Jeanne de Laval1

F, #12991, b. 1433, d. 1498
FatherGuy XIV (?) de Montfort-la-Cane, Cte de Laval1 b. 1406, d. 2 Sep 1486
MotherIsabelle (?) de Bretagne1 b. 1411, d. 1442
Last Edited26 Oct 2003
     Jeanne de Laval was born in 1433.1 She married Rene (?) Duc d'Anjou, King of Sicily and Naples, Duc de Lorraine, son of Louis II (?) Duc d'Anjou, King of Naples and Violante/Yolanda (?) of Aragon, Bss de Lunel, in 1454; his 2nd wife.1
Jeanne de Laval died in 1498 at Chateau de Beaufort; buried there.1
     ; Jeanne (*1433, +Chateau de Beaufort 1498, bur there) dau.of Cte Guy XIV de Laval.1

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 24 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet24.html

Margarete (?) Prinzessin von der Pfalz1,2,3

F, #12992, b. 1376, d. 26 August 1434
FatherRupert/Ruprecht III gennant Clem (?) Pfgf bei Rhein, Duke of Bavaria, Emperor of Germany4,6,1,2,3 b. 5 May 1352, d. 18 May 1410
MotherElisabeth (?) Burggräfin von Nürnberg4,5,2,3 b. 1358, d. 26 Jul 1411
Last Edited24 Nov 2004
     Margarete (?) Prinzessin von der Pfalz was born in 1376.4,1,2,3 She married Charles I (?) Duc de Lorraine, son of Jean I (?) Duc de Lorraine and Sofie (?) Countess of Württemberg, in 1394.1,7,2
Margarete (?) Prinzessin von der Pfalz died on 26 August 1434 at Nancy, Lorraine, France (now).4,1,2,3
     ; Margarete, *1376, +Nancy 27.8.1434, bur St.George, Nancy; m.1393 Duke Charles I of Lorraine (*1364 +1431.)2

; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, 4 volumes, Marburg, 1953, 1975., W. K. Prinz von Isenburg, Reference: vol I page 31.
2. Cahiers de Saint Louis Magazine. , Jacques Dupont, Jacques Saillot, Reference: page 363.3 She was Prinzessin von der Pfalz.8 Margarete (?) Prinzessin von der Pfalz was also known as Margrete (?) Countess Palatine.4

; Weis [MCS] line 17C-10.8

Family

Charles I (?) Duc de Lorraine b. 1364, d. 25 Jan 1431
Children

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Lorraine 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/lorraine/lorraine2.html
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Wittel 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wittel/wittel2.html1
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Margarete bei Rhein: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004900&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S1451] Graphical Index to the Ancestry of Charles II: Table I - Ancestors of Charles II, King of Great Britain (1630-1685), online http://fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/Gen1-6.htm, http://fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/9-12/25/415.htm. Hereinafter cited as Ancestors of Charles II.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Burggräfin Elisabeth von Nürnberg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004898&tree=LEO
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Ruprecht III genannt Clem: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004897&tree=LEO
  7. [S1451] Ancestors of Charles II, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/Gen1-6.htm, http://fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/5-10/25.htm
  8. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-10, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.

Margarete (?) Markgraefin von Baden1

F, #12993, b. 1431, d. 24 October 1457
FatherJakob I (?) Markgraf von Baden1 b. 15 Mar 1407, d. 13 Oct 1453
MotherCatherine (?) de Lorraine1 b. c 1411, d. 1 Mar 1439
Last Edited2 Jul 2003
     Margarete (?) Markgraefin von Baden was born in 1431.2,1 She married Albrecht III Achilles (?) Elector of Brandenburg, son of Friedrich I/VI (?) Elector of Brandenburg, Kurfürst von Brandenburg and Elisabeth (?) Von Bayern-Landshut, on 12 November 1446 at Ansbach, Brandenburg, Germany (now).2,1,3
Margarete (?) Markgraefin von Baden died on 24 October 1457 at Ansbach, Brandenburg, Germany (now).2,1
     She was Markgraefin von Baden.2

Family

Albrecht III Achilles (?) Elector of Brandenburg b. 24 Nov 1414, d. 11 Mar 1486
Child

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Baden 2 page (The House of Zähringen): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/baden/baden2.html
  2. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-11, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Hohenz 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz2.html

Albrecht III Achilles (?) Elector of Brandenburg1

M, #12994, b. 24 November 1414, d. 11 March 1486
FatherFriedrich I/VI (?) Elector of Brandenburg, Kurfürst von Brandenburg1,2 b. 1371, d. 21 Sep 1440
MotherElisabeth (?) Von Bayern-Landshut1 b. 1383, d. 13 Nov 1442
Last Edited19 Nov 2004
     Albrecht III Achilles (?) Elector of Brandenburg was born on 24 November 1414 at Tangermünde, Brandenburg, Germany (now).3,1 He married Margarete (?) Markgraefin von Baden, daughter of Jakob I (?) Markgraf von Baden and Catherine (?) de Lorraine, on 12 November 1446 at Ansbach, Brandenburg, Germany (now).3,4,1 Albrecht III Achilles (?) Elector of Brandenburg married Anna (?) Duchess of Saxony, daughter of Friedrich II 'der Sanftmütige' (?) Elector of Saxony and Margarethe (?) of Hapsburg, on 12 November 1458 at Ansbach, Brandenburg, Germany (now).5,1,6
Albrecht III Achilles (?) Elector of Brandenburg died on 11 March 1486 at Frankfurt am Main, Germany (now), at age 71.3,1
     ; Albrecht III Achilles in Ansbach 1440, in Bayreuth 1457, Elector of Brandenburg (1470-86), *Tangermünde 29.11.1414, +Frankfurt am Main 11.3.1486, bur Heilsbronn; he laid down the family rule rare among German families, the key to its future success, that Brandenburg would never be divided, but always inherited by the eldest son, and that the territories of Ansbach and Bayreuth could be given to younger sons, but not further subdivided; 1m: Ansbach/Pforzheim 12.11.1446 Margarete von Baden (*ca 1431 +24.10.1457); 2m: Ansbach 24.10.1457/1458 Pss Anna of Saxony (*7.3.1437 +31.10.1512.)1 He was Elector of Brandenburg (Kurfuerst von Brandenburg) between 1470 and 1486.3,1

Family 1

Margarete (?) Markgraefin von Baden b. 1431, d. 24 Oct 1457
Child

Family 2

Anna (?) Duchess of Saxony b. 7 Mar 1437, d. 31 Oct 1512
Children

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Hohenz 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz2.html
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Friedrich I: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013486&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-11, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Baden 2 page (The House of Zähringen): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/baden/baden2.html
  5. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Wettin 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wettin/wettin2.html
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Duchess Anna of Saxony: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013490&tree=LEO
  7. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Hohenzollern 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz2.html
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Markgräfin Barbara von Brandenburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00030657&tree=LEO
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Markgräfin Sibylle von Brandenburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00021644&tree=LEO

