Witbert (?) Count in Westphalia1

M, #23341, b. circa 782, d. between 843 and 851
FatherWittekind (?) Duke of Saxony b. 735, d. 7 Jan 810
MotherGeva Eysteinsdottir (?) of Vestfold b. bt 750 - 755
ReferenceGAV36 EDV36
Last Edited3 Jan 2003
     Witbert (?) Count in Westphalia married Ordrad (?) Witbert (?) Count in Westphalia was born circa 782.
Witbert (?) Count in Westphalia died between 843 and 851.
     GAV-36 EDV-36 GKJ-37.

Family

Ordrad (?) b. c 782
Child

Ordrad (?)1

F, #23342, b. circa 782
ReferenceGAV36 EDV36
Last Edited3 Jan 2003
     Ordrad (?) married Witbert (?) Count in Westphalia, son of Wittekind (?) Duke of Saxony and Geva Eysteinsdottir (?) of Vestfold. Ordrad (?) was born circa 782.
     GAV-36 EDV-36 GKJ-37.

Family

Witbert (?) Count in Westphalia b. c 782, d. bt 843 - 851
Child

Immed I (?) Count1

M, #23343, b. circa 780
ReferenceGAV36 EDV36
Last Edited3 Jan 2003
     Immed I (?) Count married an unknown person. He was born circa 780.
     GAV-36 EDV-36 GKJ-37.

Family

Child

Wittekind (?) Duke of Saxony1

M, #23344, b. 735, d. 7 January 810
FatherWarnechin (?) Graf von Engern2 b. c 715
MotherKunhilde (?) of Rugen3 b. c 715
ReferenceGAV32 EDV33
Last Edited5 Nov 2019
     Wittekind (?) Duke of Saxony was born in 735 at Landkreis Witrtenberg, Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany (now).4 He married Geva Eysteinsdottir (?) of Vestfold, daughter of Eysteinn "Fret" Halfdansson (?) King in Vestfold and Hildi Eriksdatter, circa 775;
Per Medieval Lands: "m ([775]) GEVA, sister of SIGURD first "King of Haithabu", daughter of --- ([755]-). This marriage is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[20] in the outline genealogy of a family referred to as "Kings of Haithabu", doubts about which are discussed in chapter 1 of the document DENMARK KINGS. The primary source on which it is based has not been identified.1,5 "
Wittekind (?) Duke of Saxony died on 7 January 810.1,6
Wittekind (?) Duke of Saxony was buried after 7 January 810 at Stiftskirche, Enger, Kreis Herford, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (now),

; From Find A Grave:
     BIRTH     735, Landkreis Wittenberg, Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany
     DEATH     7 Jan 807 (aged 71–72), Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
     11th and last King of Saxony
     Conquered by, Charlemagne, 785
     Baptised with Charlemagne as Godfather
     Became Duke of the Saxons
     Wittekind de Grote von Sachsen (von Wettin)I
     King of Saxons, Hertog van Engern, Koning van Westfalen, Roi des Saxons. A Saxon leader and the chief opponent of Charlemagne during the Saxon Wars.
     Widukind, also known as Widuking or Wittekind, was a Germanic leader of the Saxons and the chief opponent of the Frankish king Charlemagne during the Saxon Wars from 777 to 785. Charlemagne ultimately prevailed, organized Saxony as a Frankish province and ordered conversions of the pagan Saxons to Roman Catholicism. In later times, Widukind became a symbol of Saxon independence and a figure of legend.
     Very little is known about Widukind's life. His name literally translates as "Child of the wood" (i.e. a wolf), more probably a kenning than a proper name. All sources about him stem from his enemies, the Franks, who painted a negative picture, representing him as an "insurgent" and a "traitor". While Widukind was considered the leader of the Saxon resistance by the Franks, his exact role in the military campaigns is unknown.
     There are no contemporary sources about Widukind's life or death after his baptism. It is assumed that he was imprisoned at a monastery — a fate that happened to other rulers deposed by Charlemagne. Reichenau Abbey has been identified as a likely location where Widukind may have spent the rest of his life. Alternatively, he may have received a position in the administration of occupied Saxony. The Vita Liudgeri biography of Saint Ludger mentions him accompanying Charlemagne on his campaign against the Veleti leader Dragovit. According to the 12th century Kaiserchronik he was slain by Charlemagne's brother-in-law Gerold of Baar.
     Enger, The town, first mentioned in 948, calls itself "Widukind's town." The Saxon leader Widukind died about 808. However, there is no evidence that Enger existed in his lifetime.
     A legend tells that Widukind founded a church in Enger mafter his baptism, and that he lived at the place until his death. He was buried in the church of Enger, and his monumental tomb is still there. Despite this, it remains doubtful that the remains of Widukind are actually in the tomb. Analysis shows that the memorial slab dates to the time around the year 1100. The main current attractions of Enger are Widukind's tomb, the Widukind museum, the Widukind festival ("Timpkenfest"), held annually on January 6 and the "Kirschblütenfest".
     Family Members
     Parents
          Wernicke von Sachsen 695–768
          Kunhilde von Rugen 705–755
     Spouse
          Geva Eysteinsdottir 750 – unknown
     Siblings
          Imhild von Sachsen
          Brunhart I von Sachsen 720–787
     Children
          Gerswinde von Sachsen
          Gisla von Verla 772 – unknown
     BURIAL     Stiftskirche, Enger, Kreis Herford, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
     Created by: Memerizion
     Added: 28 Mar 2015
     Find A Grave Memorial 144272171.4
     GAV-32 EDV-33 GKJ-34.

