg 28.10.1776); 2m: Ebersdorf 13.6.1777 Gfn Auguste Reuss zu Ebersdorf (*9.1.1757 +16.11.1831.)3

Family 1

Sophie (?) Pss of Saxe-Hildburghausen b. 22 Feb 1760, d. 28 Oct 1776

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 66. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 11: Great Britain - Ancestors of Queen Victoria, Elizabeth II and Prince Philip. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Wettin 8 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wettin/wettin8.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Franz Friedrich Anton: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004084&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Ernst Friedrich II: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004475&tree=LEO
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Sophie Antonie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004476&tree=LEO
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Sophie of Saxe-Hildburghausen: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00051304&tree=LEO
  8. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Reuss 5 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/reuss/reuss5.html
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Gräfin Auguste Reuss zu Lobenstein und Ebersdorf: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004085&tree=LEO
  10. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Saalfeld-Coburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00022343&tree=LEO
  11. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Ernst Anton Karl Ludwig: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00003681&tree=LEO
  12. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013458&tree=LEO
  13. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Viktoria of Saxe-Saalfeld-Coburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00003661&tree=LEO
  14. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Léopold I: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00003155&tree=LEO

Augusta Caroline Sophia (?) Gräfin Reuss zu Lobenstein-Ebersdorf1,2,3,4

F, #13785, b. 9 January 1757, d. 16 November 1831
FatherHenry XXIV (?) Count of Reuss-Ebersdorf1,2,3,4 b. 1724, d. 1779
MotherCarolina (?)2,3,4 b. 1727, d. 1796
Last Edited21 Nov 2004
     Augusta Caroline Sophia (?) Gräfin Reuss zu Lobenstein-Ebersdorf was born on 9 January 1757 at Ebersdorf, Germany (now).2,3,5,4 She married Franz I Friedrich Anton (?) Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duke of Saxony, son of Ernst Friedrich (?) Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duke of Saxony and Sofie Antonie (?) Dss von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, on 13 June 1777 at Ebersdorf, Germany (now),
; his 2nd wife.1,2,5,3,6,4
Augusta Caroline Sophia (?) Gräfin Reuss zu Lobenstein-Ebersdorf died on 16 November 1831 at Coburg, Germany (now), at age 74.2,5,3,4
      ; Gfn Auguste, Pss Reuss zu Lobenstein-Ebersdorf 1806, *Ebersdorf 9.1.1757, +Coburg 16.11.1831; m.Ebersdorf 13.6.1777 Duke Franz of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (*15.7.1750 +9.12.1806.)3

; per Leo van de Pas: " She was a most remarkable woman, with a most powerful, energetic, almost masculine mind, accompanied with great tenderness of heart and extreme love for Nature.

She was adored by her children, particularly by her sons, King Leopold of Belgium being her great favourite. She had fine and most expressive blue eyes, with the marked features and long nose inherited by most of her children and grandchildren. Both Prince Albert and his brother were exceedingly attached to their grandmother and they lived much with her in their younger days, as Queen Victoria recollected in 'The Early Years of the Prince Consort'.

Augusta was a daughter of the Count of Reuss-Ebersdorf, a family in which all males bore the name of Heinrich and, as counts, were inferior in rank to the ducal house of Saxony. She married Franz, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, in 1777 when the Emperor had installed a Debt and Administrative Commission or receivership because of the virtual bankruptcy of the Duchy of Coburg. Duchess Augusta's parents were 'Herrnhuter'. Her father's aunt Erdmutha Dorothea had married Nicholas Ludwig, Graf von Zinzendorf, on whose estate at Herrnhut the Moravians found sanctuary and organized their missionary activity from there to all continents, while Countess Erdmutha, who administered the estate in her husband's frequent missionary absences, also composed hymns. This background accounted for Duchess Augusta's strong piety and often narrow, moral views which she imparted in large measure, like her physical features, to Prince Albert. Her experiences in the Napoleonic period imbued her with strong anti-French resentments. She gave expression to these in her attitude to Madame Panam, her son Ernst I's French mistress of Greek origin, with disastrous results for him.

The Duchess, widowed in 1806, lived at Ketschendorf near Coburg. She visited her son Leopold at Claremont in 1825. Queen Victoria met her then and remembered her grandmother clearly.
'The Prince Consort', Godfrey and Margaret Scheele."4

; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Les 256 Quartiers Genealogiques de monseigneur le Prince Henri de Luxemb. Saint Chamond, 1975, Georges Martin, Reference: nr 97.
2. Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels Fürstliche Häuser , Reference: yr 1956.4

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 66. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 11: Great Britain - Ancestors of Queen Victoria, Elizabeth II and Prince Philip. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Reuss 5 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/reuss/reuss5.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Gräfin Auguste Reuss zu Lobenstein und Ebersdorf: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004085&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Wettin 8 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wettin/wettin8.html
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Franz Friedrich Anton: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004084&tree=LEO
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Saalfeld-Coburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00022343&tree=LEO
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Ernst Anton Karl Ludwig: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00003681&tree=LEO
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013458&tree=LEO
  10. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Viktoria of Saxe-Saalfeld-Coburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00003661&tree=LEO
  11. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Léopold I: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00003155&tree=LEO

Henry XXIV (?) Count of Reuss-Ebersdorf1,2

M, #13786, b. 1724, d. 1779
Last Edited20 Nov 2004
     Henry XXIV (?) Count of Reuss-Ebersdorf was born in 1724.2 He married Carolina (?), daughter of George Augustus (?) Count of Erbach-Schönberg, in 1754.2

Henry XXIV (?) Count of Reuss-Ebersdorf died in 1779.2

Family

Carolina (?) b. 1727, d. 1796
Child

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 66. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 11: Great Britain - Ancestors of Queen Victoria, Elizabeth II and Prince Philip. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Reuss 5 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/reuss/reuss5.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Gräfin Auguste Reuss zu Lobenstein und Ebersdorf: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004085&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.