Friedrich I/VI (?) Elector of Brandenburg, Kurfürst von Brandenburg1,2

M, #12995, b. 1371, d. 21 September 1440
FatherFriedrich V (?) Burggraf von Nurnberg3,1,2 b. b 3 Mar 1333, d. 21 Jan 1398
MotherElisabeth (?) von Meissen1,4,2 b. 22 Nov 1329, d. 21 Apr 1375
Last Edited19 Nov 2004
     Friedrich I/VI (?) Elector of Brandenburg, Kurfürst von Brandenburg was born in 1371 at Nürnberg, Brandenburg, Germany (now).1,2 He married Elisabeth (?) Von Bayern-Landshut, daughter of Friedrich II 'the Wise' (?) Duke von Bayern-Landshut and Maddalena Visconti, on 18 September 1401 at Schongau am Lech, Germany (now).5,1,2
Friedrich I/VI (?) Elector of Brandenburg, Kurfürst von Brandenburg died on 21 September 1440 at Schloß Kadolzburg, Germany (now).1,2
     ; Bggf Friedrich VI von Nürnberg (1398-1412), Elector of Brandenburg (1412-40) as Friedrich I, *Nürnberg 1371, +Schloss Kadolzburg 21.9.1440, bur Kloster Heilsbronn; in 1411 Emperor Sigismund pawned the Mark of Brandenburg to him, unable to redeem it, the Emperor installed Friedrich as Friedrich I, Margrave and Elector of Brandenburg; m.Schöngau am Lech 18.9.1401 Pss Elisabeth of Bavaria-Landshut (*1383 +13.11.1442); they had issue.6

; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag Marburg., Detlev Schwennicke, Editor, Reference: I.1 129
2. Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, 4 volumes, Marburg, 1953, 1975., W. K. Prinz von Isenburg, Reference: I 60
3. The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales Edinburgh, 1977., Gerald Paget, Reference: O 23043
4. The Royal House of Stuart London, 1969,1971,1976. , A. C. Addington, Reference: III 109.1

; Bggf Friedrich VI von Nürnberg (1398-1412), Elector of Brandenburg (1412-40), *1371, +Schloss Kadolzburg 1440, bur Kloster Heilsbronn; m.1401 Pss Elisabeth of Bavaria-Landshut (*1383 +1442); for their descendants see http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz2.html.2

; Weis [MCS] line 17C-11.5 He was Burggraf von Nürnberg between 1398 and 1412.2 He was Elector of Brandenburg between 1412 and 1441.5,2

Family

Elisabeth (?) Von Bayern-Landshut b. 1383, d. 13 Nov 1442
Children

Citations

  1. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Friedrich I: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013486&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Hohenzollern 1 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz1.html
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Friedrich V: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013481&tree=LEO
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Elisabeth von Meissen: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013482&tree=LEO
  5. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-11, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Hohenzollern 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz2.html
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Markgräfin Elisabeth von Brandenburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013502&tree=LEO
  8. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Piast 5 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/piast/piast5.html
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Markgräfin Caecilie von Brandenburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013497&tree=LEO
  10. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Johann 'der Alchimist': http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00023868&tree=LEO
  11. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Hohenz 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz2.html
  12. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Markgräfin Magdalene von Brandenburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00015334&tree=LEO
  13. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Friedrich II: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013503&tree=LEO
  14. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Markgräfin Dorothea von Brandenburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013501&tree=LEO

Elisabeth (?) Von Bayern-Landshut1

F, #12996, b. 1383, d. 13 November 1442
FatherFriedrich II 'the Wise' (?) Duke von Bayern-Landshut1 b. c 1339, d. 14 Dec 1393
MotherMaddalena Visconti1,2 b. c 1366, d. 17 Jul 1404
Last Edited26 Nov 2004
     Elisabeth (?) Von Bayern-Landshut was born in 1383.1 She married Friedrich I/VI (?) Elector of Brandenburg, Kurfürst von Brandenburg, son of Friedrich V (?) Burggraf von Nurnberg and Elisabeth (?) von Meissen, on 18 September 1401 at Schongau am Lech, Germany (now).3,4,5
Elisabeth (?) Von Bayern-Landshut died on 13 November 1442 at Ansbach, Brandenburg, Germany (now).1
     ; Elisabeth, *1383, +Ansbach 13.11.1442, bur Heilsbronn; m.Schongau 1401 Elector Friedrich I of Brandenburg (*1371 +1440.)1

; Weis MCS line 17C-11.3

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Wittel 9 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wittel/wittel9.html
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Maddalena Visconti: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005174&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-11, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Friedrich I: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013486&tree=LEO
  5. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Hohenzollern 1 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz1.html
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Markgräfin Elisabeth von Brandenburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013502&tree=LEO
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Markgräfin Caecilie von Brandenburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013497&tree=LEO
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Johann 'der Alchimist': http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00023868&tree=LEO
  9. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Hohenzollern 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz2.html
  10. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Hohenz 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz2.html
  11. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Markgräfin Magdalene von Brandenburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00015334&tree=LEO
  12. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Friedrich II: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013503&tree=LEO
  13. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Markgräfin Dorothea von Brandenburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013501&tree=LEO

Johann Cicero (?) Elector of Brandenburg

M, #12997, b. 2 August 1455, d. 9 January 1499
FatherAlbrecht III Achilles (?) Elector of Brandenburg1 b. 24 Nov 1414, d. 11 Mar 1486
MotherMargarete (?) Markgraefin von Baden b. 1431, d. 24 Oct 1457
Last Edited1 Nov 2004
     Johann Cicero (?) Elector of Brandenburg was born on 2 August 1455 at Ansbach, Brandenburg, Germany (now).2,1 He married Margarete (?) Herzogin von Sachsen, daughter of Wilhelm III 'der Tapfere' (?) Duke of Saxony, Landgrave of Thuringia and Anna (?) Erzherzogin von Oesterreich, on 25 August 1476 at Berlin, Germany (now).2,1,3,4
Johann Cicero (?) Elector of Brandenburg died on 9 January 1499 at Schloß Arneburg, Brandenburg, Germany (now), at age 43.2,1
     ; Johann Cicero, Elector of Brandenburg (1486-99), *Ansbach 2.8.1455, +Schloss Arneburg 9.1.1499, bur Berlin Dom; m.Berlin 25.8.1476 Pss Margarete of Saxony (*1449 +13.7.1501.)1

; "...from this marriage descend all later Electors of Brandenburg, Kings of Prussia, and Emperors of Germany."2 He was Elector of Brandenburg between 1486 and 1499.2,1

Family

Margarete (?) Herzogin von Sachsen b. 1449, d. 13 Jul 1501
Children

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Hohenzollern 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz2.html
  2. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-12, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Wettin 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wettin/wettin2.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Margarete of Saxony: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004544&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 91: Brandenburg - House of Hohenzollern in the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Hohenz 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz2.html

