Beatrice (?)

F, #10321
ReferenceGAV25 EDV26
Last Edited23 Sep 2020
     Beatrice (?) married Walter Fitz Other of Windsor.1,2,3
     GAV-25 EDV-26 GKJ-25.

Citations

  1. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 178-2, p. 153. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  2. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Leinster Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  3. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/engunttz.htm#_Toc51670253. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  4. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans: Many of the English Ancestral Lines Prior to 1300 of those Colonial Americans with known Royal Ancestry but Fully Developed in all Possible Lines (PO Box 220333, Santa Clarita, CA 91322-0333: Carl Boyer 3rd, 2001), pp. 88-89, Fitz GERALD 1. Hereinafter cited as Boyer [2001] Med English Ancestors.
  5. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Boyer [2001] Med English Ancestors, pp. 88-89, Fitz GERALD 1:i:iii.
  6. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Boyer [2001] Med English Ancestors, pp. 88-89, Fitz GERALD 1:iv.

Mór ingen Muirchertaig Ua Tuathail (O'Toole)1,2,3

F, #10322, d. 1164
FatherMuirchertach Ua Tuathail (O'Toole) king of Ui Muiredaig1,2,3 d. 1164
MotherCacht ingen Loigisg us Morda (?)4,2,3
ReferenceGAV24 EDV24
Last Edited6 Jul 2020
     Mór ingen Muirchertaig Ua Tuathail (O'Toole) married Diarmait (Dermot) mac Murchada King of Leinster, son of Donnchad mac Murchada (?) King of Dublin and Orlaith ingen Ua Bráenáin (?); per Ravillious: "3rd or 4th wife of Diarmaid."5,1,2,6
Mór ingen Muirchertaig Ua Tuathail (O'Toole) died in 1164.1
     ; Per Med Lands:
     "DIARMAIT (-Fermanagh 1 May 1171). King of Leinster. The Annales Cambriæ record that "Diermit rex filius Murcath" was expelled from Ireland by his people and went to the English king, recording in later passages that he returned to Ireland and built "castellum Carrec iuxta Wisefordiam" in 1170, and died in 1172[693]. "Diarmicius Rex Lageniensium" donated "terram…Balidubgaill" to All Saints Dublin by undated charter witnessed by "…Enna filio meo…"[694]. The Annals of Tigernach (Continuation) record that Henry II King of England arrived in Ireland in 1171, went to Dublin where he received “the kingship of Leinster and of the men of Meath, Brefne, Oriel and Ulster”[695]. The Expugnatio Hibernica records the death "apud Fernas circa kal Mai" of "Dermitius Murchardi filius" [in 1171][696].
     "m [MOR, daughter of ---]. The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.
     "Mistress: (1152) DERBFORGAILL, wife of TIERNAN O'Rourke King of Breifny, daughter of MURCHAD O'Malaghlin King of Meath & his wife ---. The Expugnatio Hibernica records that "Dermitius…Murchardi filius Langeniensium princeps" eloped with "Ororicio…Medensium rege…uxor ipsius Omachlachelini filia" [in 1152][697]. The Annals of Tigernach (Continuation) record that “Diarmait Mac Murchada king of Leinster forcibly carried off out of Meath the wife of Húa Ruairc…Derb-forgaill daughter of Murchad with her wealth” in 1152, adding in a later passage that she “came again to Húa Ruairc by flight from Leinster” in 1153[698]."
Med Lands cites:
[693] Annales Cambriæ, pp. 51, 52 and 53.
[694] Butler, R. (ed.) (1845) Registrum Prioratus Omnium Sanctorum juxta Dublin (Dublin) ("All Saints Dublin"), XLIX, p. 50.
[695] Annals of Tigernach II, Continuation, p. 429.
[696] Expugnatio Hibernica I, XX, p. 263.
[697] Expugnatio Hibernica I, I, p. 225.
[698] Annals of Tigernach II, Continuation, pp. 390 and 391.6
GAV-24 EDV-24.

; Per Ravilious email [2006]"
Subject: Ancestry of Eva of Leinster: the Uí Cheinnselaig
From: "John P. Ravilious"
Date: 21 Jan 2006 14:18:14 -0800
To: GEN-MEDIEVAL-L@rootsweb.com
     "Due to several requests, following is another of the lengthy Irish pedigrees in the ancestry of Aoife/Eva, wife of William Marshall. This is part of the ancestry of her mother Mór, wife of Diamaid mac Murchada (aka "Dermot MacMurrough"), and reflects her known near kinship to her husband. They were both descended from Donnchad Mael na mBó mac Diarmaid (-1006), king of Ui Cheinnselaig and his wife     Aife ingen Gilla Patraic. Their eldest son, Diarmaid mac Mael na mBó (d. 7 Feb 1072), was King of Leinster and High King of Ireland, and husband of Dearbforgail ingen Donnchada (1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1b.1.1 in the prior pedigree), granddaughter of Brian Boru. Their younger son, Domnall Remar mac Mael na mBó, was great-great-great-great grandfather of Mór ingen Muirchertach Ua Tuathail, wife of Diarmaid.
     "The relationship is shown as 4th and 7th degrees (3rd cousins 3x removed), which appears to be a bit extended as to Mór's ancestry. This is evidently due to the difference in age between Diarmaid (born in 1115 or before) and Mór.
     "This pedigree also shows Lorcan mac Muirchertaig Ua Tuathail, half-brother of Mor and Archbishop of Dublin (better known as "St. Laurence O'Toole"). Another line of Mór's ancestry will be given in a forthcoming post.
     "Cheers, John *

1 Cinaed mac Cairpre
     "king of Ui Cheinnselach
     "' Cinaed mac Cairpre, k. Ui Cheinnselaig, d. 935AU- ' [AU[1]]
     "Children:     Cellach (-0947)

1.1 Cellach mac Cinaeda
     "Death:     0947[1]
     "king of Ui Cheinnselach
     "' Cellach mac Cinaeda, k. Ui Cheinnselaig, d.947AFM. ' [AU[1]]
     "Children:     Domnall (-0974)

1.1.1 Domnall mac Cellaig
     "Death:     0974[1]
     "king of Ui Cheinnselach
     "' Domnall mac Cellaig, k. Ui Cheinnselaig, d. 974AU. ' [AU[1]]
     "Children:     Diarmaid (-0996)

1.1.1.1 Diarmaid mac Domnaill
     "Death:     0996[1]
     "king of Ui Cheinnselach
     "' Diarmait mac Domnaill, k. Ui Cheinnselaig, d. 996AU. ' [AU[1]]
     "Children:     Donnchad Mael na mBó (-1006)

1.1.1.1.1 Donnchad Mael na mBó mac Diarmaid
     "Death:     1006[1]
     "king of Ui Cheinnselach
     "' Donnchad Mael na mBo, k. Ui Cheinnselaig, d. 1006 ' [AU[1]]
     "' U1006.6 Mael na mBó i.e. king of Uí Cheinnselaigh, was killed by his own people.'[2]
     "Spouse:     Aife ingen Gilla Patraic
     "Father:     Gilla Patraic
     "Mother:     Echrad ingen Carrlusa
     "Children:     Diarmaid (-1072)
     "               Domnall Remar (-1041)

1.1.1.1.1.1 Diarmaid mac Mael na mBó
     "Death:     7 Feb 1072, Battle of Odhbha[2],[1]
     "Occ:     King of Leinster and High King of Ireland
     "King of Leinster and High King of Ireland
     "' Diarmait mac Mael na mBo, k. Laigin, d. 6 or 7 Feb 1072 ' [AU[1]]
     "also, 'Dermot macMailnamo'
     "'U1052.8 Echmarcach son of Ragnall, king of the foreigners, was banished by the king of Laigin, i.e. Diarmait son of Mael na mBó, and the latter himself took the kingship as a result.)'[2]
     "M1056, Murchadh, son of Diarmaid, lord of Leinster.
     "'U1058.3 The defeat of Sliab Crot was inflicted by Diarmait son of Mael na mBó on Donnchad son of Brian, and in it fell Cairpre ua Ligdai, superior of Imlech Ibair, and Rígbardán son of Cú Coirne, king of Éile, and many others.'[2]
     "M1061, The son of Mael-na-mbo, lord of Leinster and of the foreigners, proceeded into Munster...
     "M1067, The great army of Leath-chuinn was led by Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbo, King of Leinster; by Murchadh, and Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, King of Munster, into Connaught...
     "AI1068, Diarmait, king of Laigin.
     "T1070, Murchadh mac Diarmuta maic Mail na m-Bó, rí Laigen h.
     "U1070, Murchad son of Diarmait, king of Laigin and the foreigners, died and was buried in Áth Cliath.
     "M1070, Murchadh, son of Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbo, lord of the foreigners and of Leinster, under his father, died at Ath-cliath.
     "AI1071, A battle between the Laigin, viz. between the son of Murchad, grandson of Mael na mBó, and the son of Domnall Remar...
     "AI1071, A hosting by Tairdelbach Ua Briain into Laigin and Mide, and he took the hostages thereof and handed them over to Diarmait, son of Mael na mBó.
     "CS1072, Diarmait son of Mael na mbó, king of the foreigners and of Laigin and of Leth Moga, was killed by Conchobor ua Mael Sechnaill in the battle of Odba, with slaughter around him.
     "AI1072, Diarmait son of Mael na mBó, king of Laigin and Osraige, was slain.
     "U1072, Diarmait son of Mael na mBó, king of Laigin and the foreigners, fell in battle by Conchobor ua Mael Sechlainn, king of Temair...
     "M1072, Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbo, King of Leinster, of the foreigners of Ath-cliath, and of Leath-Mogha-Nuadhat, was slain and beheaded in the battle of Odhbha... '[2]
     "cf. Cosgrove II:21-22[3]
     "Spouse:     Dearbforgail ingen Donnchada
     "Death:     1080[2]
     "Father:     Donnchad mac Briain (-1064)
     "Children:     Murchad (-1070) [Ancestor of Diarmaid mac Murchada]
     "               Enna (-1092)

1.1.1.1.1.2 Domnall Remar mac Mael na mBó
     "Death:     1041[2],[4]
     "younger son
     "'U1041.3 Domnall Remar son of Mael na mBó was killed by the Laigin.'[2]
     "Children:     Donnchad (-1089)

1.1.1.1.1.2.1 Donnchad mac Domnaill
     "Death:     1089[2],[1],[4]
     "king of Laigin [Leinster], 1075-1089
     "'U1077.1 An army was led by Tairdelbach ua Briain into Uí Cheinnselaigh, and he took captive the son of Domnall Remhar, i.e. the king of Uí Cheinnselaigh.'[2]
     "'U1089.3 Donnchad son of Domnall Remar, king of Laigin, was killed by his own people.'[2]
     "Children:     Murchad (-1091)
     "               Mael Morda (-1090)

1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1 Mael Morda mac Donnchada ua Domnaill
     "Death:     1090[1]
     "' Mael Morda ua Domnaill, d. 1090AFM.'[1]
     "Children:     Sadb

1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1 Sadb ingen Mael Morda Ua Domnaill
     "' Sadb ingen Mael Morda Ua Domnaill '[1]
     "Spouse:     Donncuan Ua Tuathail
     "Father:     Gilla Coemgin Ua Tuathail (-1059)
     "Children:     Gilla Comgaill (-1127)

1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1 Gilla Comgaill Ua Tuathail
     "Death:     1127[1],[5]
     "' Gilla Comgaill Ua Tuathail, d. 1127 ' [AFM[1]]
     "'M1127.5 Gillachomhghaill Ua Tuathail, successor of Caeimhghin, was killed by the Fortuatha.' Annals of the Four Masters, 1127[5]
     "Children:     Muirchertach (-1164)

1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1a Muirchertach Ua Tuathail*
     "Death:     1164[1]
     "king of Ui Muiredaig
     "' Muirchertach Ua Tuathail, k. Uí Muiredaig, d. 1164 ' [AT[1]]
     "'M1154, Mac-Cuirr-na-gColpach Ua Fiachrach, lord of Ui-Feineachlais, was slain by Muircheartach Ua Tuathail, lord of Ui-Muireadhaigh.'
     "Spouse:     Cacht ingen Loigsig Ua Morda
     "Father:     Loigsech Ua Morda
     "Mother:     Gormlaith ingen Finn Ua Caellaide
     "Children:     Mór
     "Other Spouses NN

1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1a.1 Mór ingen Muirchertaig Ua Tuathail
     " ' Mor ingen Muirchertaig Ua Tuathail ' [Ban Senchus 232[1]]
     "3rd (or 4th) wife of Diarmaid [Cosgrove II:23[3]]
     "Spouse:     Diarmaid mac Murchada, king of Leinster
     " [descendant of Diarmaid mac Mael na mBó, 1.1.1.1.1.1 above]
     "Death:     ca 1 May 1171[6]
     "Father:     Donchad mac Murchada (-1115)
     "Mother:     Orlaith ingen Ua Bráenáin
     "Children:     Aoife [Eva] (-ca1189)
     "               Urlachan
     "               Conchobar (-ca1170)
     "               Enna

1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1b Muirchertach Ua Tuathail* (See above)
     "Spouse:     NN
     "Children:     Lorcan

1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1b.1 Lorcan Ua Tuathail
     "abbot of Glendalough
     "elected as abbot ca. 1153
     "elected as Archbishop of Dublin ca. 1162
     "' St. Laurence O'Toole '
     "cf. Cosgrove II:23[3]

Ravilious cites:
1. Stewart Baldwin, "Eve of Leinster and Radnaillt of Dublin," 27 July 1996 (restated 26 Feb 1998), cites Ban Senchus, AU and other sources re: the ancestry of Aoife ingen Diarmaid, heiress of Leinster, and wife of Richard 'Strongbow' de Clare.
2. "Annals of Ulster," University College Cork, http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/L100005/
project CELT: The Corpus of Electronic Texts, U1206: entry re: the Battle of Downpatrick.
3. Art Cosgrove, ed., "A New History of Ireland," Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987 (Vol. II), Vol. II: Medieval Ireland, 1169-1534.
4. T. W. Moody, F. X. Martin and F. J. Byrne, eds., "A New History of Ireland," Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984, Vol. IX, Part II:Maps, Genealogies, Lists.
5. "Annals of the Four Masters," University College Cork, http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/L100005/ project CELT: The Corpus of Electronic Texts, M1247.4: slaughter of Echmarcach Ua Cathain by Magnus Ua Cathain.
6. G. E. Cokayne, "The Complete Peerage," 1910 - [microprint, 1982 (Alan Sutton) ], The Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom."3 Mór ingen Muirchertaig Ua Tuathail (O'Toole) was also known as Mor.6 Mór ingen Muirchertaig Ua Tuathail (O'Toole) was also known as Mor O'Toole.5

Reference: Weis [1992:150] Line 175-6.5

; Per Ravilious email [2006]:
     'Mór ingen Muirchertaig Ua Tuathail
     '' Mor ingen Muirchertaig Ua Tuathail ' [Ban Senchus 232[6]]
     '3rd (or 4th) wife of Diarmaid [Cosgrove II:23[8]]
     'Spouse: Diarmaid mac Murchada, king of Leinster
     'Death: ca 1 May 1171[9],[7]
     'Father: Donchad mac Murchada (-1115)
     'Mother: Orlaith ingen Ua Bráenáin
     'Children: Aoife [Eva] (-ca1189), m. Richard 'Strongbow'
     ' Urlachan
     ' Conchobar (-ca1170)
     ' Enna
Ravilious cites:
1. Stewart Baldwin, "Llywelyn AT - Part 4 of 9," 26 Nov 1998, GEN-MEDIEVAL-L@rootsweb.com.
2. T. W. Moody, F. X. Martin and F. J. Byrne, eds., "A New History of Ireland," Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984, Vol. IX, Part II:Maps, Genealogies, Lists.
3. Stewart Baldwin, "Llywelyn AT - Part 3 of 9," 26 Nov 1998, GEN-MEDIEVAL-L@rootsweb.com.
4. Stewart Baldwin, "Llywelyn ap Iorwerth (Ancestor Table)," RootsWeb (www.rootsweb.com), extracted 13 Sept 2000, http://www.rootsweb.com/~medieval/llywelyn.htm
5. "Annals of Ulster," University College Cork, http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/L100005/ project CELT: The Corpus of Electronic Texts, U1206: entry re: the Battle of Downpatrick.
6. Stewart Baldwin, "Eve of Leinster and Radnaillt of Dublin," 27 July 1996 (restated 26 Feb 1998), cites Ban Senchus, AU and other sources re: the ancestry of Aoife ingen Diarmaid, heiress of Leinster, and wife of Richard 'Strongbow' de Clare.
7. "Annals of the Four Masters," University College Cork, http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/L100005/ project CELT: The Corpus of Electronic Texts, M1247.4: slaughter of Echmarcach Ua Cathain by Magnus Ua Cathain.
8. Art Cosgrove, ed., "A New History of Ireland," Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987 (Vol. II), Vol. II: Medieval Ireland, 1169-1534.
9. G. E. Cokayne, "The Complete Peerage," 1910 - [microprint, 1982 (Alan Sutton) ], The Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom."2

Citations

  1. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Mor: http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00439486&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  2. [S2359] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 25 Jan 2006 : "Ancestry of Eva of Leinster: Ua Tuathail (O'Toole)"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 25 Jan 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 25 Jan 2006."
  3. [S2358] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 21 Jan 2006 : "Ancestry of Eva of Leinster: the Uí Cheinnselaig"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 21 Jan 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 21 Jan 2006."
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Cacht ingen Loigisg us Morda: http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00544925&tree=LEO
  5. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 175-6, p. 150. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  6. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#DermotLeinsterdied1171. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  7. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#UrlachanLeinsterMDonaldThormond
  8. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#AoifeEvaMRichardPembroke
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Eva (Aoife) of Leinster: https://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00106202&tree=LEO

Muirchertach Ua Tuathail (O'Toole) king of Ui Muiredaig1

M, #10323, d. 1164
FatherGilla Comgaill Ua Tuathail1,2 d. 1127
ReferenceGAV25 EDV25
Last Edited23 Nov 2012
     Muirchertach Ua Tuathail (O'Toole) king of Ui Muiredaig married Cacht ingen Loigisg us Morda (?), daughter of Gormlaith ingen Finn ua Caellaide (?).3,1
Muirchertach Ua Tuathail (O'Toole) king of Ui Muiredaig died in 1164.1
     He was king of Ui Muiredaig.1

; Subject: Ancestry of Eva of Leinster: the Uí Cheinnselaig
From: "John P. Ravilious"
Date: 21 Jan 2006 14:18:14 -0800
To: GEN-MEDIEVAL-L@rootsweb.com

[resent due to gating problems from Rootsweb]

Saturday, 21 January, 2006

Hello All,

Due to several requests, following is another of the lengthy Irish pedigrees in the ancestry of Aoife/Eva, wife of William Marshall. This is part of the ancestry of her mother Mór, wife of Diamaid mac Murchada (aka "Dermot MacMurrough"), and reflects her known near kinship to her husband. They were both descended from Donnchad Mael na mBó mac Diarmaid (-1006), king of Ui Cheinnselaig and his wife     Aife ingen Gilla Patraic. Their eldest son, Diarmaid mac Mael na mBó (d. 7 Feb 1072), was King of Leinster and High King of Ireland, and husband of Dearbforgail ingen Donnchada (1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1b.1.1 in the prior pedigree), granddaughter of Brian Boru. Their younger son, Domnall Remar mac Mael na mBó, was great-great-great-great grandfather of Mór ingen Muirchertach Ua Tuathail, wife of Diarmaid.

The relationship is shown as 4th and 7th degrees (3rd cousins 3x removed), which appears to be a bit extended as to Mór's ancestry. This is evidently due to the difference in age between Diarmaid (born in 1115 or before) and Mór.

This pedigree also shows Lorcan mac Muirchertaig Ua Tuathail, half-brother of Mor and Archbishop of Dublin (better known as "St. Laurence O'Toole"). Another line of Mór's ancestry will be given in a forthcoming post.

Cheers,

John *

_____________________________________


1 Cinaed mac Cairpre
----------------------------------------

king of Ui Cheinnselach

' Cinaed mac Cairpre, k. Ui Cheinnselaig, d. 935AU- ' [AU[1]]

Children:     Cellach (-0947)


1.1 Cellach mac Cinaeda
----------------------------------------
Death:     0947[1]

king of Ui Cheinnselach

' Cellach mac Cinaeda, k. Ui Cheinnselaig, d.947AFM. ' [AU[1]]

Children:     Domnall (-0974)


1.1.1 Domnall mac Cellaig
----------------------------------------
Death:     0974[1]

king of Ui Cheinnselach

' Domnall mac Cellaig, k. Ui Cheinnselaig, d. 974AU. ' [AU[1]]

Children:     Diarmaid (-0996)


1.1.1.1 Diarmaid mac Domnaill
----------------------------------------
Death:     0996[1]

king of Ui Cheinnselach

' Diarmait mac Domnaill, k. Ui Cheinnselaig, d. 996AU. ' [AU[1]]

Children:     Donnchad Mael na mBó (-1006)


1.1.1.1.1 Donnchad Mael na mBó mac Diarmaid
----------------------------------------
Death:     1006[1]

king of Ui Cheinnselach

' Donnchad Mael na mBo, k. Ui Cheinnselaig, d. 1006 ' [AU[1]]

' U1006.6
Mael na mBó i.e. king of Uí Cheinnselaigh, was killed by his own
people.'[2]

Spouse:     Aife ingen Gilla Patraic
Father:     Gilla Patraic
Mother:     Echrad ingen Carrlusa

Children:     Diarmaid (-1072)
               Domnall Remar (-1041)


1.1.1.1.1.1 Diarmaid mac Mael na mBó
----------------------------------------
Death:     7 Feb 1072, Battle of Odhbha[2],[1]
Occ:     King of Leinster and High King of Ireland

King of Leinster and High King of Ireland

' Diarmait mac Mael na mBo, k. Laigin, d. 6 or 7 Feb 1072 ' [AU[1]]

also, 'Dermot macMailnamo'

'U1052.8
Echmarcach son of Ragnall, king of the foreigners, was banished by
the king of Laigin, i.e. Diarmait son of Mael na mBó, and the
latter himself took the kingship as a result.)'[2]

M1056, Murchadh, son of Diarmaid, lord of Leinster.

'U1058.3
The defeat of Sliab Crot was inflicted by Diarmait son of Mael
na mBó on Donnchad son of Brian, and in it fell Cairpre ua Ligdai,
superior of Imlech Ibair, and Rígbardán son of Cú Coirne, king of
Éile, and many others.'[2]

M1061, The son of Mael-na-mbo, lord of Leinster and of the foreigners,
proceeded into Munster...
M1067, The great army of Leath-chuinn was led by Diarmaid, son of
Mael-na-mbo, King of Leinster; by Murchadh, and Toirdhealbhach Ua
Briain, King of Munster, into Connaught...
AI1068, Diarmait, king of Laigin.
T1070, Murchadh mac Diarmuta maic Mail na m-Bó, rí Laigen h.
U1070, Murchad son of Diarmait, king of Laigin and the foreigners,
died and was buried in Áth Cliath.
M1070, Murchadh, son of Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbo, lord of the
foreigners and of Leinster, under his father, died at Ath-cliath.
AI1071, A battle between the Laigin, viz. between the son of Murchad,
grandson of Mael na mBó, and the son of Domnall Remar...
AI1071, A hosting by Tairdelbach Ua Briain into Laigin and Mide, and
he took the hostages thereof and handed them over to Diarmait, son
of Mael na mBó.
CS1072, Diarmait son of Mael na mbó, king of the foreigners and of
Laigin and of Leth Moga, was killed by Conchobor ua Mael Sechnaill
in the battle of Odba, with slaughter around him.
AI1072, Diarmait son of Mael na mBó, king of Laigin and Osraige, was
slain.
U1072, Diarmait son of Mael na mBó, king of Laigin and the foreigners,
fell in battle by Conchobor ua Mael Sechlainn, king of Temair...
M1072, Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbo, King of Leinster, of the
foreigners of Ath-cliath, and of Leath-Mogha-Nuadhat, was slain
and beheaded in the battle of Odhbha... '[2]

cf. Cosgrove II:21-22[3]

Spouse:     Dearbforgail ingen Donnchada
Death:     1080[2]
Father:     Donnchad mac Briain (-1064)

Children:     Murchad (-1070) [Ancestor of Diarmaid mac Murchada]
               Enna (-1092)


1.1.1.1.1.2 Domnall Remar mac Mael na mBó
----------------------------------------
Death:     1041[2],[4]

younger son

'U1041.3
Domnall Remar son of Mael na mBó was killed by the Laigin.'[2]

Children:     Donnchad (-1089)


1.1.1.1.1.2.1 Donnchad mac Domnaill
----------------------------------------
Death:     1089[2],[1],[4]

king of Laigin [Leinster], 1075-1089

'U1077.1
An army was led by Tairdelbach ua Briain into Uí Cheinnselaigh,
and he took captive the son of Domnall Remhar, i.e. the king of
Uí Cheinnselaigh.'[2]

'U1089.3
Donnchad son of Domnall Remar, king of Laigin, was killed by his
own people.'[2]

Children:     Murchad (-1091)
               Mael Morda (-1090)


1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1 Mael Morda mac Donnchada ua Domnaill
----------------------------------------
Death:     1090[1]

' Mael Morda ua Domnaill, d. 1090AFM.'[1]

Children:     Sadb


1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1 Sadb ingen Mael Morda Ua Domnaill
----------------------------------------

' Sadb ingen Mael Morda Ua Domnaill '[1]

Spouse:     Donncuan Ua Tuathail
Father:     Gilla Coemgin Ua Tuathail (-1059)

Children:     Gilla Comgaill (-1127)


1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1 Gilla Comgaill Ua Tuathail
----------------------------------------
Death:     1127[1],[5]

' Gilla Comgaill Ua Tuathail, d. 1127 ' [AFM[1]]

'M1127.5
Gillachomhghaill Ua Tuathail, successor of Caeimhghin, was killed
by the Fortuatha.' Annals of the Four Masters, 1127[5]

Children:     Muirchertach (-1164)


1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1a Muirchertach Ua Tuathail*
----------------------------------------
Death:     1164[1]

king of Ui Muiredaig

' Muirchertach Ua Tuathail, k. Uí Muiredaig, d. 1164 ' [AT[1]]

'M1154, Mac-Cuirr-na-gColpach Ua Fiachrach, lord of Ui-Feineachlais,
was slain by Muircheartach Ua Tuathail, lord of Ui-Muireadhaigh.'

