Fernando/Ferdinand Sanchez (?) of Navarre1,2

M, #53521, d. 16 December 1207
FatherSancho VI Garcia "el Sabio" (?) King of Navarre1,2,3,4 b. 1132, d. 27 Jun 1194
MotherDoña Sancha (?) Infanta de Castile, Queen consort of Navarre1,2,5,6,4 b. 5 Aug 1137, d. 5 Aug 1179
Last Edited14 Jun 2020
     Fernando/Ferdinand Sanchez (?) of Navarre died on 16 December 1207 at Tudela, Spain.2

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 44: Navarre: General Survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Iberia 7 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/iberia/iberia7.html
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Sancho VI 'el Sabio': https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020629&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/NAVARRE.htm#SanchoVIdied1194B. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  5. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sancha_of_Castile,_Queen_of_Navarre. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Sancha of Castile: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020630&tree=LEO

Ramiro Sanchez (?) Bishop of Pamplona1,2

M, #53522, d. 22 February 1228
FatherSancho VI Garcia "el Sabio" (?) King of Navarre1,2,3 b. 1132, d. 27 Jun 1194
MotherDoña Sancha (?) Infanta de Castile, Queen consort of Navarre1,2,4,5 b. 5 Aug 1137, d. 5 Aug 1179
Last Edited14 Jun 2020
     Ramiro Sanchez (?) Bishop of Pamplona died on 22 February 1228.1,2

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 44: Navarre: General Survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Iberia 7 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/iberia/iberia7.html
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Sancho VI 'el Sabio': https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020629&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sancha_of_Castile,_Queen_of_Navarre. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Sancha of Castile: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020630&tree=LEO

Philippe (?) d'Evreux, Cte de Longueville1,2,3

M, #53523, b. 1336, d. 29 August 1363
FatherPhilippe III "le Bon" or "le Sage" (?) King of Navarre, Cte d'Evreux, Angouleme et de Longueville, Cte de Mortain1,2,3,4 b. 27 Mar 1306, d. 16 Sep 1343
MotherJeanne II (Joan) (?) de France, Queen of Navarre1,2,3 b. 28 Jan 1311, d. 6 Oct 1349
Last Edited18 Oct 2019
     Philippe (?) d'Evreux, Cte de Longueville was born in 1336.2 He married Yolande (?) of Flanders, heiress of Cassel and Marle, daughter of Robert (?) de Flandres, comte de Marle, seigneur de Cassel, Warneton, Dunkerque, et Gravelines, baron d’Alluyes et de Montmirail and Jeanne de Dreux dame de Nogent-Le-Rotrou, between 1352 and 1353; her 2nd husband.5,2,6,3
Philippe (?) d'Evreux, Cte de Longueville died on 29 August 1363 at Vernon.1,2,5
     He was Count of Longueville.1 Philippe (?) d'Evreux, Cte de Longueville was also known as Philippe (?) de Navarre, Comte de Longueville.5

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 44: Navarre: General Survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 21 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet21.html
  3. [S2280] Racines et Histoire, online http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/LGN-frameset.html, http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/PDF/Flandres.pdf, p. 16. Hereinafter cited as Racines et Histoire.
  4. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_III_of_Navarre. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  5. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Flanders 5 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/flanders/flanders5.html
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Yolande of Flanders: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00012435&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.

Louis (?) Infante de Navarre, Cte de Beaumont-le-Roger1,2,3

M, #53524, b. 1341, d. 1372
FatherPhilippe III "le Bon" or "le Sage" (?) King of Navarre, Cte d'Evreux, Angouleme et de Longueville, Cte de Mortain1,3,4 b. 27 Mar 1306, d. 16 Sep 1343
MotherJeanne II (Joan) (?) de France, Queen of Navarre1,3 b. 28 Jan 1311, d. 6 Oct 1349
Last Edited18 Oct 2019
     Louis (?) Infante de Navarre, Cte de Beaumont-le-Roger was born in 1341.2,3 He married Maria de Lizarazu in 1358; his 1st wife.3 Louis (?) Infante de Navarre, Cte de Beaumont-le-Roger married Giovanna/Joanna (?) Duchess of Durazzo, daughter of Carlo (?) Duke of Durazzo and Marie (?) of Naples, in 1366 at Italy (now); her 1st husband; his 2nd wife.2,3
Louis (?) Infante de Navarre, Cte de Beaumont-le-Roger died in 1372 at Apulia, Italy (now).1,3
Louis (?) Infante de Navarre, Cte de Beaumont-le-Roger was buried in 1372 at Naples, Città Metropolitana di Napoli, Campania, Italy (now).2


     He was Cte de Beaumont-le-Roger.1,3

; Louis, Cte de Beaumont-le-Roger, *1341, +Apulia 1372, bur St.Martin aux Chatreux, Naples; 1m: 1358 Maria de Lizarazu; 2m: 1366 in Italy Joanna of Naples, Dss of Durazzo (*1344 +poisoned 20.7.1387); his issue, all by 1m., took the surname "Beaumont". For his descendants, see http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet21.html.3

Family 2

Giovanna/Joanna (?) Duchess of Durazzo b. 1344, d. 1387

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 44: Navarre: General Survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 19 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet19.html
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 21 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet21.html
  4. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_III_of_Navarre. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.

Catherine (?) d'Alencon1,2

F, #53525, b. 1380, d. 25 June 1462
FatherPierre II "le Noble" (?) Cte d'Alencon, du Perche et Porhoet1,2 b. 1340, d. 20 Sep 1404
MotherMarie de Chamaillart Vicomtesse de Beaumont2 d. 18 Nov 1425
Last Edited13 Oct 2003
     Catherine (?) d'Alencon was born in 1380 at Verneuil, France.2 She married Pierre d'Evreux Inft of Navarre, Cte de Mortain, son of Charles II (Carlos) "le Mauvais" (?) d'Evreux, King of Navarre and Jeanne/Joan (?) de Valois, Queen of Navarre, on 21 April 1411 at Alencon, France; her 1st husband.1,2,3 Catherine (?) d'Alencon married Ludwig VII "der Bebartete" (?) Duke of Bavaria, Cte de Mortain, son of Stephan III "der Kneißl" (?) Duke of Bavaria-Ingolstadt and Taddea Visconti, on 1 October 1413; her 2nd husband; his 2nd wife.4,2
Catherine (?) d'Alencon died on 25 June 1462.1,2
     ; Catherine, *Verneuil 1380, +Paris 25.6.1462, bur there; 1m: Alençon 1411 Pierre d'Evreux, Inft of Navarre, Cte de Mortain (*1366 +1412); 2m: Paris 1.10.1413 Duke Ludwig VII of Bavaria-Ingolstadt (*1365 +1.5.1447.)2

Family 1

Pierre d'Evreux Inft of Navarre, Cte de Mortain b. c 31 Mar 1366, d. 29 Jul 1412

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 44: Navarre: General Survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 20 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet20.html
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 21 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet21.html
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Wittel 9 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wittel/wittel9.html

Ludwig VII "der Bebartete" (?) Duke of Bavaria, Cte de Mortain1

M, #53526, b. 20 December 1365, d. 1 May 1447
FatherStephan III "der Kneißl" (?) Duke of Bavaria-Ingolstadt1,2 b. c 1337, d. 25 Sep 1413
MotherTaddea Visconti1,3 b. c 1351, d. 28 Sep 1381
Last Edited10 Mar 2004
     Ludwig VII "der Bebartete" (?) Duke of Bavaria, Cte de Mortain was born on 20 December 1365.1 He married Anne de Bourbon, daughter of Jean/John I de Bourbon Cmte de la Marche, de Vendome et de Castre and Catherine de Vendôme de Vendôme et de Castres, on 1 October 1402; his 1st wife; her 2nd husband.1,4 Ludwig VII "der Bebartete" (?) Duke of Bavaria, Cte de Mortain married Catherine (?) d'Alencon, daughter of Pierre II "le Noble" (?) Cte d'Alencon, du Perche et Porhoet and Marie de Chamaillart Vicomtesse de Beaumont, on 1 October 1413; her 2nd husband; his 2nd wife.1,5
Ludwig VII "der Bebartete" (?) Duke of Bavaria, Cte de Mortain died on 1 May 1447 at age 81; died in jail.1
     ; Duke LUDWIG VII "der Gebartete" of Bavaria, in Ingolstadt (1413-43), Cte de Mortain 1416, *20.12.1365/1368-69, +in jail in Burghausen 1.5.1447, bur Kloster Raitenhaslach; 1m: Paris 1.10.1402 Anne de Bourbon (*after 1380 +IX.1408), dau.of Jean I d´Vendome; 2m: Paris 1.10.1413 Catherine d'Alençon (*after 1395 +25.6.1462.)1

Family 1

Anne de Bourbon d. 1408
Child

Family 2

Catherine (?) d'Alencon b. 1380, d. 25 Jun 1462

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Wittel 9 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wittel/wittel9.html
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Stefan III: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00007117&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Taddea Visconti: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00007118&tree=LEO
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 38 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet38.html
  5. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 20 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet20.html
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Wittelsbach 9 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wittel/wittel9.html

Charles III (Carlos) "le Noble" (?) King of Navarre1,2,3,4

M, #53527, b. 1361, d. 8 September 1425
FatherCharles II (Carlos) "le Mauvais" (?) d'Evreux, King of Navarre1,2,3,4 b. Oct 1332, d. 1 Jan 1387
MotherJeanne/Joan (?) de Valois, Queen of Navarre1,3,4 b. 24 Jun 1343, d. 3 Nov 1373
Last Edited17 Oct 2019
     Charles III (Carlos) "le Noble" (?) King of Navarre was born in 1361 at Mantes.1,3,4 He married Leonor/Eleanor (?) Infta of Castile, Queen of Navarre, daughter of Enrique II (?) of Trastamara, King of Castile and Leon and Juana/Joanna Manuel (?) de Castile, sna de Lara y Vizcaya, Lady of Villena, Escalona y Penafiel, on 27 May 1375 at Leria.1,5,3,6,7,4
Charles III (Carlos) "le Noble" (?) King of Navarre died on 8 September 1425 at Olite, Navarre, Spain (now).1,3,4
Charles III (Carlos) "le Noble" (?) King of Navarre was buried after 8 September 1425 at Cathedral of Pamplona, Pamplona, Provincia de Navarra, Navarra, Spain (now),

; From Find A Grave:
     BIRTH     1361
     DEATH     8 Sep 1425 (aged 63–64)
     Royalty, eldest son of Charles II of Evreux and Jeanne de France. He married Leonor of Castille and Leon who bore him seven children. He succeeded his father as King of Navarra and Count of Evreux in 1387.
     Family Members
     Spouse
          Leonor of Castille and Leon 1363–1415
     Children
          Maria of Navarra 1383–1406
          Carlos of Navarra 1397–1402
          Luis of Navarra 1401–1402
     BURIAL     Cathedral of Pamplona, Pamplona, Provincia de Navarra, Navarra, Spain
     Created by: Lutetia
     Added: 19 Jun 2012
     Find A Grave Memorial 92177570.3
     He was Cte d'Évreux.3

; King Charles III "le Noble" of Navarre (1387-1425) -cr Pamplona Cathedral 28.1.1387, Duc de Nemours 1404, Cte d'Évreux, *Mantes 1361, +Olite 8.9.1425, bur Pamplona Cathedral; m.Leria 27.5.1375 Eleonora of Castile (*ca 1363, +Olite 5.3.1416, bur Pamplona Ctahedral.)3

; See Wikipedia article.8

Reference: Leo van de Pas cites:
1. Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, 4 volumes, Marburg, 1953, 1975., W. K. Prinz von Isenburg, Reference: vol II page 44.
2. Cahiers de Saint Louis Magazine. , Jacques Dupont, Jacques Saillot, Reference: page 17.
3. Les seize quartiers des Reines et Imperatrices Francaises. 1977., Jacques Saillot, Reference: page 243.4
Charles III (Carlos) "le Noble" (?) King of Navarre was also known as Carlos III (Charles) "le Noble" (?) King of Navarre. He was King of Navarre between 1387 and 1425.1,2,3,4 He was Duc de Nemours in 1404.3

Family 3

Leonor/Eleanor (?) Infta of Castile, Queen of Navarre b. c 1363, d. 5 Mar 1416
Children

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 44: Navarre: General Survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1433] Jozeph F. O'Callaghan, A History of Medieval Spain (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1975), Appendix, Chart 6: Kings of Navarre, 1194-1512. Hereinafter cited as History of Medieval Spain.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 21 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet21.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Charles III 'the Noble': http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004806&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 48: Castile: Union with Aragon.
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Ivrea 8 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/ivrea/ivrea8.html
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Eleonore of Castile: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004807&tree=LEO
  8. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_III_of_Navarre. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  9. [S2280] Racines et Histoire, online http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/LGN-frameset.html, http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/PDF/Bar.pdf, p. 9. Hereinafter cited as Racines et Histoire.