Wittekind (?) Duke of Saxony
From Wikipedia:
     "Widukind, also known as Widuking[citation needed] or Wittekind, was a leader of the Saxons and the chief opponent of the Frankish king Charlemagne during the Saxon Wars from 777 to 785. Charlemagne ultimately prevailed, organized Saxony as a Frankish province, massacred thousands of Saxon nobles, and ordered conversions of the pagan Saxons to Roman Catholicism. In later times, Widukind became a symbol of Saxon independence and a figure of legend.
Life
     "Very little is known about Widukind's life. His name literally translates as "child of the wood" (i.e. a wolf),[dubious – discuss] more probably a kenning than a proper name.[citation needed] In the chronicles he is accompanied by Abbi (Saxon), they may have some close relation[1] but it is not sure, because all sources about him stem from his enemies, the Franks, who painted a negative picture, representing him as an "insurgent" and a "traitor". While Widukind was considered the leader of the Saxon resistance by the Franks, his exact role in the military campaigns is unknown.
     "According to the Royal Frankish Annals, the Franks campaigned in Saxony in 772, when Charlemagne ordered the destruction of the Irminsul sanctuary. The Saxon Wars continued when Westphalian tribes devastated the church of Deventer and the Angrarii laid siege to the Frankish court at Fritzlar. The king retaliated against the local nobility, enforcing the decree to incorporate the Saxon lands as a Frankish march.
     "Widukind was first mentioned by the Annals in 777, when he was the only one of the Saxon nobles not to appear at Charlemagne's court in Paderborn. Instead, he stayed with the Danish king Sigfred (possibly Sigurd Hring). The next year, the Westphalians again invaded the Frankish Rhineland and subsequently fought a running battle against Charlemagne's forces and their local allies while the king was busy in Spain.
     "By 782, Widukind had returned from Denmark and goaded the Saxon nobles into rebellion. From 782 to 784, battles between Saxons and Franks occurred annually, while Charlemagne had 4,500 Saxons executed at the Massacre of Verden. Widukind allied himself with the Frisians but Charlemagne's winter attacks of 784/785 were nevertheless successful, and the dux and his allies were pushed back to their homelands. In the Bardengau in 785, Widukind agreed to surrender in return for a guarantee that no bodily harm would be done to him. He and his allies were then baptized, possibly in Attigny,[2] with Charlemagne as his godfather. Widukind thereby reached a peace agreement and the acknowledgement of the Saxon noble rank by their Frankish overlords.
     "There are no contemporary sources about Widukind's life or death after his baptism. Historian Gerd Althoff assumed that he was imprisoned at a monastery—a fate that happened to other rulers deposed by Charlemagne. He tried to identify Reichenau Abbey as a likely location where Widukind may have spent the rest of his life,[3] but his results are inconclusive and widely rejected.[4] Alternatively, he may have received a position in the administration of occupied Saxony. The Vita Liudgeri biography of Saint Ludger mentions him accompanying Charlemagne on his campaign against the Veleti leader Dragovit. According to the 12th-century Kaiserchronik, he was slain by Charlemagne's brother-in-law Gerold of Baar.
Legend
     "Numerous legends developed around Widukind's life; he eventually appeared as a saintly figure (becoming "Blessed Widukind") and the builder of many churches. He was later assumed to have died in 808; his feast day is commemorated on January 6.
     "According to legend, Widukind experienced a vision that led to his conversion. Disguised as a beggar, he was spying on Charlemagne's troop camp during Easter. He witnessed a priest performing a Holy Sacrifice of the Mass and the priest was holding a beautiful child during the consecration. To his astonishment, people would receive communion and the priest would give the same child to each person. Widukind was dumbfounded by this scene and went to beg outside after the mass. One of the emperor's servants recognized Widukind behind his disguise–due to an odd formation of one of his fingers–and Widukind was captured. He was interrogated and confessed to spying on Charlemagne's camp for the purpose of becoming better acquainted with the Christian faith. He later confessed the divine vision he had seen. The emperor concluded that God had given Widukind the grace of witnessing the divine child, Jesus, behind the Sacred Host of the Mass. Widukind then renounced his worship of pagan idols.[5]
Later perception
Medieval
     "Since the 9th century, Widukind had been idolized as a mythical hero. Around 1100, a tomb for him was made in Enger; recent[when?] excavations have found that the contents of the tomb are indeed early medieval, but are the remains of a young woman. In 1971, archaeologists discovered three graves in a prominent place in front of the altar. The remains of three men who had died in the early 9th century, two of them about sixty-year-old warriors, the third a young man, were identified after a DNA analysis in 2002 as half-brothers or maternal cousins and a nephew. The man buried in front of the altar is assumed to be Widukind.[6] When in the 10th century Saxon kings (of the Ottonian dynasty) replaced the Frankish kings in East Francia (the later Holy Roman Empire), these kings proudly claimed descent from Widukind: Matilda, the wife of King Henry I, was apparently a great-great-great-granddaughter of Widukind. The House of Billung, to which several Dukes of Saxony belonged, had Matilda's sister among its ancestors and thus also claimed descent from Widukind. The Italian family Del Carretto (and its supposed French branch, family de Charette) also claimed to descend from the hero.
In German nationalism
     "Widukind became a hero for German nationalists in the early 20th century. German neo-pagans saw him as an heroic defender of Germany's traditional beliefs and their gods, resisting the Middle Eastern religion of Christianity. Christian nationalists also lauded him, linking Charlemagne with the humiliation of French domination after World War I, especially the occupation of the Rhineland, portraying Charlemagne as a "French" invader.[7]
     "After the National Socialists came to power in 1933, so many plays and other works were written about Widukind that there were complaints that he was becoming a cliché. Alfred Rosenberg praised him as a hero of German freedom, who finally joined with the founder of the German Reich (Charlemagne). Two important plays about the Saxon leader were produced in 1934, Der Sieger (“The Victor”) by Friedrich Forster and Wittekind by Edmund Kiss. The first celebrated the conversion of Widukind, but the second caused controversy because of its explicit anti-Christian message. In that play after the massacre of Verden, Saxon leaders say, "That is what the Christians have done; they feign love, but bring murder!"—a line that led to protests from the audience.[7] The play portrays Catholic church leaders planning to destroy German freedom by forcing racial mixture on them, thus turning them into pliable "Untermenschen". Thousands of German maidens are captured and will be forced to mate with "Jews, Greeks, Italians and Moors" unless Widukind converts, which he does only to avoid this horrifying prospect. He gives a speech saying that the survival of the German race was his principal concern, and that future generations will praise him for this when the true spirit of the German people arises once more.[7]
Present
     "Many buildings are named after him in the area of Enger, including the Widukind-Gymnasium Enger.
References
** Lexikon des Mittelalters. IX. München.
** Springer, Matthias (2004). Die Sachsen. ISBN 3-17-016588-7.
** Widukind of Corvey (2015). Deeds of the Saxons. ISBN 978-0-8132-2693-4. Trans. Bernard S. Bachrach and David S. Bachrach. Washington D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press.
1. Lexikon des Mittelalters. 7, Planudes bis Stadt (Rus'). Stuttgart: Metzler. 1999. ISBN 3476017427. OCLC 313569328.
2. Kampers, Franz. "Widukind." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 15. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912. 5 Jan. 2013
3. Gerd Althoff: Der Sachsenherzog Widukind als Mönch auf der Reichenau. Ein Beitrag zur Kritik des Widukind-Mythos. In: Frühmittelalterliche Studien, Bd. 17 (1983), S. 251–279. (online)
4. Eckhard Freise: Die Sachsenmission Karls des Großen und die Anfänge des Bistums Minden. In: An Weser und Wiehen. Beiträge zur Geschichte und Kultur einer Landschaft. Festschrift für Wilhelm Brepohl. Minden 1983, S. 57–100, hier: S. 81. (online) Ausführlicher Eckhard Freise: Widukind in Attigny. In: 1200 Jahre Widukinds Taufe. Paderborn 1985, S. 12–45, hier: S. 35ff. (online).
5. Martin Von Cochem, Cochem's Explanation of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass (1896)
6. Results (summary) of genetical analysis of the skeletons
7. Glen W. Gadberry, "An 'Ancient German Rediscovered' The Nazi Widukind Plays of Forster and Kiß", Essays on Twentieth-Century German Drama and Theater: An American Reception, 1977-1999, pp.156-163.
External links
Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Widukind (leader)" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.) Cambridge University Press.: https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Widukind_(leader)
Widukind Museum, Enger, Germany: http://www.widukind-museum-enger.de/.5 Wittekind (?) Duke of Saxony was also known as Widukind (?) of the Saxons.5

