Gille Odhrain (?) Lord of Colonsay, Jarl of the Hebrides1,2

M, #23371, b. circa 958
Last Edited13 Nov 2005
     Gille Odhrain (?) Lord of Colonsay, Jarl of the Hebrides married Havarflad Svanlaug Nereid Hlodversdatter, daughter of Hlodvir Thorfinsson (?) Earl of Orkney and Eithne (?).2 Gille Odhrain (?) Lord of Colonsay, Jarl of the Hebrides was born circa 958 at Orkney, Scotland.1

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30707
  2. [S1842] Dorothy Dunnett, King Hereafter (New York: Vintage Books (Random House), 1982 (Oct. 1998)), Appendix chart: Kings of Scotland (Alba) and Earls of Northumberland (England). Hereinafter cited as Dunnett (1982) King Hereafter.

Kjarval Cearbhall MacDunghal Lord of Kirkwall1

M, #23372, b. 800, d. 888
FatherDunghal MacFearghal King of Ossory2 b. c 760
ReferenceGAV35
Last Edited25 Nov 2020
     Kjarval Cearbhall MacDunghal Lord of Kirkwall was born in 800 at Ireland.1
Kjarval Cearbhall MacDunghal Lord of Kirkwall died in 888.1
     GAV-35.

Family

Children

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30717
  2. [S812] e-mail address, updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I47810
  3. [S1842] Dorothy Dunnett, King Hereafter (New York: Vintage Books (Random House), 1982 (Oct. 1998)), Appendix chart: Kings of Scotland (Alba) and Earls of Northumberland (England). Hereinafter cited as Dunnett (1982) King Hereafter.
  4. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTTISH%20NOBILITY.htm#SigurdDigridied1014A. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.

Dunghal MacFearghal King of Ossory1

M, #23373, b. circa 760
ReferenceGAV3.6
Last Edited19 Jul 2008
     Dunghal MacFearghal King of Ossory was born circa 760 at Ossory, Ireland.1
     GAV-36.

Helen Ogilvy1

F, #23374
FatherJames Ogilvy 4th Lord Ogilvy of Airlie1
MotherHelen Sinclair
Last Edited3 Jul 2006
     Helen Ogilvy married John Stewart 5th Lord Innermeath, son of John Stewart 4th Lord Innermeath and Elizabeth Beatoun, in 1554.1

Citations

  1. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Stuart Earls of Moray Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.

Margaret de Huntingdon Duchess of Brittany1,2,3

F, #23375, b. between 1145 and 1146, d. 1201
FatherHenry de Huntingdon Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon4,2,5,3,6,7 b. 1114, d. 12 Jun 1152
MotherAda de Warenne4,5,3,6,7 b. c 1120, d. 1178
ReferenceGAV23 EDV24
Last Edited30 Jun 2020
     Margaret de Huntingdon Duchess of Brittany was born between 1145 and 1146 at Northumberland, England; Genealogics says b. ca 1150; Racines et Histoire says b. ca 1152/54; Med Lands says b. 1144/45.2,5,3,6,7 She married Conan IV "le Petit, le Fort" (?) Duc de Bretagne, Earl of Richmond, son of Alain II "the Black" de Penthièvre Earl of Richmond, Duke of Brittany, sn de Guincamp and Bertha de Cornouailles Duchess of Brittany, in 1160;
Her 1st husband.8,1,4,9,10,11,2,5,12,13,6,7 Margaret de Huntingdon Duchess of Brittany married Humphrey IV de Bohun Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford, Constable of England, son of Humphrey III de Bohun baron de Bohun, Steward, Chancelier et sénéchal, seigneur de Trowbridge, Malmesbury et Melshan and Margaret (?) of Gloucester, in 1171 at England;
Her 2nd husband.1,4,9,2,3,6,7 Margaret de Huntingdon Duchess of Brittany married William de Washington, son of Sir Patric de Offerton, after 1181;      Her possible 3rd husband. See Med Lands note for dicussion of this.14,15,16,7
Margaret de Huntingdon Duchess of Brittany was buried in 1201 at Sawtry Abbey, Sawtry, Huntingdonshire District, Cambridgeshire, England,

; From Find A Grave:
     BIRTH     1145, Scotland
     DEATH     1201 (aged 55–56), England
     Duchess of Brittany, Countess of Hereford. Margaret was the second eldest eldest daughter of Henry of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon and Northumbria and Ada de Warenne. She was the granddaughter of King David I of Scotland and Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon, William de Warenne, Earl of Surrey and Elizabeth de Vermandois.
     Margaret married Conan IV, Duke of Brittany, the son of Alan the Black, 1st Earl of Richmond and Bertha of Brittany. They married in 1160 and had one daughter, Constance, who was forced to marry Geoffrey II, who became the Duke of Brittany.
     When Conan died in February of 1171, Margaret was a young widow, aged only twenty-six. About two months later, just before Easter of 1171 she married Humphrey de Bohun, the Hereditary Constable of England, the son of Humphrey de Bohun and Margaret de Hereford. Margaret and Humphrey and two children:
1. Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl Hereford
2. Margaret de Bohun

     Humphrey died in 1181, and Margaret married a third time to Sir William FitzPatrick Hertburn. They married in 1183 and had one son, Sir William de Wessington.
     William died about 1194, Margaret died in 1201.
     Family Members
     Parents
          Henry de Huntingdon 1114–1152
          Ada De Warenne De Huntingdon 1120–1178
     Spouses
          Gille Crist of Angus unknown–1210 (m. 1175)
          Conan Duke Of Brittany 1142–1171
          Humphrey III de Bohun 1144–1181
     Siblings
          Ada of Huntingdon 1139–1206
          Malcolm IV King of Scotland 1141–1165
          William I, King of Scots 1143–1214
          David of Scotland 1144–1219
     Children
          Donnchadh MacGilchrist of Angus unknown–1214
          Constance Penthièvre Plantagenet-de Bretagne 1161–1201
          Henry de Bohun 1176–1220
          Beatrix de Angus 1184–1204
     BURIAL     Sawtry Abbey, Sawtry, Huntingdonshire District, Cambridgeshire, England
     Maintained by: Anne Shurtleff Stevens
     Originally Created by: Jerry Ferren
     Added: 5 Dec 2010
     Find a Grave Memorial 62574695
     SPONSORED BY Lucy DeYoung.17
Margaret de Huntingdon Duchess of Brittany died in 1201 at England.18,4,2,5,3,6,7
     ; Per Med Lands:
     "CONAN de Penthièvre, son of ALAIN Earl of Richmond & his wife Berthe heiress of Brittany ([1138]-18 or 20 Feb 1171, bur Bégard Monastery). The Chronicæ Sancti Albini names "Conanus junior, comes Britanniæ, Alani comitis filius et Berta mater eius comitissa" when recording his death[272]. The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ records that "Conanus filius Alani" succeeded his father "in honorem Richemundiæ" and built "turrim magnam infra Castellum Richemundiæ"[273]. He invaded Brittany in 1156, captured Rennes, expelled his stepfather who was taken prisoner by Raoul de Fougères, and succeeded as CONAN IV "le Petit" Duke of Brittany. He seized the county of Nantes on the death in 1158 of Geoffroy Comte de Nantes, son of Henry II King of England. King Henry II deprived Duke Conan of the lordship of Richmond, but it was returned to him under the agreement reached in Sep 1158. "Conan dux Britannie comes Richmundie" confirmed the donation of Plubihan and Plougasnou to Saint-Georges de Rennes by charter to [1156/69], witnessed by "Margarita comitissa, Willelmo filio Hamon, Alano de Rohan, Constancia sorore comitis…"[274]. Duke Conan confiscated Tréguier and Guingamp from his uncle Comte Henri. He was forced to surrender Brittany to King Henry II in 1166, on the betrothal of his daughter to Henry's son, who was proclaimed Duke of Brittany in 1169. The Chronicæ Sancti Albini record that "Conanus junior, comes Britanniæ, Alani comitis filius et Berta mater eius comitissa" was dying in 1169 and that Henry II King of England subjugated Brittany and placed his son Geoffroy to rule there through "Guillelmi filii Hamonis"[275]. Robert of Torigny records the death in 1171 of "Conanus dux Britanniæ"[276]. The Chronicon Britannico Alter records the death in 1171 of "Conanus junior Dux Britanniæ"[277]. The necrology of Landévennec records the death “XII Kal Mar” of “Conanus dux Britanniæ 1171”[278]. The Chronicon Kemperlegiensis records the death "XX Feb" in 1171 of "Conanus Dux Britanniæ et Comes Richemundiæ"[279]. The Chronicon Ruyensis Cœnobii records the death in 1171 of "Conani Ducis Britanniæ, Alani et Berthæ filii"[280]. The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ records the death in Brittany in 1170 of "Conanus filius Alani" and his burial "Begare"[281].
     "m (1160) as her first husband, MARGARET of Scotland, daughter of HENRY of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon and Northumberland & his wife Ada de Warenne ([1144/45]-1201, bur Sawtrey Abbey, Hunts). Her origin and first marriage are deduced from Benedict of Peterborough recording that "filia sororis regis Scotiæ Willelmi comitissa Brittaniæ" gave birth in 1186 to "filium…Arturum"[282]. Her birth date is estimated from the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 which records property “villam de Wissinton” held by “Margareta comitissa…xl annorum”, adding that “comes Britannie habet filiam suam” and that she has “i filium de Humfrido de Buun qui est infra etatem”[283]. The Chronicle of Melrose records the marriage in 1160 of "Malcolm king of Scotland…his sister Margaret to Conan duke of Brittany"[284]. The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ records that "Conanus filius Alani" married "Margaretam sororem Willielmi Regis Scotie"[285]. "Conan dux Britannie comes Richmundie" confirmed the donation of Plubihan and Plougasnou to Saint-Georges de Rennes by charter to [1156/69], witnessed by "Margarita comitissa, Willelmo filio Hamon, Alano de Rohan, Constancia sorore comitis…"[286]. She married secondly (before Easter 1175) Humphrey [IV] de Bohun Constable of England. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “dominus Humfridus quartus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et constabularius Angliæ” married “Margaretam comitissam Britanniæ”[287]. The Annals of Burton record the death in 1201 of “Margareta mater…Constantiæ, soror Willelmi regis Scotiæ, mater Henrici de Boum comitis Herefordiæ”[288]."
Med Lands cites:
[272] Chronica sancti Sergii Andegavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 150.
[273] Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ post conquestum Angliæ, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 569.
[274] Rennes Saint-Georges, XX, p. 249.
[275] Chronica sancti Sergii Andegavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, p. 150.
[276] Robert de Torigny, Vol. II, p. 25.
[277] Ex Chronico Britannico Altero, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 560.
[278] Landévennec Necrology, pp. 33-49.
[279] Ex Chronico Kemperlegiensis, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 563.
[280] Ex Chronico Ruyensis Cœnobii, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 564.
[281] Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ post conquestum Angliæ, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 569.
[282] Benedict of Peterborough, Vol. I, 1186, p. 361.
[283] Rotuli Dominabus, Rotuli V, Norffolk, p. 33.
[284] Chronicle of Melrose, 1162, p. 12.
[285] Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ post conquestum Angliæ, RHGF, Tome XII, p. 569.
[286] Rennes Saint-Georges, XX, p. 249.
[287] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Lanthony Abbey, Gloucestershire, II, Fundatorum progenies, p. 134.
[288] Annales de Burton, p. 209.13