Mary (?)1

F, #53528
FatherCharles II (Carlos) "le Mauvais" (?) d'Evreux, King of Navarre1 b. Oct 1332, d. 1 Jan 1387
MotherJeanne/Joan (?) de Valois, Queen of Navarre1 b. 24 Jun 1343, d. 3 Nov 1373
Last Edited3 Mar 2003
     Mary (?) married Alphonso (?) of Aragon, Duke of Gandia, son of Peter IV (?) of Navarre, after 1394.1

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 44: Navarre: General Survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.

Alphonso (?) of Aragon, Duke of Gandia1

M, #53529, d. 1412
FatherPeter IV (?) of Navarre1
Last Edited3 Mar 2003
     Alphonso (?) of Aragon, Duke of Gandia married Mary (?), daughter of Charles II (Carlos) "le Mauvais" (?) d'Evreux, King of Navarre and Jeanne/Joan (?) de Valois, Queen of Navarre, after 1394.1
Alphonso (?) of Aragon, Duke of Gandia died in 1412.1
     He was Duke of Gandia.1

Family

Mary (?)

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 44: Navarre: General Survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.

Peter IV (?) of Navarre1

M, #53530
Last Edited3 Mar 2003

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 44: Navarre: General Survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.

Gaston IV (?) Cte de Foix et de Bigorre, vicomte de Béarn1,2

M, #53531, b. 1423, d. 25 July 1472
FatherJohn/Jean III de Grailly Cte Foix and of Béarn1,2 b. c 1382, d. 4 May 1436
MotherJeanne d'Albret2,3 b. 1403, d. 1435
Last Edited9 May 2020
     Gaston IV (?) Cte de Foix et de Bigorre, vicomte de Béarn was born in 1423; Genealogy.EU (Foix 3 Page) says b. 1425.3,2 He married Leonor (Eleanor) (?) Queen of Navarre, daughter of Juan II (?) of Trastamara, King of Navarre and Aragon and Doña Blanca I (?) de Navarra, Queen of Navarre, on 30 July 1436.1,4,5,2,6
Gaston IV (?) Cte de Foix et de Bigorre, vicomte de Béarn died on 25 July 1472 at Roncesvalles, Provincia de Navarra, Navarra, Spain (now).1,3,2
     He was Count of Foix.1

; Gaston IV, né en 1423, épousa d'abord (22 décembre 1434) Eléonore de Navarre, héritière de cette Courrone de Navarre (ces parents étant Jean II Roi d'Aragon et Blanche Reine de Navarre). Le Roi Jean II déshérita son fils Charles, Prince de Viane, qui prétendait hériter de sa mère le Trône de Navarre. Or Jean II, couronné avec sa femme, Roi de Navarre n'aimait pas ce fils si pressé de le voir dans la tombe. C'est pourquoi Jean II d'Aragon confia le gouvernement de la Navarre à Gaston IV de Foix-Béarn et le choisit pour lui succéder sur le trône (traité de Barcelone, 1455).

Il aida le Roi de France Charles VII à la reconquête de la Guyenne : prise de tartas en 1442, prise de la forteresse de Mauléon en 1449, des villes de Saint-Sever et de L'Isle-en-Dodon. En récompense, le Roi le fit Lieutenant de l'Armée du Roi en Guyenne. En 1453, aidé du Comte de Dunois, ce fut les prises des villes de Dax, Bordeaux et Bayonne. La victoire de Castillon (1453), où Talbot et son fils furent tués, augmenta encore la gloire du Comte de Foix. Puis il prit les places de Medoc et Cadillac. A Cadillac, il pendit Gaillardet, qui en commandait le chateau. Ce dernier avait tenté d'assassiner Gaston IV de Foix en profitant de négociations.

Pour récompense de son aide au Roi de France dans la reconquête de la Guyenne, le Comté de Foix fut érigé en Comté-Pairie (1458) tandis que son fils ainé, Gaston Prince de Viane et Vicomte de Castelbon, obtenait la main de Madeleine de France, soeur du Roi Louis XI.

Plus tard, le Roi de France intervint dans la guerre civile en Catalogne et le Comte de Foix fut chargé de libérer la reine Jeanne Enriquez et le prince Ferdinand, assiégés dans Gérone par le comte de Pallars (1462). En remerciement, le Roi Louis XI donna à Gaston IV la cité de Carcassonne.

Cependant, en 1471, Louis XI refusa de reconnaître les droits du Comte de Foix sur la Navarre. Gaston se rangea donc aux côtés du duc de Bretagne, François II, et du Duc de Bourgogne, Charles le Téméraire. Gaston souleva la Guyenne contre le roi de France mais dut réfugier en Navarre, où il mourut l'année suivante.

Il testa à Roncevaux (21 juillet 1472) où il mourrut agé d'environ 50 ans. Il fut enterré en l'Eglise des Jacobins d'Orthez. Comme beaucoup de Comte de Foix, Gaston IV avait beaucoup de titres :

* Comte de Foix et de Bigorre et vicomte de Béarn (1436-1471),
* Vicomte de Castellbó (1423-1462) et de Narbonne (1447-1468).

Son successeur fut son petit-fils, François-Febus.7

Family

Leonor (Eleanor) (?) Queen of Navarre b. 1420, d. 12 Feb 1479
Children

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 44: Navarre: General Survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Foix 3 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/foix/foix3.html
  3. [S1451] Graphical Index to the Ancestry of Charles II: Table I - Ancestors of Charles II, King of Great Britain (1630-1685), online http://fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/Gen1-6.htm, http://fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/5-10/26.htm. Hereinafter cited as Ancestors of Charles II.
  4. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 48: Castile: Union with Aragon.
  5. [S1433] Jozeph F. O'Callaghan, A History of Medieval Spain (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1975), Appendix, Chart 6: Kings of Navarre, 1194-1512. Hereinafter cited as History of Medieval Spain.
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Ivrea 8 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/ivrea/ivrea8.html
  7. [S1563] Histoire de Comtes de Foix, online http://www.foixstory.com/, Gaston IV de Foix-Grailly: http://www.foixstory.com/data/comtes/16.htm. Hereinafter cited as Histoire de Comtes de Foix.
  8. [S1451] Ancestors of Charles II, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/Gen1-6.htm, http://fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/5-10/31.htm

John/Jean III de Grailly Cte Foix and of Béarn1,2,3

M, #53532, b. circa 1382, d. 4 May 1436
FatherArchambaud de Grailly Comte de Foix et de Bigorre, Captal de Buch3 d. 1413
MotherIsabelle de Foix Comtesse de Foix, Vicomtesse de Castelbon et Béarn3 d. 1426
Last Edited9 May 2020
     John/Jean III de Grailly Cte Foix and of Béarn was born circa 1382.1,3 He married Jeanne/Joan (?) of Navarre, daughter of Charles III (Carlos) "le Noble" (?) King of Navarre and Leonor/Eleanor (?) Infta of Castile, Queen of Navarre, on 12 November 1402.4,3,5 John/Jean III de Grailly Cte Foix and of Béarn married Jeanne d'Albret, daughter of Charles I d'Albret Sire d'Albret, Comte de Dreux, Baron de Sully and Marie de Sully Dame de Sully,de Craon, etc, Cts de Guines, souveraine de Boisbelle, in February 1422; his 2nd wife.3,6 John/Jean III de Grailly Cte Foix and of Béarn married Juana de Urgel in 1435.3
John/Jean III de Grailly Cte Foix and of Béarn died on 4 May 1436.1,3
     ; Jean Ier de Foix-Grailly (Jean III de Grailly) acquit le Comté de Bigorre en 1415, à la faveur d'un accord avec le Comte Bernard VII d'Armagnac. Le Comte Jean abandonna le nom et les armes des Grailly pour adopter ceux de Foix, reconnaissant ainsi ne devoir ses domaines que de sa mère Isabelle de Foix-Castelbon. D'où la nouvelle dynastie des Foix-Grailly.

Il obtint le gouvernement du Dauphiné en 1416, puis celui du Languedoc en 1434 où il dut pacifier Avignon révolté contre le Pape.

Le Comte Jean fit battre une monnaie à Pamiers, nommée Guilhems, ce qui déplut fort au Roi de France qui lui pardonna pourtant.

Quant à l'attitude de Jean dans lea guerre entre anglais et Valois, elle fut plutôt neutraliste. Il était considéré comme "ni anglais, ni français". Peu docile, il se battit surtout pour lui-même. Cela réussit au moins à assurer en ses domaines la sécurité alors que d'autres régions étaient ravagées par des bandes armées, les Routiers.

Il décéda à Mazères en 1436, fort regrété.

Il eut plusieurs épouses :

1. Jeanne de Navarre (1413), fille ainée du Roi Charles III de Navarre, morte en 1480 sans enfants,
2. Jeanne d'Albret (1422), fille de Charles Ier Sire d'Albret, qui lui laissa une descendance,
3. Jeanne d'Aragon (1436), fille de Jacques II Comte d'Urgell (Espagne), sans enfants

Son héritier fut son fils, Gaston IV.7 He was Count of Foix between 1413 and 1436.1,8

Family 1

Jeanne/Joan (?) of Navarre b. 1386, d. Jul 1413

Family 2

Jeanne d'Albret b. 1403, d. 1435
Child

Family 3

Juana de Urgel b. 1415, d. 1445

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 44: Navarre: General Survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1451] Graphical Index to the Ancestry of Charles II: Table I - Ancestors of Charles II, King of Great Britain (1630-1685), online http://fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/Gen1-6.htm, http://fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/5-10/26.htm. Hereinafter cited as Ancestors of Charles II.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Foix 3 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/foix/foix3.html
  4. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 44: Navarre: General Survey - House of Evreux.
  5. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 21 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet21.html
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Albret 2 page (The Family of d'Albret): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/foix/albret2.html
  7. [S1563] Histoire de Comtes de Foix, online http://www.foixstory.com/, Jean 1er de Foix-Grailly: http://www.foixstory.com/data/comtes/16.htm. Hereinafter cited as Histoire de Comtes de Foix.
  8. [S1563] Histoire de Comtes de Foix, online http://www.foixstory.com/, Les Comtes de Foix-Grailly (Seconde Maison des Foix-Béarn) Chart: http://www.foixstory.com/data/genealogiq/foix/foix2/fxgrail.htm

Jeanne/Joan (?) of Navarre1,2

F, #53533, b. 1386, d. July 1413
FatherCharles III (Carlos) "le Noble" (?) King of Navarre1,2,3 b. 1361, d. 8 Sep 1425
MotherLeonor/Eleanor (?) Infta of Castile, Queen of Navarre1,2,4 b. c 1363, d. 5 Mar 1416
Last Edited5 May 2004
     Jeanne/Joan (?) of Navarre was born in 1386.2 She married John/Jean III de Grailly Cte Foix and of Béarn, son of Archambaud de Grailly Comte de Foix et de Bigorre, Captal de Buch and Isabelle de Foix Comtesse de Foix, Vicomtesse de Castelbon et Béarn, on 12 November 1402.5,6,2
Jeanne/Joan (?) of Navarre died in July 1413.2