Margarete (?) Herzogin von Sachsen1,2

F, #12998, b. 1449, d. 13 July 1501
FatherWilhelm III 'der Tapfere' (?) Duke of Saxony, Landgrave of Thuringia1,3,2 b. 30 Apr 1425, d. 17 Sep 1482
MotherAnna (?) Erzherzogin von Oesterreich1,2 b. 12 Apr 1432, d. 14 Nov 1462
Last Edited19 Nov 2004
     Margarete (?) Herzogin von Sachsen was born in 1449 at Weimar, Germany (now).4,1,2 She married Johann Cicero (?) Elector of Brandenburg, son of Albrecht III Achilles (?) Elector of Brandenburg and Margarete (?) Markgraefin von Baden, on 25 August 1476 at Berlin, Germany (now).4,5,1,2
Margarete (?) Herzogin von Sachsen died on 13 July 1501 at Spandau, Germany (now).4,1,2
     ; Margarete, *Weimar 1449, +Spandau 13.7.1501, bur Berlin Dom; m.Berlin 26.8.1476 Johann Cicero, Elector von Brandenburg (*1455 +9.1.1499.)1

; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Cahiers de Saint Louis Magazine. , Jacques Dupont, Jacques Saillot, Reference: page 245.
2. The Royal House of Stuart London, 1969,1971,1976. , A. C. Addington, Reference: vol III page 103.
3. Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, 4 volumes, Marburg, 1953, 1975., W. K. Prinz von Isenburg, Reference: vol I.2 She was Herzogin (Duchess) von Sachsen.4

Family

Johann Cicero (?) Elector of Brandenburg b. 2 Aug 1455, d. 9 Jan 1499
Children

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Wettin 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wettin/wettin2.html
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Margarete of Saxony: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004544&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Wilhelm III 'der Tapfere': http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005055&tree=LEO
  4. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-12, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  5. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Hohenzollern 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz2.html
  6. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 91: Brandenburg - House of Hohenzollern in the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  7. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Hohenz 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz2.html

Heinrich V "the Pious"/"der Fromme" (?) Duke of Saxony1,2,3

M, #12999, b. 16 March 1473, d. 18 August 1541
FatherAlbrecht III (?) Duke of Saxony, Margrave of Meissen1,4,2,3 b. 31 Jul 1443, d. 12 Sep 1500
MotherSidonia (?) of Bohemia5,3 b. 14 Nov 1449, d. 1 Feb 1510
Last Edited21 Nov 2004
     Heinrich V "the Pious"/"der Fromme" (?) Duke of Saxony was born on 16 March 1473 at Dresden, Saxony, Germany (now).2,3 He married Katharina (?) Duchess von Mecklenburg-Schwerin, daughter of Magnus II (?) Duke von Mecklenburg-Schwerin und Güstrow and Sophie (?) von Pommern-Wolgast/Stettin, on 6 July 1512 at Freiburg, Germany (now).6,3
Heinrich V "the Pious"/"der Fromme" (?) Duke of Saxony died on 18 August 1541 at Dresden, Saxony, Germany (now), at age 68.1,2,3
     ; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales Edinburgh, 1977., Gerald Paget, Reference: vol I page 296
2. Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, 4 volumes, Marburg, 1953, 1975., W. K. Prinz von Isenburg, Reference: vol I page 54
3. Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels Fürstliche Häuser , Reference: 1956.2

; Duke HEINRICH V "der Fromme" of Saxony, *Dresden 16.3.1473, +Dresden 18.8.1541, bur Freiberg; m.Freiberg 6.7.1512 Dss Katharina von Mecklenburg (*1487, +6.6.Torgau 1561, bur Freiberg.)3

Family

Katharina (?) Duchess von Mecklenburg-Schwerin b. 1487, d. 6 Jun 1561
Children

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 87: Saxony - General Survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Heinrich V 'the Pious': http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013816&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Wettin 10 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wettin/wettin10.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Albrecht III: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013775&tree=LEO
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Sidonia of Bohemia: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013776&tree=LEO
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Duchess Katharina von Mecklenburg-Schwerin: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00023716&tree=LEO
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Duchess Sibylle of Saxony: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00014950&tree=LEO
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Duchess Emilie of Saxony: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00023718&tree=LEO
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Moritz: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00003733&tree=LEO
  10. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, August: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004935&tree=LEO

Anna (?) Erzherzogin von Oesterreich

F, #13000, b. 12 April 1432, d. 14 November 1462
FatherAlbert V/II (?) King of Hungary & Bohemia, Holy Roman Emperor1,2,3,4,5 b. 16 Aug 1397, d. 27 Oct 1439
MotherElizabeth (?) de Luxembourg, Princess of Bohemia and Hungary1,2,6,4,5 b. b 27 Nov 1409, d. 19 Dec 1442
Last Edited19 Nov 2004
     Anna (?) Erzherzogin von Oesterreich was born on 12 April 1432 at Vienna, Austria.2,4,5 She married Wilhelm III 'der Tapfere' (?) Duke of Saxony, Landgrave of Thuringia, son of Friedrich I 'der Streitbare' (?) Elector of Saxony, Markgraf von Meissen, Landgraf von Thuringen and Katharina (?) von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, on 20 June 1446 at Jena, Germany (now); his 1st wife.1,2,4,5,7,8,9
Anna (?) Erzherzogin von Oesterreich died on 14 November 1462 at Eckartsberga, Thuringen, Germany (now), at age 30.2,4,5
     ; As her father died in 1439 and her mother in 1442, she was orphaned at a young age. In 1446, as a fourteen-year-old, she married Wilhelm III, Duke of Saxony, who, after the birth of two daughters, abandoned her.5

; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Die Habsburger, Ein biographisches Lexikon 1988, Brigitte Hamann, Reference: 52 Biography 105.
2. Cahiers de Saint Louis Magazine. , Jacques Dupont, Jacques Saillot, Reference: page 245.
3. Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, 4 volumes, Marburg, 1953, 1975., W. K. Prinz von Isenburg, Reference: vol I page 16.
4. The Royal House of Stuart London, 1969,1971,1976. , A. C. Addington, Reference: III 105.5 She was Erzherzogin (Archduchess) von Oesterreich.9 Anna (?) Erzherzogin von Oesterreich was also known as Anne (?) of Austria.1,2,4,5

Family

Wilhelm III 'der Tapfere' (?) Duke of Saxony, Landgrave of Thuringia b. 30 Apr 1425, d. 17 Sep 1482
Child

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 262. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 73: Austria - House of the Hapsburgs in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Albrecht V-II: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005065&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Habsburg 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg2.html
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Anna of Austria: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005056&tree=LEO
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Elisabeth de Luxembourg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005066&tree=LEO
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Wilhelm III 'der Tapfere': http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005055&tree=LEO
  8. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Wettin 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wettin/wettin2.html
  9. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-12, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  10. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Margarete of Saxony: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004544&tree=LEO

Anna (?) Markgraefin von Brandenburg1

F, #13001, b. 27 August 1487, d. 3 May 1514
FatherJohann Cicero (?) Elector of Brandenburg1 b. 2 Aug 1455, d. 9 Jan 1499
MotherMargarete (?) Herzogin von Sachsen1,2 b. 1449, d. 13 Jul 1501
Last Edited19 Nov 2004
     Anna (?) Markgraefin von Brandenburg was born on 27 August 1487 at Berlin, Saxony, Germany (now).3,4,1 She married Frederick I (?) King of Denmark and Sweden, son of Christian I (?) King of Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Dorothea (?) Markgräfin von Brandenburg, on 10 April 1502 at Stendal.3,4,1,5
Anna (?) Markgraefin von Brandenburg died on 3 May 1514 at Kiel, Germany (now), at age 26.3,4,1
     She was Markgraefin von Brandenburg.3

; Anna, *Berlin 27.8.1487, +Kiel 3.5.1514, bur Bordesholm; m.Stendal 10.4.1502 King Frederik I of Denmark (*7.10.1471 +10.4.1533.)1

Family

Frederick I (?) King of Denmark and Sweden b. 3 Sep 1471, d. 10 Apr 1533
Children

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Hohenzollern 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz2.html
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Margarete of Saxony: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004544&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-13, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  4. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 17. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  5. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Oldenburg 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/oldenburg/oldenburg2.html
  6. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 19: Denmark and Norway - House of Oldenburg until the eighteenth century.