; Per Genealogy.EU (Bretagne 3): “G1. Conon IV, Duc de Bretagne (1156-66), *ca 1138, +20.2.1171; m.1160 Margaret of Scotland (*1154 +1201)”.19

Reference: Genealogics cites: Burke's Presidential families of the United States of America, London, 1975. 38.15 GAV-23 EDV-23 GKJ-24. Margaret de Huntingdon Duchess of Brittany was also known as Margaret of Scotland.6

; Per Genealogics:
     “Margaret was born in 1145, the second eldest daughter of Henry, earl of Huntingdon, earl of Northumberland, and Ada de Warenne. Two of her brothers, Malcolm IV and William 'the Lion', were Scottish kings. She had an older sister Ada, and two younger sisters, Marjorie and Matilda, and she had another brother, David, earl of Huntingdon. In 1152, when she was seven years of age, her father died.
     “In 1160 Margaret married her first husband Conon IV le Petit, duc de Bretagne, earl of Richmond, son of Alain II 'the Black', earl of Richmond, seigneur de Guingamp, and Berthe de Bretagne, heiress of Brittany. Their only child Constance would have progeny.
     “Margaret's husband died in February 1171, leaving her a widow at the age of twenty-six. Shortly before Easter 1171 she married her second husband Humphrey de Bohun, hereditary constable of England, son of Humphrey de Bohun and Margaret of Gloucester. Their son Henry would have progeny.
     “Margaret died in 1201 and was buried in Sawtrey Abbey, Huntingdonshire. Her second husband had died nineteen years earlier, about five years after they were married.”.6

; This is the same person as ”Margaret of Huntingdon, Duchess of Brittany” at Wikipedia.16

Reference: Genalogics cites:
1. Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag, Marburg, Schwennicke, Detlev (Ed.) 3/1:75 Neu.
2. Burke's Guide to the Royal Family, London, 1973. 315.6


; Per Genealogy.EU (Dunkeld): “E5. Margaret, *ca 1145/46, +1201; 1m: 1159/60 Duke Conan IV of Brittany (*ca 1038, +20.2.1171), 2m: around Easter 1175 Humphrey de Bohun (+1182)”.20

; Per Med Lands:
     "MARGARET ([1144/45]-1201, bur Sawtrey Abbey). Her origin and first marriage are deduced from Benedict of Peterborough who records that "filia sororis regis Scotiæ Willelmi comitissa Brittaniæ" gave birth in 1186 to "filium…Arturum"[463]. Her birth date is estimated from the Rotuli de Dominabus of 1185 which records property “villam de Wissinton” held by “Margareta comitissa…xl annorum”, adding that “comes Britannie habet filiam suam” and that she has “i filium de Humfrido de Buun qui est infra etatem”[464]. The Chronicle of Melrose records the marriage in 1160 of "Malcolm king of Scotland…his sister Margaret to Conan duke of Brittany"[465]. The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ records that "Conanus filius Alani" married "Margaretam sororem Willielmi Regis Scotie"[466]. "Conan dux Britannie comes Richmundie" confirmed the donation of Plubihan and Plougasnou to Saint-Georges de Rennes by charter to [1156/69], witnessed by "Margarita comitissa, Willelmo filio Hamon, Alano de Rohan, Constancia sorore comitis…"[467]. A manuscript which narrates the descents of the founders of Lanthony Abbey records that “dominus Humfridus quartus de Bohun, comes Herefordiæ et constabularius Angliæ” married “Margaretam comitissam Britanniæ”[468]. Two possibilities have been proposed for a third marriage of Margaret. Firstly, Evans suggests that she was the second marriage of Pedro de Lara, quoting a charter dated "X Kal Feb 1221" (Spanish Era = A. D. 23 Jan 1183) at Anjou which records a donation by "P…comes de Lara…comitisse Marger’ uxori mee consanguinee H...angl’ regis" of "Molmera et Handaluz et Agusinu et Eles et Pulucranke…in Hyspania" to Llanthony abbey, witnessed by "comes Gaufredus Britannie, J. sine terra, J. comes J, Mauricius de Creon sen[escallus Andeg, J. Didaci comitis"[469]. He points out that Llanthony had been founded in 1136 by Miles of Gloucester, whose eldest daughter married Humphrey de Bohun, who was the father of Margaret’s second husband[470]. If this origin is correct, Pedro’s marriage to Margaret was presumably terminated before her death, given his third marriage. The difficulty with Evans’s proposal is the obvious age difference between Pedro de Lara and Margaret of Scotland. Another possibility, which also justifies the connection with Llanthony through the Bohun family and is more satisfactory from a chronological point of view, is that Pedro’s second wife was an otherwise unrecorded daughter of Margaret’s. The second possibility for a third marriage for Margaret with "the Berwickshire thegn" William FitzPatrick of Greenlaw, Westmoreland was proposed by Washington[471], and accepted by Hedley[472]. The Liber de S. Marie de Calchou (Kelso abbey) lists "Carta Willi fil Patric…in villa de Grenlaw" which records the donation by "M comitisse uxoris mee" to Kelso of land "in Grenelawe quem Lyolfus eq’cius tenuit"[473], while the Pipe Roll of 1184 for Westmoreland records lands owned by "Countess Margaret"[474]. Washington assigns three children to this marriage: "1. Walter de Washington, 2. Sir William de Washington, 3. Marjory who married firstly David de Lindsay (from which marriage descended Sir Robert de Pinkney, a competitor for the Scottish crown in 1291) and secondly Sir Malcolm FitzWaldeve alias de Ingoe".] The Annals of Burton record the death in 1201 of “Margareta mater…Constantiæ, soror Willelmi regis Scotiæ, mater Henrici de Boum comitis Herefordiæ”[475].
     "m firstly (1160) CONAN IV "le Petit" Duke of Brittany, Earl of Richmond, son of ALAIN Earl of Richmond & his wife Berthe heiress of Brittany ([1138]-18 or 20 Feb 1171).
     "m secondly (1171 before Easter) HUMPHREY [IV] de Bohun, son of HUMPHREY [III] de Bohun & his wife Margaret of Hereford (-[1180]). Hereditary Constable of England.
     "[Two possible alternatives for her third marriage: (1) m thirdly as his second wife, conde don PEDRO Manrique de Lara Vicomte de Narbonne, son of conde don MANRIQUE Pérez de Lara & his wife Ermesinde Ctss de Narbonne (-Jan 1202, bur Santa María de Huerta). (2) m thirdly WILLIAM FitzPatrick alias de Hertburn, alias de Washington, of Greenlaw, Westmoreland, son of --- (-after 1184).]"
Med Lands cites:
[463] Stubbs, W. (ed.) (1847) Gesta Regis Henrici Secundi Benedicti Abbatis, The Chronicle of the reigns of Henry II and Richard I 1169-1192, known commonly under the name of Benedict of Peterborough (London) (“Benedict of Peterborough”) I 1186, p. 361.
[464] Grimaldi, S. (ed.) (1830) Rotuli de Dominabus et Pueris et Puellis de Donatione Regis in XII Comitatibus, 1185 (London) (“Rotuli Dominabus”), Rotuli V, Norffolk, p. 33.
[465] Chronicle of Melrose, 1162, p. 12.
[466] Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ post conquestum Angliæ, RHGF XII, p. 569.
[467] La Bigne Villeneuve, P. de (ed.) `Cartulaire de l’abbaye de Saint-Georges de Rennes`, Bulletin et mémoires de la société archéologique de département d’Ille-et-Vilaine, Tome IX (Rennes, 1870) ("Rennes Saint-Georges"), XX, p. 249.
[468] Dugdale Monasticon VI, Lanthony Abbey, Gloucestershire, II, Fundatorum progenies, p. 134.
[469] Evans, C. F. H. 'Margaret of Scotland, Duchess of Brittany', Adhémar de Panat, Comte d’and Ghellinck Vaernewyck, X. de (eds.) (1971) Mélanges offerts à Szabolcs de Vajay à l’occasion de son cinquantième anniversaire (Braga), pp. 187-91, in Edwards, S. (ed.) (2003) Complete Works of Charles Evans, Genealogy and related topics (Foundation for Medieval Genealogy) ("Evans (2003)"), p. 121, quoting P.R.O., C 115/a 1, I, no. 43.
[470] Evans (2003), pp. 121-2.
[471] Washington, G. S. H. L. (1964) The earliest Washingtons and their Anglo-Scottish connexions, cited in Evans (2003), p. 120.
[472] Hedley, W. P. (1968) Northumberland Families, Vol. I, p. 237, cited in Evans (2003), p. 120.
[473] Innes, C. (1846) Liber de S. Marie de Calchou, Vol. I, p. 58.
[474] Pipe Roll Society, Vol. XXXIII (1912), cited without a page number in Evans (2003), p. 120.
[475] Luard, H. R. (ed.) (1864) Annales Monastici Vol. I, Annales de Margan, Annales de Theokesberia, Annales de Burton (London) Annales de Burton, p. 209.7