Family

John/Jean III de Grailly Cte Foix and of Béarn b. c 1382, d. 4 May 1436

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 44: Navarre: General Survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 21 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet21.html
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Charles III 'the Noble': http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004806&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Eleonore of Castile: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004807&tree=LEO
  5. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 44: Navarre: General Survey - House of Evreux.
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Foix 3 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/foix/foix3.html

Beatrice (?) of Navarre1,2

F, #53534, b. 1392, d. before 1415
FatherCharles III (Carlos) "le Noble" (?) King of Navarre1,2,3 b. 1361, d. 8 Sep 1425
MotherLeonor/Eleanor (?) Infta of Castile, Queen of Navarre1,2,4 b. c 1363, d. 5 Mar 1416
Last Edited17 May 2009
     Beatrice (?) of Navarre was born in 1392.2 She married Jacques/James II de Bourbon Cte de la Marche, son of Jean/John I de Bourbon Cmte de la Marche, de Vendome et de Castre and Catherine de Vendôme de Vendôme et de Castres, between 1405 and 1406 at Pamplona, Provincia de Navarra, Navarre, Spain (now); his 1st wife.1,5,6,2,7
Beatrice (?) of Navarre died before 1415.1
     She was living in 1415.2

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 44: Navarre: General Survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 21 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet21.html
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Charles III 'the Noble': http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004806&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Eleonore of Castile: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004807&tree=LEO
  5. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 65: France - House of Bourbon.
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 38 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet38.html
  7. [S2280] Racines et Histoire, online http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/LGN-frameset.html, http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/PDF/Beynes.pdf, p. 5. Hereinafter cited as Racines et Histoire.
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Eleonore de Bourbon: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004243&tree=LEO

Jacques/James II de Bourbon Cte de la Marche1,2,3,4,5

M, #53535, b. 1370, d. 14 December 1438
FatherJean/John I de Bourbon Cmte de la Marche, de Vendome et de Castre2,3,5 b. 1344, d. 11 Jun 1393
MotherCatherine de Vendôme de Vendôme et de Castres2,3,5 d. 1 Apr 1412
Last Edited17 May 2009
     Jacques/James II de Bourbon Cte de la Marche was born in 1370.1,2,4,6 He married Beatrice (?) of Navarre, daughter of Charles III (Carlos) "le Noble" (?) King of Navarre and Leonor/Eleanor (?) Infta of Castile, Queen of Navarre, between 1405 and 1406 at Pamplona, Provincia de Navarra, Navarre, Spain (now); his 1st wife.1,2,6,7,5 Jacques/James II de Bourbon Cte de la Marche married Joanna II (Giovanna) (?) Queen of Naples, daughter of Charles III (?) King of Naples and Hungary and Margherita (?) of Durazzo, before 18 September 1415; his 2nd wife; her 2nd husband.2,4,5
Jacques/James II de Bourbon Cte de la Marche died on 14 December 1438 at Besançon, France (now).1,2,6,4,5
     He was Count of Marche.1

; Cte Jacques II de la Marche, *1370, +Besancon 1438, bur there; 1m: Pamplona 1406 Beatrix d'Evreux (*1392, fl 1416) dau.of King Charles III of Navarre; 2m: Queen Joanna II of Naples (*25.6.1373 +2.2.1435.)6

Family 2

Joanna II (Giovanna) (?) Queen of Naples b. 25 Jun 1373, d. 2 Feb 1435

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 44: Navarre: General Survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 65: France - House of Bourbon.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 38 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet38.html#CJe
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 19 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet19.html
  5. [S2280] Racines et Histoire, online http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/LGN-frameset.html, http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/PDF/Beynes.pdf, p. 5. Hereinafter cited as Racines et Histoire.
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 38 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet38.html
  7. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 21 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet21.html
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Eleonore de Bourbon: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004243&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.

Isabella (?) of Navarre1,2

F, #53536, b. 1395, d. before 1445
FatherCharles III (Carlos) "le Noble" (?) King of Navarre1,2,3 b. 1361, d. 8 Sep 1425
MotherLeonor/Eleanor (?) Infta of Castile, Queen of Navarre1,2,4 b. c 1363, d. 5 Mar 1416
Last Edited5 May 2004
     Isabella (?) of Navarre was born in 1395.2 She married Jean IV (?) Cte d'Armagnac, son of Bernhard VII (?) Cte d'Armagnac, Comte de Charolais et de Rodez and Bonne/Bona de Berry, on 10 May 1419.1,2
Isabella (?) of Navarre died before 1445; Genealogy.EU (Capet 21 page) says d. aft 31 Aug 1435.5,2
     ; Isabella, *1395, +after 31.8.1435; m.10.5.1419 Cte Jean IV d'Armagnac (*Rodez 15.10.1396, +Chataeu de l'Isle-Jourdain 5.11.1450.)2

Family

Jean IV (?) Cte d'Armagnac b. 15 Oct 1396, d. 5 Nov 1450
Children

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 44: Navarre: General Survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 21 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet21.html
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Charles III 'the Noble': http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004806&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Eleonore of Castile: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004807&tree=LEO
  5. [S1451] Graphical Index to the Ancestry of Charles II: Table I - Ancestors of Charles II, King of Great Britain (1630-1685), online http://fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/Gen1-6.htm, http://fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/5-10/25.htm. Hereinafter cited as Ancestors of Charles II.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Eléonore d'Armagnac: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00275473&tree=LEO

Jean IV (?) Cte d'Armagnac1,2

M, #53537, b. 15 October 1396, d. 5 November 1450
FatherBernhard VII (?) Cte d'Armagnac, Comte de Charolais et de Rodez3,4 b. c 1364, d. 30 May 1418
MotherBonne/Bona de Berry3,5 b. 1365, d. 31 Dec 1435
Last Edited7 Aug 2004
     Jean IV (?) Cte d'Armagnac was born on 15 October 1396 at Convent de Cordeliers Rodez.3,6,2 He married Blanche (?) de Bretagne, daughter of Jean V (?) Duc de Bretagne and Jeanne (Joan) (?) de Navarre, on 26 June 1407 at Nantes, Departement de la Loire-Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, France (now); his 1st wife.6 Jean IV (?) Cte d'Armagnac married Isabella (?) of Navarre, daughter of Charles III (Carlos) "le Noble" (?) King of Navarre and Leonor/Eleanor (?) Infta of Castile, Queen of Navarre, on 10 May 1419.1,2
Jean IV (?) Cte d'Armagnac died on 5 November 1450 at Chateau de L'Isle-Jourdain at age 54.1,6,2
     He was Count of Armagnac.1

Family 1

Blanche (?) de Bretagne b. 1397, d. a 1419

Family 2

Isabella (?) of Navarre b. 1395, d. b 1445
Children

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 44: Navarre: General Survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Capet 21 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet21.html
  3. [S1451] Graphical Index to the Ancestry of Charles II: Table I - Ancestors of Charles II, King of Great Britain (1630-1685), online http://fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/Gen1-6.htm, http://fmg.ac/Projects/CharlesII/5-10/25.htm. Hereinafter cited as Ancestors of Charles II.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Bernard VII d'Armagnac: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004799&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Bonne de Berry: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004800&tree=LEO
  6. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 16 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet16.html
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Eléonore d'Armagnac: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00275473&tree=LEO
  8. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 20 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet20.html