Spouse:     Cacht ingen Loigsig Ua Morda
Father:     Loigsech Ua Morda
Mother:     Gormlaith ingen Finn Ua Caellaide

Children:     Mór

Other Spouses NN


1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1a.1 Mór ingen Muirchertaig Ua Tuathail
----------------------------------------

' Mor ingen Muirchertaig Ua Tuathail ' [Ban Senchus 232[1]]

3rd (or 4th) wife of Diarmaid [Cosgrove II:23[3]]

Spouse:     Diarmaid mac Murchada, king of Leinster
[descendant of Diarmaid mac Mael na mBó, 1.1.1.1.1.1 above]
Death:     ca 1 May 1171[6]
Father:     Donchad mac Murchada (-1115)
Mother:     Orlaith ingen Ua Bráenáin

Children:     Aoife [Eva] (-ca1189)
               Urlachan
               Conchobar (-ca1170)
               Enna


1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1b Muirchertach Ua Tuathail* (See above)
----------------------------------------

Spouse:     NN

Children:     Lorcan


1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1b.1 Lorcan Ua Tuathail
----------------------------------------

abbot of Glendalough

elected as abbot ca. 1153
elected as Archbishop of Dublin ca. 1162

' St. Laurence O'Toole '

cf. Cosgrove II:23[3]



1. Stewart Baldwin, "Eve of Leinster and Radnaillt of Dublin," 27 July 1996 (restated 26 Feb 1998), cites Ban Senchus, AU and other sources re: the ancestry of Aoife ingen Diarmaid, heiress of Leinster, and wife of Richard 'Strongbow' de Clare.
2. "Annals of Ulster," University College Cork, http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/L100005/
project CELT: The Corpus of Electronic Texts, U1206: entry re: the Battle of Downpatrick.
3. Art Cosgrove, ed., "A New History of Ireland," Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987 (Vol. II), Vol. II: Medieval Ireland, 1169-1534.
4. T. W. Moody, F. X. Martin and F. J. Byrne, eds., "A New History of Ireland," Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984, Vol. IX, Part II:Maps, Genealogies, Lists.
5. "Annals of the Four Masters," University College Cork, http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/L100005/ project CELT: The Corpus of Electronic Texts, M1247.4: slaughter of Echmarcach Ua Cathain by Magnus Ua Cathain.
6. G. E. Cokayne, "The Complete Peerage," 1910 - [microprint, 1982 (Alan Sutton) ], The Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom.2


GAV-25 EDV-25. Muirchertach Ua Tuathail (O'Toole) king of Ui Muiredaig was also known as Muirchertach O'Toole.4

; Muirchertach Ua Tuathail*
----------------------------------------
Death: 1164[7],[6]

king of Ui Muiredaig

' Muirchertach Ua Tuathail, k. Uí Muiredaig, d. 1164 ' [AT[6]]

'M1154, Mac-Cuirr-na-gColpach Ua Fiachrach, lord of Ui-Feineachlais,
was slain by Muircheartach Ua Tuathail, lord of Ui-Muireadhaigh.'

' M1164.9
Muircheartach Ua Tuathail, lord of Ui-Muireadhaigh, and chief of
Leinster in hospitality and prowess, died after penance.'[7]

Spouse: Cacht ingen Loigsig Ua Morda [68505]
Father: Loigsech Ua Morda
Mother: Gormlaith ingen Finn Ua Caellaide

Children: Mór

Other Spouses NN [mother of Lorcan, 'St. Laurence O'Toole']

Sources cited by Ravilious:
1. Stewart Baldwin, "Llywelyn AT - Part 4 of 9," 26 Nov 1998, GEN-MEDIEVAL-L@rootsweb.com.
2. T. W. Moody, F. X. Martin and F. J. Byrne, eds., "A New History of Ireland," Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984, Vol. IX, Part II:Maps, Genealogies, Lists.
3. Stewart Baldwin, "Llywelyn AT - Part 3 of 9," 26 Nov 1998, GEN-MEDIEVAL-L@rootsweb.com.
4. Stewart Baldwin, "Llywelyn ap Iorwerth (Ancestor Table)," RootsWeb (www.rootsweb.com), extracted 13 Sept 2000, http://www.rootsweb.com/~medieval/llywelyn.htm
5. "Annals of Ulster," University College Cork, http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/L100005/project CELT: The Corpus of Electronic Texts, U1206: entry re: the Battle of Downpatrick.
6. Stewart Baldwin, "Eve of Leinster and Radnaillt of Dublin," 27 July 1996 (restated 26 Feb 1998), cites Ban Senchus, AU and other sources re: the ancestry of Aoife ingen Diarmaid, heiress of Leinster, and wife of Richard 'Strongbow' de Clare.
7. "Annals of the Four Masters," University College Cork, http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/L100005/project CELT: The Corpus of Electronic Texts, M1247.4: slaughter of Echmarcach Ua Cathain by Magnus Ua Cathain.
8. Art Cosgrove, ed., "A New History of Ireland," Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987 (Vol. II), Vol. II: Medieval Ireland, 1169-1534.
9. G. E. Cokayne, "The Complete Peerage," 1910 - [microprint, 1982 (Alan Sutton) ], The Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom.4,1

Family 1

Child

Citations

  1. [S2359] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 25 Jan 2006 : "Ancestry of Eva of Leinster: Ua Tuathail (O'Toole)"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 25 Jan 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 25 Jan 2006."
  2. [S2358] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 21 Jan 2006 : "Ancestry of Eva of Leinster: the Uí Cheinnselaig"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 21 Jan 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 21 Jan 2006."
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Cacht ingen Loigisg us Morda: http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00544925&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 175-6, p. 150. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Mor: http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00439486&tree=LEO

Lorcan Ua Tuathail1,2

M, #10324
FatherMuirchertach Ua Tuathail (O'Toole) king of Ui Muiredaig2 d. 1164
Last Edited23 Nov 2012
     ; Lorcan Ua Tuathail
----------------------------------------

abbot of Glendalough

elected as abbot ca. 1153
elected as Archbishop of Dublin ca. 1162

' St. Laurence O'Toole '

cf. Cosgrove II:23[3]

Sources cited by Ravilious:
1. Stewart Baldwin, "Llywelyn AT - Part 4 of 9," 26 Nov 1998, GEN-MEDIEVAL-L@rootsweb.com.
2. T. W. Moody, F. X. Martin and F. J. Byrne, eds., "A New History of Ireland," Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984, Vol. IX, Part II:Maps, Genealogies, Lists.
3. Stewart Baldwin, "Llywelyn AT - Part 3 of 9," 26 Nov 1998, GEN-MEDIEVAL-L@rootsweb.com.
4. Stewart Baldwin, "Llywelyn ap Iorwerth (Ancestor Table)," RootsWeb (www.rootsweb.com), extracted 13 Sept 2000, http://www.rootsweb.com/~medieval/llywelyn.htm
5. "Annals of Ulster," University College Cork, http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/L100005/project CELT: The Corpus of Electronic Texts, U1206: entry re: the Battle of Downpatrick.
6. Stewart Baldwin, "Eve of Leinster and Radnaillt of Dublin," 27 July 1996 (restated 26 Feb 1998), cites Ban Senchus, AU and other sources re: the ancestry of Aoife ingen Diarmaid, heiress of Leinster, and wife of Richard 'Strongbow' de Clare.
7. "Annals of the Four Masters," University College Cork, http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/L100005/project CELT: The Corpus of Electronic Texts, M1247.4: slaughter of Echmarcach Ua Cathain by Magnus Ua Cathain.
8. Art Cosgrove, ed., "A New History of Ireland," Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987 (Vol. II), Vol. II: Medieval Ireland, 1169-1534.
9. G. E. Cokayne, "The Complete Peerage," 1910 - [microprint, 1982 (Alan Sutton) ], The Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom.2

; Muirchertach Ua Tuathail*
----------------------------------------
Death: 1164[7],[6]

king of Ui Muiredaig

Other Spouses NN [mother of Lorcan, 'St. Laurence O'Toole']

Sources cited by Ravilious:
1. Stewart Baldwin, "Llywelyn AT - Part 4 of 9," 26 Nov 1998, GEN-MEDIEVAL-L@rootsweb.com.
2. T. W. Moody, F. X. Martin and F. J. Byrne, eds., "A New History of Ireland," Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984, Vol. IX, Part II:Maps, Genealogies, Lists.
3. Stewart Baldwin, "Llywelyn AT - Part 3 of 9," 26 Nov 1998, GEN-MEDIEVAL-L@rootsweb.com.
4. Stewart Baldwin, "Llywelyn ap Iorwerth (Ancestor Table)," RootsWeb (www.rootsweb.com), extracted 13 Sept 2000, http://www.rootsweb.com/~medieval/llywelyn.htm
5. "Annals of Ulster," University College Cork, http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/L100005/project CELT: The Corpus of Electronic Texts, U1206: entry re: the Battle of Downpatrick.
6. Stewart Baldwin, "Eve of Leinster and Radnaillt of Dublin," 27 July 1996 (restated 26 Feb 1998), cites Ban Senchus, AU and other sources re: the ancestry of Aoife ingen Diarmaid, heiress of Leinster, and wife of Richard 'Strongbow' de Clare.
7. "Annals of the Four Masters," University College Cork, http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/L100005/project CELT: The Corpus of Electronic Texts, M1247.4: slaughter of Echmarcach Ua Cathain by Magnus Ua Cathain.
8. Art Cosgrove, ed., "A New History of Ireland," Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987 (Vol. II), Vol. II: Medieval Ireland, 1169-1534.
9. G. E. Cokayne, "The Complete Peerage," 1910 - [microprint, 1982 (Alan Sutton) ], The Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom.3,1 Lorcan Ua Tuathail was also known as Saint Laurence O'Toole.1 He was Abbot of Glendalough, Archbishoop of Dublin between 1153 and 1162.2

Citations

  1. [S2359] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 25 Jan 2006 : "Ancestry of Eva of Leinster: Ua Tuathail (O'Toole)"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 25 Jan 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 25 Jan 2006."
  2. [S2358] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 21 Jan 2006 : "Ancestry of Eva of Leinster: the Uí Cheinnselaig"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 21 Jan 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 21 Jan 2006."
  3. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 175-6, p. 150. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.

Donnchad mac Murchada (?) King of Dublin1

M, #10325, d. 1115
FatherMurchad (?) King of Leinster d. c 8 Dec 1070
MotherSadb MacBricc
ReferenceGAV25 EDV24
Last Edited6 Jul 2020
     Donnchad mac Murchada (?) King of Dublin married Orlaith ingen Ua Bráenáin (?)2,3
Donnchad mac Murchada (?) King of Dublin died in 1115.4
Donnchad mac Murchada (?) King of Dublin died in 1115.
     GAV-25 EDV-24 GKJ-25. Donnchad mac Murchada (?) King of Dublin was also known as Donnchad mac Murchadha King of Leinster.4 He was King of Leinster between 1098 and 1115.4

Citations

  1. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans: Many of the English Ancestral Lines Prior to 1300 of those Colonial Americans with known Royal Ancestry but Fully Developed in all Possible Lines (PO Box 220333, Santa Clarita, CA 91322-0333: Carl Boyer 3rd, 2001), p. 123, LEINSTER 5. Hereinafter cited as Boyer [2001] Med English Ancestors.
  2. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 175-5, p. 150. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  3. [S2359] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 25 Jan 2006 : "Ancestry of Eva of Leinster: Ua Tuathail (O'Toole)"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 25 Jan 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 25 Jan 2006."
  4. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, List of kings of Leinster: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_kings_of_Leinster. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.

Orlaith ingen Ua Bráenáin (?)1

F, #10326
ReferenceGAV25 EDV24
Last Edited23 Nov 2012
     Orlaith ingen Ua Bráenáin (?) married Donnchad mac Murchada (?) King of Dublin, son of Murchad (?) King of Leinster and Sadb MacBricc.2,1
     GAV-25 EDV-24 GKJ-25.

Citations

  1. [S2359] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 25 Jan 2006 : "Ancestry of Eva of Leinster: Ua Tuathail (O'Toole)"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 25 Jan 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 25 Jan 2006."
  2. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 175-5, p. 150. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.

Murchad (?) King of Leinster1

M, #10327, d. circa 8 December 1070
FatherDiarmait mac Mael na mBó King of Leinster and High King of Ireland2 d. 7 Feb 1072
MotherDiarbforgill ingen Donnchada2 d. 1080
ReferenceGAV26 EDV25
Last Edited5 Jul 2020
     Murchad (?) King of Leinster married Sadb MacBricc.3
Murchad (?) King of Leinster died circa 8 December 1070 at Dublin, co. Cork, Ireland.3
     GAV-26 EDV-25.

Citations

  1. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans: Many of the English Ancestral Lines Prior to 1300 of those Colonial Americans with known Royal Ancestry but Fully Developed in all Possible Lines (PO Box 220333, Santa Clarita, CA 91322-0333: Carl Boyer 3rd, 2001), p. 123, LEINSTER 4. Hereinafter cited as Boyer [2001] Med English Ancestors.
  2. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#DermotLeinsterdied1072. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  3. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 175-4, p. 150. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.

Sadb MacBricc

F, #10328
ReferenceGAV26 EDV25
Last Edited14 Feb 2003

Citations

  1. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 175-4, p. 150. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.

Diarmait mac Mael na mBó King of Leinster and High King of Ireland1,2

M, #10329, d. 7 February 1072
FatherDonnchad Mael na mBó mac Diarmaid King of Ui Cheinnselach2,3 d. 1006
MotherAife ingen Gilla Patraic2
ReferenceGAV27 EDV27
Last Edited5 Jul 2020
     Diarmait mac Mael na mBó King of Leinster and High King of Ireland married Diarbforgill ingen Donnchada, daughter of Donnchadh mac Briain King of Munster.4,5,6,3
Diarmait mac Mael na mBó King of Leinster and High King of Ireland died on 7 February 1072 at Battle of Odhbha, Navan, co. Meath, Ireland; Ravillious says d. "7 Feb 1072, Battle of Odhbha[2],[1]" citing:
1. Stewart Baldwin, "Eve of Leinster and Radnaillt of Dublin," 27 July 1996 (restated 26 Feb 1998), cites Ban Senchus, AU and other sources re: the ancestry of Aoife ingen Diarmaid, heiress of Leinster, and wife of Richard 'Strongbow' de Clare.
2. "Annals of Ulster," University College Cork, http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/L100005/ project CELT: The Corpus of Electronic Texts, U1206: entry re: the Battle of Downpatrick.4,2,5,3
     ; Per Ravilious email [2006]:
     "Diarmaid mac Mael na mBó
Death:     7 Feb 1072, Battle of Odhbha[2],[1]
Occ:     King of Leinster and High King of Ireland
' Diarmait mac Mael na mBo, k. Laigin, d. 6 or 7 Feb 1072 ' [AU[1]]
also, 'Dermot macMailnamo'
'U1052.8
Echmarcach son of Ragnall, king of the foreigners, was banished by the king of Laigin, i.e. Diarmait son of Mael na mBó, and the latter himself took the kingship as a result.)'[2]
M1056, Murchadh, son of Diarmaid, lord of Leinster.
'U1058.3
The defeat of Sliab Crot was inflicted by Diarmait son of Mael na mBó on Donnchad son of Brian, and in it fell Cairpre ua Ligdai, superior of Imlech Ibair, and Rígbardán son of Cú Coirne, king of Éile, and many others.'[2]
M1061, The son of Mael-na-mbo, lord of Leinster and of the foreigners, proceeded into Munster...
M1067, The great army of Leath-chuinn was led by Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbo, King of Leinster; by Murchadh, and Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, King of Munster, into Connaught...
AI1068, Diarmait, king of Laigin.T1070, Murchadh mac Diarmuta maic Mail na m-Bó, rí Laigen h.
U1070, Murchad son of Diarmait, king of Laigin and the foreigners, died and was buried in Áth Cliath.
M1070, Murchadh, son of Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbo, lord of the foreigners and of Leinster, under his father, died at Ath-cliath.
AI1071, A battle between the Laigin, viz. between the son of Murchad, grandson of Mael na mBó, and the son of Domnall Remar...
AI1071, A hosting by Tairdelbach Ua Briain into Laigin and Mide, and he took the hostages thereof and handed them over to Diarmait, son of Mael na mBó.
CS1072, Diarmait son of Mael na mbó, king of the foreigners and of Laigin and of Leth Moga, was killed by Conchobor ua Mael Sechnaill in the battle of Odba, with slaughter around him.
AI1072, Diarmait son of Mael na mBó, king of Laigin and Osraige, was slain.
U1072, Diarmait son of Mael na mBó, king of Laigin and the foreigners, fell in battle by Conchobor ua Mael Sechlainn, king of Temair...
M1072, Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbo, King of Leinster, of the foreigners of Ath-cliath, and of Leath-Mogha-Nuadhat, was slain and beheaded in the battle of Odhbha... '[2]
cf. Cosgrove II:21-22[3]
Spouse:     Dearbforgail ingen Donnchada
Death:     1080[2]
Father:     Donnchad mac Briain (-1064)
Children:     Murchad (-1070) [Ancestor of Diarmaid mac Murchada]
               Enna (-1092)
Sources cited by Ravilious:
1. Stewart Baldwin, "Eve of Leinster and Radnaillt of Dublin," 27 July 1996 (restated 26 Feb 1998), cites Ban Senchus, AU and other sources re: the ancestry of Aoife ingen Diarmaid, heiress of Leinster, and wife of Richard 'Strongbow' de Clare.
2. "Annals of Ulster," University College Cork, http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/L100005/ project CELT: The Corpus of Electronic Texts, U1206: entry re: the Battle of Downpatrick.
3. Art Cosgrove, ed., "A New History of Ireland," Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987 (Vol. II), Vol. II: Medieval Ireland, 1169-1534.
4. T. W. Moody, F. X. Martin and F. J. Byrne, eds., "A New History of Ireland," Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984, Vol. IX, Part II:Maps, Genealogies, Lists.
5. "Annals of the Four Masters," University College Cork, http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/L100005/ project CELT: The Corpus of Electronic Texts, M1247.4: slaughter of Echmarcach Ua Cathain by Magnus Ua Cathain.
6. G. E. Cokayne, "The Complete Peerage," 1910 - [microprint, 1982 (Alan Sutton) ], The Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom."2

; This is the same person as ”Diarmait mac Máel na mBó” at Wikipedia.5 GAV-27 EDV-27.

; Per Med Lands:
     "DIARMAIT, son of MAEL na mBó & his wife --- (-killed in battle Odba 7 Feb 1072). The Annals of Tigernach record that “Ruaidri son of Tadg son of Lorcan” was blinded in 1036 by “Mael na mbó” (which must indicate the latter´s son assuming that the death date of Mail na mBó is correctly recorded above)[665]. The Annals of Tigernach record that “Diarmait son of Mael na mbó king of the Húi Cennselaig” plundered “Colomb cille´s Maein (Moone), Dísert Diarmata and my Senóc´s Mugna and Clonmore” in 1040[666]. The Annals of Tigernach record that “Echmarcach son of Ragnall king of the Foreigners went oversea” in 1052 and “the son of Mael na mbó assumed the kingship after him”, adding in a later passage that “the son of Mael na mbó took the kingship of Dublin by force” in 1053[667]. King of Leinster. High King of Ireland. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Harold Godwinsson and his brother Leofwine, sons of Godwin Earl of Wessex, sought refuge with him in 1051 following the family's disgrace[668]. Orderic Vitalis records that “duo filii Heraldi regis Angliæ” had fled “ad Dyrmetum regem Hiberniæ” after their father was killed and, with his support, landed at Exeter with 66 ships, ravaged the interior of the country, but were defeated by “Briennius Eudonis comitis Britanniæ minoris filius et Guillelmus Gualdi” and fled back to Ireland[669]. The Annals of Tigernach record that “Diarmait son of Mail na mbó, king of Britons and the Hebrides and Dublin and Mug Nuadat´s Half [southern Ireland]” was killed in 1072 by “Conchobar Húa Mael-Sechlainn in the battle of Odba”[670]. The Annals of Ulster record the death in 1072 of "Diarmait son of Mael na mBó king of Laigin and the foreigners…7 Feb” killed in battle by “Conchobar ua Mael Sechlainn king of Temair”[671].
     "m DERBORGAILL, daughter of ---, granddaughter of BRIAN Boru King of Ireland (-Imlech 1080). The Annals of Ulster record the death in 1080 of "Derbhforgaill daughter of Brian´s son, wife of Diarmait son of Mael na mBó…in Imlech”[672]."
Med Lands cites:
[665] Annals of Tigernach II, p. 268.
[666] Annals of Tigernach II, p. 271.
[667] Annals of Tigernach II, pp. 284 and 285.
[668] Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
[669] Le Prévost, A. (1845) Orderici Vitalis Historiæ Ecclesiasticæ (Paris) ("Orderic Vitalis (Prévost)"), Vol. II, Liber IV, V, p. 189.
[670] Annals of Tigernach II, p. 302.
[671] Annals of Ulster, 1072.4, p. 510.
[672] Annals of Ulster, 1080.4, p. 515.3


; Per Med Lands:
     "DERBORGAILL (-Imlech 1080). The Annals of Ulster record the death in 1080 of "Derbhforgaill daughter of Brian´s son, wife of Diarmait son of Mael na mBó…in Imlech”[1008].
     "m DERMOT MacMailnamo [Diarmait mac Máel na mBó] King of Leinster and of Ireland (-killed in battle Odba 7 Feb 1072). "
Med Lands cites:
[1008] Annals of Ulster, 1080.4, p. 515.6

Family

Diarbforgill ingen Donnchada d. 1080
Children

Citations

  1. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans: Many of the English Ancestral Lines Prior to 1300 of those Colonial Americans with known Royal Ancestry but Fully Developed in all Possible Lines (PO Box 220333, Santa Clarita, CA 91322-0333: Carl Boyer 3rd, 2001), p. 123, LEINSTER 3. Hereinafter cited as Boyer [2001] Med English Ancestors.
  2. [S2358] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 21 Jan 2006 : "Ancestry of Eva of Leinster: the Uí Cheinnselaig"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 21 Jan 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 21 Jan 2006."
  3. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#DermotLeinsterdied1072. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  4. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 175-3, pp. 149-50. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  5. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, Diarmait mac Maíl na mBó: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diarmait_mac_Ma%C3%ADl_na_mB%C3%B3. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  6. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#DearbforgailMDermotLeinster

Diarbforgill ingen Donnchada1,2

F, #10330, d. 1080
FatherDonnchadh mac Briain King of Munster d. 1064
ReferenceGAV27 EDV26
Last Edited5 Jul 2020
     Diarbforgill ingen Donnchada married Diarmait mac Mael na mBó King of Leinster and High King of Ireland, son of Donnchad Mael na mBó mac Diarmaid King of Ui Cheinnselach and Aife ingen Gilla Patraic.3,1,4,5
Diarbforgill ingen Donnchada died in 1080 at Imlech (Emly), co. Tipperary, Ireland (now).2,4
     ; Per Med Lands:
     "DIARMAIT, son of MAEL na mBó & his wife --- (-killed in battle Odba 7 Feb 1072). The Annals of Tigernach record that “Ruaidri son of Tadg son of Lorcan” was blinded in 1036 by “Mael na mbó” (which must indicate the latter´s son assuming that the death date of Mail na mBó is correctly recorded above)[665]. The Annals of Tigernach record that “Diarmait son of Mael na mbó king of the Húi Cennselaig” plundered “Colomb cille´s Maein (Moone), Dísert Diarmata and my Senóc´s Mugna and Clonmore” in 1040[666]. The Annals of Tigernach record that “Echmarcach son of Ragnall king of the Foreigners went oversea” in 1052 and “the son of Mael na mbó assumed the kingship after him”, adding in a later passage that “the son of Mael na mbó took the kingship of Dublin by force” in 1053[667]. King of Leinster. High King of Ireland. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Harold Godwinsson and his brother Leofwine, sons of Godwin Earl of Wessex, sought refuge with him in 1051 following the family's disgrace[668]. Orderic Vitalis records that “duo filii Heraldi regis Angliæ” had fled “ad Dyrmetum regem Hiberniæ” after their father was killed and, with his support, landed at Exeter with 66 ships, ravaged the interior of the country, but were defeated by “Briennius Eudonis comitis Britanniæ minoris filius et Guillelmus Gualdi” and fled back to Ireland[669]. The Annals of Tigernach record that “Diarmait son of Mail na mbó, king of Britons and the Hebrides and Dublin and Mug Nuadat´s Half [southern Ireland]” was killed in 1072 by “Conchobar Húa Mael-Sechlainn in the battle of Odba”[670]. The Annals of Ulster record the death in 1072 of "Diarmait son of Mael na mBó king of Laigin and the foreigners…7 Feb” killed in battle by “Conchobar ua Mael Sechlainn king of Temair”[671].
     "m DERBORGAILL, daughter of ---, granddaughter of BRIAN Boru King of Ireland (-Imlech 1080). The Annals of Ulster record the death in 1080 of "Derbhforgaill daughter of Brian´s son, wife of Diarmait son of Mael na mBó…in Imlech”[672]."
Med Lands cites:
[665] Annals of Tigernach II, p. 268.
[666] Annals of Tigernach II, p. 271.
[667] Annals of Tigernach II, pp. 284 and 285.
[668] Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
[669] Le Prévost, A. (1845) Orderici Vitalis Historiæ Ecclesiasticæ (Paris) ("Orderic Vitalis (Prévost)"), Vol. II, Liber IV, V, p. 189.
[670] Annals of Tigernach II, p. 302.
[671] Annals of Ulster, 1072.4, p. 510.
[672] Annals of Ulster, 1080.4, p. 515.5
GAV-27 EDV-26. Diarbforgill ingen Donnchada was also known as Derborgaill inghen Donnchada.4