Family 3

William de Washington d. c 1239
Child

Citations

  1. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans: Many of the English Ancestral Lines Prior to 1300 of those Colonial Americans with known Royal Ancestry but Fully Developed in all Possible Lines (PO Box 220333, Santa Clarita, CA 91322-0333: Carl Boyer 3rd, 2001), p. 115, HUNTINGDON 4:v. Hereinafter cited as Boyer [2001] Med English Ancestors.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Dunkeld page (The House of Dunkeld): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/brit/dunkeld.html
  3. [S2280] Racines et Histoire, online http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/LGN-frameset.html, http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/PDF/Bohun.pdf, p. 2. Hereinafter cited as Racines et Histoire.
  4. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 12: Scotland: Kings until the accession of Robert Bruce. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  5. [S2077] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 3 June 2006: "Re: Brittany was Re: William de Mohun's (d Oct 1193) ancestors," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 3 June 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 3 June 2006."
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Margaret of Scotland: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00122052&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  7. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTLAND.htm#Margaretdied1201. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  8. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 119-27, p. 107. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  9. [S1429] Unknown compiler, Notable British Families 1600s-1900s from Burke's Peerage., CD-ROM (n.p.: Broderbund Software Company, 1999), Notable British Families, Burke's Dromant, Abeyant, Forgeited, and Extinct Peerages, p. 57. Hereinafter cited as Notable British Families CD # 367.
  10. [S1429] Notable British Families, Notable British Families CD # 367, Burke's "Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages" (Gen. Pub. Co., Baltimore, 1985 reprint of 1883 edition), De Dreux - Earls of Richmond, p. 162.
  11. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Bretagne 3 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/bretagne/bretagne3.html
  12. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Conon IV le Petit: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00005949&tree=LEO
  13. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/BRITTANY.htm#ConanIVdied1171A
  14. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, William de Washington: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00280931&tree=LEO
  15. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, NN: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00280932&tree=LEO
  16. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_of_Huntingdon,_Duchess_of_Brittany. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  17. [S2374] Find a Grave, online http://www.findagrave.com/, Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed 30 June 2020), memorial page for Lady Margaret de Huntingdon (1145–1201), Find a Grave Memorial no. 62574695, citing Sawtry Abbey, Sawtry, Huntingdonshire District, Cambridgeshire, England; Maintained by Anne Shurtleff Stevens (contributor 46947920), at: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/62574695. Hereinafter cited as Find a Grave.
  18. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Boyer [2001] Med English Ancestors, pp. 33-34, de BOHUN 2.
  19. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Bretagne 3: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/bretagne/bretagne3.html
  20. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, The House of Dunkeld: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/brit/dunkeld.html#MHH
  21. [S2261] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 1st edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 2004), p.6. Hereinafter cited as Richardson PA.
  22. [S2280] Racines et Histoire, online http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/LGN-frameset.html, http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/PDF/Bohun.pdf, p. 3.
  23. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, William de Washington, of Washington: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00280934&tree=LEO

Ragnald (?) King of the Isles1,2

M, #23377, b. circa 1144
FatherSomerled (?) 1st Lord of the Isles1,3,2,4 d. Jan 1164
MotherRagnhild Olafsdatter (?) of Man1,2,5,6 b. c 1117
Last Edited29 May 2020
     Ragnald (?) King of the Isles married Fonia (?) of Moray.7 Ragnald (?) King of the Isles was born circa 1144 at Morven, Argyle, Scotland.
Ragnald (?) King of the Isles died circa 1210.1
     ; REGINALD OF THE ISLES, styled "King of the Isles, Ld of Argyll and Kintyre."8 Ragnald (?) King of the Isles was also known as Rognvald Sumarlidasson Lord of the Isles.9 He was King of the Isles: RAGNALD king of the Isles, 1164-c1210. The second son of SOMERLED who inherited his father's mighty fleet. Ragnald originally inherited only Islay and the Kintyre peninsula and shared Arran with his younger brother Angus who won it from Ragnald in 1192. His elder brother, DUGALD, inherited Lorne and the islands of Mull, Coil, Tiree and Jura, but after his death, around the year 1192, possession in these islands passed to Ragnald. From that time Ragnald began to style himself king of the Isles and lord of Argyll and Kintyre, effectively all of the original territory of Dál Riata. Although his brothers all had title to call themselves king (and did from time to time as they saw fit) it was Ragnald and his successors who were the primary line of kings of the Isles. Ragnald embodied a mixture of Norse and Gaelic values. He was a Christian with a great respect for the church - he founded monasteries and rebuilt churches destroyed by the Vikings. He brought the Cistercian monks to Saddell in Kintyre in about 1207, which is where he buried his father, and established an Augustinian nunnery on Iona. But with his powerful fleet he patrolled the seas along western Britain plundering when opportunity allowed. between 1164 and 1210.1

Family 1

Children

Family 2

Fonia (?) of Moray b. c 1144
Child

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 433 (Chart 26), 434. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  2. [S2293] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 5 Oct 2008: "Re: INGIBJORG WIFE OF KING MALCOLM III OF SCOTLAND"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/kidXEDLNP5A/m/7zTy7U60zwUJ) to e-mail address, 5 Oct 2008. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 5 Oct 2008."
  3. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, MacDougall of MacDougall Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Somerled: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00056787&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S2374] Find a Grave, online http://www.findagrave.com/, Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 29 May 2020), memorial page for Somerled Mac Gillebride (1118–Jan 1164), Find a Grave Memorial no. 88611746, citing Saddell Abbey, Saddell, Argyll and Bute, Scotland ; Maintained by Kat (contributor 47496397), at: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/88611746/somerled-mac_gillebride. Hereinafter cited as Find a Grave.
  6. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTTISH%20NOBILITY.htm#SomerledArgylldied1164. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  7. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I10132
  8. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Macdonald, Barons Macdonald of Slate Family Page.
  9. [S812] e-mail address, updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I10133
  10. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 433 (Chart 26), 434-435.
  11. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 433 (Chart 26).