Victoria (Alexandrina) (?) Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India1,2,3,4

F, #13787, b. 24 May 1819, d. 22 January 1901
FatherEdward Augustus (?) Duke of Kent, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg, KG1,2,3,5,4 b. 2 Nov 1767, d. 23 Jan 1820
MotherMaria Louisa Victoria (?) Princess of Saxe-Coburg & Saalfeld, Duchess of Saxony1,2,3,6,4 b. 17 Aug 1786, d. 16 Mar 1861
Last Edited10 Nov 2004
     Victoria (Alexandrina) (?) Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India was born on 24 May 1819 at Kensington Palace, London, City of London, Greater London, England.1,3,4 She married Franz August Karl ALBERT Emanuel (?) Prince of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha, Prince Consort of Great Britain and Ireland, son of Ernst I Anton Karl Ludwig (?) Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and Dorothea LUISE Pauline Charlotte Friederike Auguste (?) Pss of Saxe-Gotha, Duchess of Saxony, on 10 February 1840 at St. Jame's Palace, London, City of London, Greater London, England.2,3,7,4,8

Victoria (Alexandrina) (?) Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India died on 22 January 1901 at Osborne House, Isle of Wight, England, at age 81.1,3,4
      ; Queen Alexandrina VICTORIA, succeeded William IV as Queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1837-1901), and was proclaimed Empress of India (1.1.1877-1901), *Kensington Palace 24.5.1819, +Osborne House, Isle of Wight 22.1.1901, bur Royal Mausoleum, Frogmore; m.St.James's Palace 10.2.1840 Pr Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, cr Pr Consort 1857 (*26.8.1819 +14.12.1861.)3

; per Leo van de Pas: "Just eighteen when she succeeded her uncle, William IV, she became Queen of Great Britain and Ireland in 1837. On 28 June 1838 she was crowned at Westminster and one of her first acts was to distance herself from her mother and her mother's advisor, Sir John Conroy. Soon it became obvious that she had a clear grasp of constitutional principles and the scope of her own prerogatives. Maintaining constant correspondence with her uncle and mentor, King Leopold I of Belgium, she was devoted to her first Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne. In 1839 when Melbourne's government fell and Victoria refused to dismiss the current ladies of the bedchamber, Peel resigned and Melbourne returned until 1841, becoming both prime minister and trusted friend to Victoria.

When her two Saxe-Coburg cousins came to England, she fell in love with the younger, Prince Albert. Married in 1840, nine children were produced with all surviving. In the early years of her reign she was strongly influenced by her husband with whom she lived and worked in the closest harmony. Consequently, on Albert's death when she was in her early forties, she was so grief-stricken that she withdrew from all public life which made her temporarily unpopular.

However, Disraeli then achieved having her acknowledged as Empress of India and this returned her to her subject's favour. Both experienced and shrewd, her political flair brought a powerful influence to bear on the conduct of foreign affairs. This, in turn, was made easier through the marriage alliances of some of her children into foreign dynasties.

Although she preferred ministers with conservative principles, such as Melbourne and Disraeli, rather than the more radical, such as Palmerston and Gladstone, in the long run Victoria's judgment of men and events was rarely to be faulted. Partly due to the influence of Prince Albert, she preferred Germany, which was probably the reason later for her son-and-heir's own preference for France.

Even though she remained in seclusion for most of her life, she never allowed her heir 'Bertie' any involvement in state affairs, and this was no doubt the cause of the numerous misadventures in which, sometimes not of his own doing, he was involved. Had Victoria been unpopular in her early years because of the sad affair of the unmarried lady-in-waiting Flora Hastings (whose flatulence from stomach-cancer made her suspect of being pregnant), Bertie became entangled in divorce-cases and gambling scandals. Yet Victoria always stood by him.

Although also fond of her grandson, the German Emperor Wilhelm II; she also considered that 'fresh blood' to be needed in her family. Consequently she allowed the Battenberg-marriages for, first, a granddaughter and then her youngest daughter, Beatrice. Partly because of princely alliances being expensive, she had previously allowed her daughter Louise to marry the future Duke of Argyll, and then yet another granddaughter, also another Louise, to marry Alexander Duff whom she made Duke of Fife."4

; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Europäische Stammtafeln Band II Frank Baron Freytag von Loringhoven 1975, W. K. Prinz von Isenburg
2. The Royal House of Stuart London, 1969,1971,1976. , A. C. Addington.4 She was Queen of England between 1837 and 1901.2 She was Empress of India between 1 January 1877 and 1901.3

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 66. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 8: Great Britain - House of Hanover. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Welf 7 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/welf/welf7.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Alexandrina Victoria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000007&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Prince Edward Augustus of Great Britain and Ireland: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000188&tree=LEO
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Viktoria of Saxe-Saalfeld-Coburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00003661&tree=LEO
  7. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Wettin 8 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wettin/wettin8.html
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Prince Franz Albert August Emmanuel of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000019&tree=LEO

Ferdinand III (?) Grand Duke of Tuscany, Elector of Salzburg; Archduke of Austria1,2,3,4