Agnes (?) de Poitou, d'Aquitaine1,2,3

F, #53538, b. circa 1059, d. 1080
FatherGuy-Guillaume VI (VIII) (?) Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Poitou1,4,2,5,3,6,7 b. c 1024, d. 25 Sep 1086
MotherMatilda (?) de la Marche2,3,6
Last Edited9 Dec 2020
     Agnes (?) de Poitou, d'Aquitaine was born circa 1059; Leo van de Pas says b. ca 1059; others say b. 1052.8,9,3,6 She married Alfonso VI "the Brave" (?) King of León & Castile, son of Ferdinand I "The Great" (?) King of Castile and Leon and Sancha (?) Infanta de Leon, in 1069;
His 1st wife.10,4,8,9,3,11 Agnes (?) de Poitou, d'Aquitaine and Alfonso VI "the Brave" (?) King of León & Castile were divorced in 1079; her 1st husband; Genealogy.EU (Iberia 7 page) says div 1077; Leo van de Pas says div. 1077.10,9,3,12
Agnes (?) de Poitou, d'Aquitaine died in 1080; Genealogy.EU (Poitou 1 page) says d. 1078; Louda & Maclagan (Table 45) says d. aft 1100; Leo van de Pas says d. 1080.1,2,3,6
     ; Per Med Lands:
     "ALFONSO de Castilla y León, son of FERNANDO I "el Magno" King of Castile and León & his wife Sancha de León (Compostela [1038/40]-Toledo 30 Jun 1109, bur Sahagún, León, San Mancio chapel in the royal monastery of Santos Facundo y Primitivo). The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names (in order) "Urraca, Sancho, Alfonso, García and Elvira" and the children of King Fernando and Queen Sancha[457]. According to the Chronicle of Sahagún, Alfonso was 72 years old when he died[458], but this must be overstated if he was his parents' fourth child as stated in Historia Silense[459]. It is more likely that he was born in [1038/40]. Ferdinand I King of Castile confirmed the union of the monastery of San Martín del Río with San Pedro de Cardeñas by charter dated 31 Aug 1050, subscribed by "Sanctius prolis regis, Adefonsus filius regis, Garsea filio regis, Urraca filia regis, Tegridia filia regis…"[460]. "Fredernandus…Legionensis rex…cum coniuge mea regina dna Sancia et filiis meis" confirmed the privileges of Santiago de Compostela by charter dated 10 Mar 1065, subscribed by "Sancius filius regis, Adefonsus filius regis, Garsea filius regis, Urraca filia regis, Geloira filia regis…"[461]. Under the partition of lands in his father’s will, he received León and the parias from the Taifa state of Toledo, succeeding in 1065 as ALFONSO VI King of León. Relations between Alfonso and his two brothers were tense. Although Alfonso and Sancho cooperated to deprive their brother García of Galicia, Sancho turned against Alfonso soon afterwards and defeated him at Golpejera Jan 1072. He was exiled to Toledo, seeking refuge with the Dhul-Nunid King[462]. He returned to León after the murder of his brother, arriving [10] Nov 1072, and was accepted before 8 Dec 1072 as ALFONSO VI King of Castile. Pursuing his father's close connections with the monastery of Cluny, he granted the order its first monastic house in Castile at San Isidro de Dueñas 29 May 1073, as well as doubling the annual census payment to Cluny in 1077[463]. The Roman liturgy was adopted in Castile and León in 1076. After the death in Jun 1076 of Sancho IV “él de Peñalén” King of Navarre, King Alfonso succeeded as King of Navarre: a charter dated 1076 records that Alfonso VI King of Castile ("Adefonsus filius Fredinandi regis") succeeded to the kingdom after "impiisima fraude interfecto rege Sancio, Garsie...regis filius"[464]. Pope Gregory VII asserted papal suzerainty over Spain 28 Jun 1077, although King Alfonso's response appears to have been to declare himself "imperator totius hispaniae", the first known use of this title being 17 Oct 1077[465]. King Alfonso VI took advantage of the assassination of Sancho IV King of Navarre in 1076 to invade Navarre, annexing La Rioja, Álava, Vizcaya and Guipúzcoa to Castile. Turning his attention to the reconquest of Moorish territories, Alfonso recaptured Toledo 25 May 1085, besieged Zaragoza in 1086, and also imposed his Government on the kingdom of Valencia, where he installed as ruler the deposed al-Qadir ex-taifa King of Toledo. His ambitions were, however, thwarted by al-Mu'tamid King of Seville who, with the help of Yusuf bin Tashfin Emir of the Almoravids, defeated King Alfonso at Sagrajas near Badajoz 23 Oct 1086. The Almoravids rapidly consolidated their position, absorbing the taifa kingdoms of Granada and Seville and subduing Jaén, Almería, Denia and Murcia. Undeterred, Alfonso recaptured Córdoba in 1091, and persuade Al-Mutawakkil of Badajoz to cede him Lisbon, Santarem and Sintra between 30 Apr and 8 May 1093, although Badajoz itself was captured by the Almoravids in early 1094. Meanwhile Rodrigo Díaz "el Cid" recaptured Valencia, establishing himself there as an autonomous prince. Previously his bitter enemy, Alfonso eventually united with him to fight the Moors. He also spread the call overseas, especially in France, for a general crusade to fight 'the infidel'. "Adefonsus rex Legionis et totius Hispanie imperator atque Fredenandi filius regis" granted privileges to Santiago de Compostela, with the advice of "generis mei comitis domini Raimundi", by charter dated 28 Jan 1090[466]. The end of his reign was marred by a crushing defeat at Uclés 29 May 1108, where his son was killed. The Chronicon Regum Legionensium records that King Alfonso lived for 79 years and reigned for 43 years and six months, died in Toledo 1 Jul "in the era 1147 (1109)" and was buried "in the church of saints Facundus and Primitivus"[467]. The Chronicon Lusitanum records the death “III Kal Jul” in 1147 (1109) of “Rex D. Alfonsus Regis D. Fernandi filius”[468].
     "Betrothed (by proxy Caen, Abbey of Holy Trinity before [1069]) to AGATHE de Normandie, daughter of WILLIAM I King of England Duc de Normandie & his wife Mathilde de Flandres ([1064]-before 1074, bur Bayeux Cathedral). According to William of Malmesbury, an unnamed daughter of King William was "affianced by messengers" to King Alfonso[469]. Orderic Vitalis names her Agatha, identifying her as the daughter who had been betrothed to Harold Godwinson (see above), and says that she was betrothed to "Amfursio regi Galliciæ"[470]. Matthew of Paris places her as the fifth daughter (unnamed) betrothed to "Aldefonso Galiciæ regi" but different from the daughter betrothed to Harold[471]. Orderic says that she died en route to Spain, her body being brought back to Bayeux for burial[472]. The betrothal to Alfonso must have been a short-lived arrangement as he married his first wife in 1069[473].
     "m firstly (betrothed 1069, [late 1073/early 1074], repudiated after 22 May 1077) [as her first husband,] AGNES d’Aquitaine, daughter of GUILLAUME VIII Duke of Aquitaine [GUILLAUME VI Comte de Poitou] & his second wife Mathilde --- ([1059]-[6 Jun 1078 or after 1099], bur [Sahagún, León, royal monastery of Santos Facundo y Primitivo]). The Chronicle of Saint-Maxence records that the only daughter of "Goffredus" and his second wife was the wife of "Hildefonsi regis, filii Freelandi et nepotis Garsii", in a later passage recording their marriage in 1069[474]. She was known as INÉS in Castile. The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Ines" ("Agnetam") as the first of the "five legitimate wives" of King Alfonso[475]. The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Agnes" as first wife of "rex Aldefonsus"[476]. "Agnes regina" confirmed the donation to Cluny by "Adefonsus…princeps" dated 22 May 1077[477]. No later reference has been found in charters to Queen Inés. Reports of her subsequent history are mutually contradictory. Orderic Vitalis refers to the second marriage of "Agnetem filiam Guillelmi Pictavorum ducis relictam Hildefonsi senioris Galiciae regis" with Hélie Comte du Maine[478]. However, Sandoval records that "la Reyna Doña Ines" died 6 Jun 1078 according to "las memorias del tumbo negro de Santiago"[479]. The accuracy of this statement is uncertain as, in the same passage, Sandoval states that the same source records the death in the same year "II Kal Jun" of "Sancius Rex filius Alfonsi Regis". This latter entry presumably refers to the death of Sancho, son of King Alfonso VI, at the battle of Uclés in 1108, but it casts doubt on the accuracy of the year of the death of Queen Inés. Another date is introduced by the Annales Compostellani which record the death "VIII Id Jun" in 1098 of “Regina Agnes”[480]. This is the same day and month as stated in the tumbo negro, so it is possible that the year is wrongly given, although it is also possible that the Annales Compostelani are referring to the death of the wife of Pedro I King of Aragon (who must have died in 1097 or before). Reilly[481] says that Queen Constanza was buried next to Queen Inés, which implies that the latter predeceased her successor. The primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified, although if it is correct it does seem surprising that the repudiated queen remained in Castile until she died and that she was buried in the royal monastery. If Orderic Vitalis is correct, Queen Inés must have been repudiated by her husband and later returned to France where she married secondly (after 1099) as his second wife, Hélie Comte du Maine. Another possibility is that Orderic´s passage misstates the name "Agnetem" for "Beatricem", and that the second wife of Comte Hélie was King Alfonso VI´s widow Beatrix whose family origin is not otherwise recorded and who would therefore have been a younger daughter of Duke Guillaume VIII (see below). According to Kerrebrouck[482], Agnès d'Aquitaine never existed. He says that the first wife of King Alfonso VI was Inés de Guzmán, although he does not name her parents or precise origin.
     "m secondly (Dec 1079) as her second husband, CONSTANCE de Bourgogne, widow of HUGUES [II] Comte de Chalon, daughter of ROBERT I Duke of Burgundy [Capet] & his first wife Hélie de Semur ([after 1045]-[25 Jul/25 Oct] 1093, bur Sahagún, León, royal monastery of Santos Facundo y Primitivo). The Chronicon Trenorciensi records that "Constantiæ…filia Roberti Ducis" married firstly "Hugonis Cabilonensis Comitis" and secondly "Hispaniæ Rex Adefonsus "[483]. Considering the estimated date of her first marriage, it is unlikely that Constance was born before [1045]. A charter dated 1087 of "Ducem Burgundiæ Oddonem" recalls a donation to Tournus abbey by "comitissa Cabillonensis filia Rotberti ducis", after the death of "mariti sui Hugonis comitis", adding that she subsequently became "Regina Galliciæ et Hispaniarum"[484]. "Infanta donna Urraka Regis domni Adefonsi filia" names her mother "Constantie regina" in her donation to Cluny dated 22 Feb 1117 "Spanish Era"[485], although the date was presumably AD as 1117 Spanish Era was equivalent to 1079 AD. An early 12th century document at Fleury records that "filiam Roberti ducis Bugundionem…Constantiam" married Alfonso VI King of Castile and was mother of a daughter who married "Raymundo comiti"[486]. The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Queen Constance" as the second of the "five legitimate wives" of King Alfonso[487]. Her second marriage date is estimated based on the likely estimated death date of her first husband in [Nov/early Dec] 1079 and her subscribing a document dated 25 Dec 1079 at Dueñas with her second husband[488]. Queen Constance was instrumental in having the Roman rite replace the Visigothic rite in the churches of Castile. "Adefonsus…Hispaniarum rex…cum coniuge mea Constantia regina" donated property to the monastery of San Salvador de Oña by charter dated 1 May 1092[489]. The date of her death is fixed by her last known mention in a charter dated 25 Jul 1093 and a donation by King Alfonso to the monastery of Sahagún dated 25 Oct 1093, which does not include Queen Constanza's name in the subscription list[490]. The 13th century history of Sahagún monastery records that "la Reyna Doña Constanza" was buried in the monastery[491]. Pérez´s history of Sahagún monastery, published in 1782, states that "Doña Berta…Reyna…está enterrada no lejos de Doña Constanza en la Capilla" of the monastery, but does not quote the inscription which confirms this statement[492].
     "m thirdly ([Dec] 1094) BERTA, daughter of --- (-early Jan 1100, bur Sahagún, León, royal monastery of Santos Facundo y Primitivo). The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Berta, who was of Tuscan descent" as the third of the "five legitimate wives" of King Alfonso[493]. The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Berta ex Tusca oriunda" as third wife of "rex Aldefonsus"[494]. Las crónicas anónimas de Sahagún refer to her as "otra mugger de la nacion de Lombardia llamada Berta". The precise origin of Berta is not known. According to Europäische Stammtafeln[495], she was Berta de Bourgogne [Comté], daughter of Guillaume I Comte Palatin de Bourgogne, Comte de Vienne et de Macon, which is inconsistent with the "Tuscan descent" reported in the Chronicon Regum Legionensium. Szabolcs de Vajay suggests that she was the daughter of Guillaume Comte de Bourgogne[496]. Reilly does not mention this possible Burgundian origin of Berthe, implying that the Castilian king chose his third wife from outside the Burgundian circle in order to diminish the influence of the Burgundians at court. As Berthe de Bourgogne would have been the sister of Raymond de Bourgogne who married Infanta Urraca, oldest legitimate daughter of King Alfonso, around the same time that King Alfonso married Queen Berta, it is surprising that the chronicles do not refer to this relationship if it is correct. The references to "Tuscia" and "Lombardia" in the chronicles could be consistent with the family of Bourgogne [Comté] having originated in northern Italy, their ancestors being Marchesi of Ivrea until 968, although this was nearly 130 years before the date of Queen Berta's marriage. Reilly dates this marriage to "during the Christmas season of 1094", but does not state his source[497]. In a later passage, Reilly states that the first reference to Berta as queen is dated 28 Apr 1095[498]. "Adefonsus…Ispanie imperator" permitted the abbey of Silos to establish outposts near the abbey, with the consent of "uxoris mee Berte regine", by charter dated 20 Jan [1096/98], confirmed by "Garcia Ordoniz et comes…Gomiz Gonçalviz armiger regis, Fernando Munoz maiordomus regis, Didago Albariz, Fernando Ansuriz, Gutier Munoz, Ruderico Gonçalviz, Monio Roderiquiz, Didago Bermudez, Petro Gonçalviz…"[499]. "Adefonsus…totius Hispanie imperator" granted rights to the abbey of Silos, with the consent of "uxoris mee Berte regine", by charter dated 19 May 1097[500]. "Adefonsus…tocius Ispanie imperator" donated property to the abbey of Silos, with the consent of "uxoris mee Berte regine", by charter dated 30 Sep 1098, confirmed by the same persons as in the earlier charter dated 20 Jan [1096/98][501]. "…Berta…regina…" subscribed the charter dated 14 Mar 1099 under which Alfonso VI King of Castile donated the monastery of Santa María de Algadefe to the monastery of Eslonza[502]. According to Reilly, Queen Berta died shortly after the new year 1100, probably before 16 Jan[503]. In another passage, he notes that the last notice of her is dated 17 Nov 1099[504]. She was dead in 25 Jan 1100, the date of the charter under which "Adefonsus…Toletani imperii rex" donated the churches of "Sancti Facundi et Sancti Primitivi…cum sua villa…Villaverde", ceded by "comitis Monini Fernandis…in vita sua dederam uxori mee Berte regine", to Cluny, confirmed by "Raimundus totius Gallecie comes et gener regis, Urraca soror regis, Urraca regis filia et Raimundi comitis uxor, Enricus Portugalensis comes, uxor ipsius Tarasia filia regis…"[505]. The 13th century history of Sahagún monastery records that "la Reyna Doña Berta" died "apenas cumplidos seis años en el matrimonio" and was buried in the monastery[506]. Pérez´s history of Sahagún monastery, published in 1782, states that "Doña Berta…Reyna…está enterrada no lejos de Doña Constanza en la Capilla" of the monastery, but does not quote the inscription which confirms this statement[507].
     "[m fourthly ([Burgos] 1100 before 14 May) ISABEL [Elisabeth], daughter of --- (-before Mar 1106, bur Royal Pantheon of San Isidor de León). The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Elizabeth" as the fourth of the "five legitimate wives" of King Alfonso, stating that she was the mother of "Sancha the wife of count Rodrigo and Elvira who married Duke Roger of Sicily"[508]. According to Reilly, her first documentary mention is dated 14 May 1100, but he does not cite the reference[509]. "Adefonsus…totius Hispanie imperator" donated property to the monastery of San Salvador de Oña with the consent of "uxoris mee Helisabeth regine" by charter dated 12 Dec 1075[510], although this date is clearly incorrect. "Aldefonsus rex Yspaniarum…cum…coniuge mee Helisabeth regine" donated property to the monastery of San Salvador de Oña by charter dated 1086[511], also clearly misdated. "Adefonsus Rex Imperator Ispanie et Regina Elisabeth" protected the grazing rights of Valladolid Santa María by charter dated 1100[512]. "Adefonsus totius Ispanie imperator" donated property to the monastery of San Salvador de Oña with the consent of "uxoris mee Helisabet regine" by charter dated 23 Mar 1103[513]. Her origin is not known. Reilly assumes a French origin, speculating that she belonged to a younger branch of the house of Burgundy, but quotes no documentary evidence for this or any other French origin[514]. It used to be widely accepted that she was the daughter of Louis VI King of France, based on a funerary inscription, but this is chronologically impossible. Her existence is questionable and it is possible that she was in fact the same person as Isabel née Zaïda, shown below as King Alfonso's fifth wife. The question of the separate existence of King Alfonso VI's fourth wife would be resolved if we knew there had been two different memorials to "Queen Elisabeth" in the Royal Pantheon, but it appears that a record of these memorials no longer exists. According to Reilly, she is last named in a charter dated 14 May 1107[515], but it is more likely that this document refers to Queen Isabel/Elisabeth née Zaïda (see below).]