Jonet Lyle1

F, #23378, d. circa 1525
Last Edited7 Jul 2006
     Jonet Lyle married Sir James Ogilvy 1st Lord Ogilvy of Airlie, son of Sir John Ogilvy of Lintrathen and Marian Seton.1
Jonet Lyle died circa 1525.1

Family

Sir James Ogilvy 1st Lord Ogilvy of Airlie d. b 25 Sep 1504
Child

Citations

  1. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Ogilvy of Airlie Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Mariota Ogilvy: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00065071&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.

John Stewart 4th Lord Innermeath1

M, #23379, d. January 1590
FatherRichard Stewart 3rd Lord Innermeath1 d. 1532
MotherMargaret Lindsay1
Last Edited30 Nov 2002
     John Stewart 4th Lord Innermeath married Elizabeth Beatoun, daughter of Sir John Beatoun 2nd Laird of Creich, Hereditary Keeper of Falkland and Janet Hay.1
John Stewart 4th Lord Innermeath died in January 1590.1
     ; John, 4th Ld Innermeath, Sheriff of Forfar, an Extraordinary Ld of Session 1541-44, and d Jan 1569/70. He m before 1540, KING JAMES V's mistress, Elizabeth (who m 2nd, young James Gray, 4th s of 4th Ld Gray (see that title), but divorced him for adultery with her niece, Isabel Beaton, 1581, and he was slain at Dundee, 1585/6), dau of Sir John Beatoun of Freich, Hereditary Keeper of Falkland.1

Citations

  1. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Stuart Earls of Moray Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  2. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Carlisle Family Page.

James Gray1,2

M, #23380, d. 1580
FatherPatrick Gray 4th Lord Gray d. 1584; young James Gray, 4th s of 4th Ld Gray (see that title)1,3,2
MotherMarion Ogilvy4,2
Last Edited23 Jun 2014
     James Gray married Elizabeth Beatoun, daughter of Sir John Beatoun 2nd Laird of Creich, Hereditary Keeper of Falkland and Janet Hay, in June 1573; Elizabeth (who m 2nd, young James Gray, 4th s of 4th Ld Gray (see that title), but divorced him for adultery with her niece, Isabel Beaton, 1581, and he was slain at Dundee, 1585/6.)1,2
James Gray died in 1580 at Dundee, Scotland; slain at Dundee.1
     Reference: van de Pas cites: The Complete Peerage, 1936 , Doubleday, H.A. & Lord Howard de Walden. VIII 140.2

Citations

  1. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Stuart Earls of Moray Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, James Gray: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00191292&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Patrick Gray: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00117838&tree=LEO
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Marion Ogilvy: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00117839&tree=LEO

Barbara Ruthven1

F, #23381
FatherWilliam Ruthven PC, 2nd Lord Ruthven1 d. b 29 Oct 1552
MotherJanet Halyburton Lady Dirleton1
Last Edited3 Jul 2006
     Barbara Ruthven married Patrick Gray 5th Lord Gray, son of Patrick Gray 4th Lord Gray and Marion Ogilvy, on 4 January 1557.1,2
     ; van de Pas cites: Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, London, 1938, Reference: Page 1149.1 Barbara Ruthven was living on 21 July 1594.1

Family

Patrick Gray 5th Lord Gray b. 1538, d. b 10 Mar 1608
Children

Citations

  1. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Barbara Ruthven: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00117855&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Patrick Gray: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00117854&tree=LEO
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Patrick Gray: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00053912&tree=LEO

IsoldaIseude de Bardolf1

F, #23382, b. circa 1182, d. before 18 June 1246
Mother(?) de Bardolf2 d. b 1 Jul 1225
ReferenceGAV23
Last Edited3 Aug 2006
     IsoldaIseude de Bardolf married Sir Henry de Grey of Grays Thurrock, son of Richard de Grey.2,3 IsoldaIseude de Bardolf married Reynold de Meurdre.4 IsoldaIseude de Bardolf was born circa 1150.5 She was born circa 1182 at Great Carlton, Lincolnshire, England.
IsoldaIseude de Bardolf died before 18 June 1246; per Ravilious: 5. G. E. Cokayne, "The Complete Peerage," 1910 -
The Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and
the United Kingdom.2
     IsoldaIseude de Bardolf was also known as Hawise.5

; Death: bef 18 Jun 1246[5]

identified as daughter of Hugh Bardolf in CP (Grey)[5]

her maritagium included the manor of Codnor

'Isolde de Gray',
correctly identified as niece of Robert Bardolf, fine of 1 July 1225:
performed homage and had livery of her purparty of the lands of uncle
Robert Bardolf, 1 Jul 1225[5]: a fine of that date records,
' D’ homag capto. Dns Rex cep homag JORD’ FOLIOT ISOLD’ DE
GRAY ’t RAD’ PAYNEL de portoibs suis
q eos coting de tris q fuut ROB’TI BARDULF’ avuncli sui q’s de dno R.
tenuit i cap ’t mand est Vic Kanc qd accepta ab eis sec’itate de
relevio suo dno R. reddendo q’tu p jud curie dni R. inde redde
debuint: plena eis saisina hre fac de portoibs suis ipos heditar
ctingetibs de tris pdcis i balla sua, accepta & ead sec’itate a
ROB’TO LUPO loco MATILD’ BARDULF’ mris sue q est una hedu
pdci Robti de relevio suo dno R. reddendo q’tu ad ipam ptin t
p pte sua silr eid Rob pl saisina hre fac loco mat’s sue de portoe
ipam heditar cting de tris pdcis. Portoem vo ctingente fil ’t hede
HUG’ POINZ qui similr e unus hedu ipius Robti ’t inf’ etate est
’t i custodia dni R. salvo custodiat don dns R. aliud inde pcepit.
T. R. ap Westm j. die Jul. ' Excerpta e Rotulis Finium, I:129[14]

Spouse: Sir Henry de Grey of Thurrock [23399]
Death: 1219[5]

Children: Sir Richard de Grey of Codnor(-<1271)
Sir John de Grey of Shirland, co. Derbys.(-<1265)
Sir William (-<1268)

Ravilious cites: 5. G. E. Cokayne, "The Complete Peerage," 1910 -
The Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and
the United Kingdom.2 GAV-23.

Family 1

Reynold de Meurdre

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I1261
  2. [S1792] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 22 Oct 2004 "Descent from Richard III of Normandy to Jane Lowe (Grey of Sandiacre)"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 22 Oct 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 22 Oct 2004."
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Sir Henry de Grey, of Grays Thurrock: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00127823&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Grey, Baron Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  5. [S792] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=johanson, Susan Johanson (unknown location), downloaded updated 29 June 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=johanson&id=I18206
  6. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Grey, Baron Family Page - had issue.
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Sir William Grey, of Sandiacre: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00127825&tree=LEO
  8. [S812] e-mail address, updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I47510
  9. [S812] e-mail address, updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I1257
  10. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Sir John de Grey, of Shirland: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00127826&tree=LEO

Akaris fitz Bardolph1

M, #23384, b. circa 1080, d. 1161
FatherBardolph fitz Thorfin b. 1045
Last Edited17 Jul 2020
     Akaris fitz Bardolph was born circa 1080.
Akaris fitz Bardolph died in 1161.

Johanna de Washington1

F, #23385, b. circa 1275
FatherJohn de Washington2 b. c 1240
Last Edited24 May 2020
     Johanna de Washington was born circa 1275 at Wessington, co. Durham, England.1
     ; Per Welles [1879:26]:
     "7 John Washington, third son of William de Washington, was born at Wessington, county Durham, about 1240. " To whom his father gave half the Manor of Helton
Fletham, county Westmoreland. He was living 29 Edward I." (1302). He had issue :
     "8 Walter Washington, born at Wessington, Durham, about 1270.
     "8 Johanna Washington, born at Wessington, Durham, about 1275."2

Citations

  1. [S4762] Albert Welles, The Pedigree and History of the Washington Family : Derived from Odin, the Founder of Scandinavia, B.C. 70, Involving a Period of Eighteen Centuries, and Including Fifty-Five Generations, Down to General George Washington, First President of the United States (New York, NY: Society Library, 1879), pp. 26, 32. Hereinafter cited as Welles [1879] - Pedigree and History of the Washington Family.
  2. [S4762] Albert Welles, Welles [1879] - Pedigree and History of the Washington Family, p. 26.

Bardolph fitz Thorfin1

M, #23386, b. 1045
FatherThorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson (?) Jarl of Orkney, Mormaer of Caithness b. bt 1007 - 1009, d. a 1057
MotherIngibiorg Finnsdottir av Austraat og Halland (?) b. c 1030
Last Edited17 Jul 2020
     Bardolph fitz Thorfin was born in 1045.