; Per Med Lands:
     "DERBORGAILL (-Imlech 1080). The Annals of Ulster record the death in 1080 of "Derbhforgaill daughter of Brian´s son, wife of Diarmait son of Mael na mBó…in Imlech”[1008].
     "m DERMOT MacMailnamo [Diarmait mac Máel na mBó] King of Leinster and of Ireland (-killed in battle Odba 7 Feb 1072). "
Med Lands cites:
[1008] Annals of Ulster, 1080.4, p. 515.4

Citations

  1. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, Diarmait mac Maíl na mBó: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diarmait_mac_Ma%C3%ADl_na_mB%C3%B3. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  2. [S2358] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 21 Jan 2006 : "Ancestry of Eva of Leinster: the Uí Cheinnselaig"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 21 Jan 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 21 Jan 2006."
  3. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 175-3, pp. 149-50. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  4. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#DearbforgailMDermotLeinster. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  5. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#DermotLeinsterdied1072

Donnchadh mac Briain King of Munster1,2

M, #10331, d. 1064
FatherBrian Bóruma mac Cennétig of Dál Cais, King of Munster, High of Ireland3,4 b. 941, d. 23 Apr 1014
MotherGormlaith ingen Murchada of Uí Dúnlainge5,4 b. c 960, d. 1030
ReferenceGAV28 EDV27
Last Edited5 Jul 2020
     Donnchadh mac Briain King of Munster married NN of Waterford, daughter of Ragnall (?) King of Waterford, in 1032;
His 2nd wife.6,4
Donnchadh mac Briain King of Munster was buried in 1064 at Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome, Città Metropolitana di Roma Capitale, Lazio, Italy (now),

; From Find A Grave:
     BIRTH     unknown, County Clare, Ireland
     DEATH     1064, Rome, Città Metropolitana di Roma Capitale, Lazio, Italy
     King of Munster, a southern Ireland province, High King of Ireland. Son of Brian Bóruma, the founder of the Gaelic Irish O'Brian dynasty and one of his four wives, Gormflaith, the daughter of Murchad mac Finn, the King of Leinster, an south eastern province in Ireland. Grandson of Cennétig mac Lorcain, King of Munster. Donnchadh's wife was Cacht ingen Ragnaill, who was regarded as the Queen of Ireland and known for a strong style when in a time of male dominance. They were married in 1032 and had several children, including Lorcán, Murchad and Derbforgaill. Only Donnchadh and a half brother, Tadc, survived after their father's death in 1014 at Clontarf. Donnchadh lost his right hand in a failed assassination attempt in 1019, and Tadc was assassinated in 1023, apparently on Donnchadh's orders, leaving Donnchadh to rule. By 1025, he was advancing on areas outside his province. Donnchadh declared himself the High King of Ireland, the first ruler from southern Ireland and the first man to take the kingdom away from the Neill dynasty descending from Naill of the Nine Hostages since the ninth century. Donnchadh remained at war with Áed in Gaí Bernaig, King of Connach and Diarmait mac Maíl na mBó, King of Leinster from 1042, who allied with Niall mac Eochada, the King of Ulster, whose son Murchad was the King in Dublin. Tadc's son, Toirdelbach Ua Briain, joined forces with them and Donnchadh was deposed in 1063. Donnchadh was on a pilgrimmage in Rome when he died, buried in the basilica of Santo Stefano al Monte Celio.
     Family Members
     Parents
          Brian Boroimhe 941–1014
     BURIAL     Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome, Città Metropolitana di Roma Capitale, Lazio, Italy
Inscription:
ANNO DNI MLXIIII DEPOSITUS EST IN HAC ECCTIA
DONATUS O'BRIENUS CASHELL THOMONDIQ REX
BRAINI BORUI TOTIUS HIBERNIA MONARCHAE FILIUS
QUI CORONAM REGALEM SUMMO PONTIFICI
DONO DEDIT
The year 1064 interned in this church
King Donough O'Brien of Cashell, Thomond
Son of Monarch of All Ireland Brian Boru
Royal Crown to Supreme Pope
he gave gift

     Maintained by: Anne Shurtleff Stevens
     Originally Created by: Jerry Ferren
     Added: 1 Mar 2012
     Find a Grave Memorial 86042478.7
Donnchadh mac Briain King of Munster died in 1064 at Rome, Città Metropolitana di Roma Capitale, Lazio, Italy (now).8,2,4
     GAV-28 EDV-27.

; This is the same person as ”Donnchad mac Briain” at Wikipedia.9

; Per Med Lands:
     "DONNCHAD (-Rome after 1064). The Chronicon of Mariano Scotti records that "Donchal filius suis annis 51" succeeded his father "Brian rex Hiberniæ" in 1014[1009], although the reference to his age must clearly be incorrect. The Annals of Tigernach record that “Catharnach son of Aed of the Húi Caisín” attacked “Donnchad son of Brian” in [1017/19] and cut off his right hand[1010]. King of Munster. The Annals of Tigernach record that “Donnchad son of Brián Boroma king of Munster” was “dethroned” in 1064 and “went to Rome on a pilgrimage” and died there “in the monastery of Stephen”[1011].
     "m firstly ---, daughter of MURCHAD Mac Finn & his wife --- (-1030). The Annals of Inisfallen record the death in 1030 of "the daughter of Murchad son of Finn, queen of Mumu”[1012]. m secondly --- [of Waterford], daughter of RÆGNALD [King of Waterford] & his wife ---. The Annals of Inisfallen record the marriage in 1032 of "Donnchadh son of Brian” and “the daughter of Ragnall”[1013]. It is not certain that King Donnchad´s father-in-law was the king of Waterford."
Med Lands cites:
[1009] Mariani Scotti Chronicon 1014, MGH SS V, p. 555.
[1010] Annals of Tigernach II, p. 249.
[1011] Annals of Tigernach II, p. 295.
[1012] Annals of Inisfallen, 1030.4, p. 197.
[1013] Annals of Inisfallen, 1032.6, p. 199.4
He was King of Munster
From Wikipedia:
Name:     Donnchad mac Briain
Reign:     1025-1064
Born:     Son of Brian Bóruma and Gormflaith ingen Murchada
Marriages:     Cacht ingen Ragnaill, Three children
Death:     1064
.
See attached map of Ireland ca 1014 (from Wikipedia: Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12835052) between 1025 and 1064 at Munster, Ireland.1,10,11 He was High King of Ireland
Per Wikipedia:
Name:     Donnchad mac Briain
Reign:     died 1064 (with opposition)
Dynasty/Sept:     Dál gCais
See attached map of Ireland ca 1014 (from Wikipedia: Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12835052) in 1064.12,11

Family 1

Child

Family 2

NN of Waterford

Citations

  1. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans: Many of the English Ancestral Lines Prior to 1300 of those Colonial Americans with known Royal Ancestry but Fully Developed in all Possible Lines (PO Box 220333, Santa Clarita, CA 91322-0333: Carl Boyer 3rd, 2001), p. 123, LEINSTER 2. Hereinafter cited as Boyer [2001] Med English Ancestors.
  2. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, Donnchad mac Briain: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donnchad_mac_Briain. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  3. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#BrianBorudied1014. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  4. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#DonnchadMunsterdiedafter1064
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Gormlaith ingen Murchada: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00250085&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  6. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#dauRagnallMDonnchad
  7. [S2374] Find a Grave, online http://www.findagrave.com/, Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed 05 July 2020), memorial page for Donnchadh mac Briain (unknown–1064), Find a Grave Memorial no. 86042478, citing Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome, Città Metropolitana di Roma Capitale, Lazio, Italy; Maintained by Anne Shurtleff Stevens (contributor 46947920), at: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/86042478. Hereinafter cited as Find a Grave.
  8. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 175-2, p. 149. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  9. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donnchad_mac_Briain
  10. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, List of kings of Munster: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_kings_of_Munster
  11. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donnchad_mac_Briain#/media/File:Www.wesleyjohnston.com-users-ireland-maps-historical-map1014.gif
  12. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, List of High Kings of Ireland: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_High_Kings_of_Ireland

Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig of Dál Cais, King of Munster, High of Ireland1,2

M, #10332, b. 941, d. 23 April 1014
FatherCennétig mac Lorcain of Dál Cais, king of Thomond1,3,2 d. 951
MotherBe Bind ingen Aurchada of Uí Briúin Seóla1,2
ReferenceGAV28 EDV28
Last Edited6 Jul 2020
     Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig of Dál Cais, King of Munster, High of Ireland married Eachraid (?), daughter of Cearbholl (?);
His 1st wife. Per Med Lands: "The name of Brian´s first wife is not known. However, it is probable that he was married before his marriage to Gormlaith in order to have grandson who was killed in battle in 1014."3 Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig of Dál Cais, King of Munster, High of Ireland married Mór (?);
His 1st? wife
NB: Per Baldwin's Llywelyn ap Iorwerth ancestor table, "Brian had four known wives."4,1 Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig of Dál Cais, King of Munster, High of Ireland was born in 941; Boyer, Wikipedia and Med Lands says b. 941; Genealogics says b. 926.5,3,2,6 He married Gormlaith ingen Murchada of Uí Dúnlainge, daughter of Murchad mac Finn King of Laigin/Leinster, after 981;
Her 2nd husband, his 2nd wife.7,8,9,3 Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig of Dál Cais, King of Munster, High of Ireland and Gormlaith ingen Murchada of Uí Dúnlainge were divorced; Per Med Lands "separated."3 Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig of Dál Cais, King of Munster, High of Ireland married Dub Chablaig (?) before 1009;
His 3rd wife.10
Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig of Dál Cais, King of Munster, High of Ireland died on 23 April 1014 at Battle of Clontarf, near Dublin, Ireland; Per Enc. of World History, p. 183: "At Clontarf (1014) Brian defeated the Norse, ending the domination of Dublin, though the Norse remained in their cities. Brian fell in the battle and anarchy followedthe struggle of the O'Brians of Munster, the O'Neils of Ulster, the O'Connors of Connaughtwhich ended in an appeal to King Henry II of England by Dermond (or Dermot) MacMurrough."
For more information the battle, see the Battle of Clontarf website produced by Trinity College Dublin at: https://dh.tcd.ie/clontarf/
See attached image of the painting "Battle of Clontarf" by Hugh Frazer (1826) - from Wikipedia: By Hugh Frazer - Isaacs Art Center (former owner of the painting), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14577823.5,11,3,6,2,12
Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig of Dál Cais, King of Munster, High of Ireland was buried after 23 April 1014 at Saint Patrick's Church of Ireland Cathedral, Armagh, co. Armagh, Northern Ireland (now),

; From Fiond A Grave:
     BIRTH     941
     DEATH     23 Apr 1014 (aged 72–73)
     Irish Monarch. King of Ireland whose military gifts enabled him to deal a succession of defeats against the Norsemen and their allies. His last battle, at Clontarf, was also succesful, but being too old to fight himself he remained in his tent where he was killed by a fleeing soldier. Bio by: David Conway
     Family Members
     Children
          Donnchadh mac Briain unknown–1064
     BURIAL     Saint Patrick's Church of Ireland Cathedral, Armagh, County Armagh, Northern Ireland
     Maintained by: Find a Grave
     Originally Created by: David Conway
     Added: 24 Oct 2001
     Find a Grave Memorial 5887388.13
     ; NB: In the 1980's, I inherited an anglicized Irish line from an old World Family Tree (WFT 14-1829) pedigree that I found in the early days of CDs (when I was far less demanding in my genealogical research). From WFT I had:
1 Dermot O'Brien (unk-1120), King of Muster, m. Sahl MacCarty
1.1 Turlock O'Brien (unk-1167), "of Munster", m. Raignait O'Fogurty
1.1.1 Donal Mor O'Brien (unk-1194), m. Urlachan MacMurrough
1.1.1.1 "More" O'Brien (1162-unk), m. William de Burgh (unk-1205)
I am now trying to better understand and clean up this line. In researching for the possible "truth" in this line, I have found several leads:


A. Med Lands, shows a descent under the Kings of Munster that could be this "Dermot", his son "Turlock" and grandson "Donal". The line descends from one TOIRDELBACH, son of DOMNALL of Munster & his wife --- ([1008/09]-Cenn Coradh 14 Jul 1086), as folows:
A.1. TOIRDELBACH, King of Munster, a grandson of Brian Boroma - O'Brien?
A.1.1 DIARMAIT (-Corcach Mór Muman 1118), King of Munster - Dermot?
A.1.1.1 TOIRDELBACH (-1167), King of Munster - Turlock?
A.1.1.1.1 DOMNALL (-1194), King of Munster [sic] - Donal?
Though the female name "Mor" is common in this line, Domnall is not shown as having any offspring, including a daughter named MOR ("More") who might have married William de Burgh. Med Lands provide sources, relying heavily on the Annals of Inisfallen, the Annals of Ulster, and the Annals of Tigernach.


B. Wikipedia provides more direct evidence for the veracity of the WFT line, relying on more modern sources:
B.1 Toirdelbach Ua Briain (1009 – 14 July 1086), King of Munster, grandson of Brian Bóruma, m1 Dubchoblaig (mother of Diarmait), m2 Derbforgaill, m3 Ruaidrí na Saide Buide.
B.1.1 Diarmait Ua Briain (1060–1118), King of Munster, m Mór Ua Conchobair
B.1.1.1 Toirdhealbhach mac Diarmada Ua Briain (unk-unk), King of Munster, m1 (a dau. of the Mac Carthaigh Mór, d.s.p.), m2 Sadb MacGillapatrick
B.1.1.1.1 Domnall Mór Ua Briain (unk-1194), King of Thomond and claimant to King of Munster, m Orlacan (dau. of Diarmait Mac Murchada) and had a daughter "Mór O'Brien (Princess of Thomond, 1172-1216, who married William de Burgh)"


C. The Wikipedia entry for William de Burgy states: "William's wife was the daughter of Domnall Mór Ó Briain, King of Thomond, whom he married in 1193.[5] A late medieval (A.D. 1397 - A.D. 1418) genealogy found in the Book of Lecan records his marriage to an unnamed daughter of Donmal Mor mac Turlough O'Brien,[6]. This Wikipedia article cites:
[5] Weis, Frederick Lewis. Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700. Eighth Ed. (2008), Line 177B-8.
[6] Empey, C. A (2004). "Burgh, William de (died 1206)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2006-11-04.



D. Weis [2008:168], calls Richard de Burgh "son of William de Burgh ... by his wife, a daughter of Donnell O'Brien, K.T."


E. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ONDB) article on William de Burgh does indeed report: "According to one Irish source de Burgh was married to a daughter of Domnall Mór Ó Briain, which is consistent with the fact that he was frequently accompanied by his Ó Briain allies, hereditary enemies of the Mac Carthaig and the Ó Conchobhair, in his numerous campaigns in Desmond and Connacht." However, then ONDB adds this caveat: "Although he was married in or before 1193, there is no certainty about the identity of his wife. She may have been an unnamed daughter of Domnall Mór Ó Briain, but the authority for this statement rests solely on the evidence of a late medieval Gaelic genealogy."


F. Genealogics shows the following descent:
F.1 Torlogh O'Brien, King of Munster and Ireland (1009-1086) m Dubchoblaig of the Ui Cheinnselaig
F1.1 Dermod O'Brien, King of Munster (unk-1120) m Saiv|Sadhbh (MacCarthy)
F1.1.1 Torlogh|Toirdhealbhach O'Brien, King of Thomond (unk-1167)
F1.1.1.1 Donald More O'Brien, King of Thomond (unk-1194) - No daughter is shown for Donald
For this descent, Genealogics cites:
1. History of the O'Briens, London, 1949 , O'Brien, Hon. Donough. 7.
2. The Royal Line of Succession, Pitkin Pictorials , Montague Smith, Patrick W. 24.
3. The Plantagenet Ancestry, Baltimore, 1975 , Turton, Lt.Col. W. H. 144.
     Genealogics, however, reports on his page that William de Burgh m. "Isabel 'filia regis'" and then remarks, "It is suggested that she is the daughter of Richard 'the Lionheart'."
Genealogics cites: The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, Edinburgh, 1977, Paget, Gerald. vol 1 183.


G. The History of the O'Briens, by Donough O'Brien (1949) has this simplified descent from "Brian Boroimhe" to "Donald More" (d. 1194):
G.0 Brian Boroimhe (unk-1014)
G.0.1 Teige (unk-1023)
G.0.1.1 Donough (unk-1054)
G.1. Torlogh (unk-1086)
G.1.1 Dermod (unk-1120)
G.1.1.1 Torlogh (unk-1167)
G.1.1.1.1 Donald More 1194)
See the attached image of the descendancy from the frontispiece of O'Brien [1949].


Conclusion: Based on these sources, I believe that the WFT pedigree I orignally had, matches the lineage as laid out by Genealogics, Wikipedia and O'Brien [1949]. I have left the marriage of "More" to William de Burgh, given the argument in ONDB. GA Vaut.14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26

; Per Boyer [2002:122-3]
     "In 976 he became king of the small state later known as Dal Cais, as well as of Munster, a bigger kingdom in wouthwestern Ireland which Brian's half brother had taken from the Eoghanachta rulers in 964. Unifying Munster by driving the Eoghanachta septs and the Northmen from the Shannon by building a fleet, Brian developed a powerful state. By 997 he had won control of the sourthern half of Ireland from Maelsechlainn II, and in 1002 he supplanted Maelsechlainn II as high king of Ireland, subsequently receiving the submission of every lesser ruler. However, in 1013 the men of Leinster and the Northmen of Dublin rebelled, with help from abroad.
     "In the decisive battle at Clontarf his son Murchad won the victory which removed the prospect of Norse domination, but a small group of Northmen found the aged Brian in his tent while they were in flight from the battlefield and hacked Brian to death. He was the ancestor of the dynastic family of O'Brien."5

; This is the same person as ”Brian Boru” at Wikipedia.6 GAV-28 EDV-28.

Reference: Weis [1992:149] Line 175-1.7 Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig of Dál Cais, King of Munster, High of Ireland was also known as Brian Boru King of Munster, High King of Ireland.6 Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig of Dál Cais, King of Munster, High of Ireland was also known as Brian (Borama, Boroimhe, Boru) King of Ireland.5

; Per Med Lands:
     "BRIAN Boroma, son of CEINNÉITIG & his wife --- ([941]-killed in battle Clontarf 23 Apr 1014). The Annals of Ulster record the birth in 941 of "Brian son of Cennéitig”[983]. The Annals of the Four Masters record the birth in 925 of “Brian son of Ceinnedigh” adding that this was “24 years before Maelseachlainn son of Domnhall”[984], although this proposed date of birth of Brian is improbable considering the date of his death. The Annals of Tigernach record that “Brian mac Cendéidigh” attacked “Inis Cathaig (Scattery Island)…[and] therein the Foreigners of Limerick…Imar, and Olaf one of his sons and Dubchenn his other son” in [975/76][985]. The Annals of Ulster record that "Brian son of Cennétig” killed “Mael Muad king of Desmumu” in battle in 978[986]. The Annals of Inisfallen record that "Brian son of Cennétig” defeated and killed “Mael Muad son of Bran king of Caisel” at “the battle of Belach Lechta” in 978[987]. King of Munster. The Annals of Inisfallen record that "Brian son of Cennétig…and Mael Sechnaill son of Domnall king of Temuir” divided Ireland between them in 997 “Leth Cuinn to Mael Sechnaill and Leth Moga to Brian”[988]. High King of Ireland 1002. The Annals of Tigernach record that “Brían Boroma regnat” in [999/1000][989]. The Chronicon of Mariano Scotti records that "Brian rex Hiberniæ" was killed "1014 IX Kal Mai"[990]. Orkneyinga Saga records that Sigurd Jarl of Orkney went to Ireland “five years after the Battle of Svoldur” to support “King Sigtrygg Silk-Beard” against “King Brian of Ireland”, and left “his elder sons in charge of the earldom”, but was killed in the battle in which King Brian was killed[991]. The Annals of Ulster record that "Brian son of Ceinnéitig son of Lorcán king of Ireland and Mael Sechnaill son of Domnall king of Temair" led an army to “Áth Cliath” in 1014, adding that Brian was killed in the battle[992]. The Annals of the Four Masters record that “Brian son of Ceinneidigh monarch of Ireland in the 88th year of his age” was killed in 1013 in the battle [of Clontarf][993].
     "m [firstly] ---. The name of Brian´s first wife is not known. However, it is probable that he was married before his marriage to Gormlaith in order to have grandson who was killed in battle in 1014.
     "m [secondly] (after 981, [separated]) as her second husband, GORMLAITH, widow of OLAF Sihtricsson King of Dublin, daughter of MORUGH MacFinn King of Leinster & his wife --- (-1030). The Annals of Tigernach record the death in 1030 of “Gormlaith, daughter of Murchad son of Fland” mother of “Sitric son of Olaf king of the Foreigners and of Donnchad son of Brian king of Munster”[994]. Brian must have separated from his wife Gormlaith if the reference to his wife Dub is correct, unless the marriages were polygamous. She married thirdly, as his [third] wife, Maelsechnaill King of Ireland. The Annals of the Four Masters record the death in 1030 of “Gormlaith daughter of Murchadh son of Finn, mother of the king of the foreigners Sitric, Donnchadh son of Brian king of Munster, and Conchobhar son of Maeleachlainn king of Teamhair”[995].
     "m [thirdly] DUB Chablaig, daughter of [CATHAL King of Connaught & his wife ---] (-1009). The Annals of Ulster record the death in 1009 of "Dub Chablaig daughter of the king of Connacht…wife of Brian son of Ceinnéitig"[996]. The name of her father is not given. However, it is reasonable to suppose that he was Cathal who was king of Connaught at the time."
Med Lands cites:
[983] Annals of Ulster, 941.2, p. 389.
[984] Annals of the Four Masters 925.5, p. 615.
[985] Annals of Tigernach II, p. 231.
[986] Annals of Ulster, 978.2, p. 413.
[987] Annals of Inisfallen, 978.2, p. 163.
[988] Annals of Inisfallen, 997.2, p. 173.
[989] Annals of Tigernach II, p. 246.
[990] Mariani Scotti Chronicon 1014, MGH SS V, p. 555.
[991] Orkneyinga Saga 12, p 38.
[992] Annals of Ulster, 1014.2, p. 448.
[993] Annals of the Four Masters 1013.11, p. 773.
[994] Annals of Tigernach II, p. 263.
[995] Annals of the Four Masters 1030.21, p. 821.
[996] Annals of Ulster, 1009.8, p. 441.3
He was King of Munster
From Wikipedia:
Name:     Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig
Reign:     978–1014
Born:     c. 941 Son of Cennétig mac Lorcáin and Bé Binn inion Urchadh
Marriages:     (1) Mór - three sons; (2) Echrad - one son; (3) Gormflaith- one son
Death:     23 April 1014
.
See attached map of Ireland ca 1014 (from Wikipedia: Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12835052) between 978 and 1014.6,27,28 He was High King of Ireland
Per Wikipedia:
Name:     Brian Bóruma
Reign:     1002–1014
Dynasty/Sept:     Dál gCais
See attached map of Ireland ca 1014 (from Wikipedia: Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12835052) between 1002 and 1014.5,2,6,29,28

Family 1

Child

Family 2

Mór (?)
Child

Family 4

Eachraid (?)
Child

Family 5

Dub Chablaig (?) d. 1009

Citations

  1. [S1527] GEN-MEDIEVAL/soc.genealogy.medieval: "Llywelyn ap Iorwerth ancestor table", online http://www.rootsweb.com/~medieval/llywelyn.htm. Hereinafter cited as Baldwin: Llywelyn ap Iorweth Ancestor Table.
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00117046&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#BrianBorudied1014. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Mór: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00529960&tree=LEO
  5. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans: Many of the English Ancestral Lines Prior to 1300 of those Colonial Americans with known Royal Ancestry but Fully Developed in all Possible Lines (PO Box 220333, Santa Clarita, CA 91322-0333: Carl Boyer 3rd, 2001), pp. 122-123, LEINSTER 1. Hereinafter cited as Boyer [2001] Med English Ancestors.
  6. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brian_Boru. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  7. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 175-1, p. 149. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Gormlaith ingen Murchada: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00250085&tree=LEO
  9. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#Gormlaithdied1030
  10. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#Dubdied1009MBrian
  11. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 183. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  12. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brian_Boru#/media/File:'Battle_of_Clontarf',_oil_on_canvas_painting_by_Hugh_Frazer,_1826.jpg.
  13. [S2374] Find a Grave, online http://www.findagrave.com/, Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed 05 July 2020), memorial page for Brian “Brian Boru” Boroimhe (941–23 Apr 1014), Find a Grave Memorial no. 5887388, citing Saint Patrick's Church of Ireland Cathedral, Armagh, County Armagh, Northern Ireland; Maintained by Find A Grave, at: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/5887388. Hereinafter cited as Find a Grave.
  14. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#Tordelbachdied1086
  15. [S599] Inc. Brøderbund Software, GEDCOM file imported on 28 Oct 1999 from World Family Tree Vol. 14, Ed. 1, family # 1829 (n.p.: Release date: October 20, 1997, unknown publish date).
  16. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, Toirdelbach Ua Briain: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toirdelbach_Ua_Briain
  17. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, Diarmait Ua Briain - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diarmait_Ua_Briain
  18. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, Toirdhealbhach mac Diarmada Ua Briain: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toirdhealbhach_mac_Diarmada_Ua_Briain
  19. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, Domnall Mór Ua Briain: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toirdhealbhach_mac_Diarmada_Ua_Briain
  20. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, William de Burgh: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_de_Burgh
  21. [S2372] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 8th ed. w/ additions by Wm R. and Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 1992: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2004), p. 168, Line 177B-8. Hereinafter cited as Weis [2004] "Ancestral Roots" 8th ed.
  22. [S2286] Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, online http://oxforddnb.com/index/, https://doi.org/10.1093/ref:odnb/4000. Hereinafter cited as ODNB - Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
  23. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, https://www.genealogics.org/pedigree.php?personID=I00117058&tree=LEO
  24. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, William de Burgh: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00110850&tree=LEO
  25. [S4776] Donough O'Brien, The History of the O'Briens from Brian Boroimhe . AD 1000 to AD 1945 (London and New York: Batsford, 1949). Hereinafter cited as O'Brien (1949) The History of the O'Briens.
  26. [S1549] "Author's comment", various, Gregory A. Vaut (e-mail address), to unknown recipient (unknown recipient address), 5 July 2020; unknown repository, unknown repository address. Hereinafter cited as "GA Vaut Comment."
  27. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_kings_of_Munster
  28. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donnchad_mac_Briain#/media/File:Www.wesleyjohnston.com-users-ireland-maps-historical-map1014.gif
  29. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_High_Kings_of_Ireland
  30. [S1527] Baldwin: Llywelyn ap Iorweth Ancestor Table, online http://www.rootsweb.com/~medieval/llywelyn.htm, http://sites.rootsweb.com/~medieval/llywelyn.htm
  31. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Boyer [2001] Med English Ancestors, p. 123, LEINSTER 1:i.
  32. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Murrough O'Brien: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00529961&tree=LEO
  33. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#DonnchadMunsterdiedafter1064
  34. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#Tordelbachdied1086A
  35. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Teige O'Brien: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00117050&tree=LEO