Frederick I (?) King of Denmark and Sweden1

M, #13002, b. 3 September 1471, d. 10 April 1533
FatherChristian I (?) King of Denmark, Norway, Sweden2,1 b. Feb 1426, d. 21 May 1481
MotherDorothea (?) Markgräfin von Brandenburg1,3 b. 1430, d. 25 Nov 1495
Last Edited24 Nov 2004
     Frederick I (?) King of Denmark and Sweden was born on 3 September 1471; Genealogy.EU (Oldenburg 2 page) says b. 7 Oct 1471.4,1 He married Anna (?) Markgraefin von Brandenburg, daughter of Johann Cicero (?) Elector of Brandenburg and Margarete (?) Herzogin von Sachsen, on 10 April 1502 at Stendal.4,5,6,1 Frederick I (?) King of Denmark and Sweden married Sofie (?) Herzogin von Pommern, daughter of Bogislaw X "the Great" (?) Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast and Anna (?) of Poland, on 9 October 1518 at Kiel, Germany (now); his 2nd wife.4,5,1,7
Frederick I (?) King of Denmark and Sweden died on 10 April 1533 at Gottorp at age 61.4,1
     ; King FREDERIK I of Denmark and Sweden (1523-33), Duke of Holstein-Gottorp (1513-33), *7.10.1471, +Gottorp 10.4.1533, bur Schleswig Cathedral; 1m: 1502 Pss Anna of Brandenburg (*27.8.1487 +3.5.1514); 2m: 1518 Pss Sophie of Pomerania (*1498 +13.5.1568.)1

; "...from this marriage descend all later Kings of Denmark, Dukes of Schleswig-Holstein, Kings of Greece, and the Duke of Edinburgh (the Grand Dukes of Oldenburg and the Tsars of Russia are descended from the second marriage of Fredrik I to Sofie, Herzogin von Pommern."4 He was King of Denmark and Sweden between 1523 and 1533.4,1

Family 1

Anna (?) Markgraefin von Brandenburg b. 27 Aug 1487, d. 3 May 1514
Children

Family 2

Sofie (?) Herzogin von Pommern b. 1498, d. 13 May 1568
Children

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Oldenburg 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/oldenburg/oldenburg2.html
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Christian I: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005154&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Markgräfin Dorothea von Brandenburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005155&tree=LEO
  4. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-13, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  5. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 17. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Hohenzollern 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz2.html
  7. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Pomerania 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/pomer/pomer2
  8. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 19: Denmark and Norway - House of Oldenburg until the eighteenth century.
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Elisabeth of Denmark and Norway: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00007340&tree=LEO
  10. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Adolf: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00007279&tree=LEO

Christian I (?) King of Denmark, Norway, Sweden1,2,3

M, #13003, b. February 1426, d. 21 May 1481
FatherDietrich II "the Fortunate" (?) Graf von Oldenburg, Graf von Delmenhorst2,4,3 b. c 1390, d. 22 Jan 1440
MotherHeilwig/Hedwig (?) Grafin von Holstein2,5,3 b. c 1400, d. c 1436
Last Edited26 Aug 2004
     Christian I (?) King of Denmark, Norway, Sweden was born in February 1426 at Oldenburg; Louda & Maclagan (Table 17) says b. 1425.1,2,6,3 He married Dorothea (?) Markgräfin von Brandenburg, daughter of Johann 'der Alchimist' (?) Markgraf von Brandenburg and Barbara (?) Duchess of Saxe-Wittenberg, on 28 October 1449 at Copenhagen, Denmark; her 2nd husband.7,1,2,6,3,8
Christian I (?) King of Denmark, Norway, Sweden died on 21 May 1481 at Copenhagen, Denmark, at age 55.1,2,6,3
Christian I (?) King of Denmark, Norway, Sweden was buried after 21 May 1481 at Roskilde Cathedral, Copenhagen, Denmark.2,3


     ; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Burke's Guide to the Royal Family London, 1973 , Reference: page 327.
2. The Royal House of Stuart London, 1969,1971,1976. , A. C. Addington, Reference: vol III page 103.
3. The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales Edinburgh, 1977., Gerald Paget, Reference: ancestor M 5769.2 He was Graf von Oldenburg.6

; It is strange how a descent, no matter how tenuous, can at times become important. William The Conqueror chose Matilda of Flanders as wife with her descent from Alfred The Great of England in mind. The link of Christian I to previous kings of Denmark was much more remote than those of Matilda to the Wessex kings of England.

When King Christopher III of Denmark, Norway and Sweden died childless, Duke Adolf VIII von Schleswig was at first approached to be the new king. However, he declined and suggested his sister's son, who after all was a descendant of King Eric Klipping.

The nephew agreed and, after being elected, this Count von Oldenburg was crowned and became Christian I, King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. He married his predecessor's young widow, Dorothea von Brandenburg. The decision of the Danish and Swedish councils, which recognised him as king of Norway and heir in Sweden, was disputed by the Swedish King Charles VIII. This resulted in a war between Denmark and Sweden which lasted from 1451 until 1457. After King Charles VIII was deposed, Christian I held Sweden until 1464 when he was overthrown by part of the Swedish nobility. In 1465 he regained Sweden, this time only until 1467. In 1471 he made his last full-scale attempt to gain sovereignty over Sweden but was defeated by Sten Sture the Elder in a battle at Brunkeberg near Stockholm.

Son and heir of the Count von Oldenburg and Delmenhorst, he gave these to his brother; but Schleswig and Holstein, inherited in 1460 from the same Duke Adolf VIII, became part of Denmark for several hundreds of years. Financially weak because of the Swedish wars, he became dependant upon the Hanseatic League, a trading confederation of North German cities, and was forced to give them generous commercial privileges. When the Hanseatic traders challenged English trading rights in Iceland, he was drawn into a war with England.

In 1469 his daughter, Margaret, married James III, King of Scotland and the Norwegian controlled Orkney and Shetland islands were mortgaged to Scotland to help pay for Margaret's dowry; as well, the annual rent paid by Scotland for the Hebrides Islands and the Isle of Man were cancelled.