M, #13788, b. 6 May 1769, d. 18 June 1824
FatherLeopold II (Peter Leopold Joseph) (?) Grand Duke of Tuscany, Holy Roman Emperor1,2,3 b. 5 May 1747, d. 1 Mar 1792
MotherMarie Louise (Luisa, Ludovica) (?) Infanta of Spain1,2,3 b. 24 Nov 1745, d. 15 May 1792
Last Edited23 Nov 2004
     Ferdinand III (?) Grand Duke of Tuscany, Elector of Salzburg; Archduke of Austria was born on 6 May 1769 at Florence, Tuscany, Italy (now).1,2,3,4 He married Louise Amelia (?) Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, daughter of Ferdinand/Fernando IV (I) (?) King of Naples, King of Two Sicilies and Marie Caroline Luise Josephe Johanna Antonie (?) Archduchess of Austria, on 19 September 1790 at Vienna, Austria.1,2,3
Ferdinand III (?) Grand Duke of Tuscany, Elector of Salzburg; Archduke of Austria married Maria (?) Princess of Saxony, daughter of Maximilian (?) Prince of Saxony and Carolina Maria Teresa Guiseppa (?) Pss of Bourbon-Parma, on 6 May 1821 at Florence, Tuscany, Italy (now),
; his 2nd wife.5,3,4,6
Ferdinand III (?) Grand Duke of Tuscany, Elector of Salzburg; Archduke of Austria died on 18 June 1824 at Florence, Tuscany, Italy (now), at age 55.1,2,3,4
      ; FERDINAND Joseph Johann Baptist, become Grand Duke FERDINANDO III of Tuscany by his father 22.7.1790. He was driven out by the French 1799 and dispossessed by the Peace of Lunéville 1801. He was cr Duke and Elector of Salzburg 26.12.1802 and exchanged Salzburg for Würzburg 25.12.1805. Grand Duke of Würzburg from 1806, until he was restored to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany 30.5.1814; *Florence 6.5.1769, +Florence 18.6.1824; 1m: Vienna 19.9.1790 Pss Luisa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (*27.7.1773 +19.9.1802); 2m: Florence 6.5.1821 Pss Maria of Saxony (*27.4.1796 +3.1.1865.)3 Ferdinand III (?) Grand Duke of Tuscany, Elector of Salzburg; Archduke of Austria was also known as Ferdinando III (?) Grand Duke of Tuscany, Archduke of Austria.4 He was Grand Duke of Tuscany between 1790 and 1824.2

Family 2

Maria (?) Princess of Saxony b. 27 Apr 1796, d. 3 Jan 1865

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 75. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 76: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 5 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg5.html
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Wettin 12 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wettin/wettin12.html
  5. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 88: Saxony - Last Electors and first Kings.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Maria Ferdinanda Amalia Xaveria Theresia Josepha Anna Nepomucena Aloysia Johanna Vincentia Ignatia Dominica Franciska de Paula Franciska de Chantal of Saxony: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00038127&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Leopold Johann Joseph Franz Ferdinand Karl Grand Duke of Tuscany, Archduke of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004503&tree=LEO
  8. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 99: Sardinia and United Italy - Kings until the end of the monarchy.

Louise Amelia (?) Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies1,2,3

F, #13789, b. 27 July 1773, d. 19 September 1802
FatherFerdinand/Fernando IV (I) (?) King of Naples, King of Two Sicilies2 b. 18 Jan 1751, d. 4 Jan 1825
MotherMarie Caroline Luise Josephe Johanna Antonie (?) Archduchess of Austria2 b. 13 Aug 1752, d. 8 Sep 1814
Last Edited23 Nov 2004
     Louise Amelia (?) Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies was born on 27 July 1773.1,2,3 She married Ferdinand III (?) Grand Duke of Tuscany, Elector of Salzburg; Archduke of Austria, son of Leopold II (Peter Leopold Joseph) (?) Grand Duke of Tuscany, Holy Roman Emperor and Marie Louise (Luisa, Ludovica) (?) Infanta of Spain, on 19 September 1790 at Vienna, Austria.1,2,3

Louise Amelia (?) Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies died on 19 September 1802 at age 29.1,2,3

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 75. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 76: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 5 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg5.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Leopold Johann Joseph Franz Ferdinand Karl Grand Duke of Tuscany, Archduke of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004503&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.

Maria Theresa Frances (?) Princess of Tuscany, Archduchess of Austria1,2,3

F, #13790, b. 21 March 1801, d. 12 January 1855
FatherFerdinand III (?) Grand Duke of Tuscany, Elector of Salzburg; Archduke of Austria1,2,3 b. 6 May 1769, d. 18 Jun 1824
MotherLouise Amelia (?) Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies1,3 b. 27 Jul 1773, d. 19 Sep 1802
Last Edited23 Nov 2004
     Maria Theresa Frances (?) Princess of Tuscany, Archduchess of Austria was born on 21 March 1801 at Vienna, Austria.1,2,3 She married Carlo Alberto Amedeo (?) 7th Prince of Savoy-Carignano, King of Sardinia, son of Carlo Emanuele Ferdinando (?) 6th Prince of Savoy-Carignano and Maria Cristina (?) Princess of Saxony, on 30 September 1817 at Florence, Tuscany, Italy (now).1,2,3,4

Maria Theresa Frances (?) Princess of Tuscany, Archduchess of Austria died on 12 January 1855 at Turin (Torino), Città Metropolitana di Torino, Piemonte, Italy, at age 53.1,2,3

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 75. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 99: Sardinia and United Italy - Kings until the end of the monarchy. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 5 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg5.html
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Savoy 5 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/savoy/savoy5.html
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Ferdinando Maria Alberto Amedeo Filiberto Vincenzo
    Duke of Genoa, Prince of Savoie: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00015260&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.