Gormlaith ingen Murchada of Uí Dúnlainge1

F, #10333, b. circa 960, d. 1030
FatherMurchad mac Finn King of Laigin/Leinster2,3,4 d. 972
ReferenceGAV28 EDV28
Last Edited5 Jul 2020
     Gormlaith ingen Murchada of Uí Dúnlainge married Olaf Sitricson Cuarán (?) King of Dublin and York, son of Sihtric Cáech (?) King of Dublin and York and Unknown (?);
Her 1st husband, his 3rd wife.2,5,3,4 Gormlaith ingen Murchada of Uí Dúnlainge was born circa 960 at Naas, co. Kildare, Ireland.3 She married Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig of Dál Cais, King of Munster, High of Ireland, son of Cennétig mac Lorcain of Dál Cais, king of Thomond and Be Bind ingen Aurchada of Uí Briúin Seóla, after 981;
Her 2nd husband, his 2nd wife.6,3,4,7 Gormlaith ingen Murchada of Uí Dúnlainge married Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill King of Mide (Meath) and of Ireland;
Her 3rd husband.2,3,4 Gormlaith ingen Murchada of Uí Dúnlainge and Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig of Dál Cais, King of Munster, High of Ireland were divorced; Per Med Lands "separated."7
Gormlaith ingen Murchada of Uí Dúnlainge died in 1030.6,3,2,4
     ; Per Med Lands:
     "BRIAN Boroma, son of CEINNÉITIG & his wife --- ([941]-killed in battle Clontarf 23 Apr 1014). The Annals of Ulster record the birth in 941 of "Brian son of Cennéitig”[983]. The Annals of the Four Masters record the birth in 925 of “Brian son of Ceinnedigh” adding that this was “24 years before Maelseachlainn son of Domnhall”[984], although this proposed date of birth of Brian is improbable considering the date of his death. The Annals of Tigernach record that “Brian mac Cendéidigh” attacked “Inis Cathaig (Scattery Island)…[and] therein the Foreigners of Limerick…Imar, and Olaf one of his sons and Dubchenn his other son” in [975/76][985]. The Annals of Ulster record that "Brian son of Cennétig” killed “Mael Muad king of Desmumu” in battle in 978[986]. The Annals of Inisfallen record that "Brian son of Cennétig” defeated and killed “Mael Muad son of Bran king of Caisel” at “the battle of Belach Lechta” in 978[987]. King of Munster. The Annals of Inisfallen record that "Brian son of Cennétig…and Mael Sechnaill son of Domnall king of Temuir” divided Ireland between them in 997 “Leth Cuinn to Mael Sechnaill and Leth Moga to Brian”[988]. High King of Ireland 1002. The Annals of Tigernach record that “Brían Boroma regnat” in [999/1000][989]. The Chronicon of Mariano Scotti records that "Brian rex Hiberniæ" was killed "1014 IX Kal Mai"[990]. Orkneyinga Saga records that Sigurd Jarl of Orkney went to Ireland “five years after the Battle of Svoldur” to support “King Sigtrygg Silk-Beard” against “King Brian of Ireland”, and left “his elder sons in charge of the earldom”, but was killed in the battle in which King Brian was killed[991]. The Annals of Ulster record that "Brian son of Ceinnéitig son of Lorcán king of Ireland and Mael Sechnaill son of Domnall king of Temair" led an army to “Áth Cliath” in 1014, adding that Brian was killed in the battle[992]. The Annals of the Four Masters record that “Brian son of Ceinneidigh monarch of Ireland in the 88th year of his age” was killed in 1013 in the battle [of Clontarf][993].
     "m [firstly] ---. The name of Brian´s first wife is not known. However, it is probable that he was married before his marriage to Gormlaith in order to have grandson who was killed in battle in 1014.
     "m [secondly] (after 981, [separated]) as her second husband, GORMLAITH, widow of OLAF Sihtricsson King of Dublin, daughter of MORUGH MacFinn King of Leinster & his wife --- (-1030). The Annals of Tigernach record the death in 1030 of “Gormlaith, daughter of Murchad son of Fland” mother of “Sitric son of Olaf king of the Foreigners and of Donnchad son of Brian king of Munster”[994]. Brian must have separated from his wife Gormlaith if the reference to his wife Dub is correct, unless the marriages were polygamous. She married thirdly, as his [third] wife, Maelsechnaill King of Ireland. The Annals of the Four Masters record the death in 1030 of “Gormlaith daughter of Murchadh son of Finn, mother of the king of the foreigners Sitric, Donnchadh son of Brian king of Munster, and Conchobhar son of Maeleachlainn king of Teamhair”[995].
     "m [thirdly] DUB Chablaig, daughter of [CATHAL King of Connaught & his wife ---] (-1009). The Annals of Ulster record the death in 1009 of "Dub Chablaig daughter of the king of Connacht…wife of Brian son of Ceinnéitig"[996]. The name of her father is not given. However, it is reasonable to suppose that he was Cathal who was king of Connaught at the time."
Med Lands cites:
[983] Annals of Ulster, 941.2, p. 389.
[984] Annals of the Four Masters 925.5, p. 615.
[985] Annals of Tigernach II, p. 231.
[986] Annals of Ulster, 978.2, p. 413.
[987] Annals of Inisfallen, 978.2, p. 163.
[988] Annals of Inisfallen, 997.2, p. 173.
[989] Annals of Tigernach II, p. 246.
[990] Mariani Scotti Chronicon 1014, MGH SS V, p. 555.
[991] Orkneyinga Saga 12, p 38.
[992] Annals of Ulster, 1014.2, p. 448.
[993] Annals of the Four Masters 1013.11, p. 773.
[994] Annals of Tigernach II, p. 263.
[995] Annals of the Four Masters 1030.21, p. 821.
[996] Annals of Ulster, 1009.8, p. 441.7


; This is the same person as Gormlaith ingen Murchada at Wikipedia.8

; Per Baldwin (Llywelyn):
     "Gormlaith ingen Murchada (of Uí Dúnlainge), d. 1030 [AT]. In addition to being the wife of Amlaib Cuaran, she was also married to Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill, king of Mide (Meath) and king of Ireland (d. 1022), and to Brian Boruma (#138) [BS 189, 227; R.117c=LL.334c (Rw.14, CGH.13); LL334d (CGH.423)]
AT = "The Annals of Tigernach", edited by Whitley Stokes in Revue Celtique, vols. 16-18, also available (without English translation) at the CELT (Corpus of Electronic Texts) website (http://www.ucc.ie/celt/).
BS = Margaret Dobbs, ed., "The Ban-Shenchus", Revue Celtique 47 (1930), 283-339; 48 (1931), 163-234; 49 (1932), 437-489, of which the last part is an every name index to the first two parts. In citations from BS, only the page number is given, the volume then being clear from context. BS is a twelfth century work, existing in both verse and prose versions, which names a large number of Irish women, along with their parents, husbands, and children, and is an important primary source for the identities of the mothers of pre-Norman Irish leaders. For a detailed description of BS, see Muireann Ní Bhrolcháin, "The Manuscript Tradition of the Banshenshas", Eriu 33 (1982), 109-135. A new edition of BS by Muireann Ní Bhrolcháin is forthcoming, but I was informed by the publisher that it will not be out until the year 2000.
R = Genealogies from Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Rawlinson B 502, the earliest surviving manuscript collection of Irish genealogies, now generally identified as The Book of Glendalough, dated ca. 1130 (but based in part on genealogies compiled much earlier), the genealogies of which were edited in CGH (q.v. for more comments).
LL = The Book of Leinster (6 vols., Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 1954-83), of which the king lists appear in vol. 1 (ed. Best, Bergin, and O'Brien, Dublin, 1954) and the genealogies are in vol. 6 (ed. Anne O'Sullivan, Dublin, 1983). The Genealogies from LL also appeared in CGH, as variant reading from R in those cases where the genealogy also appeared in R. The numbers cited are the page and column from the original MS, as edited by O'Brien in CGH, along with the page number from CGH. (I did not give page numbers from O'Sullivan's version, as I do not have easy access to that book, but as the MS page and column are clearly identified in that version, the references should be easy to locate for anyone using that source.)
Rw = The World Wide Web version of R, available at the CELT (Corpus of Electronic Texts) website (http://www.ucc.ie/celt/). Based on O'Brien's critical edition in CGH, it gives only the readings from R (without variants from LL, Lec., BB, as in CGH), but adds convenient section numbers (not a part of the original MS), and these section numbers have been used for citations from Rw. The introduction to Rw on that website also contains an excellent bibliography of early Irish genealogical works in general.
CGH = Corpus Genealogiarum Hiberniae, edited by M. A. O'Brien (Dublin, 1962). This book is a critical edition of the genealogies from R, with variant readings from LL, Lec., and BB, followed by all of the genealogies of LL which are not in R, with variant readings from Lec. and BB. Citations from CGH are generally given by showing the citations from the original manuscript(s) first (taken from the citations in CGH), followed by the page from CGH in parentheses (in the form CGH.#, plus the section number from Rw, if the genealogy is from R). For two reviews of CGH, which also comment on the early Irish genealogical manuscripts in general, see PNIG, and the review by Francis John Byrne in Zeitschrift für Celtische Philologie 29 (1962-4), 381-5."2

; Per Med Lands:
     "GORMLAITH (-1030). The Annals of Tigernach record the death in 1030 of “Gormlaith, daughter of Murchad son of Fland” mother of “Sitric son of Olaf king of the Foreigners and of Donnchad son of Brian king of Munster”[619]. Her third marriage is confirmed by the Annals of the Four Masters which record the death in 1030 of “Gormlaith daughter of Murchadh son of Finn, mother of the king of the foreigners Sitric, Donnchadh son of Brian king of Munster, and Conchobhar son of Maeleachlainn king of Teamhair”[620]. It is assumed that Maelsechnaill separated from Gormlaith as he is recorded with another wife before Gormlaith died.
     "m firstly as his third wife, OLAF Sihtricsson King of Dublin, son of SIHTRIC King of York & his first wife --- (-981).
     "m secondly (after 981, [separated]) [as his second wife,] BRIAN Boroma, son of CEINNÉITIG & his wife --- (941-killed in battle Clontarf 23 Apr 1014).
     "m thirdly ([separated]) as his [third] wife, MAELSECHNAILL King of Ireland, son of DOMNALL & his wife --- ([949/50]-Cró Inis of Lough Ennell 2 Sep 1022)."
Med Lands cites:
[618] Annals of Ulster, 1018.2, p. 453.
[619] Annals of Tigernach II, p. 263.
[620] Annals of the Four Masters 1030.21, p. 821.4


; Per Genealogics:
     "Gormlaith was born in Naas, County Kildare, around 960, the daughter of Murchad mac Finn, king of Laigin, sister of his successor Mael Mórdha mac Murchada, and widow of Amlaib Cuarán, the king of Dublin and York. The main source of her life history is the _Cogadh Gaedhil re Gallaibh._ She was also the mother of Sitric Silkbeard, the Norse king of Dublin.
     "After Amlaib Cuarán's death in 981, Gormlaith married Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill, king of Meath and Ireland, though without progeny. However she is best known for being the third wife of Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig, king of Ireland. She was the mother of Donnchad, who succeeded Brian as king of Munster.
     "In 999 Brian defeated Mael Mórdha and Sitric Silkbeard at the Battle of Glen Mama. To negotiate peace, Brian married one of his daughters to Sitric and took Gormlaith as wife. According to Njál's saga, which refers to her as Kormloo: 'she was endowed with great beauty...(but) was utterly wicked.' She was later divorced by Brian, and she began engineering opposition to the High King. She prompted Sitric into gathering support from Vikings outside Ireland, most notably Sigurd II Lodvisonn 'Dirgi', jarl of Orkney, earl of Caithness, and Brodir of the Isle of Man.
     "The conflict she caused came to its climax at the Battle of Clontarf on 23 April 1014, at which Brian was killed, though his forces were victorious. However neither Gormlaith nor Sitric were killed as they were safe behind the walls of Dublin. She died in 1030."3 Gormlaith ingen Murchada of Uí Dúnlainge was also known as Gormflaith of Naas. GAV-28 EDV-28.

Reference: Genealogics cites: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists who came to America bef. 1700, Baltimore, 1995, Weis, Frederick Lewis; Sheppard, Walter. 202.3
; Per Med Lands:
     "OLAF [Amlaib] Sihtricsson, son of SIHTRIC King of York & his first wife --- ([900]-Iona [978/80]). Given the date of his death, and the record of activities of the sons of King Sihtric in 922, it is likely that Olaf was born in [900]. [The Annals of Clonmacnoise record in 922 that "Maceilgi with the sons of Sittrick tooke Dublyn on Godfrey"[1270]. The source does not name Sihtric´s sons who were involved in this campaign.] He was accepted as King of York by the Northumbrians in 927 after the death of his father, and was supported by his uncle Guthfrith who came from Dublin. However, Æthelstan invaded Northumbria and expelled Olaf, who joined his father's former associates in Ireland[1271]. The Annals of the Four Masters record in 938 that “Amhlaeibh Cuaran went to Cair-Abroc”[1272]. Florence of Worcester records that Olaf joined his cousin at York in 940 and was elected King of York[1273]. Simeon of Durham records that "the son of Sihtric named Onlaf reigned over the Northumbrians" in 941 but was driven out in 943[1274]. He lost the territories gained by Olaf Guthfrithson to Edmund King of Wessex in 942, and he was driven out of York and deposed in favour of his cousin Rægnald. He returned to Northumbria in 944, reasserting himself as king in opposition to Rægnald, but he was expelled by Edmund King of Wessex later that year[1275]. Simeon of Durham records that King Edmund expelled "king…Anlaf the son of Sihtric and [king] Reignold the son of Guthferth" from Northumbria in 944[1276]. Florence of Worcester records that Eadmund King of Wessex expelled "duos reges, Anlafum regis…Sihtrici filium, et Reignoldum Guthferthi filium" from Northumbria, undated but dateable to [944] from the context[1277]. King of Dublin: the Annals of the Four Masters record that “Blacaire one of the chiefs of the foreigners was expelled from Dublin” in 943 and “Amhlaeibh remained after him there”[1278]. The Annals of Ulster record that "Blacair gave up Áth Cliath” in 945 and that “Amlaíb succeeded him”[1279]. He returned to York once more in 949, expelling King Erik "Blodøks/Blood-axe", but was finally driven out in his turn by Erik in 952, when he returned to Dublin to take over from his brother Guthfrith. The Annals of the Four Masters record in 962 “a victory…over Amlaeibh, son of Sitric, by the Osraighi i.e. at Inis-Teoc”[1280]. The Annals of the Four Masters record in 965 that “Muireadhach, son of Faelan, Abbot of Cill-dara, and royal heir of Leinster, was slain by Amhlaeibh, lord of the foreigners, and by Cearbhall, son of Lorcan”[1281]. The Annals of the Four Masters record in 975 that “Muircheartach, son of Domhnall Ua Neill, and Conghalach, son of Domhnall, son of Conghalach, two heirs to the monarchy of Ireland, were slain by Amhlaeibh, son of Sitric”[1282]. The Annals of the Four Masters record in 978 "the battle of Teamhair…gained by Maelseachlainn, son of Domhnall, over the foreigners of Ath-cliath and of the Islands, and over the sons of Amhlaeibh in particular", where "Ragnhall son of Amhlaeibh heir to the sovereignty of the foreigners” was killed, adding that "after this Amhlaeibh went across the sea and died at l-Coluim-Cille"[1283]. The Annals of Tigernach record that “Olaf son of Sitric high-king over the Foreigners of Dublin” died in Iona in [978/79] after being defeated by “Mael-Sechnaill the Great”[1284], the battle being dated between 978 and 980 in different sources (see below).
     "m firstly ---. No record has been found in any primary sources which confirms this supposed first marriage. However, given Olaf´s estimated birth date, it is likely that he was married before his marriage to the widow of Domnall.
     "m [secondly] (after 952) as her second husband, ---, widow of DOMNALL, daughter of ---. Her marriages are confirmed by the Annals of Tigernach which record that “MaelSechnaill son of Domnall and Glún iarainn (Ironknee) son of Olaf, son of MaelSechnail´s mother” defeated “Domnall Clóen, son of Lorcán, and Imar of Waterford” in [981/82][1285].
     "m [thirdly] as her first husband, GORMLAITH, daughter of MURCHAD MacFinn King of Leinster & his wife --- (-1030). She married secondly Brian Boru, and thirdly, as his [third] wife, Maelsechnaill King of Ireland. The Annals of Tigernach record the death in 1030 of “Gormlaith, daughter of Murchad son of Fland” mother of “Sitric son of Olaf king of the Foreigners and of Donnchad son of Brian king of Munster”[1286]. The Annals of the Four Masters record the death in 1030 of “Gormlaith daughter of Murchadh son of Finn, mother of the king of the foreigners Sitric, Donnchadh son of Brian king of Munster, and Conchobhar son of Maeleachlainn king of Teamhair”[1287]."
Med Lands cites:
[1270] Annals of Clonmacnoise, 922, p. 148.
[1271] Stenton (2001), p. 340.
[1272] Annals of the Four Masters 938.13, p. 641.
[1273] Florence of Worcester, 941, p. 98.
[1274] Simeon of Durham, p. 483.
[1275] Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, A and D, 944.
[1276] Simeon of Durham, p. 503.
[1277] Florentii Wigornensis Monachi Chronicon, Vol. I, p. 134.
[1278] Annals of the Four Masters 943.8, p. 655.
[1279] Annals of Ulster, 945.6, p. 393.
[1280] Annals of the Four Masters 962.14, p. 687.
[1281] Annals of the Four Masters 965.9, p. 689.
[1282] Annals of the Four Masters 975.5, p. 705.
[1283] Annals of the Four Masters 978.3, p. 709.
[1284] Annals of Tigernach II, p. 234.
[1285] Annals of Tigernach II, p. 235.
[1286] Annals of Tigernach II, p. 263.
[1287] Annals of the Four Masters 1030.21, p. 821.9

Citations

  1. [S1527] GEN-MEDIEVAL/soc.genealogy.medieval: "Llywelyn ap Iorwerth ancestor table", online http://www.rootsweb.com/~medieval/llywelyn.htm. Hereinafter cited as Baldwin: Llywelyn ap Iorweth Ancestor Table.
  2. [S1527] Baldwin: Llywelyn ap Iorweth Ancestor Table, online http://www.rootsweb.com/~medieval/llywelyn.htm, http://sites.rootsweb.com/~medieval/llywelyn.htm
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Gormlaith ingen Murchada: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00250085&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#Gormlaithdied1030. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Amlaib Cuarán: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00250084&tree=LEO
  6. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 175-1, p. 149. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  7. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#BrianBorudied1014
  8. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gormlaith_ingen_Murchada. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  9. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#OlafSihtricsondied981B
  10. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#DonnchadMunsterdiedafter1064
  11. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/IRELAND.htm#Tordelbachdied1086A

Llywelyn ap Seisyll King of Gwynedd and Deheubarth1

M, #10334, b. circa 980, d. 1023
FatherSeisyll ap Prawst2,3
MotherPrawst ferch Elisedd1,4
ReferenceGAV27 EDV27
Last Edited30 Sep 2020
     Llywelyn ap Seisyll King of Gwynedd and Deheubarth married Angharad ferch Maredudd, daughter of Maredudd ap Owain King of Deheubarth and Gwynedd.5,6,7 Llywelyn ap Seisyll King of Gwynedd and Deheubarth was born circa 980 at Wales, England (now).7
Llywelyn ap Seisyll King of Gwynedd and Deheubarth died in 1023.7
     ;
Per Genealogics:
     "Llywelyn ap Seisyll was the son of Seisyll. Little is known about his father, who may not have been of royal blood, though Llywelyn's wife Angharad was the daughter of Maredudd ap Owain, who ruled much of both northern and southern Wales for a period.
     "Llywelyn won control of Gwynedd in 1018 when he defeated Aeddam ap Blegywryd in battle, killing him and his four sons. He later gained control of Deheubarth, defeating Rhain, an Irish pretender who claimed to be the son of Maredudd ap Owain, at Abergwili in 1022.
     "According to the annals in Brut y Tywysogion, Llywelyn's reign was a period of prosperity: 'there was no one needy in his realm, and there was no town empty or deserted'. His reign was cut short by his premature death in 1023.
     "His son Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, though still a youth when his father died, was later able to gain control of almost the whole of Wales."7 GAV-27 EDV-27.

Reference:
Genealogics cites: Burke's Guide to the Royal Family, London, 1973. 324.7 He was King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd.5 He was Prince of North Wales between 980 and 1023.5 He was King of Gwynedd, [Ashley, pp. 350-351] LLYWELYN AP SEISYLL Gwynedd, 1005-23; Deheubarth, 1018-23. If Llywelyn's pedigree is correct, he must have been quite old when he took over the throne of Gwynedd. He claimed to be the grandson of Elisedd, the younger son of ANARAWD ap RHODRI and, if that is so, he must have been in his forties when he claimed the throne after the death of CYNAN AP HYWEL. Fortunately Llywelyn was no ordinary usurper. For fifty years, since the death of HYWEL DDA, Gwynedd had suffered from the internecine battles between the sons and grandsons of IDWAL FOEL, apart from a brief respite under MAREDUDD AP OWAIN, whose daughter, Angharad, Llywelyn married. Although Idwal's dynasty persisted and intermittently regained the throne after Llywelyn's death (see IAGO AP IDWAL AP MEURIG), Llywelyn established his own dynasty that would help rebuild the strength of Wales.
Llywelyn easily established himself in Gwynedd, but the throne of Deheubarth was shared by his cousins, EDWIN and CADELL, who were killed by the usurper Aeddan ap Blegywryd in 1018. Llywelyn defeated Aeddan and his sons, and thus reestablished the combined kingdoms of Gwynedd and Deheubarth. He also defeated another potential claimant, Rhain ap Maredudd (possibly the same as Llywelyn's brother-in-law) in 1022. With his years of conquest we learn little about Llywelyn the man or his strength as an administrator but we can imagine, from the legacy continued by his son GRUFFYDD, that Llywelyn was a strong and well organized with a clear vision for the unification of Wales, that his son was able to put into effect. between 1005 and 1023.1 He was King of Deheubarth between 1018 and 1023.8

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 331, 350-351. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  2. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans: Many of the English Ancestral Lines Prior to 1300 of those Colonial Americans with known Royal Ancestry but Fully Developed in all Possible Lines (PO Box 220333, Santa Clarita, CA 91322-0333: Carl Boyer 3rd, 2001), p. 188, NORTH WALES 1. Hereinafter cited as Boyer [2001] Med English Ancestors.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Seisyll: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00139761&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Prawst: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00139762&tree=LEO
  5. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 176-1, p. 151. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  6. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 331, 351-352.
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Llywelyn ap Seisyll: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00139759&tree=LEO
  8. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 331, 350-351.
  9. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/WALES.htm#Gruffydddied1063. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.

Angharad ferch Maredudd1,2

F, #10335
FatherMaredudd ap Owain King of Deheubarth and Gwynedd3 d. 1005
ReferenceGAV27 EDV27
Last Edited30 Sep 2020
     Angharad ferch Maredudd married Llywelyn ap Seisyll King of Gwynedd and Deheubarth, son of Seisyll ap Prawst and Prawst ferch Elisedd.4,5,6 Angharad ferch Maredudd married Cynfyn ap Gwerystan, son of Gwerystan ap Gwaithfoed of Powys.1
     GAV-27 EDV-27 GKJ-27.

Citations

  1. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans: Many of the English Ancestral Lines Prior to 1300 of those Colonial Americans with known Royal Ancestry but Fully Developed in all Possible Lines (PO Box 220333, Santa Clarita, CA 91322-0333: Carl Boyer 3rd, 2001), p. 188, NORTH WALES 1. Hereinafter cited as Boyer [2001] Med English Ancestors.
  2. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 331. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Maredudd ab Owain: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00139757&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 176-1, p. 151. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  5. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 331, 351-352.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Llywelyn ap Seisyll: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00139759&tree=LEO
  7. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/WALES.htm#Gruffydddied1063. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  8. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 366, 353.
  9. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, pp. 366, 352-353.

Maredudd ap Owain King of Deheubarth and Gwynedd1,2

M, #10336, d. 1005
FatherOwain ap Hywel Dda King of South Wales1,2,3 d. 988
ReferenceEDV28GAV27
Last Edited27 Feb 2004
     Maredudd ap Owain King of Deheubarth and Gwynedd died in 1005; Leo van de Pas says d. 999.4,2
     ; Leo van de Pas cites: 1. Burke's Guide to the Royal Family London, 1973 , Reference: 321
2. Achau Brenhinoed a Thywysogion Cymru in Earl Welsh Genealogical Tracts 1966, Cardiff
3. Annales Cambriae.2 GAV-27 EDV-28.