Christian I concluded a concordat with Pope Sixtus IV, improving his relations with the Danish Church. He is the founder of the Order of the Elephant. In 1474 he visited Rome and obtained a papal bull for a university, which was founded in Copenhagen. Here he died after a reign of almost thirty-three years, 21 May 1481, aged 55.2

; Christian; became King CHRISTIAN I of Denmark (1448-81), Norway (1450-81) and Sweden (1457-64), Ct of Oldenburg (1448-81), Ct of Schleswig and Holstein (1459-81) cr Duke 1474, *Oldenburg II.1426, +Copenhagen 21.5.1481, bur Roskilde Cathedral; m.1449 Dorothea of Brandenburg (*1430 +25.11.1495).3 He was King of Denmark between 1448 and 1481.1,7,3 He was Count of Oldenburg between 1448 and 1481.3 He was King of Norway between 1450 and 1481.1,3 He was King of Sweden between 1457 and 1464.1,3 He was Count of Schleswig and Holstein between 1459 and 1481.3

Family

Dorothea (?) Markgräfin von Brandenburg b. 1430, d. 25 Nov 1495
Children

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 17. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Christian I: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005154&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Oldenburg 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/oldenburg/oldenburg2.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Dietrich II 'the Fortunate': http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00023765&tree=LEO
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Gräfin Heilwig von Holstein: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00023766&tree=LEO
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Hohenzollern 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz2.html
  7. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-13, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Markgräfin Dorothea von Brandenburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005155&tree=LEO
  9. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Stuart Earls of Moray Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.

Dorothea (?) Markgräfin von Brandenburg1,2

F, #13004, b. 1430, d. 25 November 1495
FatherJohann 'der Alchimist' (?) Markgraf von Brandenburg3,1,2 b. 1406, d. 16 Nov 1464
MotherBarbara (?) Duchess of Saxe-Wittenberg4,1,2 b. c 1405, d. 10 Oct 1465
Last Edited24 Nov 2004
     Dorothea (?) Markgräfin von Brandenburg was born in 1430.3,1,5,2 She married Christopher III (?) King of Denmark, Norway, Sweden, son of Johann (?) Duke of Bavaria, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein in Newmarkt and Katarina (?) von Pommern-Stolp, on 12 September 1445 at Copenhagen, Denmark; her 1st husband.3,1,6,7,2 Dorothea (?) Markgräfin von Brandenburg married Christian I (?) King of Denmark, Norway, Sweden, son of Dietrich II "the Fortunate" (?) Graf von Oldenburg, Graf von Delmenhorst and Heilwig/Hedwig (?) Grafin von Holstein, on 28 October 1449 at Copenhagen, Denmark; her 2nd husband.8,3,9,1,5,2
Dorothea (?) Markgräfin von Brandenburg died on 25 November 1495 at Kalundborg, Denmark.3,1,5,2
Dorothea (?) Markgräfin von Brandenburg was buried after 25 November 1495 at Roskilde Cathedral, Copenhagen, Denmark.1


     ; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Burke's Guide to the Royal Family London, 1973 , Reference: page 327.
2. The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales Edinburgh, 1977., Gerald Paget, Reference: ancestor M 5770.2

; In 1440 Christopher of Bavaria became Christopher III, King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. On 12 September 1445 he married Dorothea von Brandenburg who was about fifteen-years-old. However, Christopher III died childless at Helsingborg on 6 January 1448. The crowns were then offered and accepted by Christian of Oldenburg who, as King Christian I, on 28 October 1449 in Copenhagen, married Christopher III's widow. From this marriage five children were born. Dorothea von Brandenburg was a shrewd financial manager and worked to establish her younger son's rights in Slesvig and Holstein. With her sister, the Marchesa of Mantua, she carried on a lively correspondence.2

; Dorothea, *1430, +Kalundborg 25.11.1495, bur Roskilde Cathedral; 1m: Copenhagen 12.9.1445 King Christopher III of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, Pfgf von Neunburg u.Neumarkt (*26.2.1416 +6.1.1448); 2m: Copenhagen 28.10.1449 King Christian I of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, Gf von Oldenburg (*II.1426 +21.5.1481); Christian apparently married her, the dowager Queen, in order to help win the Danes to his side in his successful efforts to gain the Danish throne.1 She was Markgraefin von Brandenburg.8 Dorothea (?) Markgräfin von Brandenburg was also known as Dorothea Markgraefin von Brandenburg.

Family 1

Christopher III (?) King of Denmark, Norway, Sweden b. 26 Feb 1416, d. 6 Jan 1448

Family 2

Christian I (?) King of Denmark, Norway, Sweden b. Feb 1426, d. 21 May 1481
Children

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Hohenzollern 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz2.html
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Markgräfin Dorothea von Brandenburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005155&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 17. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Duchess Barbara of Saxe-Wittenberg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00023869&tree=LEO
  5. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Oldenburg 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/oldenburg/oldenburg2.html
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Wittel 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wittel/wittel2.html1
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Christopher III: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00023867&tree=LEO
  8. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-13, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Christian I: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005154&tree=LEO

Christian III (?) King of Denmark and Norway1

M, #13005, b. 3 August 1503, d. 1 January 1559
FatherFrederick I (?) King of Denmark and Sweden1 b. 3 Sep 1471, d. 10 Apr 1533
MotherAnna (?) Markgraefin von Brandenburg1 b. 27 Aug 1487, d. 3 May 1514
Last Edited21 Nov 2004
     Christian III (?) King of Denmark and Norway was born on 3 August 1503; Weis [MCA] line 17C-14 says b. 3 Aug 1503; Genealogy.EU Oldenburg 2 page says b. 12.8.1503.2,1 He married Dorothea (?) Herzogin von Sachsen-Lauenburg, daughter of Magnus I (?) Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg and Katharina (?) Duchess of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, on 25 October 1525 at Laueunburg, Germany (now).2,3,1
Christian III (?) King of Denmark and Norway died on 1 January 1559 at age 55.2,1
     ; King CHRISTIAN III of Denmark and Norway (1534-59), Duke of Holstein-Gottorp (1533-59), *12.8.1503, +1.1.1559; m.Lauenburg 29.10.1525 Pss Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg (*9.7.1511 +7.10.1571.)1 He was Duke of Holstein-Gottorp between 1533 and 1559.1 He was King of Denmark and Norway between 1534 and 1559.2,1

Family

Dorothea (?) Herzogin von Sachsen-Lauenburg b. 9 Jul 1511, d. 7 Sep 1571
Children

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Oldenburg 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/oldenburg/oldenburg2.html
  2. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-14, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Ascan 2 page (House of Ascania): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/ascania/ascan2.html
  4. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 19: Denmark and Norway - House of Oldenburg until the eighteenth century. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Anna of Denmark and Norway: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004936&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Dorothea of Denmark and Norway: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004373&tree=LEO