Family

Child

Richard Stewart 3rd Lord Innermeath1

M, #23387, d. 1532
FatherThomas Stewart 2nd Lord Innermeath1 d. 9 Sep 1513
MotherJanet Keith1
Last Edited27 Nov 2002
     Richard Stewart 3rd Lord Innermeath married Margaret Lindsay, daughter of John Lindsay 3rd Lord Lindsay of the Byres and Marion Baillie.1
Richard Stewart 3rd Lord Innermeath died in 1532.1
     ; Richard, 3rd Ld Innermeath, who d 1532. He m Margaret (who m 2nd, Sir James Stuart of Beath, slain 1544), dau of John, 3rd Ld Lindsay of the Byres (see LINDSAY, E).1

Citations

  1. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Stuart Earls of Moray Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.

Margaret Lindsay1

F, #23388
FatherJohn Lindsay 3rd Lord Lindsay of the Byres2 d. 26 Oct 1498
MotherMarion Baillie2
Last Edited8 Dec 2002

Citations

  1. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Stuart Earls of Moray Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  2. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Lindsay, Earl Family Page.

Euphemia Douglas1

F, #23389
FatherSir Robert Douglas of Lochleven1 d. 10 Sep 1547
MotherMargaret Erskine1
Last Edited8 Dec 2002

Citations

  1. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Morton Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  2. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Morton Family Page (see LINDSAY, E).
  3. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Lindsay, Earl Family Page.
  4. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Sinclair Lords Sinclair Family Page.

Somerled (?) 1st Lord of the Isles1,2,3

M, #23390, d. January 1164
FatherGillebride (?) Thane of Argyll2,4,5
ReferenceEDV26
Last Edited1 Nov 2020
     Somerled (?) 1st Lord of the Isles was born circa 1105 at Ireland; Ashley [1998:432] says "...born in Ireland (where his father had been exiled by the Scots king Edgar) perhaps around the year 1105." Genealogics says b. ca 1113 in Morven, Argyleshire.6,4 He married Ragnhild Olafsdatter (?) of Man, daughter of Olave I Godfredson (?) King of the Isle of Man and Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter (?) of Orkney, in 1140.7,8,4,9,10
Somerled (?) 1st Lord of the Isles died in January 1164 at Renfrew, Scotland; Killed while leading an expedition against MALCOLM IV of Scotland. For more information on the Battle of Renfreq, see the Wikpedia article (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Renfrew).
See the attached map for the location of the Battle of Renfrew (from Wikipedia: By Brianann MacAmhlaidh, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18335098.)7,3,8,4,9,11,12
Somerled (?) 1st Lord of the Isles was buried in January 1164 at Saddell Abbey, Saddell, Argyll and Bute, Scotland,

; From Find A Grave:
     BIRTH     1118, Saddell, Argyll and Bute, Scotland
     DEATH     Jan 1164 (aged 45–46), Saddell, Argyll and Bute, Scotland
     Somerled was a military and political leader of the Scottish Isles in the 12th century who was known as Somairle mac Gille Brigte, he was also known as "King of the Hebrides." Somerled married Ragnhildis, the daughter of Olave the Red, King of Man sometime around 1140. They had three sons, Dugall, Reginald and Angus. He was traditionally described as "a well-tempered man, in body shapely, of a fair piercing eye, of middle stature, and of quick discernment". He appears, indeed, to have been equally brave and sagacious, tempering courage with prudence, and, excepting in the last act of his life, distinguished for the happy talent, rare at any period, of profiting by circumstances, and making the most of success. He died at the Battle of Renfrew in 1164
     Family Members
     Spouse
          Ragnhilda (Ragnhild) Olafsdatter Mac Gillebride 1117–1200
     BURIAL     
Saddell Abbey, Saddell, Argyll and Bute, Scotland
     Created by: Kat
     Added: 16 Apr 2012
     Find a Grave Memorial 88611746
     SPONSORED BY MystikNZ.10
     ; Per Med Lands:
     "daughter . The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “Olavus filius Godredi Crovan” had many concubines by whom he fathered “filios tres…Reignaldum, Lagmannum et Haraldum et filias multas”, adding that one daughter married “Sumerledo regulo Herergaildel”[1319]. Balfour Paul names her "Ragnhildis" but he does not cite the corresponding primary source[1320].
     "m SOMERLED Lord of Argyll, son of --- (-killed in battle 1164)."
Med Lands cites:
[1319] Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum, p. 144.
[1320] Balfour Paul, Vol. V, Macdonald Lord of the Isles, p. 29.13


; per Ravilious email [2008]:
     "There are two broad lines of descent claimed from Jarl Thorfinn (aka Thorfinn II). One has many lacunae, that being the descent of the Sinclair Earls of Orkney (later Caithness) allegedly through Jarl Erlend II, Thorfinn's younger son. See Scots Peerage under Caithness and Orkney concerning the theories and evidence (scarce) concerning the descent.
     "The other descent has been oft discussed on SGM, that of the wife of Somerled from Jarl Thorfinn, as follows:
1. Thorfinn II Sigurdsson, aka ?orfinnr Sigur?arson Jarl of Orkney, d. 1065 = Ingebj?rg Finnsd?ttir
2. Paul Thorfinsson, aka P?ll ?orfinnsson Jarl of Orkney, d. 1099 = Ragnhild Hakonsd?ttir
3. Haakon Paulsson, Jarl of Orkney, d. 1126 = Helga of Caithness
4. Ingebj?rg Hakonsd?ttir = Olaf Gudrodsson, aka 'Tit-bit' aka Ol?fr Gu?r?arson, King of Man and the Isles, d. 1153
5. Ragnhild of Man = Somerled, "lord of the Isles", k. 1164

     "This line leads to Dougall and Ranald, sons of Somerled and thereby to the MacDougalls of Lorne, the MacDonalds and MacRuaries, and a host of British lines thereafter. In 2004 evidence that the mother of Ragnhild, Somerled's wife, was indeed Ingebjorg was found by a correspondent of the late Brice Clagett, my notes giving the following:
' ...a footnote (page 274 footnote 3) to Finnbogi Gudmundsson's edition of the Orkneyinga Saga (Reykjavik 1965). The footnote quotes from a ms. called Holm, Isl. 39 fol. papp., in the Icelandic collection of the Royal Library in Stockholm, which contains a text of the Saga copied in 1615 from a ms. of about 1300 which was destroyed in the Copenhagen fire of 1728. Bob says that the Holm, Isl. ms. is considered to have great authority because of the early date of the ms. from which it was copied. The footnote in question quotes a passage from this document which says: "Ragnhildis moder vaar Ingeborg Hagen Jarlis Powelssons daatter." '

     "See the archives for Brice Clagett, "Somerled's mother-in-law", SGM, 28 Sept 2004. This has since been published by Andrew B. W. MacEwen [an article in West Highland Notes and Queries, not seen], who concurs with the validity of the relationship."8

; Per Burke's: "SOMERLED, Thane of Argyll, in the 12th century, was Ch of an Irish family which had settled in Argyll. He was s of Gillibrede, and grandson of Orila Domnan, and was slain at Renfrew 1164, while leading an expedition against MALCOLM IV of Scotland. SOMERLED, 1st Ld of the Isles, captured Dunollie Castle 1150, and gave it to his s Dugall; m 1140, as his 2nd wife, Ragnhild, dau of Olav II Godredson, King of Man and the Isles 1114-54, and had issue, (some authorities, including the late Dr W. Douglas Simpson, CBE, of Aberdeen U, late chm of the Ancient Monuments Bd for Scotland, asserting that Dugall was the elder bro.)3"

; Per Genealogics:
     "Somerled is a Scandinavian name meaning 'summer wanderer' or Viking. In the beginning he was ruler of Argyll, but later challenged his brother-in-law Godfrey, son of Olaf, King of Man, for mastery in the Isles. In 1156 Somerled defeated Godfrey in a sea battle and forced a division of the Kingdom of the Isles. Godfrey and his successors retained the Isle of Man, Skye and Lewis while Somerled and his descendants took Islay, Mull and perhaps the Uists as well. According to the _Chronicle of Man_, the downfall of the Kingdom of the Islands began when the sons of Somerled took possession of it.
     "Somerled wished to re-establish the prestige of Iona and tried unsuccessfully to persuade Flaherty O'Brolchan, Columba's successor in Ireland, to become Abbot there.
     "Somerled's growing power in the region presented a serious threat to the King of Scots. In 1160 he and Malcolm IV reached an agreement, but despite their treaty Somerled invaded Renfrew in 1164 only to be killed early in the ensuing battle."4 EDV-26.