Family 1

Child

Family 2

Geva Eysteinsdottir (?) of Vestfold b. bt 750 - 755
Children

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Norway 1 page - Kings of Haithabu: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/scand/norway1.html
  2. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I44130
  3. [S812] e-mail address, updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I44131
  4. [S2374] Find a Grave, online http://www.findagrave.com/, Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 03 November 2019), memorial page for Wittekind von Sachsen (735–7 Jan 807), Find A Grave Memorial no. 144272171, citing Stiftskirche, Enger, Kreis Herford, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany ; Maintained by Memerizion (contributor 48072664), at: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/144272171/wittekind-von_sachsen. Hereinafter cited as Find a Grave.
  5. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Widukind. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  6. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SAXONY.htm#_Toc484586536. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  7. [S2374] Find a Grave, online http://www.findagrave.com/, Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 03 November 2019), memorial page for Gerswinde von Sachsen (unknown–unknown), Find A Grave Memorial no. 147283928, ; Maintained by Memerizion (contributor 48072664) Unknown, at: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/147283928/gerswinde-von_sachsen
  8. [S2374] Find a Grave, online http://www.findagrave.com/, Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 03 November 2019), memorial page for Gisla von Verla (772–unknown), Find A Grave Memorial no. 144271263, citing Stiftskirche Gandersheim, Bad Gandersheim, Landkreis Northeim, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany ; Maintained by Memerizion (contributor 48072664), at: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/144271263/gisla-von_verla

Geva Eysteinsdottir (?) of Vestfold1,2,3

F, #23345, b. between 750 and 755
FatherEysteinn "Fret" Halfdansson (?) King in Vestfold2 b. c 736, d. 780
MotherHildi Eriksdatter4 b. c 740
ReferenceGAV34
Last Edited3 Nov 2019
     Geva Eysteinsdottir (?) of Vestfold was born between 750 and 755 at Nordjylland, Denmark (now).2,3 She married Wittekind (?) Duke of Saxony, son of Warnechin (?) Graf von Engern and Kunhilde (?) of Rugen, circa 775;
Per Medieval Lands: "m ([775]) GEVA, sister of SIGURD first "King of Haithabu", daughter of --- ([755]-). This marriage is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[20] in the outline genealogy of a family referred to as "Kings of Haithabu", doubts about which are discussed in chapter 1 of the document DENMARK KINGS. The primary source on which it is based has not been identified.2,5 "
Geva Eysteinsdottir (?) of Vestfold was buried at Stiftskirche, Enger, Kreis Herford, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (now),

; From Find A Grave:
     BIRTH     750, Nordjylland, Denmark
     DEATH     unknown, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany
     Family Members
     Parents
          Eystein Fret/Fjert Halfdansson 726–780
          Hildi Eriksdottir 732 – unknown
     Spouse
          Wittekind von Sachsen 735–807
     Siblings
          Harald Eysteinsson 750–804
     Children
          Gisla von Verla 772 – unknown
     BURIAL     Stiftskirche, Enger, Kreis Herford, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
     Created by: Memerizion
     Added: 28 Mar 2015
     Find A Grave Memorial 144272523.3
     Geva Eysteinsdottir (?) of Vestfold
Geva, *ca 755; m.ca 775 Duke Wittekind of Saxony (+810.)2 GAV-34 EDV-33 GKJ-34. Geva Eysteinsdottir (?) of Vestfold was also known as Geva Eysteinsdottir.3