; Weis [AR7] line 176-1.5 He was King of Deheubarth and Gwynedd, MAREDUDD AB OWAIN Deheubarth and Gwynedd, 986-99. By the time OWAIN AP HYWEL reached his late sixties, he left the administration of Deheubarth in the hands of his two surviving sons, Einion and Maredudd. Einion was killed in a border skirmish in 984, and soon after Maredudd seems to have assumed more or less full control. He began his reign with a devastating raid on Gwynedd, achieving what his father and uncles had never been able to do. He slew the king CADWALLON AP IEUAF, and again united Gwynedd and Deheubarth. Maredudd was clearly an able and skilled warrior and tactician. In 987, when Vikings attacked Anglesey, Mardedudd ensured the safety of the refugees and paid for the return of the hostages. He even allowed the Vikings to settle in part of Anglesey, and evidently experienced little trouble from them thereafter, for he was able to use Viking forces for a punitive raid on Morgannwg in 992. He took advantage of the general weakness of the new Saxon king AETHELRED II and tackled Mercian encroachment into Wales, especially settlements in the territory of Radnor, driving the Saxons back across the recognized border. Unfortunately his strength as a soldier was regularly challenged by domestic problems from his nephews Tewdwr, EDWIN and CADELL AB EINION, who sought to gain some of Maredudd's southern territories for themselves. He had to rebuff onslaughts from them in 991 and 994 Tewdwr was killed on the second occasion. Maredudd held his command and ruled with power and authority for thirteen years, earning recognition for a while as the "most praiseworthy king of the Britons". After his death, however, his kingdom fell asunder with a host of claimants to the throne, the strongest of whom, LLYWELYN AP SEISYLL, initially won Gwynedd and later, through marriage to Maredudd's daughter Angharad, also claimed Deheubarth. Maredudd's nephews, Edwin and Cadell ab Einion also ruled southern Wales for a time, more in name than in authority. between 986 and 999.4

Citations

  1. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans: Many of the English Ancestral Lines Prior to 1300 of those Colonial Americans with known Royal Ancestry but Fully Developed in all Possible Lines (PO Box 220333, Santa Clarita, CA 91322-0333: Carl Boyer 3rd, 2001), p. 188, NORTH WALES 1. Hereinafter cited as Boyer [2001] Med English Ancestors.
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Maredudd ab Owain: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00139757&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Owain ap Hywel Dda: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00163438&tree=LEO
  4. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), pp. 331, 335. Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  5. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 176-1, p. 151. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  6. [S1361] Mike Ashley, Ashley (1998) - British Kings, p. 366.

Iorwerth Drwyndwn ab Owain Gwynedd Prince of North Wales1

M, #10337, d. circa 1174
FatherOwain Gwynedd ap Gruffydd King of North Wales2 b. c 1100, d. 28 Nov 1170
MotherGwladys ferch Llywarch2
ReferenceGAV22 EDV24
Last Edited27 Aug 2020
     Iorwerth Drwyndwn ab Owain Gwynedd Prince of North Wales married Margred ferch Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn ap Cynfyn of Powys Fadog, daughter of Madog ap Maredudd Prince of Powys Fadog.3,4
Iorwerth Drwyndwn ab Owain Gwynedd Prince of North Wales died circa 1174.3
     GAV-22 EDV-24 GKJ-23.

Citations

  1. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans: Many of the English Ancestral Lines Prior to 1300 of those Colonial Americans with known Royal Ancestry but Fully Developed in all Possible Lines (PO Box 220333, Santa Clarita, CA 91322-0333: Carl Boyer 3rd, 2001), p. 129 LLYWELYN ag IORWERTH 11. Hereinafter cited as Boyer [2001] Med English Ancestors.
  2. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Boyer [2001] Med English Ancestors, pp. 128-129 LLYWELYN ab IORWERTH 10.
  3. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 176-6, p. 151. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  4. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Boyer [2001] Med English Ancestors, p. 129 LLYWELYN ab IORWERTH 11.
  5. [S1702] The Henry Project: The ancestors of king Henry II of England, An experiment in cooperative medieval genealogy on the internet (now hosted by the American Society of Genealogists, ASG), online https://fasg.org/projects/henryproject/, Henry II of England: https://fasg.org/projects/henryproject/data/henry002.htm. Hereinafter cited as The Henry Project.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Llywelyn Fawr 'the Great': https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013706&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  7. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/WALES.htm#Llywellyndied1240B. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.

Margred ferch Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn ap Cynfyn of Powys Fadog1

F, #10338
FatherMadog ap Maredudd Prince of Powys Fadog2 d. 1160
ReferenceGAV22 EDV23
Last Edited27 Aug 2020
     Margred ferch Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn ap Cynfyn of Powys Fadog married Iorwerth Drwyndwn ab Owain Gwynedd Prince of North Wales, son of Owain Gwynedd ap Gruffydd King of North Wales and Gwladys ferch Llywarch.3,4
     GAV-22 EDV-23.

Citations

  1. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans: Many of the English Ancestral Lines Prior to 1300 of those Colonial Americans with known Royal Ancestry but Fully Developed in all Possible Lines (PO Box 220333, Santa Clarita, CA 91322-0333: Carl Boyer 3rd, 2001), p. 129 LLYWELYN ag IORWERTH 11. Hereinafter cited as Boyer [2001] Med English Ancestors.
  2. [S1527] GEN-MEDIEVAL/soc.genealogy.medieval: "Llywelyn ap Iorwerth ancestor table", online http://www.rootsweb.com/~medieval/llywelyn.htm. Hereinafter cited as Baldwin: Llywelyn ap Iorweth Ancestor Table.
  3. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 176-6, p. 151. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  4. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Boyer [2001] Med English Ancestors, p. 129 LLYWELYN ab IORWERTH 11.
  5. [S1702] The Henry Project: The ancestors of king Henry II of England, An experiment in cooperative medieval genealogy on the internet (now hosted by the American Society of Genealogists, ASG), online https://fasg.org/projects/henryproject/, Henry II of England: https://fasg.org/projects/henryproject/data/henry002.htm. Hereinafter cited as The Henry Project.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Llywelyn Fawr 'the Great': https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00013706&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  7. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/WALES.htm#Llywellyndied1240B. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.

Eadwine (Edwin) (?) Earl of Mercia1

M, #10339, d. 1071
FatherAelfgar (?) Earl of East Anglia, Earl of Mercia1,2 b. c 1012, d. bt 1059 - 1062
MotherAelfgifu (?)2
Last Edited25 Aug 2007
     Eadwine (Edwin) (?) Earl of Mercia died in 1071.3

Citations

  1. [S1842] Dorothy Dunnett, King Hereafter (New York: Vintage Books (Random House), 1982 (Oct. 1998)), Appendix chart: Kings of Scotland (Alba) and Earls of Northumberland (England). Hereinafter cited as Dunnett (1982) King Hereafter.
  2. [S2084] Leo van de Pas, "van de Pas email 12 Aug 2007: "Lady Godiva"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 12 Aug 2007. Hereinafter cited as "van de Pas email 12 Aug 2007."
  3. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 498 (Chart 34). Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.

Morcar (Morkere) (?) Earl of Northumbria1,2

M, #10340, d. after 1087
FatherAelfgar (?) Earl of East Anglia, Earl of Mercia2,3 b. c 1012, d. bt 1059 - 1062
MotherAelfgifu (?)3
Last Edited25 Aug 2007
     Morcar (Morkere) (?) Earl of Northumbria died after 1087.1

Citations

  1. [S1361] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998), p. 498 (Chart 34). Hereinafter cited as Ashley (1998) - British Kings.
  2. [S1842] Dorothy Dunnett, King Hereafter (New York: Vintage Books (Random House), 1982 (Oct. 1998)), Appendix chart: Kings of Scotland (Alba) and Earls of Northumberland (England). Hereinafter cited as Dunnett (1982) King Hereafter.
  3. [S2084] Leo van de Pas, "van de Pas email 12 Aug 2007: "Lady Godiva"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 12 Aug 2007. Hereinafter cited as "van de Pas email 12 Aug 2007."

Burchard (?)

M, #10341, d. 1065
FatherAelfgar (?) Earl of East Anglia, Earl of Mercia1,2 b. c 1012, d. bt 1059 - 1062
MotherAelfgifu (?)2
Last Edited25 Aug 2007
     Burchard (?) died in 1065.1

Citations

  1. [S1842] Dorothy Dunnett, King Hereafter (New York: Vintage Books (Random House), 1982 (Oct. 1998)), Appendix chart: Kings of Scotland (Alba) and Earls of Northumberland (England). Hereinafter cited as Dunnett (1982) King Hereafter.
  2. [S2084] Leo van de Pas, "van de Pas email 12 Aug 2007: "Lady Godiva"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 12 Aug 2007. Hereinafter cited as "van de Pas email 12 Aug 2007."

Leofwine (?) Earl of Mercia1,2,3

M, #10342, d. before 1032
ReferenceGAV29 EDV29
Last Edited13 Dec 2020
     Leofwine (?) Earl of Mercia married Alwara (?)4,2
Leofwine (?) Earl of Mercia died before 1032; Genealogics says d. 1028/1032; Weis says d. by 1032.1,2,5
     ; This is the same person as ”Leofwine, Ealdorman of the Hwicce” at Wikipedia.6

; Per Med Lands:
     "LEOFWINE, son of [LEOFRIC & his wife ---] (-1023). [The Genealogia Fundatoris of Coventry Monastery records that “Leofwinus” was the son of “Leofricus secundus” and lived “tempore Ethelstani, Edmundi, Edredi, et Edgari regum Angliæ” (924-975)[306]. "Leofwine propinquus regis" subscribed a charter of King Eadwig dated 955[307]. The precise family connection with the king is not known. If this is the same Leofwine who was an ealdorman under Kings Edward and Æthelred II, he may have been sent as a child to the court of King Eadwig. If this was the case, it would explain the time lapse before his next appearance in charters. It is also possible that Leofwine was related to the brothers Ælfhere and Ælfheah, which would explain the transmission of the ealdormanship of Mercia between the two families.] "Leofwine dux" subscribed charters of King Edward in 976 and 977, and of King Æthelred II dated between 994 and 1015[308], the charter dated 997 specifying that he was "Leofwine Wicciarium-Provinciarum dux"[309]. Ealdorman of the Hwicce in Mercia. King Æthelred II granted "Leofwine dux" land in Warwickshire under a charter dated 998[310]. It is possible that Leofwine was appointed Ealdorman of Mercia after the death of Eadric "Streona" in 1017, but this is not confirmed by any primary source."
Med Lands cites:
[306] Dugdale Monasticon III, Coventry Monastery III, Genealogia Fundatoris, p. 192.
[307] S 582.
[308] S 830, S 832 (both King Edward), S 881, S 877, S 878, S 891, S 892, S 893, S 896, S 897, S 898, S 899, S 900, S 901, S 904, S 906, S 909 (twice), S 910, S 911, S 912, S 915, S 916, S 918, S 921, S 922, S 926, S 927, S 931, S 931b, S 933 and S 934.
[309] S 997.
[310] S 892.3


; Per Weis: “Leofwine, d. by 102, Earl of Mercia. (See refs. 176-2)”.5

; This is the same person as ”Leofwine 49 (Male)” at PASE.7

Reference: Genealogics cites:
1. The Plantagenet Ancestry, Baltimore, 1975 , Turton, Lt.Col. W. H. 130.
2. Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists who came to America bef. 1700, Baltimore, 1995, Weis, Frederick Lewis; Sheppard, Walter. 151.
3. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, London, 1997 , Swanton, Michael, editor.5
GAV-29 EDV-29. Leofwine (?) Earl of Mercia was also known as Leofwine (?) Ealdorman of the Hwicce.6

; Per Genealogics:
     “Leofwine was born about 950. He was an ealdorman of the Hwice/Hwicce in Mercia. He is mentioned as _Wicciarum Prouinciarum dux_ (Ealdorman of Hwicce) in 997.
     “Leofwine may have been related by marriage to the family of Aelgifu of Northampton, mother of Harold I Harefoot, king of England. The chronicles mention four sons of Leofwine, though their order of birth is unknown: Northman, killed in 1017, Edwin/Eadwine, killed in battle by Gruyffydd ap Llywelyn in 1039, Godwine, who died some time before 1057, and Leofric, earl of Mercia, who would have progeny.
     “Leofwine died between 1028 and 1032.”.5

Family

Alwara (?)
Child

Citations

  1. [S757] Compiled by Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans: Many of the English Ancestral Lines Prior to 1300 of those Colonial Americans with known Royal Ancestry but Fully Developed in all Possible Lines (PO Box 220333, Santa Clarita, CA 91322-0333: Carl Boyer 3rd, 2001), p. 152, MERCIA 1. Hereinafter cited as Boyer [2001] Med English Ancestors.
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Leofwine: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027591&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLAND,%20AngloSaxon%20nobility.htm#Leofwinedied1023B. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Alwara: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027592&tree=LEO
  5. [S2372] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 8th ed. w/ additions by Wm R. and Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 1992: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2004), Line 176A-1, p. 165.. Hereinafter cited as Weis [2004] "Ancestral Roots" 8th ed.
  6. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leofwine,_Ealdorman_of_the_Hwicce. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  7. [S4856] Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England, online <http://www.pase.ac.uk/>, http://www.pase.ac.uk/jsp/persons/CreatePersonFrames.jsp?personKey=15249. Hereinafter cited as PASE.

Izyaslav Iaroslavich (?) Grand Prince of Kiev1,2,3

M, #10343, b. between 1024 and 1025, d. 3 October 1078
FatherYaroslav I Vladimirovich "Mudriy/The Wise" (?) Grand Duke of Kiev4,2,5,3 b. bt 978 - 980, d. 20 Feb 1053/54
MotherIngegarde (Ingeborg) Olafsdottir (?) Princess of Sweden2,6,3 b. c 1001, d. bt 10 Feb 1049 - 1050
ReferenceGAV27
Last Edited7 Dec 2020
     Izyaslav Iaroslavich (?) Grand Prince of Kiev was born between 1024 and 1025; Weis [AR7] line 241-6 says b. 1025; Genealogy.EU Piast 1 page says b. ca 1024; Wikipedia says b. 1024; Genealogics says b. 1025.7,2,8,9 He married Gertruda/Gertrude (?) of Poland, daughter of Mieszko II Lambert (?) King of Poland and Rixa (Richeza) (?) Countess of Pfalz-Lorraine, Queen of Poland, circa 1043.7,10,2,9,8,11,3
Izyaslav Iaroslavich (?) Grand Prince of Kiev died on 3 October 1078 at Nezhatinaia Niva, Russia; killed in battle.4,2,9,8
Izyaslav Iaroslavich (?) Grand Prince of Kiev was buried after 3 October 1078 at Church of the Tithes, Kyiv (Kiev), Ukraine (now),

; From Find A Grave:
     BIRTH     1024
     DEATH     3 Oct 1078 (aged 53–54), Chernihivs'ka, Ukraine
     Family Members
     Parents
          Prince Yaroslav the Wise 978–1054
          Ingigarth 1004–1050
     Spouse
          Gertrude of Poland unknown–1108
     Siblings
          Valdimir Yaroslavich 1020–1052
          Anastasia of Kiev 1023–1096
          Vsevolod Yaroslavich 1030–1083
          Anna Agnesa Yaroslavna 1036–1075
     Children
          Sviatopolk II of Kiev 1050–1113
     BURIAL     Church of the Tithes, Kiev, City of Kiev, Ukraine
     Created by: relative
     Added: 27 Sep 2013
     Find A Grave Memorial 117748587.2,12
     ; See attached map of Kievan Rus principalities.

; Per Wikipedia:
     "Iziaslav Yaroslavich (1024 – 3 October 1078, baptized as Demetrius) Kniaz' (Prince) of Turov, Veliki Kniaz (Grand Prince of Kiev) (from 1054).
     "Iziaslav's children Yaropolk and Sviatopolk would rule the Turov Principality. Their authority was mainly challenged by the Rostilavichi of Rostislav Vsevolodovich.
Biography
     "Iziaslav was the oldest son of Yaroslav I the Wise by his second wife Ingigerd Olafsdottir. Iziaslav succeeded his father, after Yaroslav's oldest child, Vladimir (the only child by Yaroslav's first wife), had predeceased his father. Iziaslav was one of the authors of "Pravda Yaroslavichiv" – a part of the first legal code of Rus, called Russkaya Pravda.
     "He is also credited with the foundation of the Kiev Pechersk Monastery. Prince Iziaslav I of Kiev ceded the whole mountain to Antonite monks who founded a monastery built by architects from Constantinople. According to the Primary Chronicle, in the early 11th century, Antony, a Greek Orthodox monk from Esphigmenon monastery on Mount Athos, originally from Liubech in the Principality of Chernigov, returned to Rus' and settled in Kiev as a missionary of the monastic tradition to Kievan Rus'. He chose a cave at the Berestov Mount that overlooked the Dnieper River and a community of disciples soon grew.
     "In 1043 his father Veliki Kniaz (Grand Prince) Yaroslav made an agreement with King Casimir I of Poland that recognized Cherven as part of Kiev. The agreement was sealed with a double marriage—Casimir to Dobronega, Yaroslav's sister; and Iziaslav to Gertrude, Casimir's sister.[1] From this marriage were born three children: Iziaslav's son Yaropolk, Mstislav and Sviatopolk. Upon the death of Yaroslav the Wise, his realm was divided between three of his older sons (Vladimir of Novgorod died before that), Izyaslav, Sviatoslav, and Vsevolod, creating the Yaroslavichi triumvirate that ruled the country for the next 20 years.
     "As a result of the popular uprising in 1068, Iziaslav was deposed and fled to Poland.[1] In 1069 he retook Kiev with the help of the Polish army; however, he was ousted again by his brothers in 1073. Iziaslav turned to the German king Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Polish king Boles?aw II the Bold, and Pope Gregory VII, for help on several occasions. Iziaslav became the first King of Rus' in 1075 when the Pope sent him a crown. He succeeded in retaking Kiev once again in 1076, but soon died in an internecine war against Princes Oleg Sviatoslavich and Boris Vyacheslavich.
Children
     "Iziaslav had the following children with Gertrude:
** Yaropolk
** Mstislav (?–1069), was a Prince of Novgorod (1054–1067) which he lost to Vseslav of Polotsk. He had a son Rostislav Mstislavich that died in 1093.
** Eupraxia, may have been married to Mieszko Boles?awowic, son of Boles?aw II the Bold in 1088.
** Sviatopolk ?? grand prince of Kiev.

References
1. Simon Franklin, Jonathan Shepard, The Emergence of Rus 750–1200, (Routledge, 2013), 253.
Sources
** Martin, Janet. Medieval Russia, 980–1584 (Cambridge Medieval Textbooks)
External links
** Holy Dormition Kiev-Pechersk Lavra – Official site (in Russian)
** Genealogy of Yaroslav descendants (in Ukrainian): http://litopys.org.ua/dynasty/dyn26.htm#poz4
** Izyaslav Yaroslavich at hrono.info: http://www.hrono.info/biograf/bio_i/izaslav6jar.php."8

Reference: Genealogics cites:
1. Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag Marburg., Detlev Schwennicke, Editor, Reference: II 128, 130.
2. Europäische Stammtafeln, Band II, Frank Baron Freytag von Loringhoven, 1975, Isenburg, W. K. Prinz von. Page 90.9


; Per Genealogics:
     "Isjaslaw was born about 1025, the oldest son of Jaroslav I Vladimirovitch, grand duke of Kiev, and his second wife Ingegerd of Sweden. He succeeded his father after Jaroslav's oldest child Vladimir (the only child of his first wife), had predeceased his father. Isjaslaw was one of the authors of 'Pravda Yaroslavichiv', a part of the first legal code of Rus', called _Ruska Pravda._ He is also credited with the foundation of the Kiev Pechersk Monastery. He ceded the whole mountain to Antonite monks who founded a monastery built by architects from Constantinople. According to the Primary Chronicle, in the early 11th century Antony, a Greek Orthodox monk from Esphigmenon monastery on Mount Athos, originally from Liubech of the principality of Chernigov, returned to Rus' and settled in Kiev as a missionary of the monastic tradition to Kievan Rus'. He chose a cave at the Berestov Mount that overlooked the Dnieper River and a community of disciples soon grew.
     "In 1043 Isjaslaw's father Jaroslav I made an agreement with Kazimierz I Karol, king of Poland, that recognised Cherven as part of Kiev. The agreement was sealed with a double marriage - Kazimierz to Dobronega (Maria) of Kiev, Jaroslav's half-sister, and Isjaslaw to Gertruda of Poland, daughter of Mieszko II Lambert, king of Poland, and Richeza de Lorraine, and sister of Kazimierz. This marriage produced several sons of whom only Jaropolk Pjotr and Svjatopolk II would have progeny.
     "In 1067 Wseslaw I Brjatscheslawitsch rebelled in an attempt to overthrow Isjaslaw and become grand duke himself, claiming the right as a great-grandson of Vladimir 'the Great' through Iziaslav, prince of Polatsk. Wseslaw's attempt was unsuccessful and ended in his imprisonment. However, troubles were to continue for Isjaslaw. In 1068 his alleged negligence in the face of the advances and incursions of the Polovtsy after the defeat at the Alta River led the citizens of Kiev to revolt; Wseslaw was released and took the Kievan throne while Isjaslaw fled to Boleslaw in Poland. With Polish assistance Isjaslaw returned in May 1069, expelled Wseslaw and retook the throne. This victory for Isjaslaw secured the Kievan throne for the descendants of Jaroslav I Vladimirovitch, and thereafter the descendants of Iziaslav, prince of Polatsk, where they ruled with semi-independent status.
     "Despite the successful exclusion of the Polatsk Riurikids, in 1073 Isjaslaw was expelled from the Kievan throne by his brothers Svjatoslav I-II, prince of Chernigov, and Vsevolod I, prince of Pereyaslavl. King Boleslaw of Poland was not willing or able to assist Isjaslaw this time around, and probably for this reason Isjaslaw travelled further west; at Mainz in early 1075, he sought the aid of Heinrich IV, king of the Germans (the emperor-elect), but to no avail. In 1076 he succeeded in retaking Kiev, but on 3 October 1078 he died in an internecine war against Oleg Michael, prince of Nowgorod-Sevjersk, and Boris Vyacheslavich, prince of Tmutarakan."9 Izyaslav Iaroslavich (?) Grand Prince of Kiev was also known as Isiaslav I Grand Prince of Kiev.2,13 Izyaslav Iaroslavich (?) Grand Prince of Kiev was also known as Yziaslav I Grand Duke of Kiev.14 Izyaslav Iaroslavich (?) Grand Prince of Kiev was also known as Isjaslaw I Grand Duke of Kiev.9

; Per Med Lands:
     "IZIASLAV Iaroslavich, son of IAROSLAV I "Mudriy/the Wise" Grand Prince of Kiev & his [second] wife Ingigerd Olafsdottir of Sweden (1024-killed in battle Nezhatinaia Niva 3 Oct 1078, bur Kiev Church of the Holy Virgin). The Primary Chronicle records the birth of Izyaslav "a second son" to Vladimir in 1024[204]. Prince of Turov. He succeeded on the death of his older brother in 1052 as Prince of Novgorod. In accordance with the terms of his father's testament, he succeeded in 1054 as IZIASLAV I Grand Prince of Kiev. It is also likely that his territories included Novgorod and Pskov[205]. He was deposed in Kiev by a mob which, dissatisfied with his refusal to attack the Kuman [Cumans], released Vseslav Prince of Polotsk from prison and proclaimed him Grand Prince of Kiev in Sep 1068, forcing Iziaslav to flee to Poland[206]. Iziaslav I was restored in 1069 with the help of Boles?aw II King of Poland[207]. He was deposed again in Kiev in 1073 by his younger brother Sviatoslav, restored again in 1077 after Sviatoslav died. He answered the call from his brother Prince Vsevolod for military support against their nephew Oleg Sviatoslavich, whom they defeated 3 Oct 1078 at Nezhatin Meadow near Chernigov. The Primary Chronicle records the death of Izyaslav son of Iaroslav in battle on the meadow of Nezhata 3 Oct 1078 and his place of burial[208].
     "m ([1043]) GERTRUDA of Poland, daughter of MIESZKO II LAMBERT King of Poland & his wife Richeza [Ezzonen] ([1020]-4 Jan 1107). Baumgarten names the wife of Grand Prince Iziaslav and gives her origin, citing primary sources in support[209]. The Primary Chronicle records that "the Princess, Sviatopolk's mother" died 4 Jan 1107[210]. "
Med Lands cites:
[204] Russian Primary Chronicle (1973), 1024, p. 135.
[205] Chirovsky (1973), p. 77.
[206] Franklin & Shepard (1998), p. 253, and Novgorod Chronicle 1073, p. 5.
[207] Novgorod Chronicle 1069, p. 5.
[208] Russian Primary Chronicle (1973), 1078, p. 165.
[209] Baumgarten (1927), p. 9, citing chron. russes. V 138, VII 361, IX 83, chron. de Danilewicz, p. 116, and Monum. Polon. (Martin Gall) I 419.
[210] Russian Primary Chronicle (1973), 1107, p. 204.3


; Per Genealogy.EU (Rurikids 1): “E3. [2m.] Izyaslav I, Pr of Turov, Pr of Novgorod (1052-54), Great Pr of Kiev (1054-68)+(1069-73)+(1077-78), *ca 1024, +k.a.Nezhatinaia Niva 3.10.1078, bur St.Sophia Cathedral, Kiev; m.1043 Gertrud of Poland (*ca 1020 +4.1.1107); for his descendants see http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik4.html”

Per Genealogy.EU (Piast 1): “D3. Gertruda, *1025, +Kiev 4.1.1108; m.ca 1043 Great Pr Izyaslav of Kiev (*1024 +1078)”.15,16

; Per Med Lands: "GERTRUDA (-4 Jan 1108). Baumgarten names the wife of Grand Prince Iziaslav and gives her origin, citing primary sources in support[170]. The Primary Chronicle records that "the Princess, Svyatopolk's mother" died 4 Jan 1107[171]. m ([1043]) IZIASLAV Iaroslavich Prince of Turov, son of IAROSLAV I "Mudriy/the Wise" Grand Prince of Kiev & his second wife Ingigerd Olafsdottir of Sweden (1024-killed in battle Nezhatinaia Niva 3 Oct 1078, bur Kiev). He succeeded in 1054 as IZIASLAV I Grand Prince of Kiev."
Med Lands cites:
[170] Baumgarten (1927), p. 9, citing chron. russes. V 138, VII 361, IX 83, chron. de Danilewicz, p. 116, and Monum. Polon. (Martin Gall) I 419.
[171] Russian Primary Chronicle, 1107, p. 204.11
He was Prince of Turov, Prince of Novgorod between 1052 and 1054.2 He was Grand Duke of Kiev between 1054 and 1073.14,4,8