Carlo Alberto Amedeo (?) 7th Prince of Savoy-Carignano, King of Sardinia1,2,3

M, #13791, b. 29 October 1798, d. 28 July 1849
FatherCarlo Emanuele Ferdinando (?) 6th Prince of Savoy-Carignano4,2,3,5 b. 24 Oct 1770, d. 16 Aug 1800
MotherMaria Cristina (?) Princess of Saxony2,3,6 b. 7 Dec 1779, d. 24 Nov 1851
Last Edited23 Nov 2004
     Carlo Alberto Amedeo (?) 7th Prince of Savoy-Carignano, King of Sardinia was born on 29 October 1798 at Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France.1,2,7,3 He married Maria Theresa Frances (?) Princess of Tuscany, Archduchess of Austria, daughter of Ferdinand III (?) Grand Duke of Tuscany, Elector of Salzburg; Archduke of Austria and Louise Amelia (?) Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, on 30 September 1817 at Florence, Tuscany, Italy (now).1,2,7,3

Carlo Alberto Amedeo (?) 7th Prince of Savoy-Carignano, King of Sardinia died on 28 July 1849 at Porto at age 50.1,2,7,3
      ; CARLO ALBERTO Amedeo, 7th Principe di Carignano (1800-31), succeeded as King of Sardinia and Duca di Savoia (27.4.1831-23.3.1849) abdicated 23.3.1849, *Paris 29.10.1798, +Porto 28.7.1849; m.Florence 30.9.1817 Archdss Maria Teresa of Austria-Tuscany (*21.3.1801 +12.1.1855.)3 He was 7th Principe di Carignano between 1800 and 1831.3 He was King of Sardinia and Duca di Savoia (27.4.1831-23.3.1849) abdicated 23.3.1849 between 27 April 1831 and 23 March 1849.3

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 75. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 99: Sardinia and United Italy - Kings until the end of the monarchy. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Savoy 5 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/savoy/savoy5.html
  4. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 97: Italy and Sardinia - General survey (House of Savoy).
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Prince Carlo Emanuele de Savoie-Carignan: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00114558&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Maria Christina Albertina Caroline Margaretha Xaveria of Saxony: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00025398&tree=LEO
  7. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 5 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg5.html
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Ferdinando Maria Alberto Amedeo Filiberto Vincenzo
    Duke of Genoa, Prince of Savoie: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00015260&tree=LEO

Vittorio Emanuele II "il Re Galantuomo" (?) Principe del Piemonte, Duca di Savoia, King of Sardinia, King of Italy1,2,3,4

M, #13792, b. 14 March 1820, d. 9 January 1878
FatherCarlo Alberto Amedeo (?) 7th Prince of Savoy-Carignano, King of Sardinia1,5,3 b. 29 Oct 1798, d. 28 Jul 1849
MotherMaria Theresa Frances (?) Princess of Tuscany, Archduchess of Austria1,5,3 b. 21 Mar 1801, d. 12 Jan 1855
Last Edited20 Nov 2004
     Vittorio Emanuele II "il Re Galantuomo" (?) Principe del Piemonte, Duca di Savoia, King of Sardinia, King of Italy was born on 14 March 1820 at Turin (Torino), Città Metropolitana di Torino, Piemonte, Italy (now).1,2,5,6,3,4 He married Adelaide Franziska Marie Raineria Elisabeth Klothilde (?) Archduchess of Austria, daughter of Rainer (?) von Habsburg, Archduke of Austria, Viceroy of Lombardy and Maria Francesca Elisabetta Charlotta Giuseppina (?) Princess of Savoy-Carignano, on 12 April 1842 at Stupinigi
; his 1st wife.1,2,5,6,3,4 Vittorio Emanuele II "il Re Galantuomo" (?) Principe del Piemonte, Duca di Savoia, King of Sardinia, King of Italy married Rosa Teresa Vercellana Contessa di Mirafiori e Fontanafredda on 7 November 1869 at Rome, Città Metropolitana di Roma Capitale, Lazio, Italy (now),
; morganatically; his 2nd wife.3,4
Vittorio Emanuele II "il Re Galantuomo" (?) Principe del Piemonte, Duca di Savoia, King of Sardinia, King of Italy died on 9 January 1878 at Rome, Città Metropolitana di Roma Capitale, Lazio, Italy (now), at age 57.1,2,5,6,3,4
      ; VITTORIO EMANUELE II "il Re Galantuomo", Principe del Piemonte (1831-49), Duca di Savoia (1849-59), King of Sardinia (23.3.1849-17.3.1861) and King of Italy (17.3.1861-9.1.1876), *Turin 14.3.1820, +Rome 9.1.1878; 1m: Stupinigi 12.4.1842 Archdss Adelheid of Austria (*3.6.1822 +20.1.1855); 2m: (morganatically) Rome 7.11.1869 Rosa Teresa Vercellana, cr 11.4.1859 Contessa di Mirafiori e Fontanafredda (*Moncalvo 3.6.1833, +Pisa 27.12.1885); For his descendants see http://genealogy.euweb.cz/savoy/savoy6.html.3 He was Principe del Piemonte between 1831 and 1849.3 He was Duca di Savoia between 1849 and 1859.3 He was King of Sardinia between 23 March 1849 and 17 March 1861.2,5,3 He was King of Italy between 17 March 1861 and 9 January 1876.2,5,3

Family 2

Rosa Teresa Vercellana Contessa di Mirafiori e Fontanafredda b. 3 Jun 1833, d. 27 Dec 1885

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 75. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 76: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Savoy 5 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/savoy/savoy5.html
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Savoy 6 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/savoy/savoy6.html
  5. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 99: Sardinia and United Italy - Kings until the end of the monarchy.
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 5 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg5.html
  7. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 96: Portugal - Ancestors of John V and Charles I.
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Maria Pia de Savoie: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00025336&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.