Family

Wittekind (?) Duke of Saxony b. 735, d. 7 Jan 810
Children

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I44128
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Norway 1 page - Kings of Haithabu: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/scand/norway1.html
  3. [S2374] Find a Grave, online http://www.findagrave.com/, Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 03 November 2019), memorial page for Geva Eysteinsdottir (750–unknown), Find A Grave Memorial no. 144272523, citing Stiftskirche Gandersheim, Bad Gandersheim, Landkreis Northeim, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany ; Maintained by Memerizion (contributor 48072664), at: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/144272523/geva-eysteinsdottir. Hereinafter cited as Find a Grave.
  4. [S812] e-mail address, updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I44129
  5. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Widukind. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  6. [S2374] Find a Grave, online http://www.findagrave.com/, Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 03 November 2019), memorial page for Gisla von Verla (772–unknown), Find A Grave Memorial no. 144271263, citing Stiftskirche Gandersheim, Bad Gandersheim, Landkreis Northeim, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany ; Maintained by Memerizion (contributor 48072664), at: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/144271263/gisla-von_verla

Haslala (?)

F, #23346, b. circa 776
FatherWittekind (?) Duke of Saxony b. 735, d. 7 Jan 810
MotherGeva Eysteinsdottir (?) of Vestfold b. bt 750 - 755
Last Edited2 Dec 2001
     Haslala (?) married an unknown person. She was born circa 776.

Frederuna (?) of Ringleheim1

F, #23347, b. circa 900
FatherDietrich II (?) von Ringelheim, Count of Saxon-Hamelant b. c 872, d. 8 Dec 917
MotherReginhilde (?) von Friesland d. 917
ReferenceGAV31
Last Edited23 Sep 2007
     Frederuna (?) of Ringleheim married an unknown person. She married Wichmann (?) Count of Engern.2 Frederuna (?) of Ringleheim was born circa 900.
     GAV-31.

Family

Wichmann (?) Count of Engern b. c 900, d. 21 Feb 944
Child

Lambert I (?) Count of Nantes, comte d’Herbauges1,2

M, #23348, b. 793, d. 837
ReferenceGAV31
Last Edited13 Oct 2019
     Lambert I (?) Count of Nantes, comte d’Herbauges married Adelheid/Adalhaid (?) of Lombardy, daughter of Pepin/Pippin I Karlmann (?) King of Italy and Chrothais (?);
His 2nd wife.1,2,3,4 Lambert I (?) Count of Nantes, comte d’Herbauges married Itta (?);
His 1st wife.2 Lambert I (?) Count of Nantes, comte d’Herbauges was born in 793 at Nantes, Departement de la Loire-Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, France (now).5
Lambert I (?) Count of Nantes, comte d’Herbauges died in 837 at Italy (now); Racines et Histoire says d. ca 852; Genealogics says d. 837; wikipdia says d. 836.6,1,2
     Reference: Leo van de Pas cites: Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag Marburg., Detlev Schwennicke, Editor, Reference: II 188B.6
GAV-31. Lambert I (?) Count of Nantes, comte d’Herbauges was also known as Lambert I Count and Markgraf of Nantes.6 He was Prefet of the Breton March between 818 and 839.2 He was Duke of Spoleto between 834 and 836.2

Family 2

Itta (?)
Child

Citations

  1. [S2280] Racines et Histoire, online http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/LGN-frameset.html, http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/PDF/Craon.pdf, p. 2. Hereinafter cited as Racines et Histoire.
  2. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lambert_I_of_Nantes. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Adalhaid: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020182&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Lambert I, Count & Markgraf of Nantes: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00304045&tree=LEO
  5. [S2374] Find a Grave, online http://www.findagrave.com/, Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 13 October 2019), memorial page for Lambert I de Nantes (793–836), Find A Grave Memorial no. 165393083, ; Maintained by Memerizion (contributor 48072664) Non-Cemetery Burial, at: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/165393083/lambert_i-de_nantes. Hereinafter cited as Find a Grave.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Lambert I: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00304045&tree=LEO
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Lambert II: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00304043&tree=LEO

Lambert II (?) Count and Markgraf of Nantes1,2

M, #23349, b. circa 834, d. 1 May 852
FatherLambert I (?) Count of Nantes, comte d’Herbauges1,2 b. 793, d. 837
MotherItta (?)3
ReferenceGAV30
Last Edited13 Oct 2019
     Lambert II (?) Count and Markgraf of Nantes married Rotrude (?) de Germanie, daughter of Lothair I (?) King of Italy, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bavaria and Irmgard/Ermengarde (?) Countess of Tours, Queen of Italy.4,5,1 Lambert II (?) Count and Markgraf of Nantes was born circa 834.2
Lambert II (?) Count and Markgraf of Nantes died on 1 May 852; murdered.1
     Reference: Leo van de Pas cites: Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag Marburg., Detlev Schwennicke, Editor, Reference: II 188B.1
GAV-30.

Family

Rotrude (?) de Germanie b. bt 835 - 837, d. c 882
Child

Citations

  1. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Lambert II: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00304043&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  2. [S2280] Racines et Histoire, online http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/LGN-frameset.html, http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/PDF/Craon.pdf, p. 2. Hereinafter cited as Racines et Histoire.
  3. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lambert_I_of_Nantes. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Rotrud: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00304044&tree=LEO
  5. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Carolin 1 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/carolin/carolin1.html

Harold "Klak" (?) King of Haithabu, King of Rustringen and Jutland1

M, #23350, b. 800, d. 844
FatherHalfdan (?) King of Haithabu1 d. 810
Last Edited1 Dec 2019
     Harold "Klak" (?) King of Haithabu, King of Rustringen and Jutland was born in 800.1
Harold "Klak" (?) King of Haithabu, King of Rustringen and Jutland died in 844 at Walcheren; killed in battle.1
     Harold "Klak" (?) King of Haithabu, King of Rustringen and Jutland
Harald Klak, 10th King of Haithabu, King of Rustringen and Jutland, Regent in the lands of the Stormarn and Obotrites, *800, +k.a.Walcheren 844.1

Family

Children

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Norway 1 page - Kings of Haithabu: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/scand/norway1.html

Warnechin (?) Graf von Engern1

M, #23351, b. circa 715
ReferenceGAV34 EDV34
Last Edited20 Feb 2003
     Warnechin (?) Graf von Engern married Kunhilde (?) of Rugen.2 Warnechin (?) Graf von Engern was born circa 715.1
     GAV-34 EDV-34 GKJ-35.