Family 2

Child

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik4.html
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 1 page - Rurikids: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik1.html
  3. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/RUSSIA,%20Rurik.htm#IziaslavIaroslavichdied1078B. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  4. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 101: Russia - General survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Jaroslav I Vladimirovitch: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027047&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Ingegerd of Sweden: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027048&tree=LEO
  7. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 241-6, p. 205. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  8. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iziaslav_I_of_Kiev. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Isjaslaw I: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027058&tree=LEO
  10. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Piast 1 page - The Piast family: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/piast/piast1.html
  11. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/POLAND.htm#MieszkoIIdied1034
  12. [S2374] Find a Grave, online http://www.findagrave.com/, Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 29 October 2019), memorial page for Iziaslav I “Grand Prince of Kiev” Iaroslavich (1024–3 Oct 1078), Find A Grave Memorial no. 117748587, citing Church of the Tithes, Kiev, City of Kiev, Ukraine ; Maintained by relative (contributor 47268827), at: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/117748587/iziaslav_i-iaroslavich. Hereinafter cited as Find a Grave.
  13. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 4 page - Rurikids: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik4.html
  14. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 225. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  15. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 1 page - Rurikids: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik1.html#IT
  16. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, The Piast family: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/piast/piast1.html#GM2
  17. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/RUSSIA,%20Rurik.htm#YevpraxiaIziaslavnadied1089.
  18. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Swjatoslaw Isjaslawitsch: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00330332&tree=LEO
  19. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Wsewolod Isjaslawitsch: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00330333&tree=LEO
  20. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Igor Isjaslawitsch: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00330334&tree=LEO
  21. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Jaropolk Pjotr Isjaslawitsch: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00141429&tree=LEO
  22. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Svjatopolk II: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027056&tree=LEO

Gertruda/Gertrude (?) of Poland1,2,3

F, #10344, b. 1025, d. 4 January 1108
FatherMieszko II Lambert (?) King of Poland1,2,3,4 b. 990, d. 10 May 1034
MotherRixa (Richeza) (?) Countess of Pfalz-Lorraine, Queen of Poland1,3,2,5 b. c 995, d. 21 Mar 1063
Last Edited7 Dec 2020
     Gertruda/Gertrude (?) of Poland was born in 1025 at Kraków, Miasto Kraków, Malopolskie, Poland (now); Genealogy.EU says b. 1025; Wikipedia says b. 1025; Genealogics says b. c 1020.1,3,2 She married Izyaslav Iaroslavich (?) Grand Prince of Kiev, son of Yaroslav I Vladimirovich "Mudriy/The Wise" (?) Grand Duke of Kiev and Ingegarde (Ingeborg) Olafsdottir (?) Princess of Sweden, circa 1043.6,1,7,8,9,10,11
Gertruda/Gertrude (?) of Poland died on 4 January 1108 at Kyiv (Kiev), Ukraine (now).1,2,3,10
     ; Per Genealogy.EU (Rurikids 1): “E3. [2m.] Izyaslav I, Pr of Turov, Pr of Novgorod (1052-54), Great Pr of Kiev (1054-68)+(1069-73)+(1077-78), *ca 1024, +k.a.Nezhatinaia Niva 3.10.1078, bur St.Sophia Cathedral, Kiev; m.1043 Gertrud of Poland (*ca 1020 +4.1.1107); for his descendants see http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik4.html”

Per Genealogy.EU (Piast 1): “D3. Gertruda, *1025, +Kiev 4.1.1108; m.ca 1043 Great Pr Izyaslav of Kiev (*1024 +1078)”.12,13

; Per Med Lands:
     "IZIASLAV Iaroslavich, son of IAROSLAV I "Mudriy/the Wise" Grand Prince of Kiev & his [second] wife Ingigerd Olafsdottir of Sweden (1024-killed in battle Nezhatinaia Niva 3 Oct 1078, bur Kiev Church of the Holy Virgin). The Primary Chronicle records the birth of Izyaslav "a second son" to Vladimir in 1024[204]. Prince of Turov. He succeeded on the death of his older brother in 1052 as Prince of Novgorod. In accordance with the terms of his father's testament, he succeeded in 1054 as IZIASLAV I Grand Prince of Kiev. It is also likely that his territories included Novgorod and Pskov[205]. He was deposed in Kiev by a mob which, dissatisfied with his refusal to attack the Kuman [Cumans], released Vseslav Prince of Polotsk from prison and proclaimed him Grand Prince of Kiev in Sep 1068, forcing Iziaslav to flee to Poland[206]. Iziaslav I was restored in 1069 with the help of Boles?aw II King of Poland[207]. He was deposed again in Kiev in 1073 by his younger brother Sviatoslav, restored again in 1077 after Sviatoslav died. He answered the call from his brother Prince Vsevolod for military support against their nephew Oleg Sviatoslavich, whom they defeated 3 Oct 1078 at Nezhatin Meadow near Chernigov. The Primary Chronicle records the death of Izyaslav son of Iaroslav in battle on the meadow of Nezhata 3 Oct 1078 and his place of burial[208].
     "m ([1043]) GERTRUDA of Poland, daughter of MIESZKO II LAMBERT King of Poland & his wife Richeza [Ezzonen] ([1020]-4 Jan 1107). Baumgarten names the wife of Grand Prince Iziaslav and gives her origin, citing primary sources in support[209]. The Primary Chronicle records that "the Princess, Sviatopolk's mother" died 4 Jan 1107[210]. "
Med Lands cites:
[204] Russian Primary Chronicle (1973), 1024, p. 135.
[205] Chirovsky (1973), p. 77.
[206] Franklin & Shepard (1998), p. 253, and Novgorod Chronicle 1073, p. 5.
[207] Novgorod Chronicle 1069, p. 5.
[208] Russian Primary Chronicle (1973), 1078, p. 165.
[209] Baumgarten (1927), p. 9, citing chron. russes. V 138, VII 361, IX 83, chron. de Danilewicz, p. 116, and Monum. Polon. (Martin Gall) I 419.
[210] Russian Primary Chronicle (1973), 1107, p. 204.11


Reference: Genealogics cites: Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag Marburg., Detlev Schwennicke, Editor, Reference: 2:120.3

; Per Wikipedia:
     "Gertrude-Olisava (c. 1025[1] – 4 January 1108), princess of Poland, was the daughter of King Mieszko II of Poland and Queen Richeza of Lotharingia, and the great-granddaughter of German Emperor Otto II.
     "In 1043, Gertrude married Iziaslav I of Kiev, with whom she had two sons: Yaropolk Iziaslavich and Mstislav, and a daughter, Eupraxia, who later married Mieszko Boles?awowic of Piast dynasty, the Prince of Kraków.[2] Often acknowledged as her son,[3] Sviatopolk II of Kiev may have been the son of Izyaslav by a concubine.
     "Gertrude inherited a medieval illuminated manuscript, known as the Egbert Psalter or Trier Psalter, which had been created in the late 10th century for archbishop Egbert of Trier. She included her prayer book as part of the codex. In the prayer book she prays six times for Yaropolk, unicus filius meus (translated as either "my favourite son" or "my only son").
Footnotes
1. K?trzy?ski, Stanis?aw. "Gertruda (ok. 1025–1108) w. ksi??na kijowska". Polski S?ownik Biograficzny. 7. Polska Akademia Nauk & Polska Akademia Umiej?tno?ci. p. 405.
2. Marek, Miroslav. "Piast dynasty". Genealogy.EU.[self-published source][better source needed] (in English): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/piast/piast1.html#PM
3. Dworzaczek, W?odzimierz (1959). Genealogia. Opracowa? W?odzimierz Dworzaczek. Warszawa."2

; Per Genealogics:
     "Gertruda was born in Krakow about 1020, the daughter of Mieszko II Lambert, king of Poland, and Richeza de Lorraine. In 1043 she was married to Isjaslaw I, grand duke of Kiev, son of Jaroslav I Vladimirovitch, grand duke of Kiev, and his second wife Ingegerd of Sweden. Of their several sons only Jaropolk Pjotr and Svjatospolk II would have progeny.
     "Gertruda was the owner of a medieval illuminated manuscript, known as the Egbert Psalter or Trier Psalter, that had been created in the late 10th century for archbishop Egbert of Trier. She included her prayer book as part of the codex. In the prayer book she prays six times for Jaropolk, _unicus filius meus_ (meaning 'my favourite son' or 'my only son').
     "She died on 4 January 1108."3


; Per Med Lands: "GERTRUDA (-4 Jan 1108). Baumgarten names the wife of Grand Prince Iziaslav and gives her origin, citing primary sources in support[170]. The Primary Chronicle records that "the Princess, Svyatopolk's mother" died 4 Jan 1107[171]. m ([1043]) IZIASLAV Iaroslavich Prince of Turov, son of IAROSLAV I "Mudriy/the Wise" Grand Prince of Kiev & his second wife Ingigerd Olafsdottir of Sweden (1024-killed in battle Nezhatinaia Niva 3 Oct 1078, bur Kiev). He succeeded in 1054 as IZIASLAV I Grand Prince of Kiev."
Med Lands cites:
[170] Baumgarten (1927), p. 9, citing chron. russes. V 138, VII 361, IX 83, chron. de Danilewicz, p. 116, and Monum. Polon. (Martin Gall) I 419.
[171] Russian Primary Chronicle, 1107, p. 204.10


;
Per Andrew Kalinkin email: "Roger LeBlanc wrote:
     "> > Following the discussion here about the first wife of Sviatopolk II (belatedly, as usual) I have a few questions that I hope someone may be inclined to answer. Am I correct to surmise that the proof negates Gertrude as mother of Sviatopolk, while Iziaslav has no other known wife? Is he assumed to have been married to Gertrude at the time of Sviatopolk's birth, and would the acknowledged son Yaropolk have been older or younger than his half-brother?
     "Yes, Gertrude was aparently Iziaslav's only wife. Several chronicles report a marriage between Iziaslav and (unnamed) sister of Cazimier of Poland under the year 1043. Although the date may be not precise (as chronicles state they married "at that time" rather than "that year"), the actual date is unlikely to be much later than that and cannot be pushed to after 1050 (birthdate of Sviatopolk).
     "And the relative seniority of Sviatopolk vs Yaropolk is an object of longstanding controversy. However now most russian historians think that Sviatopolk was older. It can be guessed from chronology (Sviatopolk first appears in 1069, Yaropolk in 1071) and, more conclusively, from the history of land holdings - Sviatopolk twice replaced Iziaslav's eldest son Mstislav, in 1069 in Polotsk and (indirectly) in 1078 in Novgorod. Andrew."14

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Piast 1 page - The Piast family: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/piast/piast1.html
  2. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gertrude_of_Poland. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  3. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Gertruda of Poland: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027059&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Mieszko II Lambert: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00049959&tree=LEO
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Richeza de Lorraine: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00049960&tree=LEO
  6. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 241-6, p. 205. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  7. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 1 page - Rurikids: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik1.html
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Isjaslaw I: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027058&tree=LEO
  9. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iziaslav_I_of_Kiev
  10. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/POLAND.htm#MieszkoIIdied1034. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  11. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/RUSSIA,%20Rurik.htm#IziaslavIaroslavichdied1078B.
  12. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 1 page - Rurikids: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik1.html#IT
  13. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, The Piast family: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/piast/piast1.html#GM2
  14. [S1892] Andrew S. Kalinkin, "Kalinkin email 17 May 2005: "Re: CP Addition? - Margery/Margaret wife of Michael de Poynings"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 17 May 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Kalinkin email 17 May 2005."
  15. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 4 page - Rurikids: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik4.html
  16. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/RUSSIA,%20Rurik.htm#YevpraxiaIziaslavnadied1089.
  17. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik4.html
  18. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Swjatoslaw Isjaslawitsch: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00330332&tree=LEO
  19. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Wsewolod Isjaslawitsch: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00330333&tree=LEO
  20. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Igor Isjaslawitsch: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00330334&tree=LEO
  21. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Jaropolk Pjotr Isjaslawitsch: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00141429&tree=LEO

Sviatopolk II Mikhail Iziaslavich (?) Grand Prince of Kiev1,2,3,4

M, #10345, b. circa 1050, d. 16 April 1113
FatherIzyaslav Iaroslavich (?) Grand Prince of Kiev1,3,2,5,6,7 b. bt 1024 - 1025, d. 3 Oct 1078
ReferenceGAV26 EDV26
Last Edited7 Dec 2020
     Sviatopolk II Mikhail Iziaslavich (?) Grand Prince of Kiev married unknown (?);
His 1st wife.3 Sviatopolk II Mikhail Iziaslavich (?) Grand Prince of Kiev married Barbara Komnena;
His 3rd wife.8,9 Sviatopolk II Mikhail Iziaslavich (?) Grand Prince of Kiev was born circa 1050.10,2,3 He married Elena Polovetskaja (?) of the Cumans, daughter of Tugor (?) Khan of the Cumans, in 1094;
His 2nd wife.3,11,9
Sviatopolk II Mikhail Iziaslavich (?) Grand Prince of Kiev died on 16 April 1113; killed in battle.10,1,2,3
     Reference: Genealogics cites:
1. Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, 4 volumes, Marburg, 1953, 1975., W. K. Prinz von Isenburg, Reference: II 90.
2. Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag Marburg., Detlev Schwennicke, Editor, Reference: II 130.9
GAV-26 EDV-26.

; Per Med Lands:
     "SVIATOPOLK MIKHAIL Iziaslavich, son of IZIASLAV I Grand Prince of Kiev & his wife Gertrud of Poland (1050-16 Apr 1113). The Primary Chronicle names Sviatopolk son of Iziaslav, recording that his father established him as Prince of Polotsk in 1069 after the death of his brother Mstislav[223]. He was appointed to succeed his brother Mstislav as Prince of Polotsk in 1069, but was expelled by his predecessor Prince Vseslav in 1071[224]. He was installed as Prince of Novgorod in 1078 by his uncle Vsevolod Grand Prince of Kiev, but transferred to Turov in 1088, relinquishing the latter in 1093 when he succeeded his uncle as SVIATOPOLK II Grand Prince of Kiev. His possession of Kiev was confirmed in 1097 under the family accord at Liubech, which distributed the various family territories. This was followed by the conference at Uvetichi 30 Aug 1100, at which further distributions were made. After years suffering from raids by the Kuman [Cumans], he made peace in 1101 at Sakov near Pereyaslavl, but carried out the first of a series of counter-offensives against them in 1103[225].
     "m firstly ---. Baumgarten records this first marriage, citing a secondary source in support[226].
     "m secondly (1094) --- Kuman princess, daughter of TUGOR Khan of the Kumans (-before 1103). The Primary Chronicle records the marriage in 1094 of Sviatopolk and the daughter of Tugorkan[227].
     "m thirdly ([1103]) BARBARA Komnene, daughter of --- (-1125). Baumgarten cites one secondary source confirming Barbara Komnene as third wife of Grand Prince Sviatopolk II[228]. The Translatio Manus Sancti Stephani, included in Orlieb's Zwiefaltensis Chronicon, records the marriage of "Bolezlai Boloniorum…ducis" and "ex nobilissimis principibus Grecorum filiam suam cuidam tradidit in matrimonium regi Rutenorum", the editor of the compilation consulted identifying "rex Rutenorum" as "Swiatopolk Michael princeps Kiewensis, cuius coniux altera filia aut cognate fuit imperatoris Alexii"[229]. Neither source specifies her parentage. Sturdza refers to her as the daughter of Isaakios Komnenos, brother of Emperor Alexios I, although he does not name her[230]. The primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.
     "Mistress (1): ---. The name of the mistress of Grand Prince Sviatopolk II is not known.
Med Lands cites:
[223] Russian Primary Chronicle (1973), 1069, p. 150.
[224] Franklin & Shepard (1998), p. 256.
[225] Franklin & Shepard (1998), pp. 273-74.
[226] Baumgarten (1927), p. 11, citing Tatyszczew L´Histoire de Russie, no page reference.
[227] Russian Primary Chronicle (1973), 1094, p. 179.
[228] Baumgarten (1927), p. 11, citing "Œuvres de Cyrille Evêque de Tourov" p. IX.
[229] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon, MGH SS X, p. 90, and footnote 7.
[230] Sturdza, M. D. (1999) Dictionnaire Historique et Généalogique des Grandes Familles de Grèce, d'Albanie et de Constantinople (2e edition Paris), p. 274.4


; Per Genealogy.EU: "[illegitimate] Svyatopolk II, Pr of Polotzk (1069-71), Pr of Novgorod (1078-88), Pr of Turov (1088-93), Great Pr of Kiev (1093-1113), *1050, +16.4.1113; 1m: a Bohemian princess, apparently a niece of Vratislav II; 2m: 1094 Elena, dau.of Tugorkhan, Khan of Kumans."3

; Per Weis [1992:205] line 241-7: "...had a mistress d. bef. 1094; m. a dau. of Tougor Khan, a princess of Coumanie, who d. by 1103."12

; Per Genealogics:
     "Svjatopolk was born about 1050, a son of Isjaslaw I, grand duke of Kiev. He was supreme ruler of the Kievan Rus' for 20 years, from 1093 to 1113. He was not a popular prince, and his reign was marked by incessant rivalry with his cousin Vladimir Monomakh. Upon his death the Kievan citizens raised rebellion against the Jewish merchants and Varangian officials who speculated in grain and salt.
     "During his brother Jaropolk's life, Svjatopolk was not regarded as a potential claimant to the Kievan throne. In 1069 he was sent to Polatsk, a city briefly taken by his father from the local ruler Wseslaw, and then he spent ten years (1078-1088) ruling Nowgorod. Upon his brother's death in 1087 he succeeded him in Turov, which would remain in possession of his descendants until the 17th century.
     "When Vsevolod I Jaroslavich, grand duke of Kiev, died in 1093, Svjatopolk was acknowledged by other princes as the senior son of Veliki Kniaz and permitted to ascend the Kievan throne. Although he participated in the princely congresses organised by Vladimir Monomakh, he is sometimes charged with encouraging internecine wars among Rurikid princes. For instance, he sided with Vladimir Monomakh in several campaigns against Kypchaks, but he was defeated in the Battle of the Stugna River in 1097.
     "Svjatopolk's Christian name was Michael, so he encouraged embellishment of St.Michael's Abbey in Kiev, which has been known as the Golden-Roofed up to the present. The history now known as the Primary Chronicle was compiled by the monk Nestor during Svjatopolk's reign.
     "Svjatopolk married three times. By his first wife, who may have been a Bohemian princess, he had a son Jaroslaw I Swjatopolkowitsch and three daughters who would have progeny. In 1094 he married Elene Polovetskaja of the Cumans, a daughter of Tugor, khan of the Cumans. No progeny is recorded from this marriage. About 1103 he married Barbara Komnena, by whom he had two sons and a daughter; no progeny is recorded for them.
     "Sviatopolk died on 16 April 1113."9

;
Per Andrew Kalinkin email: "Roger LeBlanc wrote:
     "> > Following the discussion here about the first wife of Sviatopolk II (belatedly, as usual) I have a few questions that I hope someone may be inclined to answer. Am I correct to surmise that the proof negates Gertrude as mother of Sviatopolk, while Iziaslav has no other known wife? Is he assumed to have been married to Gertrude at the time of Sviatopolk's birth, and would the acknowledged son Yaropolk have been older or younger than his half-brother?
     "Yes, Gertrude was aparently Iziaslav's only wife. Several chronicles report a marriage between Iziaslav and (unnamed) sister of Cazimier of Poland under the year 1043. Although the date may be not precise (as chronicles state they married "at that time" rather than "that year"), the actual date is unlikely to be much later than that and cannot be pushed to after 1050 (birthdate of Sviatopolk).
     "And the relative seniority of Sviatopolk vs Yaropolk is an object of longstanding controversy. However now most russian historians think that Sviatopolk was older. It can be guessed from chronology (Sviatopolk first appears in 1069, Yaropolk in 1071) and, more conclusively, from the history of land holdings - Sviatopolk twice replaced Iziaslav's eldest son Mstislav, in 1069 in Polotsk and (indirectly) in 1078 in Novgorod. Andrew."13
He was Prince of Polotzk between 1069 and 1071.3 He was Prince of Novgorod between 1078 and 1088.3 He was Prince of Turov between 1088 and 1093.3 He was Grand Duke of Kiev between 1093 and 1113.14,1,2,3

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 101: Russia - General survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Svjatopolk II: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027056&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik4.html
  4. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/RUSSIA,%20Rurik.htm#SbyslavaSviatopolkovnadied11091112. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Isjaslaw I: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027058&tree=LEO
  6. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iziaslav_I_of_Kiev. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  7. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/RUSSIA,%20Rurik.htm#IziaslavIaroslavichdied1078B.
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Barbara Komnena: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00330317&tree=LEO
  9. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Svjatopolk II: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027056&tree=LEO
  10. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 241-7, p. 205. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  11. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Elena Polovetskaja of the Cumans: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027057&tree=LEO
  12. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Weis AR-7, line 241-7, p. 205: "...had a mistress d. bef. 1094; m. a dau. of Tougor Khan, a princess of Coumanie, who d. by 1103."
  13. [S1892] Andrew S. Kalinkin, "Kalinkin email 17 May 2005: "Re: CP Addition? - Margery/Margaret wife of Michael de Poynings"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 17 May 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Kalinkin email 17 May 2005."
  14. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 225. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  15. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 4 page (Rurikids): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik4.html
  16. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Jaroslaw I Swjatopolkowitsch: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00313560&tree=LEO
  17. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/RUSSIA,%20Rurik.htm#IaroslavSviatopolkovichdied1123B.
  18. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 4 page - Rurikids: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik4.html
  19. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027273&tree=LEO

Zbislava Sviatopolkovna (?) Kijowska1

F, #10346, b. between 1085 and 1090, d. between 1113 and 1114
FatherSviatopolk II Mikhail Iziaslavich (?) Grand Prince of Kiev2,3,4,5,1 b. c 1050, d. 16 Apr 1113
Motherunknown (?)2,6,1
ReferenceGAV25 EDV26
Last Edited15 May 2020
     Zbislava Sviatopolkovna (?) Kijowska was born between 1085 and 1090.7 She married Boleslaw III Krzywousty (?) King of Poland, son of Wladislaw I Herman (?) King of Poland and Judith (?) of Bohemia, Queen Consort of Poland, on 15 November 1102;
His 1st wife; Weis [AR7] line 241-7 says m. 1103; Genealogics says m. 1103; Med Lands says m. 16 Nov 1102/1103.8,9,10,5,11,1
Zbislava Sviatopolkovna (?) Kijowska died between 1113 and 1114; Weis[AR7] says d. 1113; Rafal Pinke says d. 1114; Genealogy.EU Piast 1 page says d. 1124; Genealogics says d. 1110/4111; Wikipedia says d. ca 1114; Med Lands says d. 1109/12.12,7,2,5,13,1
     ; Per Wikipedia:
     "Zbyslava of Kiev (Russian: ???????? ?????????????, Polish: Zbys?awa kijowska; c. 1085/90 – c. 1114), was a Kievan Rus' princess member of the Rurikid dynasty and by marriage Duchess of Poland.
     "She was the daughter of Sviatopolk II, Grand Prince of Kiev by his first wife, who according to some historians was a Premyslid princess.[1]
Life
     "During his fight against his half-brother Zbigniew, the Junior Duke of Poland, Boles?aw III Wrymouth, allied himself with Kievan Rus' and Hungary. In order to seal his alliance with the Grand Prince of Kiev, Boles?aw III was betrothed to his eldest daughter Zbyslava. The Primary Chronicle names Zbyslava, daughter of Svyatopolk when recording that she was taken to Poland on 16 November 1102 to marry Boles?aw III.[2] Thus, the marriage took place between that date or in early 1103. They had only one known son, the future W?adys?aw II the Exile, born in 1105,[3] and a daughter (perhaps named Judith), born around 1111 and later wife of Vsevolod Davidovich, Prince of Murom.[4]
     "Her date of death is uncertain, however, a wide scientific discussion over the death of Zbyslava was presented in the work of K. Kollinger. [5] One year later (in 1115), Boles?aw III married Salomea, daughter of Henry, Count of Berg-Schelklingen.
References
1. The assumption that Sviatopolk II's first wife was a Bohemian princess was made by the historian Aleksandr Nazarenko: according to him, Polish chronicles stated that was necessary to obtain the Pope's dispensation for Zbyslava's marriage, because she and her husband are closely related. This is understandable, if is true the version that Sviatopolk II was the son of Gertrude of Poland. However, Nazarenko drew attention to the "Gertrude Psalter", in which she calls Prince Yaropolk unicus filius meus (my only son) and in consequence, Sviatopolk II could be an illegitimate child. In this case, the link that makes Zbyslava and her husband close relatives, must go through the female line: between Boles?aw III (son of Princess Judith of Bohemia) and Zbyslava's mother, the first wife of Sviatopolk II. This fact allows Nazarenko come to a conclusion regarding the origin and identity of this woman. From his point of view, she was the daughter of Spytihnev II, Duke of Bohemia (d. 1061) by his wife Ida, sister of Dedi I, Margrave of the Saxon Ostmark (whose stepdaughter Cunigunde of Orlamünde married with Prince Yaropolk, Sviatopolk II's brother). A. V. Nazarenko, International Relations of Ancient Rus, p. 576.
2. Russian Primary Chronicle (1102), ed. 1973, p. 199.
3. Gallus Anonymus recorded the birth of a second son from Boles?aw III and Zbyslava, but modern historians believed that this child never existed. Oswald Balzer placed the birth of this son between 1107/08; O. Balzer: Genealogia Piastów, p. 121.
4. J. ?yli?ska: Piastówny i ?ony Piastów, Warsaw 1975, pp. 99, 113.
5. See K. Kollinger: The problem of food in 1109, Zbyslava's death and the Polish-Kievan alliance in 1102–1114."13 GAV-25 EDV-26 GKJ-27.