     "m fifthly (Mar 1106) as her second husband, ZAÏDA, widow of ABU NASIR al Fatah al Ma'Mun Emir of Córdoba, daughter of --- (-13 Sep 1107, bur Royal Pantheon of San Isidor at León). The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Zaida, the daughter of King Abenabeth of Seville, who was baptised…Elisabeth" as the second of two concubines of King Alfonso, and their son "Sancho who died at the battle of Ucles"[516]. The Chronicon de Cardeña records that King Alfonso married “Mora, que decien la Cayda, sobrina de Abenafanle” who was mother of his son Sancho[517]. Her first marriage is confirmed by the Bayan al Mugrib of Ibn Idari which names "le fils d´Alphonse, Sancho, qu´il avait eu de l´épouse d´Al Mamun ibn Abbad" when recording the battle of Uclés[518]. Salazar y Acha attempts to explain these three apparently contradictory sources by suggesting that Zaida could have been the daughter of "un hermano mayor…Ismail ibn Abbad" of Mohammed al-Mutamid, noting particularly the practice of endogamous marriages in the Muslim dynasties[519]. As noted above, Ismail is recorded as the brother of al-Mutatid and so would have been the paternal uncle of al-Mutamid. From a chronological point of view therefore Salazar y Acha´s suggestion appears untenible, although Zaida could have been another relative, maybe the daughter of an otherwise unrecorded brother of al-Mutamid. Alberto Montaner Frutos also discusses Zaïda, in particular relating to legends which have developed in connection with her history[520]. Reilly[521] dates the start of her relationship with King Alfonso to late 1091 or 1092, suggesting its diplomatic importance would have been greatest after the fall of Córdoba in Mar 1091 but before the fall of Badajoz in early 1094. This seems supported by the likelihood that their son Sancho was at least 15 years old when he was killed at the battle of Uclés in May 1108. Zaïda was christened ISABEL[522], date not known. Reilly cites a document of Galician origin dated 27 Mar 1106 which indicates that King Alfonso had married "Helisabet" shortly before[523]. Reilly[524] quotes a charter granted at Oviedo 19 Mar 1106 which lists members of the royal family, naming "Elisabeth" directly before "Sancho", which presumably refer to Zaïda and her son. "…Helisabet Regina, Reimundus comes, Urraca regis filia, Sancius filius regis…" subscribed the charter dated 14 May 1107 under which "Adefonsus…Toletani imperii rex…cum…uxore mea Helisabet regina" approved the mint of Santiago de Compostela[525]. Reilly assumes that the reference is to King Alfonso´s presumed fourth wife Isabel (Elizabeth)[526], but it appears more likely that the document refers to Zaïda. Reilly says that her sepulchral inscription (presumably now lost) reportedly stated that she had died in childbirth on 13 Sep, without giving the year, and in a later passage that the inscription stated that this was the "second ferial day", which he interprets as meaning a Monday or Thursday[527]. If the charters dated 1106 and 1107 correctly refer to Zaida, the year must have been 1107 assuming that King Alfonso married his sixth wife in 1108. Pérez´s history of Sahagún monastery, published in 1782, states that Queen Isabel was buried "en la Capilla mayor" of the monastery, but does not quote the inscription which confirms this statement[528].
     "m sixthly ([Apr] 1108) [as her first husband,] BEATRIX, daughter of --- (-after 1109). The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Beatrice" as the fifth of the "five legitimate wives" of King Alfonso[529]. The De Rebus Hispaniæ of Rodericus Ximenes names "Beatrix ex partibus Gallicanis" as fifth wife of "rex Aldefonsus"[530]. According to the Chronicon Regum Legionensium, she "returned to her own country" after the king died[531]. No primary source has been identified which indicates her family origin. Orderic Vitalis refers to the second marriage of "Agnetem filiam Guillelmi Pictavorum ducis relictam Hildefonsi senioris Galiciae regis" with Hélie Comte du Maine[532]. As noted above, it appears unlikely that this passage could refer to King Alfonso´s first wife named Agnes, whose death before the king´s second marriage is indicated (although not conclusively) by primary sources. It is therefore possible that the entry relates to the king´s sixth wife, the name "Agnetem" being an error for "Beatricem". If this was correct, she would have been Beatrix, daughter of Guillaume VIII Duke of Aquitaine [Guillaume VI Comte de Poitou] & his third wife Hildegarde de Bourgogne [Capet], this parentage being the most probable from a chronological point of view if she was the daughter of one of the dukes of Aquitaine. In this case, she would have married secondly (after Jun 1109) as his second wife, Hélie Comte du Maine.
     "[533]Mistress (1): ([1080]) JIMENA Muñoz, daughter of [MUNIO Muñoz & his wife Velasquita ---] (-Espinareda del Bierzo 1128, after 25 May, maybe 23 Jul, bur San Andres de Espinareda). The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Jimena Muñoz" as the first of two concubines of King Alfonso, and their daughters "Elvira the wife of count Raymond of Toulouse…and Teresa the wife of Count Henry"[534]. The Chronicon de Cardeña names “Ximena Nuñez” as mother of the king´s daughters “la Infant Doña Elvira è la Infant Doña Teresa”[535]. The precise parentage of Jimena Muñoz has been the subject of considerable debate over recent years. The common connection with Ulver, where she was recorded, appears conclusive in determining that she was closely related to Munio Muñoz who was also recorded in the same castle (see the document GALICIA NOBILITY). Her birth date, estimated from her having given birth to two children in the early 1080s, suggests that she was his daughter rather than his sister (assuming that Munio´s parents are correctly identified as Munio Rodríguez and Jimena Ordóñez). Kerrebrouck states that Jimena Múñoz was King Alfonso VI's second wife, married before the end of 1078 (marriage annulled), but this is chronologically difficult to maintain. King Alfonso's relationship with Jimena lasted long enough to produce two children. As noted above, the last documentary reference to Queen Inés was dated 22 May 1077 while King Alfonso's marriage to Queen Constance took place in late 1079. This leaves insufficient time for the king to have married and had two legitimate children by Jimena. The reference in Kerrebrouck to the annulment of King Alfonso's alleged marriage to Jimena is presumably based on Pope Gregory VII's letter of 27 Jun 1080 which, among other things, objected to King Alfonso's "marriage" on the grounds of consanguinity. The letter does not name the wife whose marriage was objected to, but Reilly appears correct in concluding that "it can be no other than Queen Constance herself", given the likely date of her marriage and the likely date of birth of her daughter Urraca[536]. Reilly suggests that King Alfonso VI's relationship with Jimena started in [1081/82][537]. "Monnio Moniz, uxor sua Velasquita, Xemena Moniz, Petro Velaz, Sol Sancxiz…" subscribed the charter dated 1 Oct 1085 under which "Gelvira Petriz…cum viro meo…Godino Citiz" donated property in Priaranza to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes[538]. The dating clause of a charter dated 7 Feb 1093, under which "Petro Quizaz" sold property in Salas de los Barrios to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes, names "Scemena Monniz in Ulver"[539]. "Garcia Monnuiz…cum uxor mea Fronille Annalaz cognomento Sol et Pelayo Monniuz et Auro Villito et Monniuz" donated property in Jagoaza to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes, and "Xemeno Monniuz" sold "mea porcione quam habui inter fratres meos" of the sam[e property, by charter dated 26 Sep [1095][540]. It is possible that "Xemeno Monniuz" in this document is an error for "Xemena Monniuz". However, the dating clause which names "Comes Froyla Didaz imperante in ipsa terra de Iorres" suggests that the property was in a different area from "Ulver" and therefore that the two families were unrelated.] The dating clause of a charter dated 17 Dec 1096, under which "Vellite Ferrudiz et uxor mea Falella" sold property in Salas de los Barrios to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes, names "…Xemena Munniz in Ulver"[541]. The dating clause of a charter dated 21 Mar 1097, under which "Maria" donated property in Rimor to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes, names "Donna Xemena Monniz imperante ipsa terra de Ulver"[542]. "Xemena Munniz" donated property in Salas de los Barrios to the monastery of San Pedro de Montes by charter dated 26 Apr 1101[543]. "Potestas in illa terra donna Xemena" and "Xemena Monnuz imperante terra de Ulver" is named in dating clauses of other charters which record donations to San Pedro de Montes, dated 1099, 29 Jun 1100, 26 Aug [1103], 19 Apr [1104], 19 Jan [1107][544]. The dating clause of charters dated between [1115] and 15 May 1118 name "Johanne Petriz potestate in Ulver", and from 6 Mar 1126 "Ramiro Froilaz"[545], suggesting that the Muñoz family moved from the castle in [1107/15]. "Ximena Munniz" donated property in "Trebalio et Turres" to "nepotis mei…Garcie Fernandiz" by charter dated 18 Apr 1127[546]. Jimena Muñoz donated property in "la villa de Torres, discurrente rivulo Orbico, territorio Astoricensis" to the Order of St John by charter dated 18 Sep 1127[547]. "Jimena Muñiz" donated property "en Villar de Salas en el Bierzo" to Astorga Cathedral by charter dated 25 May 1128[548]. Doña Jimena retired to the Benedictine convent of Esinareda del Bierzo. The necrology of León Cathedral records the death “X Kal Aug” of “Xemena Moniz”[549]. Sandoval records that "Ximena Nuñez" was buried in "San Andres de Espinareda"[550]. An inscription in the monastery of Espinareda records the death in 1128 of "Semena Alphonsi vidui regis amica", although Rodríguez González highlights the opinion that the monument is a later forgery[551]. Sandoval records that "Ximena Nuñez" was buried in "San Andres de Espinareda"[552]."
Med Lands cites:
[457] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 81.
[458] Chronicle of Sahagún, cited in Barton and Fletcher The World of El Cid.
[459] Historia Silense, Chapter 81, p. 45.
[460] Berganza (1721) Secunda parte, Appendice XCIV, p. 428.
[461] López Ferreiro (1899), Tomo II, Apéndice, XCVI, p. 242.
[462] Kennedy (1996), p.. 151.
[463] Reilly (1988), Chapter 5, p. 95.
[464] San Millán de la Cogolla II, 1, p. 7.
[465] Reilly (1988), Chapter 5, p. 104.
[466] López Ferreiro (1900), Tomo III, Apéndice, V, p. 31.
[467] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 88.
[468] Chronicon Lusitanum, España Sagrada, Tomo XIV, p. 420.
[469] Malmesbury, III.276, p. 256.
[470] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. III, Book V, p. 115, the editor in footnote 1 highlighting that elsewhere Orderic referred to King Alfonso as "Hildefonsus" and the possibility that the king of Galicia in question was in fact Alfonso's brother Garcia.
[471] Matthew Paris, Vol. II, 1086, p. 22.
[472] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. III, Book V, p. 115.
[473] Reilly (1988) Chapter 3, p. 47.
[474] Chronicon sancti Maxentii Pictavensis, Chroniques des Eglises d'Anjou, pp. 400 and 405.
[475] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 87.
[476] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VI, 11, RHGF XII, p. 381.
[477] Cluny Tome IV, 3508, p. 625.
[478] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. V, Book X, p. 307.
[479] Sandoval, P. de (1792) Historia de los reyes de Castilla y de León, Vol. I, p. 212.
[480] Annales Compostellani, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 321.
[481] Reilly (1988), Chapter 12, p. 241.
[482] Kerrebrouck, p. 557 footnote 30.
[483] Ex Chronico Trenorciensi, RHGF XI, p. 112.
[484] Chifflet, P. F. (1644) Histoire de l´abbaye royale et de la ville de Tournus (Dijon), Preuves, p. 331.
[485] Cluny Tome IV, 3533, p. 654, dated 1117 "Spanish Era".
[486] Godefroy, T. (1610) De l'origine des roys de Portugal yssus en ligne masculine de la maison de France (Paris), quoted in Kerrebrouck (2000), p. 560 footnote 16, which says that this chronicle fragment was first published at Frankfurt in 1596.
[487] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 87.
[488] Referred to by Reilly (1988), Chapter 6, footnote 58.
[489] San Salvador de Oña I, 99, p. 127.
[490] Reilly (1988), Chapter 12, p. 240.
[491] Sahagún (Pérez), Apéndice I, Historia del monasterio de Sahagun, Cap. VII, p. 300.
[492] Sahagún (Pérez), Lib. II, cap. V.2, p. 72.
[493] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 87.
[494] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VI, 11, RHGF XII, p. 381.
[495] ES II 57.
[496] Szabolcs de Vajay 'Bourgogne, Lorraine et Espagne', pp. 233-4, n. 1, cited in Bouchard, p. 273.
[497] Reilly (1988), Chapter 12, p. 247.
[498] Chapter 12, p. 247 footnote 68.
[499] Silos 24, p. 30.
[500] Silos 25, p. 31.
[501] Silos 26, p. 33.
[502] Eslonza, Part I, VI, p. 10.
[503] Reilly (1988), Chapter 14, p. 296.
[504] Reilly (1988), Chapter 1, p. 32 footnote 68.
[505] Cluny, Tome V, 3735, p. 83.
[506] Sahagún (Pérez), Apéndice I, Historia del monasterio de Sahagun, Cap. VIII, p. 300.
[507] Sahagún (Pérez), Lib. II, cap. V.2, p. 72.
[508] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 87.
[509] Reilly (1982) Chapter 1, p. 33.
[510] San Salvador de Oña I, 71, p. 107.
[511] San Salvador de Oña I, 86, p. 121.
[512] Mañueco Villalobos, M. & Zurita Nieto, J. (1917) Documentos de la Iglesia Colegial de Santa María la Mayor de Valladolid (Valladolid) ("Valladolid Santa María"), Tome I, X, p. 62.
[513] San Salvador de Oña I, 116, p. 149.
[514] Reilly (1988), Chapter 14, p. 297.
[515] Reilly (1988), Chapter 15, p. 325.
[516] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 88.
[517] Chronicon de Cardeña, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 378.
[518] Salazar y Acha, J. de ´Política matrimonial de Alfonso VI de Castilla´, Anales de la Real Academia Matritense de Héraldica y Genealogía, Vol. II (1992-93, Madrid), p. 319, quoting in translation an extract quoted in Levi Provençal, E. ´La mora Zaida, femme d´Alphonse VI de Castille, et leur fils l´infant don Sancho´, Hesperis 18 (1934), pp. 1-8 and 200-1.
[519] Salazar y Acha ´Política matrimonial de Alfonso VI de Castilla´, p. 320.
[520] Montaner Frutos, A. ‘La mora Zaida, entre historia y leyenda’, Taylor, B. & West, G. (eds.) (2005) Historicist Essays on Hispano-Medieval Narrative: In Memory of Roger M. Walker (Leeds), p. 272, available in Google Book “Limited Preview”.
[521] Reilly (1988), Chapter 12, p. 234.
[522] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 88.
[523] Reilly (1988), Chapter 16, p. 339.
[524] Reilly (1988), p. 339.
[525] López Ferreiro (1900), Tomo III, Apéndice, XXIII, p. 70.
[526] Reilly (1988), Chapter 15, p. 325.
[527] Reilly (1988), Chapter 12, p. 234, and Chapter 16, p. 339 footnote 46. .
[528] Sahagún (Pérez), Lib. II, cap. V.3, p. 73.
[529] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 87.
[530] Roderici Toletani Archiepiscopi De Rebus Hispaniæ, Liber IX, VI, 11, RHGF XII, p. 381.
[531] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 87.
[532] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. V, Book X, p. 307.
[533] Jimena is discussed in José M. Canal Sánchez-Pagín 'Jimena Muñoz, amiga de Alfonso VI' Anuario de estudios medievales 21 (1991), pp. 11-40.
[534] Chronicon Regum Legionensium, p. 87.
[535] Chronicon de Cardeña, España Sagrada XXIII, p. 378.
[536] Reilly (1988), Chapter 6, p. 109.
[537] Reilly (1988), Chapter 12, p. 192.
[538] Quintana Prieto, A. (ed.) (1971) Tumbo Viejo de San Pedro de Montes (León) ("San Pedro de Montes"), 42, p. 127.
[539] San Pedro de Montes, 63, p. 149.
[540] San Pedro de Montes, 79, p. 166.
[541] San Pedro de Montes, 94, p. 181.
[542] San Pedro de Montes, 97, p. 184.
[543] San Pedro de Montes, 110, p. 198.
[544] San Pedro de Montes, 106, 107, 113, 117, and 121, pp. 194, 195, 202, 208, and 213.
[545] San Pedro de Montes, 127, 131, 132, and 135, p. 221, 225, 226, and 230.
[546] Rodríguez González, M. C. ´Concubina o esposa. Reflexiones sobre la unión de Jimena Muñiz con Alfonso VI´, Studia Historica, Historia Medieval No. 25 (2007), p. 164, citing Ayala Martínez, C. (1995) Libro de privilegios de la Orden de San Juan de Jerusalén en Castilla y León (siglos XII-XV) (Madrid), doc. 21.
[547] Rodríguez González ´Concubina…Jimena Muñiz´, p. 164, citing Ayala Martínez (1995), doc. 22.
[548] Cavero Domínguez, G. & Martín López, E. (eds.) (2000) Colección documental de la Catedral de Astorga (León) ("Astorga Cathedral"), Vol. II, 642, p. 61.
[549] Herrero Jiménez, M. (ed.) (1994) Colección documental del archivo de la catedral de León, Vol. X, Obituarios medievales (León) (“León Cathedral Necrology”).
[550] Sandoval, P. de (1792) Historia de los reyes de Castilla y de León, Vol. I, p. 347.
[551] Rodríguez González ´Concubina…Jimena Muñiz´, p. 166, quoting text of inscription now in Museo de San Marcos de León.
[552] Sandoval, P. de (1792) Historia de los reyes de Castilla y de León, Vol. I, p. 347.13