Family

Kunhilde (?) of Rugen b. c 715
Children

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I44130
  2. [S812] e-mail address, updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I44131
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Norway 1 page - Kings of Haithabu: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/scand/norway1.html

Kunhilde (?) of Rugen1

F, #23352, b. circa 715
ReferenceGAV34 EDV34
Last Edited19 Feb 2003
     Kunhilde (?) of Rugen married Warnechin (?) Graf von Engern.1 Kunhilde (?) of Rugen was born circa 715.1
     GAV-34 EDV-34 GKJ-35.

Family

Warnechin (?) Graf von Engern b. c 715
Children

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I44131
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Norway 1 page - Kings of Haithabu: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/scand/norway1.html

Eysteinn "Fret" Halfdansson (?) King in Vestfold1,2

M, #23353, b. circa 736, d. 780
FatherHalfdan "Hvitbein" Olafsson (?)1 b. c 704, d. 750
MotherAsa Eysteinsdottir1 b. bt 696 - 719, d. bt 740 - 791
ReferenceGAV34 EDV34
Last Edited3 Nov 2019
     Eysteinn "Fret" Halfdansson (?) King in Vestfold married Hildi Eriksdatter.3 Eysteinn "Fret" Halfdansson (?) King in Vestfold was born circa 736 at Vestfolf, Norway (now).1
Eysteinn "Fret" Halfdansson (?) King in Vestfold died in 780.1

Family 1

Children

Family 2

Hildi Eriksdatter b. c 740
Child

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I47876
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  3. [S812] e-mail address, updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I47877
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Norway 1 page - Kings of Haithabu: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/scand/norway1.html

Hildi Eriksdatter1

F, #23354, b. circa 740
ReferenceGAV34 EDV34
Last Edited20 Feb 2003
     Hildi Eriksdatter married Eysteinn "Fret" Halfdansson (?) King in Vestfold, son of Halfdan "Hvitbein" Olafsson (?) and Asa Eysteinsdottir.1 Hildi Eriksdatter was born circa 740 at Vestfolf, Norway.1
     GAV-34 EDV-34 GKJ-35.

Helgi Olafsson (?)1,2

M, #23355, b. circa 802
FatherOlaf II Gudrodson (?)1 b. 770, d. 840
Last Edited7 Mar 2004
     Helgi Olafsson (?) married Thora Sigurdsdatter (?) Helgi Olafsson (?) was born circa 802 at Dublin, co. Cork, Ireland.1

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30761
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Hlodvir Thorfinsson (?) Earl of Orkney1,2

M, #23356, b. circa 946, d. circa 988
FatherThorfinn I Hausakliffer "Skull-Splitter" (?) Jarl of Orkney3 b. c 910, d. 977
MotherGrelod/Grelanga Duncansdatter (?)3 b. c 898
ReferenceGAV34 EDV30
Last Edited18 Jan 2009
     Hlodvir Thorfinsson (?) Earl of Orkney married Eithne (?), daughter of Kjarval Cearbhall MacDunghal Lord of Kirkwall.4 Hlodvir Thorfinsson (?) Earl of Orkney was born circa 946 at Orkney, Scotland.2
Hlodvir Thorfinsson (?) Earl of Orkney died circa 988.2
     GAV-34 EDV-30.

Hlodvir Thorfinsson (?) Earl of Orkney
Dunnett says that Hlodvir's wife was "Eithne, daughter of Cearbhal King of Dublin and sister of Dungal, Lord of Ossory" and that she was the mother of his children, Svanlaug/Hvarflod and Sigurd.3 He was Earl of Orkney: [Ashley, p. 445] HLODVIR earl of Orkney, ?984-?7. Hlodvir was the last surviving son of THORFINN SKULL-SPLITTER. He may have been born about 946 and although we do not know the date of his accession it cannot have been much earlier than 983 or 984 to have allowed for the internecine struggles between his brothers. Hlodvir managed to keep out of the way of his scheming sister-in-law Ragnhild, probably because he was already married (to Ethne, the daughter of an Irish king, in about 966). We know nothing more about Hlodvir's reign, and he died, probably of an illness, in 986 or 987. He was buried at Hofn in Caithness. He had two daughters and one son, SIGURD, who succeeded him. One daughter married Gilli, the earl of the Hebrides, whilst the other married Havard, the steward of Caithness. between 984 and 987.2

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30709
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 439 (Chart 27), 445. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  3. [S1842] Dorothy Dunnett, King Hereafter (New York: Vintage Books (Random House), 1982 (Oct. 1998)), Appendix chart: Kings of Scotland (Alba) and Earls of Northumberland (England). Hereinafter cited as Dunnett (1982) King Hereafter.
  4. [S812] e-mail address, updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30710