Reference: Genealogics cites: Europäische Stammtafeln, Band II, Frank Baron Freytag von Loringhoven, 1975, Isenburg, W. K. Prinz von. Page 82, 90.5

; Per Genealogy.EU: "[1m.] Sbyslava, +1124; m.15.11.1102 King Boleslav III of Poland (+1139.)2"

; Per Med Lands:
     " ZBISLAVA Sviatopolkovna (-[1109/12]). The Primary Chronicle names Sbyslava, daughter of Sviatopolk when recording that she was taken to Poland 16 Nov 1102 to marry Boleslav[232]. The Chronica principum Polonie records that the mother of "Boleslaus suo primogenito Wladislao filio" was "ex quadam Ruthena nobili"[233]. The Annales Cracovienses Vetusti record the marriage in 1103 of "Bolezlaus tercius"[234]. m ([16 Nov 1102/early 1103]) as his first wife, BOLES?AW III "Krzywousty/Wrymouth" King of Poland, son of W?ADYS?AW I HERMAN Prince of Poland & his second wife Judith of Bohemia (20 Aug [1086]-28 Oct 1138)."
Med Lands cites:
[232] Russian Primary Chronicle (1973), 1102, p. 199.
[233] Chronica principum Poloniæ, Silesiacarum Scriptores I, p. 92.
[234] Pertz, G. H. (ed.) (1866) Annales Poloniæ, Scriptores rerum Germanicarum in usum scholarum (Hannover), Annales Cracovienses Vetusti, p. 3.1
Zbislava Sviatopolkovna (?) Kijowska was also known as Sbyslava (?) of Kiev.9,5 Zbislava Sviatopolkovna (?) Kijowska was also known as Zbyslawa Kijowska (?)7,2

; Per Med Lands:
     "ZBISLAVA Sviatopolkovna (-[1109/12]). The Primary Chronicle names Sbyslava, daughter of Sviatopolk when recording that she was taken to Poland 16 Nov 1102 to marry Boleslav[232]. The Chronica principum Polonie records that the mother of "Boleslaus suo primogenito Wladislao filio" was "ex quadam Ruthena nobili"[233]. The Annales Cracovienses Vetusti record the marriage in 1103 of "Bolezlaus tercius"[234].
     "m ([16 Nov 1102/early 1103]) as his first wife, BOLES?AW III "Krzywousty/Wrymouth" King of Poland, son of W?ADYS?AW I HERMAN Prince of Poland & his second wife Judith of Bohemia (20 Aug [1086]-28 Oct 1138)."
Med Lands cites:
[232] Russian Primary Chronicle (1973), 1102, p. 199.
[233] Chronica principum Poloniæ, Silesiacarum Scriptores I, p. 92.
[234] Pertz, G. H. (ed.) (1866) Annales Poloniæ, Scriptores rerum Germanicarum in usum scholarum (Hannover), Annales Cracovienses Vetusti, p. 3.1
Zbislava Sviatopolkovna (?) Kijowska was also known as Zbyslava (?) of Kiev.13 She was Duchess consort of Poland between 1102 and 1114.13

Family

Boleslaw III Krzywousty (?) King of Poland b. 20 Aug 1086, d. 28 Oct 1138
Children

Citations

  1. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/RUSSIA,%20Rurik.htm#SbyslavaSviatopolkovnadied11091112. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 4 page - Rurikids: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik4.html
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 4 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik4.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Svjatopolk II: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027056&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027273&tree=LEO
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Svjatopolk II: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027056&tree=LEO
  7. [S1657] Pagina Domestica Curiosa Reformata et Amplificata, online Wacek-OL Database, http://main.amu.edu.pl/bin-rafalp/osoby2.pl?00224569. Hereinafter cited as http://main.amu.edu.pl/~rafalp/
  8. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 241-7, p. 205. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  9. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Piast 1 page - The Piast family: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/piast/piast1.html
  10. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Boleslaw III Krzywousty: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020809&tree=LEO
  11. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/POLAND.htm#BoleslawIIIdied1138B
  12. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Weis AR-7, line 241-8, p. 205.
  13. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zbyslava_of_Kiev. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  14. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 72: Austria - House of Babenberg and accession of the Hapsburgs. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  15. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Piast 1 page (The Piast family): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/piast/piast1.html
  16. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Wladislaw II: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027262&tree=LEO
  17. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Wladislaw II: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027262&tree=LEO

Boleslaw III Krzywousty (?) King of Poland1,2,3,4

M, #10347, b. 20 August 1086, d. 28 October 1138
FatherWladislaw I Herman (?) King of Poland5,2,6,7,8,9 b. c 1043, d. 4 Jun 1102
MotherJudith (?) of Bohemia, Queen Consort of Poland2,10,9 b. bt 1056 - 1058, d. 25 Dec 1086
ReferenceGAV25 EDV26
Last Edited1 Nov 2020
     Boleslaw III Krzywousty (?) King of Poland was born on 20 August 1086 at Plock, Mazowieckie, Poland (now); Rafal Pinke says b. 20 Aug 1068, Leo van de Pas says b. 20 Aug 1086; Genealogy.EU Piast 1 page says b. 20.8.1085.2,4,11 He married Zbislava Sviatopolkovna (?) Kijowska, daughter of Sviatopolk II Mikhail Iziaslavich (?) Grand Prince of Kiev and unknown (?), on 15 November 1102;
His 1st wife; Weis [AR7] line 241-7 says m. 1103; Genealogics says m. 1103; Med Lands says m. 16 Nov 1102/1103.1,4,12,13,9,14 Boleslaw III Krzywousty (?) King of Poland married Salome (?) von Berg-Schelklingen, daughter of Heinrich I (?) Graf von Berg-Schelklingen and Adelaide (?) von Mochental, between March 1115 and July 1115;
His 2nd wife; Leo van de Pas says m. 1113; Rafal Pinke says m. 1115; Genealogy.EU Piast 1 page says m. III/VII.1115; Med Lands says m. Mar/Jul 1115.15,2,3,4,16,9
Boleslaw III Krzywousty (?) King of Poland died on 28 October 1138 at Sochaczew, Mazowieckie, Poland (now), at age 52.17,2,3,4,11
Boleslaw III Krzywousty (?) King of Poland was buried after 28 October 1138 at Plock Cathedral, Plock, Miasto Plock, Mazowieckie, Poland,

; From Find A Grave:
     BIRTH     20 Aug 1086, P?ock, Mazowieckie, Poland
     DEATH     28 Oct 1138 (aged 52), Mazowieckie, Poland
     Boleslaw III Wrymouth was a Prince of Lesser Poland, Silesia and Sandomierz between 1102-1107 and over the whole Poland between 1107-1138. He was the only child of Prince Wladyslaw I Herman and his first wife Judith, daughter of Vratislaus II of Bohemia.
     Boleslaw was married twice. His first marriage with the Kievan princess Zbyslava, gave him an excuse to intervene militarily in the internal affairs of Russia. they had 1 son, Vladislas II King Of Poland.
     After her death, Boleslaw married to a German noblewoman, Salomea of Berg, which in some way was the cause of changes in Polish foreign policy: in the second half of his rule, the Prince sought to restore diplomatic relations with his western neighbor. His last, and perhaps the most momentous act, was his will and testament known as "The Succession Statute" in which he divided the country among his sons, leading to almost 200 years of feudal fragmentation of the Polish Kingdom.
     Boleslaw III Wrymouth has been recognized by historiography as a symbol of Polish political aspirations until well into the 19th century.
     The date of birth of Boleslaw is closely linked with the death of his mother Judith. This fact is evidenced by contemporary sources:
     Gallus Anonymus in the Cronicae et gesta ducum sive principum Polonorum reported that Duchess Judith gave birth to Boleslaw on the day of King Saint Stephen of Hungary (whose feast since the 11th century was celebrated on 20 August).
     Boleslaw III Wrymouth died on 28 October 1138, probably in the town of Sochaczew. There are no records about the circumstances of his death. 12th century sources didn't provide information about his place of burial. It was only in the 15th century, when Jan Dlugosz recorded that the Prince's tomb was in the Masovian Blessed Virgin Mary Cathedral in Plock. Also known as Plock Cathedral.
     Family Members
     Parents
          Wladyslaw I Herman 1044–1102
          Judith of Bohemia 1056–1086
     Children
          Casimir of Masovia unknown–1194
          Vladislas II King Of Poland 1105–1159
          Richeza 1116–1160
          Mieszko III Stary 1126–1202
     BURIAL     Plock Cathedral, P?ock, Miasto P?ock, Mazowieckie, Poland
     Created by: Angie Swann
     Added: 1 Dec 2015
     Find A Grave Memorial 155593099.18
     ; Per Genealogy.CU: "[1m.] Boleslaw III "Krzywousty" "Wrymouth", Ct of Poland (1102-11)+(1111-39), Duke of Pomerania (1122-38), *20.8.1085, +28.10.1138; 1m: 1103 Zbyslava of Kiev (+1109/12); 2m: III/VII.1115 Salome (+1144) dau.of Gf Heinrich von Berg-Schelkingen; Before his death arranged a careful division of his domains among his numerous sons."4



; Per Genealogics:
     "Boleslaw, who became known as 'Krzywousty' ('Wrymouth'), was born about 1086, the son of Wladyslaw I Herman, king of Poland, and his first wife Judith of Bohemia. He was duke of Poland from his father's death in 1102, ruling jointly with his illegitimate half-brother Zbigniew until 1107, when he had Zbigniew banished and became sole ruler.
     "About 1103 Boleslaw married Sbislava of Kiev, daughter of Svjatopolk II, grand duke of Kiev. They had a son Wladislaw who would rule as Wladislaw II 'the Exile', king of Poland.
     "Boleslaw defeated the Pomeranians at the Battle of Naklo (1109) and took control of Pomerania (1119-1123), thus regaining Polish access to the Baltic Sea. The local government of the Pomeranians was left in place.
     "In 1115 Boleslaw married Salome von Berg-Schelklingen, daughter of Heinrich I, Graf von Berg-Schelklingen and Adelaide von Mochental. Boleslaw and Salome had 14 children (six sons and eight daughters), of whom four sons and five daughters are known: Boleslaw IV 'the Curly' (b.1125); Mieszko III 'the Old' (b.1126); Henryk of Sandomierz (b.1127); Kazimierz II 'the Just' (b.1138); Richiza/Swentoslawa (b.1116), who married first Magnus Nielsen 'der Staerke', king in Vastergotland, joint king in Denmark, second Wolodar Glebowitsch, prince of Minsk, and third Sverker I, king of Sweden; Dobronega (b.1128), who married Marquis Dietrich of Niederlausitz; Gertruda; Judyta (b.1132), who married first Laszlo II, king of Hungary, then Otto I, Markgraf von Brandenburg; and Agnieszka (b.1138), who married Mstislaw II Chabry, grand duke of Kiev.
     "Boleslaw defeated Emperor Heinrich V (1109) in the Battles of Glogów and Psie Pole (the latter also known, in German translation, as the Battle of Hundsfeld). In the years 1113-1119 he had taken control over Pomerania. In 1135 he gave tribute to Emperor Lothar III von Supplinburg, and the Emperor received parts of Western Pomerania and Rügen from Boleslaw as fiefs.
     "Boleslaw also campaigned in Hungary between 1132 and 1135, but to little effect.
     "Before his death in 1138, Boleslaw published his testament dividing his lands among four of his sons. The 'senioral principle' established in the testament stated that at all times the eldest member of the dynasty was to have supreme power over the rest and was also to control an indivisible 'senioral part': a vast strip of land running north-south down the middle of Poland, with Kraków its chief city. The senior's prerogatives also included control over Pomerania, a fief of the Holy Roman Empire. The 'senior principle' was soon broken, leading to a period of nearly 200 years of Poland's feudal fragmentation."2



Reference: Genealogics cites:
1. Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, 4 volumes, Marburg, 1953, 1975., W. K. Prinz von Isenburg, Reference: II 82.
2. Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag Marburg., Detlev Schwennicke, Editor, Reference: II 120.12


; Per Med Lands:
     "BOLES?AW of Poland, son of W?ADYS?AW I HERMAN Prince of Poland & his second wife Judith of Bohemia (20 Aug [1086]-28 Oct 1138). The Chronicæ Polanorum names "Bolezlavum" as son of King W?adys?aw and his wife "filiam Wratislavi Bohemici regis"[200]. The Annales Capituli Cracoviensis record the birth in 1086 of "Bolezlaus tertius" followed immediately by the death of "Iudith mater sua"[201]. He succeeded his father in 1102 as BOLES?AW III "Krzywousty/Wrymouth" Prince of Poland. The Annales Cracovienses Compilati record that "Boleslaus duos Pomeranos duces devicit aput Nakel. Iste tercius Boleslaus terras obtinuit"[202]. Duke of Pomerania 1122-1138. Before his death Boles?aw III arranged a division of his lands among his sons. The Annales Capituli Cracoviensis record the death "1138 V Kal Nov" of "dux Bolezlaus tercius"[203].
     "m firstly ([16 Nov 1102/1103]) ZBISLAVA Sviatopolkovna, daughter of SVIATOPOLK II Iziaslavich Grand Prince of Kiev & his first wife --- (-[1109/12]). The Primary Chronicle names Sbyslava daughter of Svyatopolk when recording that she was taken to Poland 16 Nov 1102 to marry Boleslav[204]. The Chronica principum Polonie records that the mother of "Boleslaus suo primogenito Wladislao filio" was "ex quadam Ruthena nobili"[205]. The Annales Cracovienses Vetusti record the marriage in 1103 of "Bolezlaus tercius"[206]. The Annales Kamenzenses record the marriage in 1104 of "Bolezlaus tercius" and "uxorem Rutenam"[207].
     "m secondly ([Mar/Jul] 1115) SALOME von Berg, daughter of HEINRICH Graf von Berg & his wife Adelheid von Mochental (before 1101-27 Jul 1144). The Chronica Boemorum names "Almuse" as wife of "dux Bolezlaus"[208]. Berthold's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names (in order) "Richinza ductrix Boemiæ, Sophia ductrix Moraviæ, Salome ductrix Poloniæ" as sisters of "Heinricus comes [et] Rapot", specifying that Salome was "uxor Bolezlaus dux Boloniæ"[209]. The Chronica principum Polonie records that the second wife of "Boleslaus" was "ex Theutunica"[210]. The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "VI Kal 1144" of "Salome ducisse Bolonie"[211]."
Med Lands cites:
[200] Chronicæ Polanorum I.30, MGH SS IX, p. 442.
[201] Annales Capituli Cracoviensis 1086, MGH SS XIX, p. 588.
[202] Annales Cracovienses Compilati 1119, MGH SS XIX, p. 589.
[203] Annales Capituli Cracoviensis 1138, MGH SS XIX, p. 590.
[204] Russian Primary Chronicle, 1102, p. 199.
[205] Chronica principum Poloniæ, Silesiacarum Scriptores I, p. 92.
[206] Annales Cracovienses Vetusti, p. 3.
[207] Annales Kamenzenses, p. 8.
[208] Cosmæ Pragensis Chronica Boemorum III.51, MGH SS IX, p. 126.
[209] Bertholdi, Zwifaltensis Chronicon 12, MGH SS X, p. 103.
[210] Chronica principum Poloniæ, Silesiacarum Scriptores I, p. 92.
[211] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.9


; Per Med Lands:
     "BOLES?AW of Poland, son of W?ADYS?AW I HERMAN Prince of Poland & his second wife Judith of Bohemia (20 Aug [1086]-28 Oct 1138). The Chronicæ Polanorum names "Bolezlavum" as son of King W?adys?aw and his wife "filiam Wratislavi Bohemici regis"[200]. The Annales Capituli Cracoviensis record the birth in 1086 of "Bolezlaus tertius" followed immediately by the death of "Iudith mater sua"[201]. He succeeded his father in 1102 as BOLES?AW III "Krzywousty/Wrymouth" Prince of Poland. The Annales Cracovienses Compilati record that "Boleslaus duos Pomeranos duces devicit aput Nakel. Iste tercius Boleslaus terras obtinuit"[202]. Duke of Pomerania 1122-1138. Before his death Boles?aw III arranged a division of his lands among his sons. The Annales Capituli Cracoviensis record the death "1138 V Kal Nov" of "dux Bolezlaus tercius"[203].
     "m firstly ([16 Nov 1102/1103]) ZBISLAVA Sviatopolkovna, daughter of SVIATOPOLK II Iziaslavich Grand Prince of Kiev & his first wife --- (-[1109/12]). The Primary Chronicle names Sbyslava daughter of Svyatopolk when recording that she was taken to Poland 16 Nov 1102 to marry Boleslav[204]. The Chronica principum Polonie records that the mother of "Boleslaus suo primogenito Wladislao filio" was "ex quadam Ruthena nobili"[205]. The Annales Cracovienses Vetusti record the marriage in 1103 of "Bolezlaus tercius"[206]. The Annales Kamenzenses record the marriage in 1104 of "Bolezlaus tercius" and "uxorem Rutenam"[207].
     "m secondly ([Mar/Jul] 1115) SALOME von Berg, daughter of HEINRICH Graf von Berg & his wife Adelheid von Mochental (before 1101-27 Jul 1144). The Chronica Boemorum names "Almuse" as wife of "dux Bolezlaus"[208]. Berthold's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names (in order) "Richinza ductrix Boemiæ, Sophia ductrix Moraviæ, Salome ductrix Poloniæ" as sisters of "Heinricus comes [et] Rapot", specifying that Salome was "uxor Bolezlaus dux Boloniæ"[209]. The Chronica principum Polonie records that the second wife of "Boleslaus" was "ex Theutunica"[210]. The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "VI Kal 1144" of "Salome ducisse Bolonie"[211].
Med Lands cites:
[200] Chronicæ Polanorum I.30, MGH SS IX, p. 442.
[201] Annales Capituli Cracoviensis 1086, MGH SS XIX, p. 588.
[202] Annales Cracovienses Compilati 1119, MGH SS XIX, p. 589.
[203] Annales Capituli Cracoviensis 1138, MGH SS XIX, p. 590.
[204] Russian Primary Chronicle, 1102, p. 199.
[205] Chronica principum Poloniæ, Silesiacarum Scriptores I, p. 92.
[206] Annales Cracovienses Vetusti, p. 3.
[207] Annales Kamenzenses, p. 8.
[208] Cosmæ Pragensis Chronica Boemorum III.51, MGH SS IX, p. 126.
[209] Bertholdi, Zwifaltensis Chronicon 12, MGH SS X, p. 103.
[210] Chronica principum Poloniæ, Silesiacarum Scriptores I, p. 92.
[211] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.9


; See extensive Wikipedia article for much more information and an extensive bibliography, at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boles%C5%82aw_III_Wrymouth.11

GAV-25 EDV-26 GKJ-26.

; Per Med Lands:
     "SALOME (before 1101-27 Jul 1144). The Chronica Boemorum names "Almuse" as wife of "dux Bolezlaus"[219]. Berthold's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names (in order) "Richinza ductrix Boemiæ, Sophia ductrix Moraviæ, Salome ductrix Poloniæ" as sisters of "Heinricus comes [et] Rapot", specifying that Salome was "uxor Bolezlaus dux Boloniæ"[220]. The Chronica principum Polonie records that the second wife of "Boleslaus" was "ex Theutunica"[221]. The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "VI Kal Aug 1144" of "Salome ducisse Bolonie"[222].
     "m ([Mar/Jul] 1115) as his second wife, BOLES?AW III "Krzywousty/Wrymouth" Duke of Poland, son of W?ADYS?AW I HERMAN Prince of Poland & his second wife Judith of Bohemia (20 Aug [1086]-28 Oct 1138)."
Med Land cites:
[219] Cosmæ Pragensis Chronica Boemorum III.51, MGH SS IX, p. 126.
[220] Bertholdi, Zwifaltensis Chronicon 12, MGH SS X, p. 103.
[221] Chronica principum Poloniæ, Silesiacarum Scriptores I, p. 92.
[222] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.19
He was Count of Poland between 1102 and 1111.4 He was Per Enc. of World History:
     "King of Poland, BOLESLAV III (Wry-mouth), who acquired the throne after a violent struggle with his brother Zbigniew. He was one of the greatest Polish kings; he defeated the Pomeranians (battle of Naklo, 1109) and, by the incorporation of Pomerania (1119-23), reestablished access to the sea. At the same time, he defeated the Emperor Henry V (1109, battle of Hundsfeld, near Breslau, now Wroclaw) and checked the German advance, but his campaigns in Hungary (1132-35) had no permanent results.
     "Boleslav completed the organization of the state, in which the great landlords (nobiles, or magnates) and gentry (milites, knights, or szlachta) had become well-defined social classes, the peasantry having steadily lost ground in the periods of confusion. The Church was reorganized under the archbishop of Gnesen, by the papal legate Walo. To avoid dispute, Boleslav fixed the royal succession by seniority. Poland was divided into five principalities (Silesia, Great Poland, Masovia, Sandomir, Kraków) for his sons; Kraków was established as the capital, and was to go, with the title of grand duke, to the eldest member of the house of Piast. In actual fact, this arrangement by no means eliminated the dynastic competition but introduced a long period of disruption, during which the nobility and clergy waxed ever more powerful and the ducal or royal power became insignificant. Only the weakness of the neighboring states saved Poland from destruction."
See attached map of Poland 1102-1138 during the rule of Boleslaw III (from Wikipedia: By Poznaniak - w?asna praca na podstawie: "Ilustrowany Atlas Historii Polski", CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12723897) between 1102 and 1138 at Poland.20 He was Count of Poland between 1111 and 1139.4 He was Duke of Pomerania between 1122 and 1138.4

Family 1

Zbislava Sviatopolkovna (?) Kijowska b. bt 1085 - 1090, d. bt 1113 - 1114
Children

Family 2

Salome (?) von Berg-Schelklingen b. b 1101, d. 27 Jul 1144
Children

Citations

  1. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 241-7, p. 205. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Boleslaw III Krzywousty: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020809&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S1657] Pagina Domestica Curiosa Reformata et Amplificata, online Wacek-OL Database, http://main.amu.edu.pl/bin-rafalp/osoby2.pl?00224026. Hereinafter cited as http://main.amu.edu.pl/~rafalp/
  4. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Piast 1 page - The Piast family: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/piast/piast1.html
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Wladyslaw I Herman: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027256&tree=LEO
  6. [S1657] http://main.amu.edu.pl/~rafalp/, online Wacek-OL Database, http://main.amu.edu.pl/bin-rafalp/osoby2.pl?00226085
  7. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/POLAND.htm#WladislawIHermandied1102. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Wladyslaw I Herman: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027256&tree=LEO
  9. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/POLAND.htm#BoleslawIIIdied1138B
  10. [S1657] http://main.amu.edu.pl/~rafalp/, online Wacek-OL Database, http://main.amu.edu.pl/bin-rafalp/osoby2.pl?00226466
  11. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boles%C5%82aw_III_Wrymouth. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  12. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Boleslaw III Krzywousty: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020809&tree=LEO
  13. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027273&tree=LEO
  14. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/RUSSIA,%20Rurik.htm#SbyslavaSviatopolkovnadied11091112.
  15. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Salome von Berg-Schelklingen: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00079683&tree=LEO
  16. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salomea_of_Berg
  17. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Weis AR-7, line 147-23, p. 129.
  18. [S2374] Find a Grave, online http://www.findagrave.com/, Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 28 November 2019), memorial page for Boleslaw III Wrymouth (20 Aug 1086–28 Oct 1138), Find A Grave Memorial no. 155593099, citing Plock Cathedral, P?ock, Miasto P?ock, Mazowieckie, Poland ; Maintained by Angie Swann (contributor 48313732), at: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/155593099/boleslaw_iii-wrymouth. Hereinafter cited as Find a Grave.
  19. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/WURTTEMBERG.htm#SalomeBergdied1144
  20. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 224. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  21. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 72: Austria - House of Babenberg and accession of the Hapsburgs. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  22. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Piast 1 page (The Piast family): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/piast/piast1.html
  23. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Wladislaw II: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027262&tree=LEO
  24. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Wladislaw II: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027262&tree=LEO
  25. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession, Table 16: Denmark - House of Estrid.
  26. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Richiza/Swentoslawa of Poland: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00029926&tree=LEO
  27. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Mieszko III: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020775&tree=LEO
  28. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Judyta of Poland: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00030628&tree=LEO
  29. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/POLAND.htm#Judytadied11701176
  30. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Agnieszka of Poland: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00079971&tree=LEO
  31. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/POLAND.htm#Agnieszkadiedafter1182
  32. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Kazimierz II "the Just": https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020806&tree=LEO
  33. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/POLAND.htm#KazimierzIIdied1194B

Vsevolod I Yaroslavich (?) Grand Duke of Kiev, Pr of Pereyaslavl, Pr of Chernigov1,2,3,4

M, #10348, b. 1030, d. 13 April 1093
FatherYaroslav I Vladimirovich "Mudriy/The Wise" (?) Grand Duke of Kiev2,5 b. bt 978 - 980, d. 20 Feb 1053/54
MotherIngegarde (Ingeborg) Olafsdottir (?) Princess of Sweden2,6 b. c 1001, d. bt 10 Feb 1049 - 1050
ReferenceEDV28
Last Edited3 Nov 2020
     Vsevolod I Yaroslavich (?) Grand Duke of Kiev, Pr of Pereyaslavl, Pr of Chernigov was born in 1030 at Kyiv (Kiev), Ukraine (now).7,8,4,9,10 He married Maria/Anastasia Monomachina (?) of Byzantium, daughter of Constantine IX Monomachos (?) Emperor of Byzantium and Helena Skleraina, in 1046;
His 1st wife.7,11,2,3,4,8,12,10 Vsevolod I Yaroslavich (?) Grand Duke of Kiev, Pr of Pereyaslavl, Pr of Chernigov married Anna (?) after 1067; his 2nd wife.2,3
Vsevolod I Yaroslavich (?) Grand Duke of Kiev, Pr of Pereyaslavl, Pr of Chernigov died on 13 April 1093 at Ukraine (now).7,4,8,10
Vsevolod I Yaroslavich (?) Grand Duke of Kiev, Pr of Pereyaslavl, Pr of Chernigov was buried after 13 April 1093 at Saint Sophia's Cathedral, Kiev, City of Kiev, Ukraine (now),

; From Find A Grave:
     BIRTH     1030, Kiev, City of Kiev, Ukraine
     DEATH     13 Apr 1083 (aged 52–53), Ukraine
[Text copied from Wikipedia]
     Family Members
     Parents
          Prince Yaroslav the Wise 978–1054
          Ingigarth 1004–1050
     Siblings
          Valdimir Yaroslavich 1020–1052
          Anastasia of Kiev 1023–1096
          Iziaslav I Iaroslavich 1024–1078
          Anna Agnesa Yaroslavna 1036–1075
     BURIAL     Saint Sophia's Cathedral, Kiev, City of Kiev, Ukraine
     Created by: Robert Kuhmann
     Added: 3 Jun 2015
     Find a Grave Memorial 147356788.13
     ; See attached map of Kievan Rus principalities.