Reference: Genealogics cites:
1. The Highland Clans, London, 1977 , Moncreiffe of that Ilk, Hicks, David.
2. Annals of Ulster University College Cork.
3. The Kingdom of the Isles: Scotland's Western Seaboard ca.1100-ca.1336, East Lothian, Tuckwell Press, 1997, McDonald, R. Andrew.4


; Per Burke's: The House of Macdonald, derives in history from Somerled, Regulus or provincial King of Argyll who fell at Renfrew in a campaign against KING MALCOLM IV 1164. By his wife Raghhild, dau of Olaf, King of Man and the Isles, he left with other issue (including a yr s, Dougal of Lorne, ancestor of the Clan Macdougal.)14" Somerled (?) 1st Lord of the Isles was also known as Somerled mac Gillebride King of the South Isles, King in Argyll and Lorn.4

; Per Scottish Tartans:
     "Clan MacDonald: The MacDonalds are of very ancient origin. The clan founder was the heroic Somerled, who freed his countrymen from the Norse yoke, and rose to power that no subject has equalled. He died in 1164, leaving three sons. The second, Reginald, died in 1207, leaving, with other issue, an eldest son, Donald, from whom the clan takes its name. As Lords of the Isles and Earls of Ross, the Clan Donald were the greatest of the Highland clans, their chief until 1493 ranking as an Island Soverign. After the fall of the Lords of the Isles, first Glengarry, and then the Lords of Sleat held the chiefship. The branches of Clan Donald were Macalisters, MacIans of Ardnamurchan, Madonalds of Glencoe, Flanranald, Dunyveg in Islay, Keppoch, Loch Alsh, and Sleat. Glengarry was a cadet of Clanranald. The chief of the Glencoe MacDonalds, Mac-Vic-Ian-Mac-Ian, was, with many of his clan, massacred in 1692. He remained constant in his adherence to King James, then took the oath to serve William of Orange, but was rewarded with an act of treachery. Since 1947, Lor Macdonald has born the undifferenced arms of the Head of Clan Donald."15

; Per Med Lands:
     "SOMERLED (-killed in battle 1164). Balfour Paul says that the first reference to Somerled records him as living in the district of Morven with his father Gillebride, but he does not cite the precise source[1019]. Lord of Argyll. He acquired control of the Western Isles and assumed the title "King of the Isles". The Chronicle of Melrose records that Somerled Lord of Argyll landed at Renfrew in 1164, after 12 years of rebellion against Malcolm IV King of Scotland, with a large army from Ireland but was defeated and killed with his son[1020]. The Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie records that "Sumerlendus regulus Ergadie" rebelled against King Malcolm for 12 years, landed at Renfrew from Ireland, and was killed "et filium suum Gillecolanem", among passages dealing with events in 1164[1021]. The Annals of Ulster record that "Somharlidh Mac Gilla-Adhamhnain and his son were killed" in 1164[1022]. The Book of Clanranald records that that no battle was fought and that Somerled was killed in his tent, after which his followers dispersed[1023].
     "m --- of Man, illegitimate daughter of OLAV King of Man & his mistress ---. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “Olavus filius Godredi Crovan” had many concubines by whom he fathered “filios tres…Reignaldum, Lagmannum et Haraldum et filias multas”, adding that one daughter married “Sumerledo regulo Herergaildel”[1024]. Balfour Paul names her "Ragnhildis" but he does not cite the corresponding primary source[1025]."
Med Lands cites:
[1019] Balfour Paul, Vol. V, Macdonald Lord of the Isles, p. 28.
[1020] Chronicle of Melrose, 1164, p. 13.
[1021] Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie, p. 72.
[1022] Annals of Ulster, 1164.4, p. 146.
[1023] Balfour Paul, Vol. V, Macdonald Lord of the Isles, p. 30, citing MacVurich, Book of Clanranald.
[1024] Oliver, J. R. (ed.) (1860) Monumenta de Insula Manniæ, Vol. I (Douglas, Isle of Man), Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum, p. 144.
[1025] Balfour Paul, Vol. V, Macdonald Lord of the Isles, p. 29.9

; NB: I am uncertain about the link between Margad (Echmarcach) Ragnallson and Somelred.
     My source for the link between Gillbride (father of Somerled) and Margad (Echmarcach) Ragnallson is Ashley (1998). A chart in Ashley (chart 25, p. 420) shows the following:
1. Margad
1.1 Gilleadamnan
1.1.1 Gillebride
1.1.1.1 Somerled

     None of my the major sources I have consulted (Genealogics, Med Lands) link Gillebride to Margad (Echmarcach) Ragnallson, though Margad (Echmarcach) seems to have been a historic person, according to his Wikipedia entry.
     Genealogics shows a similar ancestry for Somerled which has a "Solmund" as the father of Gilleadamnan/Gilladamnan (citing The Highland Clans, London, 1977 , Moncreiffe of that Ilk, Hicks, David):
1. Solmund
1.1 Gilladamnan
1.1.1 Gillebride, claimant of Argyll
1.1.1.1 Somerled, King of the South Isles, King in Argyll and Lorn

     Genealogics shows no ancestor or dates for Gilleadamnan/Gilladamnan. There is no reason to believe that Solmund is simply another name for Margad (Echmarcach) Ragnallson.
Conclusion: I am uncertain as to whether the father of Gilleadamnan/Gilladamnan was Margad or Solmund, and if there were the same person. However, for the present, I have identified Margad as Solmund and kept the lineage to Somerled in place. GA Vaut.16,17,18,19 He was King of the Isles, [Ashley, pp. 432-434] SOMERLED king of the Isles, 1156-64. Somerled was the son of Gillebride, thane of Argyll, and was descended from RAGNALL, the Danish king of York. He was born in Ireland (where his father had been exiled by the Scots king EDGAR) perhaps around the year 1105. His mother was Norse, the daughter of SIGURD II of Orkney, and she named the boy with a typical Norse nickname, which means "summer voyager". We know little of his early life, but he seems to have regained his heritage sometime before 1130, because he was already styled thane of Argyll when his sister married Malcolm, the illegitimate son of ALEXANDER I of Scotland. Somerled was a skilled negotiator from an early age and he had probably re-established himself with the Scottish king DAVID, for by 1138 he was in charge of the West Highland contingent of David's army. He also talked his way into the confidence of OLAF (I), king of Man, whose daughter, Ragnhild, he married in 1140. Throughout these years Somerled maintained a strong affection for the kingdom of the Gaels, not the rapidly anglicised or Anglo-Norman kingdom that King David had developed. Although it was the way of the future, Somerled rejected it. He was unable to convince David, but when the new and very young king, MALCOLM IV, succeeded to the throne in 1153, Somerled tried again. In 1154 Somerled and his nephews rebelled against Malcolm IV. At this same time Olaf of Man had died and his son, GODRED II, had returned to the Isles and was proving something of a despot. Somerled spent two years redesigning and rebuilding his fleet and then, in January 1156 met Godred in battle off Islay. Godred's fleet was the most powerful in Britain and he should have been the victor but Somerled's new design, which allowed him to out-manouevre his opponent, won him the day, though there were significant losses on both sides. As a result Godred and Somerled negotiated and agreed to divide the Isles. Somerled received the southern Hebrides, which consisted of the two main groupings of islands around Islay and Mull. Godred's continued intolerance caused Somerled to bring his fleet against him again in 1158 and this time Godred fled back to Norway. Somerled's claims were upheld and he became king of the Isles, a title accepted by both King Inge of Norway and eventually (in 1160) by Malcolm IV of Scotland. Somerled so ingratiated himself with the Scottish king that he earned the nickname, "sit-by-the-king". Nevertheless his attempts to sway Malcolm toward maintaining the Gaelic heritage remained thwarted. Somerled did try to have the Celtic church reinstated on Iona, and it was only his death that halted this development. In 1164, Somerled raised an army in the hope of forcing Malcolm into treaty. A force of 10,000 men sailed up the Clyde, from where Somerled took half the army on to Renfrew to parley with the king's representatives. Somerled was found murdered the following morning, but his killers were never identified. Somerled was buried on Iona but was apparently later reinterred by his son at Saddell Abbey on Kintyre.
After his death, Godred II regained Man and the northern Hebrides. The rest of Somerled's kingdom was divided between his sons. The eldest, DUGALD, took Lorne and Argyll, with the islands of Mull, Coll, Tiree and Jura. The second, RAGNALD, took Islay and Kintyre, which remained the focal point of the kingdom of the Isles. A third son, Angus, took Arran and Bute. between 1156 and 1164.20 He was King of the Isles
See the attached map of the Kingdom of the Isles ca 1200 (from Wikipedia: By Brianann MacAmhlaidh, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18335098) between 1158 and 1164.21,11