Adelaide Franziska Marie Raineria Elisabeth Klothilde (?) Archduchess of Austria1,2,3

F, #13793, b. 3 June 1822, d. 20 January 1855
FatherRainer (?) von Habsburg, Archduke of Austria, Viceroy of Lombardy2,3 b. 30 Sep 1783, d. 16 Jan 1853
MotherMaria Francesca Elisabetta Charlotta Giuseppina (?) Princess of Savoy-Carignano2,3 b. 13 Apr 1800, d. 25 Dec 1856
Last Edited20 Nov 2004
     Adelaide Franziska Marie Raineria Elisabeth Klothilde (?) Archduchess of Austria was born on 3 June 1822 at Milan, Città Metropolitana di Milano, Lombardia, Italy.1,2,3 She married Vittorio Emanuele II "il Re Galantuomo" (?) Principe del Piemonte, Duca di Savoia, King of Sardinia, King of Italy, son of Carlo Alberto Amedeo (?) 7th Prince of Savoy-Carignano, King of Sardinia and Maria Theresa Frances (?) Princess of Tuscany, Archduchess of Austria, on 12 April 1842 at Stupinigi
; his 1st wife.1,2,4,3,5,6
Adelaide Franziska Marie Raineria Elisabeth Klothilde (?) Archduchess of Austria died on 20 January 1855 at Turin (Torino), Città Metropolitana di Torino, Piemonte, Italy, at age 32.1,2,3

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 75. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 76: Austria, Bohemia and Hungary - eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 5 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg5.html
  4. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 99: Sardinia and United Italy - Kings until the end of the monarchy.
  5. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Savoy 5 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/savoy/savoy5.html
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Savoy 6 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/savoy/savoy6.html
  7. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 96: Portugal - Ancestors of John V and Charles I.
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Maria Pia de Savoie: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00025336&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.

Umberto I (?) Principe del Piemonte, King of Italy1,2

M, #13794, b. 14 March 1844, d. 29 July 1900
FatherVittorio Emanuele II "il Re Galantuomo" (?) Principe del Piemonte, Duca di Savoia, King of Sardinia, King of Italy1,2 b. 14 Mar 1820, d. 9 Jan 1878
MotherAdelaide Franziska Marie Raineria Elisabeth Klothilde (?) Archduchess of Austria1,2 b. 3 Jun 1822, d. 20 Jan 1855
Last Edited18 Sep 2004
     Umberto I (?) Principe del Piemonte, King of Italy was born on 14 March 1844 at Turin (Torino), Città Metropolitana di Torino, Piemonte, Italy (now).1,3,2 He married Margherita Maria Teresa Giovanna (?) de Savoie, daughter of Ferdinando Maria Alberto Amedeo Filiberto Vincenzo (?) Prince of Savoy, Duke of Genoa, King of Sicily and Maria Elisabeth (?) Princess of Saxony, on 22 April 1868 at Turin (Torino), Città Metropolitana di Torino, Piemonte, Italy (now).4,2

Umberto I (?) Principe del Piemonte, King of Italy died on 29 July 1900 at Monza at age 56; murdered/assassinated.1,3,2
      ; [1m.] UMBERTO I Rainerio Carlo Emanuele Giovanni Maria Ferdinando Eugenio, Principe del Piemonte (1849-78), King of Italy (1878-1900), *Turin 14.3.1844, +assassinated at Monza 29.7.1900; m.Turin 22.4.1868 Pss Margherita of Savoy (*20.11.1851 +4.1.1926.)2 He was King of Italy between 1878 and 1900.3,2

Family

Margherita Maria Teresa Giovanna (?) de Savoie b. 20 Nov 1851, d. 4 Jan 1926

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 75. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Savoy 6 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/savoy/savoy6.html
  3. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 99: Sardinia and United Italy - Kings until the end of the monarchy. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Savoy 5 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/savoy/savoy5.html

Princess Sophia Dorothea (?) of Great Britain1,2,3,4

F, #13795, b. circa 16 March 1687, d. 28 June 1757
FatherGeorge I (?) King of Great Britain, Elector of Hanover1,5,3,6,4 b. 28 May 1660, d. 11 Jun 1727
MotherSophia Dorothea (?) Princess of Brunswick-Zell1,5,3,7,4 b. 10 Sep 1666, d. 13 Nov 1726
Last Edited7 Nov 2004
     Princess Sophia Dorothea (?) of Great Britain was born circa 16 March 1687 at Hanover, Stadtkreis Braunschweig, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany (now); Louda & Maclagan say b. 1687; Charlemagne Desc. (I:82) says b. ca 16 March 1686; Genealogy.EU (Welf 7 page) says b. 16/26 March 1687.1,5,3,4 She married Friedrich Wilhelm I (?) King of Prussia, son of Friedrich III-I Wilhelm (?) Elector of Brandenburg, King of Prussia and Sophia Charlotte (?) Princess von Hannover, Dss von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, on 28 November 1706 at Berlin, Saxony, Germany (now),
; Genealogy.EU (Welf 7 page) says m. 17 Nov 1706.1,5,8,2,3,4
Princess Sophia Dorothea (?) of Great Britain died on 28 June 1757 at Schloß Monbijou, near Berlin, Saxony, Germany (now).1,5,3,4
      ; per Leo van de Pas: "She married her first cousin who loved her all his life. However, when he was affected by porphyria she pretended that she feared him, even though he would never hit her nor any officer, though anyone else was fair game. She also disliked the simple life he had forced upon her, for as a Queen she expected a court, and moreover, a Court which held many balls.