Dorothea (?) Herzogin von Sachsen-Lauenburg1

F, #13006, b. 9 July 1511, d. 7 September 1571
FatherMagnus I (?) Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg1 b. c 1470, d. 1 Aug 1543
MotherKatharina (?) Duchess of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel1,2 b. 1488, d. 19 Jun 1563
Last Edited21 Nov 2004
     Dorothea (?) Herzogin von Sachsen-Lauenburg was born on 9 July 1511.3,1,4 She married Christian III (?) King of Denmark and Norway, son of Frederick I (?) King of Denmark and Sweden and Anna (?) Markgraefin von Brandenburg, on 25 October 1525 at Laueunburg, Germany (now).3,1,4
Dorothea (?) Herzogin von Sachsen-Lauenburg died on 7 September 1571 at Sonderburg, Denmark (now), at age 60.3,1,4
     She was Herzogin von Sachsen-Lauenburg.3

Family

Christian III (?) King of Denmark and Norway b. 3 Aug 1503, d. 1 Jan 1559
Children

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Ascan 2 page (House of Ascania): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/ascania/ascan2.html
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Duchess Katharina of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00030489&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-14, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Oldenburg 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/oldenburg/oldenburg2.html
  5. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 19: Denmark and Norway - House of Oldenburg until the eighteenth century. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Anna of Denmark and Norway: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004936&tree=LEO
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Dorothea of Denmark and Norway: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004373&tree=LEO

Magnus I (?) Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg1,2

M, #13007, b. circa 1470, d. 1 August 1543
FatherJohann V (?) Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg3,2,4 b. 18 Jul 1439, d. 15 Aug 1507
MotherDorothea (?) Markgräfin von Brandenburg2,5,4 b. 1446, d. Mar 1519
Last Edited6 Dec 2004
     Magnus I (?) Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg was born circa 1470.2 He married Katharina (?) Duchess of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, daughter of Heinrich I 'the Bad' (?) Duke von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel and Katharina (?) von Pommern, circa 20 November 1509 at Wolfenbüttel, Germany (now).6,1,2,7
Magnus I (?) Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg died on 1 August 1543.1,2
     ; Leo van de pas cites: 1. Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, 4 volumes, Marburg, 1953, 1975., W. K. Prinz von Isenburg, Reference: I 40
2. The Royal House of Stuart London, 1969,1971,1976. , A. C. Addington, Reference: III 102
3. Ancestors Juliana, Q. of The Netherlands Jaarboek Centraal Bureau Genealogie Den Haag, Reference: 4676.2

; Duke Magnus I of Saxe-Lauenburg (1507-43), +1.8.1543; m.Wolfenbüttel 17/20.11.1509 Katharina von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (*1488 +Neuhaus 29.6.1563.)1

; Weis [AR7] line 17C-14.6 He was Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg between 1507 and 1543.6,1

Family

Katharina (?) Duchess of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel b. 1488, d. 19 Jun 1563
Children

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Ascan 2 page (House of Ascania): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/ascania/ascan2.html
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Magnus I: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00030490&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Johann V: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013764&tree=LEO
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Ascan 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/ascania/ascan2.html
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Markgräfin Dorothea von Brandenburg: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013765&tree=LEO
  6. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-14, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Duchess Katharina of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00030489&tree=LEO
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Franz 1: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00051330&tree=LEO

Katharina (?) Duchess of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel1,2

F, #13008, b. 1488, d. 19 June 1563
FatherHeinrich I 'the Bad' (?) Duke von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel3,2 b. 24 Jun 1463, d. 23 Jun 1514
MotherKatharina (?) von Pommern4,2 b. c 1465, d. 1526
Last Edited21 Nov 2004
     Katharina (?) Duchess of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel was born in 1488.1,2 She married Magnus I (?) Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg, son of Johann V (?) Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg and Dorothea (?) Markgräfin von Brandenburg, circa 20 November 1509 at Wolfenbüttel, Germany (now).5,6,7,2
Katharina (?) Duchess of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel died on 19 June 1563.1,2
     ; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales Edinburgh, 1977., Gerald Paget, Reference: 234
2. The Royal House of Stuart London, 1969,1971,1976. , A. C. Addington, Reference: III 103
3. Ancestors Juliana, Q. of The Netherlands Jaarboek Centraal Bureau Genealogie Den Haag, Reference: 4677.2 She was Herzogin von Braunschweig-Wolfenbuettel.5

; Weis [MCS] line 17C-14.5

Family

Magnus I (?) Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg b. c 1470, d. 1 Aug 1543
Children

Citations

  1. [S1451] Graphical Index to the Ancestry of Charles II: Table I - Ancestors of Charles II, King of Great Britain (1630-1685), online http://fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/Gen1-6.htm, http://fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/5-10/21.htm. Hereinafter cited as Ancestors of Charles II.
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Duchess Katharina of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00030489&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Heinrich I 'the Bad': http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00030487&tree=LEO
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Katharina von Pommern: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00030486&tree=LEO
  5. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-14, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Ascan 2 page (House of Ascania): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/ascania/ascan2.html
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Magnus I: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00030490&tree=LEO
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Franz 1: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00051330&tree=LEO
  9. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Ascan 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/ascania/ascan2.html

Frederick II (?) King of Denmark and Norway1

M, #13009, b. 1 July 1534, d. 4 April 1588
FatherChristian III (?) King of Denmark and Norway1 b. 3 Aug 1503, d. 1 Jan 1559
MotherDorothea (?) Herzogin von Sachsen-Lauenburg1 b. 9 Jul 1511, d. 7 Sep 1571
Last Edited21 Nov 2004
     Frederick II (?) King of Denmark and Norway was born on 1 July 1534.2,1 He married Sofie (?) Herzogin von Mecklenburg-Schwerin, daughter of Ulric III (?) Duke von Mecklenburg-Schwerin und Güstrow and Elizabeth (?) of Denmark and Norway, on 20 July 1572 at Copenhagen, Denmark.2,3,1
Frederick II (?) King of Denmark and Norway died on 4 April 1588 at age 53.2,1
     He was King of Denmark and Norway between 1559 and 1588.2,1

Family

Sofie (?) Herzogin von Mecklenburg-Schwerin b. 4 Jul 1557, d. 3 Oct 1631
Children

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Oldenburg 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/oldenburg/oldenburg2.html
  2. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-15, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Duchess Sophie zu Mecklenburg-Schwerin: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004369&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 19: Denmark and Norway - House of Oldenburg until the eighteenth century. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Hedwig of Denmark and Norway: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00007345&tree=LEO

Sofie (?) Herzogin von Mecklenburg-Schwerin1

F, #13010, b. 4 July 1557, d. 3 October 1631
FatherUlric III (?) Duke von Mecklenburg-Schwerin und Güstrow2,3,1 b. 22 Apr 1527, d. 14 Mar 1603
MotherElizabeth (?) of Denmark and Norway4,5,1 b. 14 Oct 1524, d. 15 Oct 1586
Last Edited21 Nov 2004
     Sofie (?) Herzogin von Mecklenburg-Schwerin was born on 4 July 1557; Weis [MCS] line 17C-15 says b. 4 July 1557; Leo van de Pas says b. 4 Sep 1557.6,1,7 She married Frederick II (?) King of Denmark and Norway, son of Christian III (?) King of Denmark and Norway and Dorothea (?) Herzogin von Sachsen-Lauenburg, on 20 July 1572 at Copenhagen, Denmark.6,1,7
Sofie (?) Herzogin von Mecklenburg-Schwerin died on 3 October 1631 at age 74; Weis [MCS] line 17C-15 says d. 3 Oct 1631; Leo van de Pas says d. 14 Oct 1631.6,1,7
     She was Herzogin von Mecklenburg.6

; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Ancestors Juliana, Q. of The Netherlands Jaarboek Centraal Bureau Genealogie Den Haag, Reference: 3331
2. A Medieval Heritage : The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England The Genealogist, Neil D. Thompson, Charles M. Hansen.1

Family

Frederick II (?) King of Denmark and Norway b. 1 Jul 1534, d. 4 Apr 1588
Children

Citations

  1. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Duchess Sophie zu Mecklenburg-Schwerin: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004369&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  2. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 44. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Ulrich III: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00051376&tree=LEO
  4. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 19: Denmark and Norway - House of Oldenburg until the eighteenth century. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Elisabeth of Denmark and Norway: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00007340&tree=LEO
  6. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-15, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  7. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Oldenburg 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/oldenburg/oldenburg2.html
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Hedwig of Denmark and Norway: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00007345&tree=LEO

Sofie (?) Herzogin von Pommern1

F, #13011, b. 1498, d. 13 May 1568
FatherBogislaw X "the Great" (?) Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast2,1
MotherAnna (?) of Poland3,1 b. 12 Mar 1476, d. 12 Aug 1503
Last Edited26 Aug 2004
     Sofie (?) Herzogin von Pommern was born in 1498 at Pomerania, Poland (now).2,1 She married Frederick I (?) King of Denmark and Sweden, son of Christian I (?) King of Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Dorothea (?) Markgräfin von Brandenburg, on 9 October 1518 at Kiel, Germany (now); his 2nd wife.4,2,5,1
Sofie (?) Herzogin von Pommern died on 13 May 1568 at Kiel, Germany (now).2,1
     ; Sophie, *1498, +Kiel 13.5.1568; m.Kiel 9.10.1518 King Frederik I of Denmark (*7.10.1471 +10.4.1533.)1

; Weis [MCS] line 17C-13.4 Sofie (?) Herzogin von Pommern was also known as Sophia of Pomerania.2

Family

Frederick I (?) King of Denmark and Sweden b. 3 Sep 1471, d. 10 Apr 1533
Children

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Pomerania 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/pomer/pomer2
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 17. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Anna of Poland: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020789&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-13, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  5. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Oldenburg 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/oldenburg/oldenburg2.html
  6. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 19: Denmark and Norway - House of Oldenburg until the eighteenth century.
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Princess Elisabeth of Denmark and Norway: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00007340&tree=LEO
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Adolf: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00007279&tree=LEO

Maria de Medici1,2

F, #13012, b. 26 April 1575, d. 4 July 1642
FatherFrancesco I de Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany, Duke of Florence3,4,5,2 b. 25 Mar 1541, d. 19 Oct 1587
MotherJoanna (?) Archduchess of Austria3,2 b. 1547, d. 11 Apr 1578
Last Edited12 Aug 2004
     Maria de Medici was born on 26 April 1575 at Florence, Tuscany, Italy (now); Louda & Maclagan (Table 65) says b. 1573.5,2 She married Henri IV (?) King of France, King of Navarre, son of Antoine de Bourbon Duc de Vendome, King of Navarre and Juana/Jeanne/Joan III d'Albret Queen of Navarre, Princess de Béarn, Duchess d'Albret, Cts de Foix, on 17 December 1600 at Lyons, France; his 2nd wife.6,1,4,5,7,2
Maria de Medici died on 4 July 1642 at Köln, Germany (now), at age 67.5,2
Maria de Medici was buried after 4 July 1642 at St. Denis, Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France.2


     ; Maria, regent of France (1610-17), *Florence 26.4.1575, +Köln 3./4.7.1642, bur St.Denis; m.Lyon 17.12.1600 King Henri IV of France (*13.12.1553 +14.5.1610.)2

; Weis [MCS] line 17C-17.6 She was regent of France between 1610 and 1617.2

Family

Henri IV (?) King of France, King of Navarre b. 13 Dec 1553, d. 14 May 1610
Children

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 257. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Medici 3 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/italy/medici3.html
  3. [S752] Marcellus Donald Alexander R. von Redlich, compiler, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1941 (1988 reprint)), p. 100. Hereinafter cited as von Redlich [1941] Charlemagne Desc. vol I.
  4. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 37: Netherlands: Ancestors of William III, Prince of Orange, and King William I. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  5. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 65: France - House of Bourbon.
  6. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-17, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  7. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 38 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet238.html
  8. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed., p. 327.
  9. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 40 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet40.html

Charles II (?) King of England

M, #13013, b. 29 May 1630, d. 6 February 1685
FatherCharles I (?) King of England and Scotland1 b. 19 Nov 1600, d. 30 Jan 1649
MotherHenrietta Maria de Bourbon1 b. 26 Nov 1609, d. 21 Aug 1669
Last Edited7 Dec 2008
     Charles II (?) King of England was born on 29 May 1630.2,1 He married Catalin/Catherine (?) Infanta do Portugal, daughter of Joao IV "the Lucky" (?) King of Portugal and Doña Luisa de Guzman Regent of Portugal, on 31 May 1662 at Portsmouth, England.2,1,3,4
Charles II (?) King of England died on 6 February 1685 at age 54.2,1
     ; Weis MCS 17C-18.5

; Had an affair.6,7

; See the Foundation of Medieval Genealogy's "Ancestors of Charles II" on line.8 He was restored King of England in 1660.2,1

Family 1

Catalin/Catherine (?) Infanta do Portugal b. 25 Nov 1638, d. 31 Dec 1705

Family 2

Barbara Villiers Duchess of Cleveland b. c 1641, d. 9 Oct 1709
Child

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 7: England - Tudors and Stuarts. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-18, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  3. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 94: Portugal - House of Braganza.
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 59 Page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet59.html
  5. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, Weis MCS-5, line 17C-18, p. 24: ?...Catalin had no children, but Charles had 14 or more, all illegitimate.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Eleanor Needham: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00019207&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Charles II: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00000005&tree=LEO
  8. [S1451] Graphical Index to the Ancestry of Charles II: Table I - Ancestors of Charles II, King of Great Britain (1630-1685), online http://fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/Gen1-6.htm. Hereinafter cited as Ancestors of Charles II.

Catalin/Catherine (?) Infanta do Portugal1,2,3

F, #13014, b. 25 November 1638, d. 31 December 1705
FatherJoao IV "the Lucky" (?) King of Portugal1,2,3 b. 19 Mar 1604, d. 6 Nov 1656
MotherDoña Luisa de Guzman Regent of Portugal2,3,4 b. 13 Oct 1613, d. 27 Feb 1666
Last Edited21 Nov 2004
     Catalin/Catherine (?) Infanta do Portugal was born on 25 November 1638 at Villa Vicosa, Portugal.5,2,3 She married Charles II (?) King of England, son of Charles I (?) King of England and Scotland and Henrietta Maria de Bourbon, on 31 May 1662 at Portsmouth, England.5,1,2,3
Catalin/Catherine (?) Infanta do Portugal died on 31 December 1705 at Lisbon, Portugal, at age 67.5,1,2,3
     She was Infanta at Portugal.5

Family

Charles II (?) King of England b. 29 May 1630, d. 6 Feb 1685

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 7: England - Tudors and Stuarts. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 94: Portugal - House of Braganza.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 59 Page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet59.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Doña Luisa de Guzmán: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001519&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-18, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.