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30700
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 397, 420, 432, 434. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  3. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, MacDougall of MacDougall Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Somerled: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00056787&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Gillebride: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00056805&tree=LEO
  6. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 432.
  7. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 420 (Chart 25), 432, 434.
  8. [S2293] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 5 Oct 2008: "Re: INGIBJORG WIFE OF KING MALCOLM III OF SCOTLAND"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/kidXEDLNP5A/m/7zTy7U60zwUJ) to e-mail address, 5 Oct 2008. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 5 Oct 2008."
  9. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTTISH%20NOBILITY.htm#SomerledArgylldied1164. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  10. [S2374] Find a Grave, online http://www.findagrave.com/, Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 29 May 2020), memorial page for Somerled Mac Gillebride (1118–Jan 1164), Find a Grave Memorial no. 88611746, citing Saddell Abbey, Saddell, Argyll and Bute, Scotland ; Maintained by Kat (contributor 47496397), at: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/88611746/somerled-mac_gillebride. Hereinafter cited as Find a Grave.
  11. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Somerled#/media/File:Kingdom_of_the_Isles,_circa_1200_(png_version)_02.png. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  12. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Renfrew
  13. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTTISH%20NOBILITY.htm#dauOlavMSomerled
  14. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Macdonald, Barons Macdonald of Slate Family Page.
  15. [S1393] Unknown author, The Scottish Tartans with Historical Sketches of the Clans and Families of Scotland (Edina Works, Easter Road, Edinburgh, Scotland: W. & A. K. Johnston Ltd., 1945), p. 68. Hereinafter cited as Scottish Tartans.
  16. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 420 (Chart 25), 425.
  17. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echmarcach_mac_Ragnaill
  18. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, https://www.genealogics.org/descendtext.php?personID=I00056806&tree=LEO&generations=
  19. [S1549] "Author's comment", various, Gregory A. Vaut (e-mail address), to unknown recipient (unknown recipient address), 10 July 2020; unknown repository, unknown repository address. Hereinafter cited as "GA Vaut Comment."
  20. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 432-434.
  21. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Somerled
  22. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 433 (Chart 26), 434.
  23. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 433 (Chart 26).
  24. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Aonghus mac Somhairle of the Isles: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00056791&tree=LEO

Janet Keith1

F, #23391
FatherSir William Keith 1st Earl Marischal1 d. b 1483
MotherMary Hamilton1
Last Edited27 Nov 2002

Family 1

John Leslie of Balmain d. b 23 Jun 1481

Citations

  1. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Stuart Earls of Moray Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  2. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Leslie, Earls Rothes Family Page.

James Stewart Master of Buchan1

M, #23392
FatherJohn Stewart 3rd Earl of Buchan1 b. c 1498, d. a 14 Jul 1551
MotherMargaret Scrymgeour1,2
Last Edited3 Jul 2006
     James Stewart Master of Buchan married Christian Strang, daughter of John Strang of Balcaskie.1
     ; James, Master of Buchan from 1547 until his niece had a child; m Christian, dau of John Strang of Balcaskie, and had issue (with two daus.), two sons.1

Family

Christian Strang
Children

Citations

  1. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Stuart Earls of Moray Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Margaret Scrymgeour: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00235188&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.

Haakon Paalson (?) Jarl of Orkney1,2

M, #23393, d. 1126
FatherPaul I Thorfinnsson (?) Jarl of Orkney and Carthness3,2 b. c 1040, d. 1099
MotherRagnhild Haakonsdatter (?)3,2 b. c 1044
ReferenceGAV30 EDV26
Last Edited15 Dec 2020
     Haakon Paalson (?) Jarl of Orkney married Helga (?) of Caithness, daughter of Moddan (?) or Dair.3,2 Haakon Paalson (?) Jarl of Orkney was born circa 1070.3
Haakon Paalson (?) Jarl of Orkney died in 1126.3,4,2
     GAV-30 EDV-26. Haakon Paalson (?) Jarl of Orkney was also known as Haakon Paalson Earl of Orkney.5 He was Earl of Orkney
Per Ashley: "HAAKON earl of Orkney, 1105-26. Haakon was the son of PAUL (I). He was probably born about 1070 or soon after and, as he came of age, he became involved in a succession dispute with his cousins, Erling and MAGNUS, the sons of ERLEND II. Haakon became such a problem that in 1093 he was banished and spent the next few years at the courts of the kings of Norway and Sweden. They evidently liked him for in 1098 Haakon convinced Magnus III, the king of Norway, that he should visit his territories to the west. Magnus used this as an opportunity to extend his hold over the Scottish islands. He deposed Paul and Erlend, sending them back to Norway in captivity. They died soon after, and Magnus created his own son, SIGURD (III) king of Orkney and the Isles. Sigurd was only ten, so when Magnus returned to Norway in the spring of 1099, he left Haakon as regent. Sigurd returned to Norway in 1103 after the death of his father, leaving Haakon in charge and, in 1105, created him ear!. Haakon was somewhat displeased when he cousin, MAGNUS, whom he quite possibly thought dead, reappeared in 1106 and was also made earl of Orkney two years later by Sigurd's co-ruler in Norway, King Eystein II. The two cousins ruled together amicably for a while since they both fought against a distant cousin called Duffnial, who laid claim to part of the Orkney estates. However, once he was defeated the old enmity returned and in the resultant conflict Magnus was imprisoned and executed (1117). One tradition states that Haakon later went on a pilgrimage to Rome to expiate his sins and he returned, like his grandfather, an older and a wiser man. He governed the Orkneys with good sense, established new laws which improved on Thorfinn's, and ensured peace for the rest of his reign. He died in 1126. He was married twice, and children of both marriages - PAUL (II) and HARALD (I) -succeeded him." between 1105 and 1126.3

Family 1

Child

Citations

  1. [S1680] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 28 Sept 2004: "Descent from Jarl Haakon Paulsson (was Re: Somerled's mother-in-law)"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/ZRyso26aTUg/m/iOgq5GlKmfYJ) to e-mail address, 28 Sept 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 28 Sept 2004."
  2. [S2293] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 5 Oct 2008: "Re: INGIBJORG WIFE OF KING MALCOLM III OF SCOTLAND"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/kidXEDLNP5A/m/7zTy7U60zwUJ) to e-mail address, 5 Oct 2008. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 5 Oct 2008."
  3. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 448 (Chart 28), 451-452. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  4. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 396.
  5. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 396, 448 (Chart 28), 451-452.
  6. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 448 (Chart 28), 452-453.
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Ingibiorg Hakonsdottir of Orkney: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00308291&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  8. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 448 (Chart 28), 453.
  9. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Dunkeld page (The House of Dunkeld): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/brit/dunkeld.html
  10. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Margaret Hakonsdottir of Orkney: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00308290&tree=LEO
  11. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTTISH%20NOBILITY.htm#MargaretM1MaddadAthollM2Erlanddied1156. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  12. [S1680] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 28 Sept 2004," e-mail to e-mail address, 28 Sept 2004, https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/ZRyso26aTUg/m/iOgq5GlKmfYJ

Helga (?) of Caithness1,2

F, #23394, b. circa 1080
FatherModdan (?) or Dair3
ReferenceGAV30 EDV26
Last Edited15 Dec 2020
     Helga (?) of Caithness married Haakon Paalson (?) Jarl of Orkney, son of Paul I Thorfinnsson (?) Jarl of Orkney and Carthness and Ragnhild Haakonsdatter (?).1,2 Helga (?) of Caithness was born circa 1080 at Caitness, Scotland.
     GAV-30 EDV-26. Helga (?) of Caithness was also known as Helga Maddannsdatter.4

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 448 (Chart 28), 451-452. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  2. [S2293] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 5 Oct 2008: "Re: INGIBJORG WIFE OF KING MALCOLM III OF SCOTLAND"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/kidXEDLNP5A/m/7zTy7U60zwUJ) to e-mail address, 5 Oct 2008. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 5 Oct 2008."
  3. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 448 (Chart 28).
  4. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30713
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Ingibiorg Hakonsdottir of Orkney: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00308291&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  6. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 448 (Chart 28), 453.
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Margaret Hakonsdottir of Orkney: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00308290&tree=LEO