She liked to gossip, was a bore and a snob and, as the daughter of an English king, looked down on the Hohenzollerns. She turned her children against their father and created in her own apartments a far more civilized environment which her children loved. She indulged in politics and her main aim was for the 'English marriages', specifically that her children, Wilhelmine and Friedrich, would be married to the Prince of Wales and Princess Amelia. However, neither took place as her husband opposed them for the simple reason that the two fathers loathed each other. Lord Hervey described the feelings of George II for his sister as 'he had the contempt for her she deserved and a hatred she did not deserve'.

One positive thing about her was her attempts to have her mother, the Prisoner of Ahlden, released; and in this she almost succeeded. However, she was no support to either her husband or children. After her husband's death, she retired to the small palace of Montbijou in Berlin. Even though her son, the new king, visited her almost daily, she had no political influence."4

; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Burke's Guide to the Royal Family London, 1973 , Reference: page 209.
2. Les 256 quartiers genealogiques de Jacques Henri VI, chef de la maison de France, 1980., Charles Vollet, Reference: 375.4

Family

Friedrich Wilhelm I (?) King of Prussia b. 15 Aug 1688, d. 31 May 1740
Children

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 82. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Hohenzollern 3 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz3.html
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Welf 7 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/welf/welf7.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Sophie Dorothea von Hannover: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008889&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 8: Great Britain - House of Hanover. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, George Ludwig: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000192&tree=LEO
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Sophie Dorothea of Brunswick-Celle: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000325&tree=LEO
  8. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 82: Prussia - First Kings.
  9. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), pp. 337-338. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  10. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008577&tree=LEO
  11. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Prince August Wilhelm of Prussia: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008573&tree=LEO

Friedrich Wilhelm I (?) King of Prussia1,2,3

M, #13796, b. 15 August 1688, d. 31 May 1740
FatherFriedrich III-I Wilhelm (?) Elector of Brandenburg, King of Prussia4,5,2,3,6 b. 11 Jul 1657, d. 25 Feb 1713
MotherSophia Charlotte (?) Princess von Hannover, Dss von Braunschweig-Lüneburg7,5,2,3,8 b. 20 Oct 1668, d. 1 Feb 1705
Last Edited12 Nov 2004
     Friedrich Wilhelm I (?) King of Prussia was born on 15 August 1688 at Berlin, Saxony, Germany (now).1,5,2,3 He married Princess Sophia Dorothea (?) of Great Britain, daughter of George I (?) King of Great Britain, Elector of Hanover and Sophia Dorothea (?) Princess of Brunswick-Zell, on 28 November 1706 at Berlin, Saxony, Germany (now),
; Genealogy.EU (Welf 7 page) says m. 17 Nov 1706.1,5,2,3,9,10
Friedrich Wilhelm I (?) King of Prussia died on 31 May 1740 at Berlin, Saxony, Germany (now), at age 51.1,5,2,3
      ; King FRIEDRICH WILHELM I of Prussia (1713-40), *Berlin 14/15.8.1688, +Berlin 31.5.1740, bur Potsdam; m.Berlin 28.11.1706 Pss Sophia Dorothea of Great Britain, Ireland and Hannover (*26.3.1687 +28.6.1757.)3 He was King of Prussia, FREDERICK WILLIAM I laid the foundation of the future power of Prussia. Maintenance of a standing army of 83,000 men, with a population of 2.5 million inhabitants. between 1713 and 1740.7,2,3

Family

Princess Sophia Dorothea (?) of Great Britain b. c 16 Mar 1687, d. 28 Jun 1757
Children

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 82. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 82: Prussia - First Kings. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Hohenzollern 3 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz3.html
  4. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 338. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  5. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 8: Great Britain - House of Hanover.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Friedrich III-I: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008571&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  7. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed., pp. 337-338.
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Sophie Charlotte von Hannover: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008890&tree=LEO
  9. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Welf 7 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/welf/welf7.html
  10. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Sophie Dorothea von Hannover: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008889&tree=LEO
  11. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008577&tree=LEO
  12. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Prince August Wilhelm of Prussia: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008573&tree=LEO

Augustus Wilhelm (?) Prince of Prussia1,2,3,4

M, #13797, b. 9 August 1722, d. 12 June 1758
FatherFriedrich Wilhelm I (?) King of Prussia1,2,3,4 b. 15 Aug 1688, d. 31 May 1740
MotherPrincess Sophia Dorothea (?) of Great Britain1,3,4,5 b. c 16 Mar 1687, d. 28 Jun 1757
Last Edited7 Nov 2004
     Augustus Wilhelm (?) Prince of Prussia was born on 9 August 1722 at Berlin, Saxony, Germany (now).1,2,3,4 He married Luise Amalie (?) Princess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, daughter of Ferdinand Albrecht II (?) Duke of Brunschweig-Wolfenbütel and Antoinette Amelie (?) Princess von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, on 6 January 1742 at Berlin, Saxony, Germany (now).1,2,3,6,7,4

Augustus Wilhelm (?) Prince of Prussia died on 12 June 1758 at Oranienburg, Saxony, Germany (now), at age 35.1,2,3,4
      ; Born in 1722 he was his parent's eleventh child and second son to survive. He was also ten years younger than Friedrich, the future Frederick the Great. Friedrich, according to their father, liked anything French too much and as a result preferred four-year-old August Wilhelm. Their father, Friedrich Wilhelm I, maintained that: 'I wouldn't put much money on any of my children but I think this one will be a gentleman.' It was even rumoured that Friedrich Wilhelm I wanted to disinherit Friedrich in favour of August Wilhelm.