; Leo van de Pas cites: Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels Fürstliche Häuser , Reference: 1968.3

; per Farmerie: Thanks to Nat Taylor, I have recently read through a new article on
the subject of Zaida, royal mistress and (as some would have it) queen
of Alfonso VI of Leon and Castile.

To review, Alonso had a complex marriage history. The early-12th
century Bishop Pelayo of Oviedo wrote that Alfonso married Agnes of
Aquitaine, Constance of Burgundy, Bertha of Tuscany, Isabel, and
Beatrice, and further had children by mistresses Jimena and Zaida, a
moorish princess who was baptized as Isabel. Several questions remain
about these women, their parentage and identities. Agnes can be
definitively placed as daughter of Guy-Geoffrey alias William VIII of
Aquitaine by his second wife, and Constance has always been clearly
identified as daughter of Robert I, Duke of Burgundy. Zaida is said by
the Bishop to be daughter of the deposed ruler of Seville, but muslim
sources make it clear that she was actually his daughter-in-law. At
various times, various theories have been proposed regarding the
others, while the fate of Agnes has also been subject to debate.

The problem with Agnes is that Orderic has her marrying Helias, Count
of Maine, 30 years after she is last recorded as Alfonso's wife (22
May 1077). This would require a divorce followed by a long seclusion,
or else an intermediate marriage that has escaped notice. As further
evidence for divorce, authors have cited an undated papal latter
thought to be from the late 1070s or earliest 1080s that condemns
Alfonso for continuing in an incestuous so-called marriage.
Presumably, it is argued, Alfonso divorced Agnes to satisfy the pope.
The alternative explanation is that Orderic was mistaken, and that
Helias married someone else. These authors would argue that the papal
letter refers not to his old marriage, but to his new one to
Constance, contracted prior to 8 May 1080. At least this latter part
does seem to be the case, as the letter decries the behavior of a
certain Clunaic monk who is known to have been instrumental in
arranging the marriage to Constance, and Constance was a near relative
of Agnes (and if it was the relationship of Constance to Agnes that
was the problem, it would suggest that Alfonso's marriage to Agnes was
never annulled). It hasn't helped that Agnes had a half-sister who
was also an Iberian queen, and the death date of the latter has been
erroneously given to the former by some authors.

Constance last appears 2 Sep. 1093, and is absent by 25 October of
that year.

With regard to Bertha, Szabolcs de Vajay wrote an article dedicate to
her identification, but I have been unable to get hold of a copy to
see what he concludes. I have seen nothing else, other than some vague
speculation. Bertha first appears 28 Apr. 1095 (as Alberta) and last
on 17 Nov. 1099 (Berta), being dead by 15 Jan. 1100.

By 14 May 1100, Alfonso is married to Isabel(/Elizabeth - the names
were not distinct at the time), and he continues to appear with a
queen of that name through 1107. She is called daughter of Luis, King
of France, by Lucas de Tuy, writing a century after bishop Pelayo, but
at the time she would have been born, no Louis had reigned in France
since the last of the Carolingians, nor was the name Isabel used for a
royal daughter until after she was married. While this identification
also appears on a tomb memorial, it was clearly carved in a later
hand, and both accounts giving her this parentage are generally
dismissed. Reilly hypothesized that she was daughter of WIlliam,
Count of Burgundy (but on nothing more than that it would be
consistent with the pattern of political alliances Alfonso operated
in). Most intriguing, because she was mother of a daughter with known
descent, some modern authors have identified her with mistress Zaida,
even though bishop Pelayo makes no indication that this is the case.

As to Beatrice, she likewise has been subject to unsupported
speculation, most notably by Reilly, who suggested she was niece of
Agnes. (One does wonder that if a pope went apoplectic over Alfonso
marrying a distant cousin of Agnes in Constance, it would not raise a
stink to marry her neice, but this does allow one to suggest that
Orderic's only mistake was in the name of Alfonso's wife marrying
Helias.)

Jimena has drawn much more attention, there being abounding theories
regarding her. Traditionally she has been called daughter of count
Nuno Rodriguez by a granddaughter of one of Vermudo II's bastards.
However, she was actually Jimena Munoz, daughter of a Munio (on the
other hand, Nuno Rodriguez was actually named Munio Rodriguez), and it
is clear that her identification with this family is of late origin.
Quintana Prieto suggested that she was daughter of an otherwise
obscure Munio Munoz, yet this doesn't seem to match with her
description as being of a most-noble family. Canal Sanchez-Pagin
looked at the 'most noble' Munios in the prior generation and found
three who could be so described. By process of elimination (one,
Munio Munoz, names all of his children in a charter, while another
seems not fo fit for chronological reasons), he concludes that she was
daughter of count Munio Gonzalez, who he also makes grandfather of
counts Pedro and Rodrigo Gonzalez de Lara (this last appears not to be
the case - their father is clearly called Gonzalo Nunez, not Munoz).
There are also two works that I have been unable to access, one by
Mello Vaz de Sao Payo, which concludes that she was daughter of a
Count Munio Munoz (although I do not know the basis, or precisely
which man of this name is being suggested), and secondly, Salazar y
Acha published a paper in the same publication as the Vajay article on
Bertha, and I have yet to see it as well. However, recently a new
article by Canal clarified Vajay's conclusion. While not specifically
naming Jimena, he cites Salazar as indicating that count Rodrigo
Munoz, thought by Canal to be brother of Jimena, was son of Munio
Rodriguez and descendant of Vermudo II. Thus, it looks like Salazar
has returned to the traditional descent, although his reasoning
remains to be seen.