Thorfinn I Hausakliffer "Skull-Splitter" (?) Jarl of Orkney1,2

M, #23357, b. circa 910, d. 977
FatherEinar I (Turf-Einar) (?) Jarl of Orkney3 d. c 920
ReferenceGAV35 EDV31
Last Edited18 Jan 2009
     Thorfinn I Hausakliffer "Skull-Splitter" (?) Jarl of Orkney married Grelod/Grelanga Duncansdatter (?), daughter of Duncan (Dungad) (?) Earl of Caithness and Groa Thorsteinsdotter (?).4,3 Thorfinn I Hausakliffer "Skull-Splitter" (?) Jarl of Orkney was born circa 910 at Orkney, Scotland.2
Thorfinn I Hausakliffer "Skull-Splitter" (?) Jarl of Orkney died in 977.2
     GAV-35 EDV-31. He was Earl of Orkney: [Ashley, p. 444] THORFINN (I) HAUSAKLIFFER (SKULL-SPLITTER) earl of Orkney c947-77. He was the youngest son of EINAR (I) and was probably born about the year 910 or slightly earlier. The sagas recall that he ruled jointly with his brothers ARNKEL and ERLEND, though he is unlikely to have done so from the start, and may only have done so once all three had become vassals to ERIK BLOODAXE, who imposed his authority on the earldom in 937. Thorfinn's nickname suggests he was strong and powerful in battle, and he almost certainly joined his brothers with their new leader in their raids about the coast. Thorfinn's brothers do not seem to have married, but Thorfinn married Grelod, the daughter of the mórmaer of Caithness and granddaughter of THORSTEIN THE RED. He had five sons and two daughters. Whereas Thorfinn's elder brothers were closer companions of Erik's, and were with him during his final rule of York, Thorfinn remained behind in Orkney, and thus may have been the sole authority on the island for much of the time from 947 on. Even though he inherited the earldom after his brothers were killed alongside Erik in 954, he remained subservient to Erik's widow GUNNHILDR and her sons when they returned to Orkney that same year. It was at this time that Thorfinn's son ARNFINN married Gunnhildr's daughter Ragnhild. However, once they left in 955, Thorfinn finally became sole earl, though he had to relinquish that briefly to Gunnhildr and her sons when they returned in 976. Thorfinn lived to an old age, probably about sixty-seven, and was accorded a proud Viking burial in the Sound of Hoxa off South Ronaldsay. between 947 and 977.2

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30718
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 439 (Chart 27), 444. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  3. [S1842] Dorothy Dunnett, King Hereafter (New York: Vintage Books (Random House), 1982 (Oct. 1998)), Appendix chart: Kings of Scotland (Alba) and Earls of Northumberland (England). Hereinafter cited as Dunnett (1982) King Hereafter.
  4. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Sinclair Earls of Caithness Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  5. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 439 (Chart 27), 444-445.
  6. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 439 (Chart 27), 445.
  7. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 439 (Chart 27).

Grelod/Grelanga Duncansdatter (?)1,2,3

F, #23358, b. circa 898
FatherDuncan (Dungad) (?) Earl of Caithness4 b. c 871
MotherGroa Thorsteinsdotter (?)4 b. c 873
ReferenceGAV35
Last Edited19 Jul 2008
     Grelod/Grelanga Duncansdatter (?) married Thorfinn I Hausakliffer "Skull-Splitter" (?) Jarl of Orkney, son of Einar I (Turf-Einar) (?) Jarl of Orkney.3,4 Grelod/Grelanga Duncansdatter (?) was born circa 898 at Caitherness, Scotland.
     GAV-35.

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30719
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 439 (Chart 27), 444. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  3. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Sinclair Earls of Caithness Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  4. [S1842] Dorothy Dunnett, King Hereafter (New York: Vintage Books (Random House), 1982 (Oct. 1998)), Appendix chart: Kings of Scotland (Alba) and Earls of Northumberland (England). Hereinafter cited as Dunnett (1982) King Hereafter.
  5. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 439 (Chart 27), 444-445.
  6. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 439 (Chart 27), 445.
  7. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 439 (Chart 27).

Duncan (Dungad) (?) Earl of Caithness1,2

M, #23359, b. circa 871
ReferenceGAV36
Last Edited19 Jul 2008
     Duncan (Dungad) (?) Earl of Caithness married Groa Thorsteinsdotter (?), daughter of Thorstein 'the Red' Olafsson (?) and Thurid Eyvindsdatter (?).3,4 Duncan (Dungad) (?) Earl of Caithness was born circa 871 at Caithness, Scotland.
     GAV-36. He was Mormaer/Earl of Caithness in 875.3

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30731
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 439 (Chart 27), 441. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  3. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Sinclair Earls of Caithness Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  4. [S1842] Dorothy Dunnett, King Hereafter (New York: Vintage Books (Random House), 1982 (Oct. 1998)), Appendix chart: Kings of Scotland (Alba) and Earls of Northumberland (England). Hereinafter cited as Dunnett (1982) King Hereafter.

Groa Thorsteinsdotter (?)1,2

F, #23360, b. circa 873
FatherThorstein 'the Red' Olafsson (?)3 b. c 858, d. 900
MotherThurid Eyvindsdatter (?) b. c 847
ReferenceGAV36
Last Edited19 Jul 2008
     Groa Thorsteinsdotter (?) married Duncan (Dungad) (?) Earl of Caithness.3,4 Groa Thorsteinsdotter (?) was born circa 873 at Hvammi, Dala, Iceland.
     GAV-36.

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30732
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 439 (Chart 27), 441. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  3. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Sinclair Earls of Caithness Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  4. [S1842] Dorothy Dunnett, King Hereafter (New York: Vintage Books (Random House), 1982 (Oct. 1998)), Appendix chart: Kings of Scotland (Alba) and Earls of Northumberland (England). Hereinafter cited as Dunnett (1982) King Hereafter.