In 1740 their father died and as a result Friedrich II became Prussia's new king. In 1741 Friedrich II was advancing into Silesia when, the night before the battle, he realised that he might meet his death. He wrote to August Wilhelm, as he was his heir: 'I recommend to you, in dying, those whom I loved the most in life: Keyserling, Jordan, Wartensleben, Hacke who is a very honest man, Fredersdorf and Eichel in whom you can have confidence. Do not forget a brother who has loved you tenderly.'

On 6 January 1742 August Wilhelm married Princess Luise of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and they produced four children. In 1744 Friedrich II gave August Wilhelm Wusterhausen as a home. The ten surviving brothers and sisters were unusually close but August Wilhelm surrounded himself by the elements of Berlin society hostile to Friedrich II. Although the king continued to love his brother, he nevertheless kept an eye on his friends. In return August Wilhelm resented some of Friedrich II's generals and, by ignoring the advice of Winterfeldt, caused Zittau to be destroyed by their enemies.

In June 1758 Friedrich II was besieging Olmütz when, on the 16th, he told Henri de Catt that he always dreaded the 18th of June and that he had dreamt seeing his father with Princess Wilhelmine and Prince August Wilhelm. On the 18th of June a messenger arrived with the news that August Wilhelm had died on the 12th of June. When the king asked 'What of?' the reply was 'Of grief'. The king cried bitterly maintaining that August Wilhelm had made things difficult for him but blaming his friends.

The post-mortem showed that the thirty-five-year-old prince had a tumour on the brain. On 14 October 1758 their sister Wilhelmine died.4

; August Wilhelm, *Berlin 9.8.1722, +Oranienburg 12.6.1758; m.Berlin 6.1.1742 Dss Luise von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (*Wolfenbüttel 29.1.1722 +Berlin 13.1.1780); for his issue, see http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz4.html.3

; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. L'Allemagne dynastique , Huberty, Giraud, Magdelaine, Reference: vol V page 162
2. The Royal House of Stuart London, 1969,1971,1976. , A. C. Addington, Reference: page 290.4

Family

Luise Amalie (?) Princess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel b. 29 Jan 1722, d. 13 Jan 1780
Child

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 82. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 82: Prussia - First Kings. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Hohenzollern 3 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz3.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Prince August Wilhelm of Prussia: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008573&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Sophie Dorothea von Hannover: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008889&tree=LEO
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Welf 6 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/welf/welf6.html
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Luise Amalie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00010515&tree=LEO
  8. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I, p. 83.
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Friedrich Wilhelm II: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005896&tree=LEO

Luise Amalie (?) Princess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel1,2,3,4,5

F, #13798, b. 29 January 1722, d. 13 January 1780
FatherFerdinand Albrecht II (?) Duke of Brunschweig-Wolfenbütel1,2,3,4,6,5 b. 29 May 1680, d. 3 Sep 1735
MotherAntoinette Amelie (?) Princess von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel7,4,8,5 b. 14 Apr 1696, d. 6 Mar 1762
Last Edited4 Nov 2004
     Luise Amalie (?) Princess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel was born on 29 January 1722 at Schloß Bevern, Bevern, Wolfenbüttel, Germany (now).1,3,9,4,5 She married Augustus Wilhelm (?) Prince of Prussia, son of Friedrich Wilhelm I (?) King of Prussia and Princess Sophia Dorothea (?) of Great Britain, on 6 January 1742 at Berlin, Saxony, Germany (now).1,3,9,4,5,10

Luise Amalie (?) Princess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel died on 13 January 1780 at Berlin, Saxony, Germany (now), at age 57.1,2,3,9,4,5
      ; Luise Amalie, *Schloss Bevern 29.1.1722, +Berlin 13.1.1780; m.Berlin 6.1.1742 Pr August Wilhelm of Prussia (+12.6.1758.)4

; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Ancestors Juliana, Q. of The Netherlands Jaarboek Centraal Bureau Genealogie Den Haag, Reference: ancestor 73
2. L'Allemagne dynastique , Huberty, Giraud, Magdelaine, Reference: vol III page 92.5

Family

Augustus Wilhelm (?) Prince of Prussia b. 9 Aug 1722, d. 12 Jun 1758
Child

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 82. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 37: Netherlands - Ancestors of William III, Prince of Orange, and King William I. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 82: Prussia - First Kings.
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Welf 6 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/welf/welf6.html
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Luise Amalie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00010515&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Ferdinand Albrecht II Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008519&tree=LEO
  7. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I, p. 82-83.
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Antoinette Amalie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008520&tree=LEO
  9. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Hohenzollern 3 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz3.html
  10. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Prince August Wilhelm of Prussia: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008573&tree=LEO
  11. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I, p. 83.
  12. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Friedrich Wilhelm II: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005896&tree=LEO