This brings us back to Zaida and the subject of the newly acquired
Salazar y Acha work. In the same article that he discussed Jimena, he
also concluded that Zaida and Queen Isabel were one and the same. His
arguments had to do with chronology, family politics, and one
particularly interesting document (although I have not seen the
original, his new article reviews his arguments from the old). Sancho
is absent from royal documents prior to the marriage to Isabel, and
then immediately appears. This coincidence of timing suggests to
Salazar that the two are related - that the marriage to Isabel
legitimated Sancho, allowing him to become the heir. That he did
become the heir is beyond dispute, and Salazar also questions whether
an unlinked queen Isabel would have permitted her own potential
children to be superseded (I have to wonder if Alfonso would have
cared what his wife thought of the matter). Finally, there is a
donation charter found in the Tumbo de Lorenzana, which is confirmed
by Alfonso, "eiusdemque Helisabeth regina sub maritali copula
legaliter aderente". This suggests that Isabel was once Alfonso's
mistress, which points directly to Zaida/Isabel. However, this is
somewhat odd, as by this time (1106) Alfonso and Isabel had been
married for 6 years, leading Reilly to conclude that there were two
queens Isabel in succession, and that only shortly before this 1106
confirmation did he marry Zaida.

In his new article, Salazar adds several novel points, and then drops
a bombshell for the very end. To refute Reilly's 'two Isabels'
theory, he cites a charter of Urraca, which names her step-mothers
Berta, Isabel, and Beatrix, meaning that both she and Bishop Pelayo
would have had to leave out one Isabel. He also points to the
chronology between marriages, taking las and first appearance as an
indication. We see three years between Agnes and Constance, and one
and a half between Constance and Bertha, but less than six months
between Bertha and Isabel. He concludes that this left insufficient
time for the arranging of a political union, but is perfectly
consistent with Alfonso simply marrying his mistress. Finally, he
draws attention to a previously overlooked charter in which a grant is
made by Alfonso, "cum uxore mea Elisabet et filio nostro Sancio". It
is clear that he is not using the 'royal we', as he does not call
Isabel "our wife" but "my wife". This would seem prima facie evidence
that Sancho, known to be son of Zaida, was son of queen Isabel,
meaning that she and Zaida were one and the same. (It would, however,
be useful to see how he refers to Urraca, Elvira and Teresa under
similar contexts).

If one accepts that Salazar had 1) refuted Reilly's suggestion, and 2)
shown that Sancho was son of Queen Isabel, it would indicate that the
Infantas Elvira, wife of Roger, King of Sicily, and Sancha, known
daughters of Queen Isabel, are daughters of the moor Zaida. This is of
particular interest with regard to Elvira, as she has numerous
documented descendants (while lines from Sancha are found across the
internet, none of them are factual).

taf

Refs:

Canal Sanchez-Pagin, Jose Maria. Jimena Munoz, Amiga de Alfonso VI.
Anuario de Estudios Medievales. 21:11-40 (1991).
Canal Sanchez-Pagin, Jose Maria. El conde Gómez González de
Candespina: su historia y su familia.Anuario de estudios medievales.
Nº 33:37-68 (2003)
Mello Vaz de Sao Payo, Luiz. A Ascendencia de D. Afonso Henriques.
Raizes & Memorias, vols. 2 through 8, various pages. (relevant part
not seen)
Quintana Prieto, Augusto. Jimena Muñiz, madre de Doña Teresa de
Portugal. Revista Portuguesa de Historia. 12:223-80 (1969).
Salazar y Acha, Jaime de. De nuevo sobre la mora Zaida. Hidalguía: la
revista de genealogía, nobleza y armas. Nº. 321:225-242 (2007).
Salazar y Acha, Jaime de. Contribución al estudio del reinado de
Alfonso VI de Castilla: algunas aclaraciones sobre su política
matrimonial. Anales de la Real Academia Matritense de Heráldica y
Genealogía. Nº. 2:299-336 (1992-3) (not seen)
Vajay, Szabolcs de. Reflexiones en torno a Berta, tercera mujer de
Alfonso VI. Anales de la Real Academia Matritense de Heráldica y
Genealogía. Nº. 2:337-344 (1992-3) (not seen.)14

Family

Alfonso VI "the Brave" (?) King of León & Castile b. c 1039, d. 30 Jun 1109

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 45: Aragon and Castile: Early Kings. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Poitou 1 page (The House of Poitou): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/poitou/poitou1.html
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Agnès de Poitou: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020894&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S1427] Richard Fletcher, The Quest for El Cid (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989/1990), p. 83. Hereinafter cited as Fletcher [1990] The Quest for El Cid.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Guillaume VI-VIII: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020880&tree=LEO
  6. [S2184] Leo van de Pas, "van de Pas email 23 Sept 2007: "Descendants Alfonso VI - improved and extended"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/lVvrEhMS2pk/m/lxJSTqSvbG0J) to e-mail address, 23 Sept 2007. Hereinafter cited as "van de Pas email 23 Sept 2007."
  7. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/AQUITAINE.htm#GuillaumeVIIIAquitainedied1086B. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  8. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Poitou 1 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/poitou/poitou1.html#G5
  9. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Iberia 7 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/iberia/iberia7.html
  10. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 46: Aragon: End of the original dynasty.
  11. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Alfonso VI 'the Brave': https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020895&tree=LEO
  12. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Alfonso VI 'the Brave': http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020895&tree=LEO
  13. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CASTILE.htm#AlfonsoVIdied1109B
  14. [S2183] Todd A. Farmerie, "Farmerie email 22 Sept 2007: "Zaida (& Isabel, Jimena and the others)"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/m6k-8wSZxSs/m/dxuh84rN86QJ) to e-mail address, 22 Sept 2007. Hereinafter cited as "Farmerie email 22 Sept 2007."

Goda Nunez (?)1,2

F, #53539
FatherNuno Alvarez (?)3 d. c 1065
MotherMaria Gutierrez (?)3
Last Edited6 Oct 2020

Family

Gonzalo Muñoz de Lara Count de Lara d. c 1160
Children

Citations

  1. [S1432] Simon R. Doubleday, The Lara Family: Crown and Nobility in Medieval Spain (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001), pp. 16, 189. Hereinafter cited as Doubleday [2001] The Lara Family.
  2. [S2370] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 9 May 2010: "Re: de lara to muslim ... again"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 9 May 2010, per Ravilious: "The Gonzalo Nunez de Lara is the first member of the family definitively identified. His wife Goda was identified as daughter of Gonzalo Salvadorez in traditional pedigrees, but this has now been shown to be false. She was Goda Nunez.". Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 9 May 2010."
  3. [S1432] Simon R. Doubleday, Doubleday [2001] The Lara Family, p. 16.
  4. [S1432] Simon R. Doubleday, Doubleday [2001] The Lara Family, p. 141, footnote 56.
  5. [S1434] Simon Barton, The Aristocracy in Twelfth-Century Leon and Castile (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1997), p. 305. Hereinafter cited as Barton [1997] Aristocracy in 12th Cent Leon & Castile.
  6. [S1432] Simon R. Doubleday, Doubleday [2001] The Lara Family, p. 189.
  7. [S1434] Simon Barton, Barton [1997] Aristocracy in 12th Cent Leon & Castile, p. 292.
  8. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SPANISH%20NOBILITY%20LATER%20MEDIEVAL.htm#RodrigoGonzalezdiedafter1143. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  9. [S1434] Simon Barton, Barton [1997] Aristocracy in 12th Cent Leon & Castile, p. 280.
  10. [S2151] Francisco Tavares de Almeida, "de Almeida email 7 Oct 2007: "Re: manrique de lara"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/83Ttp72p5m8/m/ex0K4muXITkJ) to e-mail address, 7 Oct 2007. Hereinafter cited as "de Almeida email 7 Oct 2007."
  11. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SPANISH%20NOBILITY%20LATER%20MEDIEVAL.htm#PedroGonzalezdied1130B

Alberta (?)1

F, #53540
Last Edited3 Mar 2003

Family

Sancho II (?) King of Castile and Leon b. bt 1036 - 1038, d. 7 Oct 1072

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 46: Aragon: End of the original dynasty. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Iberia 7 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/iberia/iberia7.html

Pedro/Raimund V (Ramon) Berenguer (?) Count of Provence and Cerdagne1,2

M, #53541, b. 1158, d. 5 April 1181
FatherRamon/Raimund IV Berenguer "the Saint" (?) Count of Barcelona1,2,3 b. c 1113, d. 8 Aug 1162
MotherInfanta doña Petronilla I Ramirez Queen of Aragon1,2 b. 1135, d. 17 Oct 1174
Last Edited26 Nov 2019
     Pedro/Raimund V (Ramon) Berenguer (?) Count of Provence and Cerdagne was born in 1158.2
Pedro/Raimund V (Ramon) Berenguer (?) Count of Provence and Cerdagne died on 5 April 1181 at Montpellier; killed in battle; Genealogy.EU (Barcelona 2 page) says "murdered."1,2
     He was Count of Provence between 1167 and 1181.1

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 46: Aragon: End of the original dynasty. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Barcelona 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/barcelona/barcelona2.html
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Raymund Berengar IV: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00007661&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.

Sancho Berenguer (?) Infante of Aragon, Count of Rousillon & Cerdagne1,2,3

M, #53542, b. 1161, d. 1223
FatherRamon/Raimund IV Berenguer "the Saint" (?) Count of Barcelona1,4 b. c 1113, d. 8 Aug 1162
MotherInfanta doña Petronilla I Ramirez Queen of Aragon1 b. 1135, d. 17 Oct 1174
Last Edited26 Nov 2019
     Sancho Berenguer (?) Infante of Aragon, Count of Rousillon & Cerdagne was born in 1161.3 He married Ermesinda (?) de Rocaberti, daughter of Joffre (?) Vscde de Rocaberti and Ermesinde (?) de Viladelmuls, before 1184; his 1st wife.3 Sancho Berenguer (?) Infante of Aragon, Count of Rousillon & Cerdagne married Sancha Nuña de Lara, daughter of Nuño Perez de Lara Count de Lara and Teresa Fernandez de Traba, before 1185.1,2,3
Sancho Berenguer (?) Infante of Aragon, Count of Rousillon & Cerdagne died in 1223; Genealogy.EU (Barcelona 2 page) says d. 1226.1,3
     He was Count of Rousillon & Cerdagne.1

; Sancho, Ct of Roussillon and Cerdagne (1181-85)+(1209-13), *1161, +1226; 1m: before 1184 Ermesinda, dau.of Joffre Vscde de Rocaberti by Ermesinde de Viladelmuls; 2m: before 1185 Sancha Nunez de Lara (+1210/12) dau.of Cde Nuno Perez de Lara by Teresa Fernandez de Trava.3

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 46: Aragon: End of the original dynasty. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1432] Simon R. Doubleday, The Lara Family: Crown and Nobility in Medieval Spain (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001), pp. 77, 189. Hereinafter cited as Doubleday [2001] The Lara Family.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Barcelona 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/barcelona/barcelona2.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Raymund Berengar IV: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00007661&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.

Sancha Nuña de Lara1,2,3,4

F, #53543, d. between 1210 and 1212
FatherNuño Perez de Lara Count de Lara2,5,6,4 b. b 1141, d. 23 Jul 1177
MotherTeresa Fernandez de Traba2,6,4 b. c 1120, d. c 5 Feb 1180
Last Edited29 Jul 2003

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 46: Aragon: End of the original dynasty. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1432] Simon R. Doubleday, The Lara Family: Crown and Nobility in Medieval Spain (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001), p. 189. Hereinafter cited as Doubleday [2001] The Lara Family.
  3. [S1434] Simon Barton, The Aristocracy in Twelfth-Century Leon and Castile (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1997), p. 305. Hereinafter cited as Barton [1997] Aristocracy in 12th Cent Leon & Castile.
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Barcelona 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/barcelona/barcelona2.html
  5. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 44: Aragon and Castile - Early Kings.
  6. [S1434] Simon Barton, Barton [1997] Aristocracy in 12th Cent Leon & Castile, pp. 269, 305.
  7. [S1432] Simon R. Doubleday, Doubleday [2001] The Lara Family, pp. 77, 189.