Thorstein 'the Red' Olafsson (?)1,2

M, #23361, b. circa 858, d. 900
FatherOlaf 'The White' Ingjaldsson (?) King of Ireland b. c 840, d. 871
MotherAud "the Deep-Minded" Ketilsdatter (?) b. c 834, d. 900
ReferenceGAV37
Last Edited19 Jul 2008
     Thorstein 'the Red' Olafsson (?) married Thurid Eyvindsdatter (?)3 Thorstein 'the Red' Olafsson (?) was born circa 858 at Dublin, co. Cork, Ireland.
Thorstein 'the Red' Olafsson (?) died in 900.4
     He was Prince of Dublin at Dublin, Ireland.5 GAV-37. He was Ruler of Caithness and Sutherland, [Ashley, p. 441] THORSTEIN RAUDR (THE RED) ruled Caithness and Sutherland, c875- c900. Thorstein was the son of OLAF THE WHITE and grandson of KETIL FLATNOSE. He stood to inherit a substantial kingdom, since Olaf was the king of Dublin, and Ketil was ruler of the Hebrides. However, Ketil displeased Olaf, and though he continued to rule, it does not seem that his heirs inherited his lands. Quite whether Olaf intended Thorstein to be his heir is not known, but by 872 Olaf had either been killed in battle or had returned to Norway. Ketil was now dead, and Thorstein decided to carve out his own kingdom. He joined forces with SIGURD THE MIGHTY of the Orkneys and together made themselves masters of much of northern Britain, certainly Caithness and Sutherland, and probably parts of Moray and Ross. Thorstein had married Thorida, the granddaughter of Cerball, king of Ossory in Ireland, and former ally of his father. He recognized the importance of political marriages as alliances following conquest. His daughter Groa married Dungad (or Duncan), the mórmaer of Caithness, who presumably recognized Thorstein as his overlord rather than the king of the Scots. Thorstein sought to extend his sovereignty further south into Scotland but he was lured into a trap and killed in the ensuing battle, probably around the year 900. After this his mother, Aud, decided she had no future in Britain. She gathered about her her family and friends and set sail for Iceland. Thorstein's son, Olaf, became the progenitor of a great dynasty in Iceland which was long remembered in the sagas. between 875 and 900.2

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30733
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 439 (Chart 27), 441. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  3. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 441.
  4. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 439 (Chart 27).
  5. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Sinclair Earls of Caithness Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.

Thurid Eyvindsdatter (?)1

F, #23362, b. circa 847
ReferenceGAV37
Last Edited19 Jul 2008
     Thurid Eyvindsdatter (?) married Thorstein 'the Red' Olafsson (?), son of Olaf 'The White' Ingjaldsson (?) King of Ireland and Aud "the Deep-Minded" Ketilsdatter (?).2 Thurid Eyvindsdatter (?) was born circa 847 at Amle, Sogn og Fjordane, Norway.
     GAV-37. Thurid Eyvindsdatter (?) was also known as Thorida (?)2

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30734
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 441. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Olaf 'The White' Ingjaldsson (?) King of Ireland1,2

M, #23363, b. circa 840, d. 871
ReferenceGAV38 EDV34
Last Edited4 Sep 2014
     Olaf 'The White' Ingjaldsson (?) King of Ireland married unknown (?), daughter of Cinead (Kenneth) I mac Alpin King of the Picts and Scots.2 Olaf 'The White' Ingjaldsson (?) King of Ireland married unknown (?), daughter of Constantine II (?) King of the Scots.3 Olaf 'The White' Ingjaldsson (?) King of Ireland was born circa 840 at Dyflinni, Ireland. He married Aud "the Deep-Minded" Ketilsdatter (?), daughter of Ketil "Flatnose" (?), circa 853.4 Olaf 'The White' Ingjaldsson (?) King of Ireland and Aud "the Deep-Minded" Ketilsdatter (?) were divorced after 853.5
Olaf 'The White' Ingjaldsson (?) King of Ireland died in 871 at Dublin, co. Cork, Ireland.
     GAV-38 EDV-34. He was Overlord of the Picts and Scots, [Ashley, p. 385] OLAF or ANLAF GOTHFRITHSON, THE WHITE Dublin, 853-71; overlord of Picts and Scots, 866-71. Olaf established himself as king of the Norse Vikings in Dublin in 853. Within four years he was in league with the leader of the Danish Vikings, IVARR THE BONELESS, and the two used Dublin as the base for raids not only along the Irish coast but throughout the western isles and sea lochs of Scotland. In 866 he embarked on a major campaign across Scotland, seeking to establish a right of access from the Clyde to the Forth which would allow the Viking longships to be transported across land rather than to risk the vulnerable trip around the north Scottish coast. Olaf not only defeated the king of the Picts and Scots, CONSTANTINE (I), but he demanded tribute from him. Olaf may thus be regarded as the overlord of the Picts and Scots from 866 to 871. His authority over Constantine allowed the free passage of Vikings across Pictland and this facilitated the Danish conquest of York and East Anglia. Olaf's impact upon Britain was therefore significant. Olaf married at least three times. His first wife was Aud the Deep-Minded, the daughter of KETIL FLATNOSE, by whom he was the father of THORSTEIN THE RED. He also married the daughter of KENNETH MACALPIN and finally a daughter of CONSTANTINE (I). The historical record is vague about Olaf's fate. One record suggests that he became involved with RAGNALD in the battle to clear the Orkneys of Norse pirates and was killed at the battle of Hafrsfiord in 872. Another suggestion is that Olaf returned to Norway to assist his father and brother in the civil war that eventually resulted in establishing a united kingdom of Norway. If so, then he is almost certainly the same Olaf who was buried in the ship at Gotstad, one of the rich archeological finds in Scandinavia. He was hailed as the greatest ruler of the western seas. between 853 and 871.2

Family

Aud "the Deep-Minded" Ketilsdatter (?) b. c 834, d. 900
Child

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30744
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 381, 385. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  3. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 385.
  4. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 385, 423, 439 (Chart 27).
  5. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 423.