Paul I Thorfinnsson (?) Jarl of Orkney and Carthness1,2

M, #23395, b. circa 1040, d. 1099
FatherThorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson (?) Jarl of Orkney, Mormaer of Caithness3,2,4,5 b. bt 1007 - 1009, d. a 1057
MotherIngibiorg Finnsdottir av Austraat og Halland (?)3,6,7 b. c 1030
ReferenceGAV31 EDV27
Last Edited3 Dec 2020
     Paul I Thorfinnsson (?) Jarl of Orkney and Carthness married Ragnhild Haakonsdatter (?), daughter of Jarl Haakon Iversson (?) Earl of Uplands/Jarl in Denmark and Ragnhild Magnusdatter (?). Paul I Thorfinnsson (?) Jarl of Orkney and Carthness was born circa 1040 at Orkney, Scotland.
Paul I Thorfinnsson (?) Jarl of Orkney and Carthness died in 1099.2
Paul I Thorfinnsson (?) Jarl of Orkney and Carthness died in 1103 at Bergan, Hordaland, Norway.
     GAV-31 EDV-27. He was joint earl of Orkney: [Ashley, pp. 450-451] PAUL (I) joint earl of Orkney, c1060-98 with ERLEND. Paul was the elder son of THORFINN II and inherited the earldom with his brother ERLEND (II). It is possible that both were installed as earls of Caithness in 1057, prior to Thorfinn's death, suggesting that the earldom may have become regarded as a title for the heir(s) apparent. We do not know for certain when Paul was born, but it was probably about 1038. Already by that date Thorfinn was professing his Christian beliefs by naming his first-born Paul, unless he was not christened until Thorfinn's visit to the pope in 1048. When the brothers inherited the earldom they ruled it jointly and did not divide the lands or revenues between them. It seems they worked well together and generally agreed in all their actions. Soon after their father's death, Harald Hardraada, the king of Norway, arrived in the Orkneys prior to his invasion of England. He raised additional levies from amongst the earldom, which stretched as far as the Western Isles, and when he sailed for England in 1066, he was accompanied by both earls. Although Harald was defeated by HAROLD II of England at Stamford Bridge in September 1066, the two earls survived and returned to Orkney with Harald's son, Olaf, who remained with them during that winter before returning to establishing himself as king of Norway the following year. It is evident that they did not believe they had authority over all of the Western Isles, since they were not involved in the usurpation of Man by GODRED CROVAN in 1079. For most of their reign the two earls governed wisely and continued to develop and promote the bishopric of Orkney, but by the year 1090 or so a rift occurred between them over the ambitions of their respective sons, especially Paul's son HAAKON. Haakon was eventually banished from Orkney in 1093, and he stayed in Norway and Sweden for the next few years. It was he who encouraged Magnus III of Norway to visit his estates in the western seas and this planted the idea of Magnus installing his son, SIGURD (III), as king of the Orkneys, using the islands as an appanage for the heir to the throne. Magnus sailed to the Orkneys in the spring of 1098 and deposed the two earls, despite the care they had shown to his father Olaf. The earls were taken in captivity back to Norway where they both died within the year, Paul at Bergen and Erlend at Nidaros (Trondheim). between 1060 and 1098.8

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30715
  2. [S2293] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 5 Oct 2008: "Re: INGIBJORG WIFE OF KING MALCOLM III OF SCOTLAND"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/kidXEDLNP5A/m/7zTy7U60zwUJ) to e-mail address, 5 Oct 2008. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 5 Oct 2008."
  3. [S1842] Dorothy Dunnett, King Hereafter (New York: Vintage Books (Random House), 1982 (Oct. 1998)), Appendix chart: Rulers of Orkney, Norway, Normandy and England. Hereinafter cited as Dunnett (1982) King Hereafter.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, earl Thorfinn II 'Mighty': https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00022601&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTTISH%20NOBILITY.htm#ThorfinnIIdied1065B. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  6. [S2293] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 5 Oct 2008," e-mail to e-mail address, 5 Oct 2008, https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/kidXEDLNP5A/m/7zTy7U60zwUJ
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Ingibiorg Finnsdottir av Austraat og Halland: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00022597&tree=LEO
  8. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 448 (Chart 28), 450-451. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  9. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 448 (Chart 28), 451-452.

Ragnhild Haakonsdatter (?)1

F, #23396, b. circa 1044
FatherJarl Haakon Iversson (?) Earl of Uplands/Jarl in Denmark2,3,4,5 d. a 1065
MotherRagnhild Magnusdatter (?)2,5,6
ReferenceGAV31 EDV27
Last Edited29 Sep 2020
     Ragnhild Haakonsdatter (?) married Paul I Thorfinnsson (?) Jarl of Orkney and Carthness, son of Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson (?) Jarl of Orkney, Mormaer of Caithness and Ingibiorg Finnsdottir av Austraat og Halland (?). Ragnhild Haakonsdatter (?) was born circa 1044 at Orkney, Scotland.
     GAV-31 EDV-27.

Citations

  1. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I30716
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 448 (Chart 28). Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Norway 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/scand/norway4.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Hakon Ivarsson: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00308283&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/NORWEGIAN%20NOBILITY.htm#HaakonIvarssondiedafter1065. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Ragnhild Magnusdatter of Norway: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00308284&tree=LEO
  7. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 448 (Chart 28), 451-452.
  8. [S2293] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 5 Oct 2008: "Re: INGIBJORG WIFE OF KING MALCOLM III OF SCOTLAND"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/kidXEDLNP5A/m/7zTy7U60zwUJ) to e-mail address, 5 Oct 2008. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 5 Oct 2008."

Elizabeth Parkinson1

F, #23397
Last Edited25 May 2020
     Elizabeth Parkinson married John Wycliffe, son of Robert Wycliffe of Wycliffe and Margery Conyers of Hornby.2,1
     Reference: Genealogics cites: Francis Wycliffe, of Wycliffe Ancestorlist , Verity, Brad. nr 5.1

Family

John Wycliffe b. c 1470
Child

Citations

  1. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Elizabeth Parkinson: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00612491&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, John Wycliffe: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00612490&tree=LEO

Fonia (?) of Moray1

F, #23398, b. circa 1144
Last Edited5 Mar 2004
     Fonia (?) of Moray married Ragnald (?) King of the Isles, son of Somerled (?) 1st Lord of the Isles and Ragnhild Olafsdatter (?) of Man.1 Fonia (?) of Moray was born circa 1144 at Moray, Scotland.1

Family

Ragnald (?) King of the Isles b. c 1144
Child

Sir Henry de Grey of Grays Thurrock1,2

M, #23399, b. circa 1178, d. circa 1219
FatherRichard de Grey3 b. c 1148
ReferenceGAV23
Last Edited3 Jul 2006
     Sir Henry de Grey of Grays Thurrock married IsoldaIseude de Bardolf, daughter of (?) de Bardolf.2,1 Sir Henry de Grey of Grays Thurrock was born circa 1150.4 He was born circa 1178 at Gray's Thurrock, co. Essex, England.5
Sir Henry de Grey of Grays Thurrock died circa 1219; Ravilious cites: G. E. Cokayne, "The Complete Peerage," 1910 - The Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain andthe United Kingdom.2
Sir Henry de Grey of Grays Thurrock died before 1229.6
     ; HENRY de GREY; bought the Manor of Thurrock, Essex (later called Thurrock Grey), from Isaac the Jew and his s Josce; held the Manor of Codnor, Derbys, by 1201; granted by HENRY III 1216 the Manor of Grimston, Notts; m Iseaude/Isolda (m 2nd Reynold de Meurdre), dau of Hugh Bardolf by his w Isabel, and d 1219.7 GAV-23.

; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. The Complete Peerage, 1936 , Doubleday, H.A. & Lord Howard de Walden, Reference: VI 132
2. A Genealogical History of the dormant, abeyant, forfeited and extinct peerages of the British Empire, London, 1866, Burke, Sir Bernard, Reference: 247.1

Citations

  1. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Sir Henry de Grey, of Grays Thurrock: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00127823&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  2. [S1792] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 22 Oct 2004 "Descent from Richard III of Normandy to Jane Lowe (Grey of Sandiacre)"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 22 Oct 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 22 Oct 2004."
  3. [S812] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bferris, Jr. William R. Ferris (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I45419
  4. [S792] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=johanson, Susan Johanson (unknown location), downloaded updated 29 June 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=johanson&id=I18205
  5. [S812] e-mail address, updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I1260
  6. [S1425] Roz Griston, "Griston email 23 Feb 2003 RE: Henry de Grey m. Iseude de Bardolf," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to Greg Vaut, 23 Feb 2003, Henry de Grey was dead by 1229. CP VI page 133 (note).
    . Hereinafter cited as "Griston email 23 Feb 2003."
  7. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Grey, Baron Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  8. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Grey, Baron Family Page - had issue.
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Sir William Grey, of Sandiacre: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00127825&tree=LEO
  10. [S812] e-mail address, updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I47510
  11. [S812] e-mail address, updated 4 Apr 2002, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bferris&id=I1257
  12. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Sir John de Grey, of Shirland: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00127826&tree=LEO

Richard de Grey1

M, #23400, b. circa 1148
ReferenceGAV25 EDV22
Last Edited14 Feb 2003
     Richard de Grey was born circa 1148 at Thurrock, co. Essex, England.1
     GAV-25 EDV-22.

Family

Child