Ferdinand Albrecht II (?) Duke of Brunschweig-Wolfenbütel1

M, #13799, b. 29 May 1680, d. 3 September 1735
FatherFerdinand Albrecht I (?) Duke von Braunschweig-Bevern2,3,4,5 b. 22 May 1636, d. 23 Apr 1687
MotherChristine (?) Landgräfin of Hessen-Eschwege3,4,6 b. 30 Oct 1648, d. 18 Mar 1702
Last Edited20 Nov 2004
     Ferdinand Albrecht II (?) Duke of Brunschweig-Wolfenbütel was born on 29 May 1680 at Bevern, Germany (now).7,4,3 He married Antoinette Amelie (?) Princess von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, daughter of Ludwig Rudolf (?) Duke of Blankenburg, of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and Christine Louise (?) Princesszu Oettingen-Oettingen, on 15 October 1712 at Braunschweig, Stadtkreis Braunschweig, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany (now).8,7,3,9,4

Ferdinand Albrecht II (?) Duke of Brunschweig-Wolfenbütel died on 3 September 1735 at Salzdahlem, Germany (now), at age 55.7,2,4,3
      ; Duke Ferdinand Albrecht II of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1704-35), *Bevern 19/29.5.1680, +Salzdahlum 3/13.9.1735; m.Braunschweig 15.10.1712 Antoinette Amalie of Braunschweig-Blankenberg (*14/24.4.1696 +6.3.1762.)3 He was Duke of Brunswick-Bevern.7

; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, 4 volumes, Marburg, 1953, 1975., W. K. Prinz von Isenburg, Reference: I 73
2. Ancestors Juliana, Q. of The Netherlands Jaarboek Centraal Bureau Genealogie Den Haag, Reference: 146
3. L'Allemagne dynastique , Huberty, Giraud, Magdelaine, Reference: III 65
4. Les 256 quartiers genealogiques de Jacques Henri VI, chef de la maison de France, 1980., Charles Vollet, Reference: 226.4 Ferdinand Albrecht II (?) Duke of Brunschweig-Wolfenbütel was also known as Ferdinand Albrecht II (?) Duke of Brunswick-Bevern.7,3,4 Ferdinand Albrecht II (?) Duke of Brunschweig-Wolfenbütel was also known as Ferdinand Albert (?) Duke of Brunswick-Bevern.10,7,2 He was Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel between 1704 and 1735.2,3

Family 2

Child

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 20: Denmark and Norway - House of Oldenburg in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 85: Brunswick and Hanover - General Survey (House of Guelph).
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Welf 6 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/welf/welf6.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Ferdinand Albrecht II Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008519&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Ferdinand Albrecht I: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008517&tree=LEO
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Landgräfin Christine von Hessen-Eschwege: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008518&tree=LEO
  7. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 37: Netherlands - Ancestors of William III, Prince of Orange, and King William I.
  8. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 82-83. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Antoinette Amalie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008520&tree=LEO
  10. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I, p. 82.
  11. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Karl I: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008930&tree=LEO
  12. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 82: Prussia - First Kings.
  13. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Luise Amalie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00010515&tree=LEO
  14. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 11: Great Britain - Ancestors of Queen Victoria, Elizabeth II and Prince Philip.
  15. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Sophie Antonie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004476&tree=LEO
  16. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Juliane Marie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005865&tree=LEO

Antoinette Amelie (?) Princess von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel1,2,3,4

F, #13800, b. 14 April 1696, d. 6 March 1762
FatherLudwig Rudolf (?) Duke of Blankenburg, of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel3,5,4 b. 22 Jul 1671, d. 1 Mar 1735
MotherChristine Louise (?) Princesszu Oettingen-Oettingen3,6,4 b. 20 Mar 1671, d. 3 Sep 1747
Last Edited20 Nov 2004
     Antoinette Amelie (?) Princess von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel was born on 14 April 1696 at Wolfenbüttel, Germany (now).2,3,4 She married Ferdinand Albrecht II (?) Duke of Brunschweig-Wolfenbütel, son of Ferdinand Albrecht I (?) Duke von Braunschweig-Bevern and Christine (?) Landgräfin of Hessen-Eschwege, on 15 October 1712 at Braunschweig, Stadtkreis Braunschweig, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany (now).1,2,3,4,7

Antoinette Amelie (?) Princess von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel died on 6 March 1762 at Braunschweig, Stadtkreis Braunschweig, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany (now), at age 65.2,3,4
      ; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. L'Allemagne dynastique , Huberty, Giraud, Magdelaine, Reference: III 91
2. Ancestors Juliana, Q. of The Netherlands Jaarboek Centraal Bureau Genealogie Den Haag, Reference: 147
3. Les 256 quartiers genealogiques de Jacques Henri VI, chef de la maison de France, 1980., Charles Vollet, Reference: 227.4

; Antoinette Amalie, *Wolfenbüttel 14/24.4.1696, +Braunschweig 6.3.1762; m.Braunschweig 15.10.1712 Duke Ferdinand Albrecht II of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (*19/29.5.1680 +3/13.9.1735.)3

Family

Ferdinand Albrecht II (?) Duke of Brunschweig-Wolfenbütel b. 29 May 1680, d. 3 Sep 1735
Children

Citations

  1. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 82-83. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 37: Netherlands - Ancestors of William III, Prince of Orange, and King William I. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Welf 6 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/welf/welf6.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Antoinette Amalie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008520&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Ludwig Rudolf: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004088&tree=LEO
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Christine Luise zu Oettingen-Oettingen: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004089&tree=LEO
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Ferdinand Albrecht II Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008519&tree=LEO
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Karl I: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008930&tree=LEO
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Luise Amalie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00010515&tree=LEO
  10. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Sophie Antonie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004476&tree=LEO
  11. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Juliane Marie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005865&tree=LEO