Aud "the Deep-Minded" Ketilsdatter (?)1

F, #23364, b. circa 834, d. 900
FatherKetil "Flatnose" (?)1 d. c 870
ReferenceGAV38
Last Edited19 Jul 2008
     Aud "the Deep-Minded" Ketilsdatter (?) was born circa 834 at Raumsdal, Telemark, Norway. She married Olaf 'The White' Ingjaldsson (?) King of Ireland circa 853.2 Aud "the Deep-Minded" Ketilsdatter (?) and Olaf 'The White' Ingjaldsson (?) King of Ireland were divorced after 853.3
Aud "the Deep-Minded" Ketilsdatter (?) died in 900 at Hvammi, Dala, Iceland.
     GAV-38.

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 385. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 385, 423, 439 (Chart 27).
  3. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 423.

Ingjald 'the White' Helgasson (?) Petty King of Ireland1,2

M, #23365, b. circa 820, d. circa 842
FatherHelgi Olafsson (?) b. c 802
MotherThora Sigurdsdatter (?) b. c 806
Last Edited4 Mar 2004
     Ingjald 'the White' Helgasson (?) Petty King of Ireland was born circa 820 at Dublin, co. Cork, Ireland.
Ingjald 'the White' Helgasson (?) Petty King of Ireland died circa 842 at Dublin, co. Cork, Ireland.

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30760
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 209, Chart 10. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

David Lindsay 9th Earl of Crawford1

M, #23366, d. 1558
FatherWalter Lindsay2 d. 9 Sep 1513
Mother(?) Erskine of Dun2
Last Edited3 Jul 2006
     David Lindsay 9th Earl of Crawford married Janet Gray, daughter of Patrick Gray Master of Gray and Annabella Forbes, before 12 June 1535; her 3rd husband.2,3,4 David Lindsay 9th Earl of Crawford married Katherine Campbell, daughter of Sir John Campbell of Cawdor, in 1549.2
David Lindsay 9th Earl of Crawford died in 1558.2
     David Lindsay 9th Earl of Crawford
DAVID, 9th Earl of Crawford, who, with the consent of the Crown, re-conveyed the earldom to his kinsman, s of the "Wicked Master," whom he brought up and educated. He d 1558, having m 1st, Janet, dau of Andrew, 3rd Ld Gray (see that title), widow of Thomas, 2nd Ld Lovat, s p; m 2nd, 1549, Katherine (d 1 Oct 1578), widow of James, Master of Oglivy, and dau of Sir John Campbell, of Cawdor (see CAWDOR, E).2

Family 1

Janet Gray d. a 5 Feb 1549

Citations

  1. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Stuart Earls of Moray Family Page (see CRAWFORD & BALCARRES, E). Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  2. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Crawford & Balcarres Family Page.
  3. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Fraser Lords Lovat Family Page.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Janet Gray: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00116873&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.

Thora Sigurdsdatter (?)1

F, #23367, b. circa 806
Last Edited1 Sep 2003
     Thora Sigurdsdatter (?) married Helgi Olafsson (?), son of Olaf II Gudrodson (?). Thora Sigurdsdatter (?) was born circa 806 at Jutland, Denmark.

Eithne (?)1,2

F, #23368, b. circa 928
FatherKjarval Cearbhall MacDunghal Lord of Kirkwall3 b. 800, d. 888
ReferenceGAV34
Last Edited19 Jul 2008
     Eithne (?) married Hlodvir Thorfinsson (?) Earl of Orkney, son of Thorfinn I Hausakliffer "Skull-Splitter" (?) Jarl of Orkney and Grelod/Grelanga Duncansdatter (?).4 Eithne (?) was born circa 928 at Orkney, Scotland.4
     GAV-3934. Eithne (?) was also known as Audna Kjarvalssdatter.4

Citations

  1. [Ashley, p. 445] "daughter of an Irish King."
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 439 (Chart 27), 445. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  3. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30717
  4. [S812] e-mail address, updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30710
  5. [S1842] Dorothy Dunnett, King Hereafter (New York: Vintage Books (Random House), 1982 (Oct. 1998)), Appendix chart: Kings of Scotland (Alba) and Earls of Northumberland (England). Hereinafter cited as Dunnett (1982) King Hereafter.
  6. [S812] e-mail address, updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30708

John Stewart 5th Lord Innermeath1

M, #23369, d. 14 February 1585/86
FatherJohn Stewart 4th Lord Innermeath2 d. Jan 1590
MotherElizabeth Beatoun2
Last Edited27 Nov 2002
     John Stewart 5th Lord Innermeath married Helen Ogilvy, daughter of James Ogilvy 4th Lord Ogilvy of Airlie and Helen Sinclair, in 1554.2
John Stewart 5th Lord Innermeath died on 14 February 1585/86.1
     John Stewart 5th Lord Innermeath
James, 5th Ld Innermeath, was one of the peers offered as hostages for MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS 1569, was a Councillor Extraordinary, 1577-8, and a Commissioner for quieting the public troubles within the realm, and d 14 Feb 1585/6. He m 1554, Helen, dau of James, 4th Ld Ogilvy of Airlie (see AIRLIE, E), and by her had five sons and six daus.1

Citations

  1. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Stuart Earls of Moray Family Page (see CRAWFORD & BALCARRES, E). Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  2. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Stuart Earls of Moray Family Page.

Havarflad Svanlaug Nereid Hlodversdatter1

F, #23370, b. circa 962
FatherHlodvir Thorfinsson (?) Earl of Orkney2 b. c 946, d. c 988
MotherEithne (?)1 b. c 928
Last Edited13 Nov 2005
     Havarflad Svanlaug Nereid Hlodversdatter married Gille Odhrain (?) Lord of Colonsay, Jarl of the Hebrides.2 Havarflad Svanlaug Nereid Hlodversdatter was born circa 962 at Orkney, Scotland.1

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30708
  2. [S1842] Dorothy Dunnett, King Hereafter (New York: Vintage Books (Random House), 1982 (Oct. 1998)), Appendix chart: Kings of Scotland (Alba) and Earls of Northumberland (England). Hereinafter cited as Dunnett (1982) King Hereafter.