Joao IV "the Lucky" (?) King of Portugal1

M, #13015, b. 19 March 1604, d. 6 November 1656
FatherTeodosio/Theodosius II (?) Duque de Braganca2,1 b. 1568, d. 1630
MotherAnna de Velasco2,1 b. c 1585, d. 1607
Last Edited21 Nov 2004
     Joao IV "the Lucky" (?) King of Portugal was born on 19 March 1604 at Villa Vicosa, Portugal.2,1 He married Doña Luisa de Guzman Regent of Portugal, daughter of Juan Emanuel Perez de Guzman Duke of Medina Sidonia and Joanna de Sandoval, on 12 January 1633 at Elvas, Portugal.3,2,1,4
Joao IV "the Lucky" (?) King of Portugal died on 6 November 1656 at Lisbon, Portugal, at age 52.2,1
     ; JOÃO IV "the Lucky", King of Portugal (1640-56), cr 11.12.1640, *Villa Vicosa 19.3.1604, +Lisbon 6.11.1656, bur there; m.Elvas 1633 Luisa (*Sanlucar de Barrameda 1613, +Cloister Xabregas 1666) dau.of Juan Manuel Perez de Guzman, Duque de Medina-Sidonia.5

Joao IV "the Lucky" (?) King of Portugal was also known as John IV King of Portugal.6 He was King of Portugal between 1640 and 1656.3,2,1

Family

Doña Luisa de Guzman Regent of Portugal b. 13 Oct 1613, d. 27 Feb 1666
Children

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 54 Page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet54.html
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 94: Portugal - House of Braganza. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  3. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-18, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Doña Luisa de Guzmán: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001519&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 59 Page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet59.html
  6. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 7: England - Tudors and Stuarts.
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Pedro II: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001522&tree=LEO

Doña Luisa de Guzman Regent of Portugal1,2,3

F, #13016, b. 13 October 1613, d. 27 February 1666
FatherJuan Emanuel Perez de Guzman Duke of Medina Sidonia1,2,3 b. 1579, d. 1638
MotherJoanna de Sandoval4,3
Last Edited21 Nov 2004
     Doña Luisa de Guzman Regent of Portugal was born on 13 October 1613 at Sanlucar de Barrameda, Portugal.1,2,3 She married Joao IV "the Lucky" (?) King of Portugal, son of Teodosio/Theodosius II (?) Duque de Braganca and Anna de Velasco, on 12 January 1633 at Elvas, Portugal.5,1,2,3
Doña Luisa de Guzman Regent of Portugal died on 27 February 1666 at Cloister, Xabregas, Portugal, at age 52.1,2,3
     ; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Cahiers de Saint Louis Magazine. , Jacques Dupont, Jacques Saillot, Reference: 2209
2. Voorouderstafel van Koning Boudewijn tot in de veertiende generatie Bruxelles, 1991., Leo Lindemans, Reference: 705.3

; Weis [MCS] line 17C-18.5 She was Regent of Portugal between 1650 and 1662.3

Family

Joao IV "the Lucky" (?) King of Portugal b. 19 Mar 1604, d. 6 Nov 1656
Children

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 94: Portugal - House of Braganza. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 54 Page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet54.html
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Doña Luisa de Guzmán: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001519&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 96: Portugal - Ancestors of John V and Charles I.
  5. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-18, p. 24. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 59 Page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet59.html
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Pedro II: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00001522&tree=LEO

Charlotte Fitz Roy

F, #13017, b. circa 5 September 1664, d. 17 February 1718
FatherCharles II (?) King of England b. 29 May 1630, d. 6 Feb 1685
MotherBarbara Villiers Duchess of Cleveland b. c 1641, d. 9 Oct 1709
Last Edited29 May 2001
     Charlotte Fitz Roy was born circa 5 September 1664.1 She married Edward Henry Lee 1st Earl of Lichfield, son of Sir Francis Henry Lee 4th Baronet and Elizabeth Pope, on 6 February 1677.1
Charlotte Fitz Roy died on 17 February 1718.1

Family

Edward Henry Lee 1st Earl of Lichfield b. 4 Feb 1663, d. 14 Jul 1716
Child

Citations

  1. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-19, p. 25. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.

Barbara Villiers Duchess of Cleveland

F, #13018, b. circa 1641, d. 9 October 1709
FatherWilliam Villiers 2nd Viscount Grandson
MotherMary Bayning
Last Edited29 May 2001
     Barbara Villiers Duchess of Cleveland was born circa 1641.1
Barbara Villiers Duchess of Cleveland died on 9 October 1709.1
     She was Duchess of Cleveland.1

Family

Charles II (?) King of England b. 29 May 1630, d. 6 Feb 1685
Child

Citations

  1. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-19, p. 25. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.

William Villiers 2nd Viscount Grandson

M, #13019
FatherSir Edward Villiers1 b. 1585, d. 7 Sep 1626
MotherBarbara St. John2 b. 1592, d. 1672
Last Edited6 Mar 2020
     William Villiers 2nd Viscount Grandson married Mary Bayning; her 1st husband.3
     William Villiers 2nd Viscount Grandson was 2nd Viscount Grandison.4

Family

Mary Bayning
Child

Citations

  1. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Sir Edward Villiers: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00003611&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Barbara St. John: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00003612&tree=LEO
  3. [S1429] Unknown compiler, Notable British Families 1600s-1900s from Burke's Peerage., CD-ROM (n.p.: Broderbund Software Company, 1999), Notable British Families, Burke's Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited & Extinct Peerages, p. 29. Hereinafter cited as Notable British Families CD # 367.
  4. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-19, p. 25. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.

Mary Bayning

F, #13020
Last Edited5 Apr 2003
     Mary Bayning married William Villiers 2nd Viscount Grandson, son of Sir Edward Villiers and Barbara St. John; her 1st husband.1 Mary Bayning married Christopher (?) Earl of Anglesey; her 2nd husband.1
     

Family 1

Christopher (?) Earl of Anglesey

Citations

  1. [S1429] Unknown compiler, Notable British Families 1600s-1900s from Burke's Peerage., CD-ROM (n.p.: Broderbund Software Company, 1999), Notable British Families, Burke's Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited & Extinct Peerages, p. 29. Hereinafter cited as Notable British Families CD # 367.
  2. [S633] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr. and William R. Beall Frederick Lewis Weis, The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 : The Barons Named in the Magna
    Charta, 1215 and Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America
    During the Early Colonial Years, 5th Edition
    (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishine Co., Inc., unknown publish date), line 17C-19, p. 25. Hereinafter cited as Weis MCS-5.