Nuño Sanchez (?) Count of Rousillon & Cerdagne1,2

M, #53544, b. 1185, d. 1236
FatherSancho Berenguer (?) Infante of Aragon, Count of Rousillon & Cerdagne1,2 b. 1161, d. 1223
MotherSancha Nuña de Lara1,2 d. bt 1210 - 1212
Last Edited29 Jul 2003
     Nuño Sanchez (?) Count of Rousillon & Cerdagne was born in 1185.2 He married Petronille de Comminges Cts de Bigorre, Vctse de Marsan, daughter of Bernard IV (?) Comte de Comminges, Sire de Muret et de Samatan and Stephanie dite Beatrix III (?) comtesse de Bigorre, vicomtesse de, in 1215; her 2nd husband.2,3 Nuño Sanchez (?) Count of Rousillon & Cerdagne and Petronille de Comminges Cts de Bigorre, Vctse de Marsan were divorced in 1216.2 Nuño Sanchez (?) Count of Rousillon & Cerdagne married Theresa Lopez de Haro, daughter of Lope III de Haro Lord of Biscaglia and Urraca (?) de Castile, circa 1220.1,2
Nuño Sanchez (?) Count of Rousillon & Cerdagne died in 1236; Genealogy.EU (Barcelona 2 page) says d. 1242.1,2
     He was Count of Rousillon and Cerdagne.1,2

; Nuno Sanchez, Ct of Roussillon and Cerdagne, *1185, +1242; 1m: 1215 (div 1216) Petronila, Cts de Bigorre, dau.of Cte Bernard IV de Comminges; 2m: ca 1220 Teresa Lopez de Haro, dau.of Lope III lord of Biscaglia by Urraca of Castille from Lords of Molina and Mesa.2

Family 1

Petronille de Comminges Cts de Bigorre, Vctse de Marsan b. c 1181, d. a 3 Nov 1251

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 46: Aragon: End of the original dynasty. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Barcelona 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/barcelona/barcelona2.html
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Petronille de Comminges: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00122147&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.

Theresa Lopez de Haro1,2

F, #53545
FatherLope III de Haro Lord of Biscaglia2
MotherUrraca (?) de Castile2
Last Edited29 Jul 2003

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 46: Aragon: End of the original dynasty. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Barcelona 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/barcelona/barcelona2.html

Doña Leanor/Eleanor (?) Infanta de Aragón1,2,3

F, #53546, b. 1182, d. 1226
FatherAlfonso II Raimundez 'el Casto' (?) King of Aragon & Pamplona, Comte de Barcelone, Provence and Roussillon1,2,4,3 b. 4 Apr 1152, d. 25 Apr 1196
MotherSancha Alfonez (?) Princess of Castile, Queen of Aragon1,2,3,5 b. 21 Sep 1154, d. 9 Nov 1208
Last Edited21 May 2020
     Doña Leanor/Eleanor (?) Infanta de Aragón was born in 1182.2 She married Raimund VI (?) Duke of Narbonne, Comte de Toulouse, Marquis of Provence, son of Raimund VII (?) Comte de Toulouse, Duc de Narbonne, Margrave of Provence and Constance (?) of France, Countess of St. Gilles, in 1202; his 6th wife.1,2
Doña Leanor/Eleanor (?) Infanta de Aragón died in 1226.2

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 46: Aragon: End of the original dynasty. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Barcelona 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/barcelona/barcelona2.html
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 47 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet47.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Alfonso II 'the Chaste': https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00007662&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Sancha of Castile: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00007663&tree=LEO

Don Alphonso (?) Infante de Aragón1,2

M, #53547, b. before February 1228, d. before 25 March 1260
FatherDon Jaime I Pedrez "el Conquistador" (?) Infante de Aragón, King of Aragón & Mallorca1,2,4 b. 2 Feb 1208, d. 27 Jun 1276
MotherDoña Leonor/Eleanor (?) Infanta de Castilla1,2,3,4 b. 1202, d. 1244
Last Edited7 Dec 2020
     Don Alphonso (?) Infante de Aragón was born before February 1228; Genealogy.EU (Barcelona 2) says b. 1226; Med Lands says b. be Feb 1228.2,4 He married Constance de Moncada Cts de Bigorre, Vcts de Marsan, daughter of Gaston VII de Montcada 19th Vicomte de Béarn, vte de Brulhois and Mathe Matilde/Amata de Mastas Comtesse de Bigorre, in 1260 at Calatayud, Spain (now); her 1st husband.1,2,5,6
Don Alphonso (?) Infante de Aragón died before 25 March 1260 at Calatayud, Spain (now).1,5

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 46: Aragon: End of the original dynasty. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Barcelona 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/barcelona/barcelona2.html
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Eleonore of Castile: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00008728&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ARAGON%20&%20CATALONIA.htm#JaimeIdied1276B. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  5. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Anjou 3 page (The House of Anjou): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/anjou/anjou3.html
  6. [S2261] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 1st edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 2004), Cornwall 4: pp. 230-231. Hereinafter cited as Richardson PA.

Theresa Gil (?) de Vidaure1,2,3

F, #53548
FatherJuan (?) de Vidaure2,3
Last Edited7 Dec 2020
     Theresa Gil (?) de Vidaure married Don Jaime I Pedrez "el Conquistador" (?) Infante de Aragón, King of Aragón & Mallorca, son of Pedro II Alfonsez "el Catolico" (?) King of Aragón, Comte de Barcelona, Provence and Roussillon and Maria de Montpellier Dame de Montpellier, Dame de Muret, Queen of Aragón; Genealogics says married in secret.4 Theresa Gil (?) de Vidaure married Don Jaime I Pedrez "el Conquistador" (?) Infante de Aragón, King of Aragón & Mallorca, son of Pedro II Alfonsez "el Catolico" (?) King of Aragón, Comte de Barcelona, Provence and Roussillon and Maria de Montpellier Dame de Montpellier, Dame de Muret, Queen of Aragón;
His 3rd wife.1,2,5
     ; Per Genealogy.EU (Barcelona 2): “C1. King JAIME I "el Conquistador" of Aragon (1213-76), Balears (1229-76), Valencia (1238-76), led crusades against the Moors and was able to add the titles of King of Valencia and Majorca to the throne, *Montpellier 2.8.1207, +Valencia 27.7.1276; 1m: Agreda 6.6.1221 (annulled 1229) Leonor of Castile (*1202 +1244); 2m: Barcelona 8.9.1235 Violante of Hungary (*ca 1215 +27.7./12.10.1251); 3m: secretly, Teresa, dau.of Juan de Vidaure”.3

Family

Don Jaime I Pedrez "el Conquistador" (?) Infante de Aragón, King of Aragón & Mallorca b. 2 Feb 1208, d. 27 Jun 1276
Children
  • Jaime Fernandez (?) de Aragón, Baron de Ejerica+ b. bt 1255 - 1260, d. 1285; Louda & Maclagan (Table 46) show Jaime as the sone of Yolande/Violante of Hungary. Genealogy.EU (Barcelona 2 page) show him as the son of Teresa de Vidaure1,2,5
  • Pedro (?) sn de Ayerbe b. 1259, d. 1318; Louda & Maclagan (Table 46) show Jaime as the sone of Yolande/Violante of Hungary. Genealogy.EU (Barcelona 2 page) show him as the son of Teresa de Vidaure1,2,5

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 46: Aragon: End of the original dynasty. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Barcelona 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/barcelona/barcelona2.html
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Barcelona 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/barcelona/barcelona2.html#J1
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Jaime I 'the Conqueror': https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004825&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ARAGON%20&%20CATALONIA.htm#JaimeIdied1276B. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.

Doña Constance/Constanza (?) Infanta de Aragón1,2

F, #53549, b. 1239, d. circa 1269
FatherDon Jaime I Pedrez "el Conquistador" (?) Infante de Aragón, King of Aragón & Mallorca1,2,3 b. 2 Feb 1208, d. 27 Jun 1276
MotherYolande/Yolante/Jolan/Violante (?) of Hungary1,2,3 b. bt 1215 - 1216, d. 9 Oct 1251
Last Edited7 Dec 2020
     Doña Constance/Constanza (?) Infanta de Aragón was born in 1239.2 She married Juan Manuel (?) Inft of Castile, sn de Escalona, Penafiel y Villena, son of Saint Ferdinand III (?) King of Castile & Leon and Elizabeth von Hohenstaufen, in 1260 at Soria; his 1st wife.1,2,4
Doña Constance/Constanza (?) Infanta de Aragón died circa 1269.2

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 46: Aragon: End of the original dynasty. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Barcelona 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/barcelona/barcelona2.html
  3. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ARAGON%20&%20CATALONIA.htm#JaimeIdied1276B. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Ivrea 6 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/ivrea/ivrea6.html
  5. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 92: Portugal - Early Kings (House of Burgundy).

Juan Manuel (?) Inft of Castile, sn de Escalona, Penafiel y Villena1,2,3,4,5

M, #53550, b. 1234, d. 25 December 1283
FatherSaint Ferdinand III (?) King of Castile & Leon2,4 b. Aug 1201, d. 30 May 1252
MotherElizabeth von Hohenstaufen2,4,6 b. c 1202, d. 30 Nov 1235
Last Edited12 Dec 2019
     Juan Manuel (?) Inft of Castile, sn de Escalona, Penafiel y Villena was born in 1234 at Carrion, Castile, Spain (now).3,4,5 He married Doña Constance/Constanza (?) Infanta de Aragón, daughter of Don Jaime I Pedrez "el Conquistador" (?) Infante de Aragón, King of Aragón & Mallorca and Yolande/Yolante/Jolan/Violante (?) of Hungary, in 1260 at Soria; his 1st wife.1,3,4 Juan Manuel (?) Inft of Castile, sn de Escalona, Penafiel y Villena married Beatrix (?) of Savoy, daughter of Amadeo IV (?) Comte de Savoie, Duke of Chablais & Aosta and Cecile de Baux, in 1274;
Her 2nd husband; his 2nd wife; Genealogy.EU (Barcelona 2 and Savoy 1 pages) and Genealogics say m. ca 1274.7,4,8,5,9
Juan Manuel (?) Inft of Castile, sn de Escalona, Penafiel y Villena died on 25 December 1283 at Penafiel, Castile, Spain (now).1,2,4,5
     ; Inft Juan Manuel, sn de Escalona, Penafiel y Villena, *Carrion 1234, +Penafiel 25.12.1283; 1m: Soria 1260 Constanza of Aragon (*1239 +ca 1269); 2m: ca 1274 Beatrix of Savoy (+23.2.1292.)4

; Leo van de Pas cites: Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag Marburg., Detlev Schwennicke, Editor, Reference: III 126.5

Family 1

Doña Constance/Constanza (?) Infanta de Aragón b. 1239, d. c 1269
Children

Family 2

Beatrix (?) of Savoy b. c 1246, d. 23 Feb 1292
Children

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 46: Aragon: End of the original dynasty. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 47: Castile: Union with Leon until the beginning of the fourteenth century.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Barcelona 2 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/barcelona/barcelona2.html
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Ivrea 6 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/ivrea/ivrea6.html
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Manuel of Castile: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00139148&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Elisabeth von Hohenstaufen: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00057090&tree=LEO
  7. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 47: Castile - Union with Leon until the beginning of the fourteenth century.
  8. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Savoy 1 page (The House of Savoy): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/savoy/savoy1.html
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Beatrix de Savoie: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00139149&tree=LEO
  10. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 92: Portugal - Early Kings (House of Burgundy).
  11. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Capet 47 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/capet/capet47.html