; Per Genealogy.EU: "[2m.] Vsevolod I, Pr of Pereyaslavl (1054-73), Pr of Chernigov (1073-78), Great Pr of Kiev (1076)+(1078-93), *ca 1030, +13.4.1093; 1m: ca 1046 Anastasia of Byzantium (+1067), dau.of Emperor Konstantinos IX of Byzantium; 2m: Anna (+7.10.1111), dau.of Kuman khan"; for his descendants see http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik8.html.2 EDV-28.

; Per Genealogics:
     "Vsevolod was born in 1030, the fourth and favourite son of Jaroslav I Vladimirovitch, grand duke of Kiev, by his wife Ingegerd of Sweden.
     "To back up an armistice signed with the Byzantine empire in 1046, in that year his father married Vsevolod to 'Irene' Maria Monomacha, daughter of Constantine IX Monomachus, emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire, by his second wife (he gained the imperial throne through his third marriage). The couple's son Vladimir II Monomakh would have progeny.
     "Upon his father's death in 1054, Vsevolod received in appanage the towns of Pereyaslav, Rostov, Suzdal, and the township of Beloozero which would remain in possession of his descendants until the end of the Middle Ages. Together with his elder brothers Isjaslaw I and Svjatoslav I-II he formed a sort of princely triumvirate which jointly waged war on the steppe nomads, the Polovtsy, and compiled the first East Slavic law code. In 1067 Vsevolod's Greek wife died and he soon married a Kypchak princess, Anna. She brought him another son, who drowned after the Battle of the Stugna River, and two daughters, one becoming a nun and another, Eupraxia of Kiev, marrying Holy Roman Emperor Heinrich IV.
     "Upon Svjatoslav's death in 1076, Vsevolod inherited the Kievan throne, but he ceded it to the banished Isjaslaw in return for his patrimony of Chernigov. But Isjaslaw died two years later, and Vsevolod took the Kievan throne yet again. Vsevolod was versed in Greek learning and spoke five languages. Since had lost most of his battles, his eldest son Vladimir Monomakh, a great warrior, did most of the fighting for his father. The last years of Vsevolod's reign were clouded by grave illness, and Vladimir Monomakh presided over the government.
     "Vsevolod died on 13 April 1093."8

Reference: Genealogics cites:
1. Europäische Stammtafeln, Band II, Frank Baron Freytag von Loringhoven, 1975, Isenburg, W. K. Prinz von. Page 93.
2. Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser. 1953.
3. Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag, Marburg, Schwennicke, Detlev (Ed.) 2:128.8
Vsevolod I Yaroslavich (?) Grand Duke of Kiev, Pr of Pereyaslavl, Pr of Chernigov was also known as Wsevolod I Grand Duke of Kiev, Pr of Pereyaslavl, Pr of Chernigov.2

; Per Wikipedia:
     "Vsevolod I Yaroslavich (Russian: ???????? I ???????????, Ukrainian: ???????? I ?????????, Old Norse: Vissivald), (1030 – 13 April 1093) ruled as Grand Prince of Kiev from 1078 until his death.
Early life
     "He was the fifth[1] and favourite son of Yaroslav I the Wise by Ingigerd Olafsdottir. He was born around 1030.[2] On his seal from his last years, he was named "Andrei Vsevolodu" in Greek, implying that his baptismal name was Andrew.[3]
     "To back up an armistice signed with the Byzantine Emperor Constantine IX Monomachos in 1046, his father married Vsevolod to a Byzantine princess, who according to tradition was named Anastasia or Maria. That the couple's son Vladimir Monomakh bore the family name of the Byzantine emperor, suggests she was a member of his close family, but no contemporary evidence attests to a specific relationship and accounts of the Emperor give him no such daughter.[4]
     "Upon his father's death in 1054, he received in appanage the towns of Pereyaslav,[5] Rostov, Suzdal, and the township of Beloozero which would remain in possession of his descendants until the end of Middle Ages. Together with his elder brothers Iziaslav and Sviatoslav he formed a sort of princely triumvirate which jointly waged war on the steppe nomads, polovtsy, and compiled the first East Slavic law code. In 1055 Vsevolod launched an expedition against the Torks who had in the previous years expelled the Pechenegs from the Pontic steppes.[6] He also made peace with the Cumans who appeared for the first time in Europe in the same year.[6] The Cumans invaded his principality in 1061 and routed Vsevolod in a battle.[6] Vsevolod persuaded his brother, Iziaslav, and their distant cousin, Vseslav to join him and they together attacked the Torks in 1060.[6]
     "In 1067, Vsevolod's Greek wife died and he soon married a Kypchak princess, Anna Polovetskaya. She bore him another son, who drowned after the Battle of the Stugna River, and daughters, one becoming a nun and another, Eupraxia of Kiev, marrying Emperor Henry IV.
     "The Cumans again invaded Kievan Rus' in 1068.[7] The three brothers united their forces against them, but the Cumans routed them on the Alta River.[7] After their defeat, Vsevolod withdrew to Pereyaslav.[8] However, its citizens rose up in open rebellion, dethroned Iziaslav, and liberated and proclaimed Vseslav their grand prince.[9] Vsevolod and Sviatoslav made no attempt to expel the usurper from Kiev.[10]
     "Vsevolod supported Sviatoslav against Iziaslav.[11] They forced their brother to flee from Kiev in 1073.[11] Feodosy, the saintly hegumen or head of the Monastery of the Caves in Kiev remained loyal to Iziaslav, and refused lunch with Sviatoslav and Vsevolod.[2]
Iziaslav granted Sviatoslav's former principality to Vsevolod, but Sviatoslav's sons considered the Principality of Chernigov as their own patrimony or otchina.[11] Oleg Sviatoslavich made an alliance with the Cumans and invaded Chernigov.[12] Iziaslav came to Vsevolod's rescue and they forced Oleg to retreat, but Iziaslav was murdered in the battle.[12][13]
Reign
     "After Iziaslav's death, Vsevolod, as their father's only surviving son, took the Kievan throne, thus uniting the three core principalities—Kiev, Chernigov and Pereyaslavl—in Kievan Rus'.[14] He appointed his eldest son, Vladimir Monomach to administer Chernigov.[15][13]
     "The Russian Primary Chronicle writes that the "people no longer had access to the Prince's justice, judges became corrupt and venal",[16] Vsevolod followed his young councilors' advice instead of that of his old retainers in his last years.[17]
Vsevolod spoke five foreign languages, according to Vladimir Monomach's Autobiography.[18] Historian George Vernadsky believes that these probably included Greek and Cuman, because of the nationality of his two wives, and that he likely spoke Latin, Norse, and Ossetian.[19] He lost most of his battles; his eldest son, Vladimir Monomakh, a grand and famous warrior, did most of the fighting for his father. The last years of his reign were clouded by grave illness, and Vladimir Monomakh presided over the government.
Children
     "Vsevolod and his first wife Anastasia, a relative of Constantine IX Monomachos, had children:
** Vladimir II Monomakh (1053 – 19 May 1125).[13]
** Ianka or Anna Vsevolodovna (d. 3 November 1112) who was engaged to Constantine Dukas in 1074, but she never married[20] She became a nun and started a school for girls.[21]

     "Vsevolod and his second wife Anna Polovetskaya had children:
** Rostislav Vsevolodovich (1070 – 26 May 1093). Drowned while retreating from the Battle of the Stugna River.[22]
** Eupraxia of Kiev (1071 – 20 July 1109). Married first Henry the Long, Margrave of Nordarm, next Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.[23]
** Catherine Vsevolovna (d. 11 August 1108). A nun. Her date of death is recorded in the Primary Chronicle.
** Maria Vsevolodovna (d. 1089).

References
1. Martin 1993, p. 32.
2. Raffensperger 2012, p. 99.
3. Raffensperger 2012, pp. 36, 99.
4. Kazhdan 1989, pp. 416—417.
5. Vernadsky 1948, p. 83.
6. Martin 1993, p. 54.
7. Martin 1993, p. 55.
8. Vernadsky 1948, p. 86.
9. Martin 1993, pp. 31, 55.
10. Martin 1993, p. 31.
11. Martin 1993, p. 33.
12. Martin 1993, p. 57.
13. Vernadsky 1948, p. 87.
14. Martin 1993, pp. 33, 35.
15. Martin 1993, pp. 35, 41.
16. Russian Primary Chronicle (year 6601), p. 174.
17. Vernadsky 1948, pp. 87, 183.
18. Vernadsky 1948, p. 291.
19. Vernadsky 1948, p. 292.
20. Vernadsky 1948, p. 351.
21. Vernadsky 1948, pp. 154, 351.
22. Dmytryshyn 2000, p. 60.
23. Vernadsky 1948, p. 340.
Sources
** Dimnik, Martin (1994). The Dynasty of Chernigov, 1054–1146. Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies. ISBN 0-88844-116-9.
** Dmytryshyn, Basil (2000). Medieval Russia: A sourcebook 850-1700. Academic International Press.
** Franklin, Simon; Shepard, Jonathan (1996). The Emergence of Rus 750–1200. Longman. ISBN 0-582-49091X.
** Kazhdan, Alexander (1989). "Rus'-Byzantine Princely Marriages in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries". Harvard Ukrainian Studies. Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute. 12/13: 414–429.
** Martin, Janet (1993). Medieval Russia, 980–1584. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-67636-6.
** Raffensperger, Christian (2012). Reimagining Europe: Kievan Rus' in the Medieval World. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-06384-6.
** The Russian Primary Chronicle: Laurentian Text (Translated and edited by Samuel Hazzard Cross and Olgerd P. Sherbowitz-Wetzor) (1953). Medieval Academy of America. ISBN 978-0-915651-32-0.
** Vernadsky, George (1948). A History of Russia, Volume II: Kievan Russia. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-01647-6.
External links
** His listing in "Medieval lands" by Charles Cawley.: http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/RUSSIA,%20Rurik.htm#VsevolodIdied1093B
** Vsevolod Yaroslavych in the Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993): http://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/display.asp?linkpath=pages%5CV%5CS%5CVsevolodYaroslavych.htm."4

; Per Med Lands:
     "VSEVOLOD Iaroslavich, son of IAROSLAV I "Mudriy/the Wise" Grand Prince of Kiev & his second wife Ingigerd Olafsdottir of Sweden (1030-13 Apr 1093, bur Kiev, Church of St Sophia). The Primary Chronicle records the birth of Vsevolod "a fourth son" to Vladimir in 1030[354]. Snorre names "Valdemar, Vissivald and Holte the Bold" as the children of "King Jarisleif" & his wife[355]. In accordance with the terms of his father's testament, he succeeded in 1054 as Prince of Pereyaslavl, the territory including Rostov, the whole Volga, Oka and Klazma river basin and the region of Bielooziero[356]. He was defeated in [1062] by the Kuman [Cumans], in their first attack against Rus. He was forced out of Pereyaslavl and retreated to Kiev[357]. He was appointed to succeed his brother Sviatoslav as Prince of Chernigov in 1073. He succeeded his brother in 1076 as VSEVOLOD I Grand Prince of Kiev, but was deposed in 1077 by his older brother Iziaslav. His nephew Oleg Sviatoslavich claimed Chernigov after the death of his father Sviatoslav, but was expelled by Vsevolod in Apr 1078. Oleg returned with support from the Kuman [Cumans] to take Chernigov by force, defeating Vsevolod on the river Sozh, east of Pereyaslavl, 25 Aug 1078[358]. Prince Vsevolod thereupon sought support from his brother Iziaslav, and they defeated Oleg 3 Oct 1078 at Nezhatin Meadow near Chernigov, where Prince Iziaslav was killed[359]. Vsevolod was restored once more as Grand Prince of Kiev in 1078 after Prince Iziaslav's death. The Primary Chronicle records the death 13 Apr 1093 of Vsevolod son of Yaroslav and his place of burial[360].
     "m firstly (1046) [MARIA] [Irina], daughter of [--- Monomachos] & his wife --- ([1030/35]-1067). The Primary Chronicle refers to the wife of Vsevolod as "the Greek princess" but does not name her or give her origin[361]. The primary source which states her name has not yet been identified. She and her marriage are not referred to in Greek sources. No doubt her belonging to the Monomachos family has been assumed, firstly because her son is generally known as "Vladimir Monomakh" and secondly because Emperor Konstantinos IX Monomachos ruled in Byzantium at the date of her marriage, but no information has been found to corroborate this relationship. It is unlikely that she was the daughter of Emperor Konstantinos himself as he is not recorded in Greek sources as having had children by any of his wives or mistresses, although her birth date range (estimated from the birth of her son in 1053) would be consistent with her having been the daughter of his second marriage. In particular, Psellos mentions no children in his detailed review of the events of the emperor´s reign. Her birth date is estimated from her having given birth to her son in 1053. The primary source which corroborates the date of her marriage has not yet been identified.
     "m secondly --- Kuman princess, daughter of --- Khan of the Kumans (-1111). Baumgarten records this marriage and cites a primary source in support[362]. She adopted the name ANNA after her marriage.
     "Grand Prince Vsevolod I & his first wife had one child.
     "Grand Prince Vsevolod I & his second wife had five children."
Med Lands cites:
[354] Russian Primary Chronicle (1973), 1030, p. 136.
[355] Snorre, Saga of Olaf Haraldson Part III, 95.
[356] Chirovsky (1973), p. 77.
[357] Franklin & Shepard (1998), p. 252.
[358] Novgorod Chronicle 1078, p. 6.
[359] Franklin & Shepard (1998), pp. 260-61.
[360] Russian Primary Chronicle (1973), 1093, p. 174.
[361] Russian Primary Chronicle (1973), 1053, p. 142.
[362] Baumgarten (1927), p. 24, citing Chron. russes II 3 and 289.10
He was Prince of Pereyaslavl between 1054 and 1073.2,4 He was Prince of Chernigov between 1073 and 1078.2,4 He was Great Pr of Kiev (1076)+(1078-93) in 1076.2 He was Grand Duke of Kiev between 1078 and 1093.1,4

Family 1

Child

Family 2

Maria/Anastasia Monomachina (?) of Byzantium b. bt 1030 - 1035, d. 1067
Children

Family 3

Anna (?) d. 7 Oct 1111
Children

Citations

  1. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 225. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  2. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 1 page - Rurikids: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik1.html
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 8 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik8.html
  4. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vsevolod_I_of_Kiev. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  5. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Jaroslav I Vladimirovitch: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027047&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Ingegerd of Sweden: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027048&tree=LEO
  7. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 242-6, p. 205. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  8. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Vsevolod I: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027061&tree=LEO
  9. [S2374] Find a Grave, online http://www.findagrave.com/, Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 29 October 2019), memorial page for Vsevolod “Of Kiev” Yaroslavich, I (1030–13 Apr 1083), Find A Grave Memorial no. 147356788, citing Saint Sophia's Cathedral, Kiev, City of Kiev, Ukraine ; Maintained by Robert Kuhmann (contributor 46567652), at: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/147356788/vsevolod-yaroslavich. Hereinafter cited as Find a Grave.
  10. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/RUSSIA,%20Rurik.htm#VsevolodIaroslavichdied1093B. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  11. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, 'Irene' Maria Monamacha: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027062&tree=LEO
  12. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/BYZANTIUM.htm#MariaMonomachedied1067
  13. [S2374] Find a Grave, online http://www.findagrave.com/, Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 25 March 2020), memorial page for Vsevolod “Of Kiev” Yaroslavich, I (1030–13 Apr 1083), Find a Grave Memorial no. 147356788, citing Saint Sophia's Cathedral, Kiev, City of Kiev, Ukraine ; Maintained by Robert Kuhmann (contributor 46567652), at: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/147356788/vsevolod-yaroslavich
  14. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 101: Russia - General survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  15. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Vladimir II Monomakh: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027049&tree=LEO
  16. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Vladimir II Monomakh: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027049&tree=LEO
  17. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Eupraxia of Kiev: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027242&tree=LEO
  18. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/RUSSIA,%20Rurik.htm#IevpraxiaVsevolodovnadied1109.

NN (?) of Polocz1,2

F, #10349, d. 11 July 1127
Last Edited3 Jul 2020
     NN (?) of Polocz married Vladimir II Vsevolodich "Monomachus" (?) Grand Prince of Kiev, son of Vsevolod I Yaroslavich (?) Grand Duke of Kiev, Pr of Pereyaslavl, Pr of Chernigov and Maria/Anastasia Monomachina (?) of Byzantium;
His 3rd wife.1,2
NN (?) of Polocz died on 11 July 1127.1
     ; Per Genealogy.EU (Rurik 8): “[1m.] Vladimir II "Monomachos", Pr of Rostov (1066-73), Pr of Smolensk (1073-93), Pr of Chernigov (1078-93), Pr of Pereyaslavl (1094-1113), Great Pr of Kiev (1113-25), he was the founder of Vladimir Town 1108, *1053, +nr Alta River 19.5.1125, bur St Sophia Cathedral, Kiev; 1m: 1072-74 Gytha of Wessex (+Palestine 10.3.(1098)); 2m: ca 1099 a Byzantine noblewoman (+7.5.1107); 3m: N, dau.of a khan of Kumans (+11.7.1127)”.3

; dau. of a Khan of the Kumans.1

Reference: Genealogics cites: Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag, Marburg, Schwennicke, Detlev (Ed.) 2:135.2

Citations

  1. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 8 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik8.html
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, NN of Polocz: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00321299&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 8 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik8.html

Vladimir II Vsevolodich "Monomachus" (?) Grand Prince of Kiev1,2,3

M, #10350, b. 1053, d. 19 May 1125
FatherVsevolod I Yaroslavich (?) Grand Duke of Kiev, Pr of Pereyaslavl, Pr of Chernigov1,2,3,4,5,6 b. 1030, d. 13 Apr 1093
MotherMaria/Anastasia Monomachina (?) of Byzantium2,7,3,8,6 b. bt 1030 - 1035, d. 1067
ReferenceEDV27
Last Edited3 Nov 2020
     Vladimir II Vsevolodich "Monomachus" (?) Grand Prince of Kiev was born in 1053.9,6,3 He married Gytha/Eadgyth (?) of Wessex, daughter of Harold II Godwinson (?) King of England and Eadgyth Swanneshals "Swan-neck" (?), circa 1070;
His 1st wife. Rurik 8 page says m. 1072/74.9,2,3,10,11,12,13,6 Vladimir II Vsevolodich "Monomachus" (?) Grand Prince of Kiev married Unknown (?) circa 1099;
His 2nd wife.3 Vladimir II Vsevolodich "Monomachus" (?) Grand Prince of Kiev married NN (?) of Polocz;
His 3rd wife.3,14
Vladimir II Vsevolodich "Monomachus" (?) Grand Prince of Kiev died on 19 May 1125 at near Alta River.9,1,2,3,6
Vladimir II Vsevolodich "Monomachus" (?) Grand Prince of Kiev was buried after 19 May 1125 at Saint Sophia's Cathedral, Kiev (Ky'iv), City of Kiev, Ukraine,

; From Find A Grave:
     BIRTH     1054, Kiev, City of Kiev, Ukraine
     DEATH     19 May 1125 (aged 70–71)
     Vladimir II Monomakh,( Volodimir Monomakh; Christian name Vasiliy, or Basileios) was a Velikiy Kniaz (Grand Prince) of Kiev. He was the son of Vsevolod I and Anastasia of Byzantium whose father some give as Emperor Constantine IX Monomachos.
     Eupraxia of Kiev, a half-sister of Vladimir, became notorious all over Europe for her divorce from the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV on the grounds that he had attempted a black mass on her naked body.
In his famous Instruction (also known as The Testament) to his own children, Monomakh mentions that he conducted 83 military campaigns and 19 times made peace with the Polovtsi. He founded several towns, notably his namesake, Vladimir, the future capital of Russia. When Sviatopolk II died in 1113, the Kievan populace revolted and summoned Vladimir to the capital. The same year he entered Kiev to the great delight of the crowd and reigned there until his death in 1125. He made a number of reforms in order to allay the social tensions in the capital. Succeeding generations often referred to his reign as the golden age of that city. Numerous legends are connected with Monomakh's name, including the transfer from Constantinople to Russia of such precious relics as the Theotokos of Vladimir and the Vladimir/Muscovite crown called Monomakh's Cap.
     Vladimir was married three times. His first wife was Gytha of Wessex, daughter of Harold of England who fell at Hastings and Edith Swannesha. They had at least five children:
** Mstislav I of Kiev (1 June 1076 – 14 April 1132).
** Izyaslav Vladimirovich, Prince of Kursk (c. 1077 – 6 September 1096).
** Svyatoslav Vladimirovich, Prince of Smolensk and Pereyaslav (c. 1080 – 16 March 1114).
** Yaropolk II of Kiev (1082 – 18 February 1139).
** Viacheslav I of Kiev (1083 – 2 February 1154).

     The following daughter has been attributed to both the first and the second wife:
** Marina Vladimirovna (d. 1146). Married Leon Diogenes. A pretender to the throne of the Byzantine Empire, claiming to be a son of Romanos IV. Rose to the rank of khan of the Cumans in Ossetia.

     The second wife, Eufimia, is considered to have been a Byzantine noblewoman. The Primary Chronicle and "Testament of Vladimir Monomakh" record her date of death on 7 May 1107. However the Chronicle does not mention her name. They had at least six children:
** Roman Volodymyrovych, Prince of Volhynia (d. 6 January 1119).
** Eufemia of Kiev (d. 4 April 1139). Married Coloman of Hungary.
** Agafia Vladimirovna. Married Vsevolod Davidovich, Prince of Gorodno. Her husband was a son of Davyd Igorevych, Prince of Volhynia (d. 1113).
** Yuri Dolgoruki (d. 15 May 1157).
** Andriy Volodymyrovych, Prince of Volhynia (11 July 1102–1141).

     His third marriage is thought to have been to a daughter of Aepa Ocenevich, Khan of the Cumans.
     Vladimir is buried in the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev.
     Family Members
     Parents
          Vsevolod Yaroslavich 1030–1083
     Spouse
          Gytha Of England 1053–1107
     BURIAL     Saint Sophia's Cathedral, Kiev, City of Kiev, Ukraine
     Created by: Kat
     Added: 20 Aug 2012
     Find a Grave Memorial 95700154.3,15
     Reference: Genealogics cites:
1. Nachkommen Gorms des Alten, 1978 , Brenner, S. Otto. 246.
2. The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, Edinburgh, 1977, Paget, Gerald. 9.
3. Europäische Stammtafeln, Band II, Frank Baron Freytag von Loringhoven, 1975, Isenburg, W. K. Prinz von. 93.
4. Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser. 1953.
5. Burke's Guide to the Royal Family, London, 1973. 192.
6. Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag, Marburg, Schwennicke, Detlev (Ed.) 2:135.
7. Biogr. details drawn from Wikipedia.6
EDV-27.

; Per Genealogics:
     “Vladimir was born in 1053, the son of Vsevolod I, grand duke of Kiev, and 'Irene' Maria Monomacha. His mother was the daughter of Emperor Constantine IX Monomachos, the origin of his epithet of Monomakh (Greek for 'Fighting in single combat' or 'One who fights alone'). Through his maternal grandmother's family, Vladimir was apparently a descendant of the Argyros and Skleros families of the Byzantine empire, and thus could have traced his bloodline to several other emperors such as Romanus I and Leo V. These Greek connections played an important role in his foreign affairs.
     “Eupraxia of Kiev, a half-sister of Vladimir, was the second wife of Emperor Heinrich IV, but divorced by him without progeny in 1093.
     “Vladimir was married at least twice, possibly three times. His first wife was Gytha of Wessex, daughter of Harold II, king of England, and Eadgyth Swannesha. They had at least five children of whom only Mstislav I, Vladimir's heir, would have progeny. By an unnamed second wife, believed to have been a Byzantine noblewoman, he had at least six children, of whom Youry Dolgoruki and Agafija Vladimirovna would have progeny. His daughter Jevfemija Vladimirovna, who would have progeny, probably came from this marriage, though some sources give her as from his first marriage. Some sources record that his third marriage was to a daughter of Aepa, Khan of the Polowcen, a clan belonging to the Kipchaks, a confederation of pastoralists and warriors of Turkic origin. However the Russian Primary Chronicle (an early history of Kievan Rus') identifies Aepa as father-in-law to Youry Dolgoruki from his second marriage, with Vladimir negotiating the marriage in the name of his son. Whether father and son married sisters or the identity of the intended groom was misidentified is unclear. In any event no progeny is recorded from Vladimir's third marriage.
     “In his famous _Instruction_ (also known as _The Testament_) to his own children, Vladimir mentions that he conducted 83 military campaigns and 19 times made peace with the Polovtsi. At first he waged war against the Great Steppe jointly with his cousin Oleg, but after Vladimir was sent by his father to rule Chernigov and Oleg made peace with the Polovtsi to retake that city from him, they parted company. Since that time, Vladimir and Oleg were bitter enemies who would often engage in internecine wars. The enmity continued among their children and more distant posterity.
     “From 1094 his chief patrimony was the southern town of Pereyaslav, although he also controlled Rostov, Suzdal, and other northern provinces. In these lands he founded several towns, notably his namesake, Vladimir, the future capital of Russia. In order to unite the princes of Rus' in their struggle against the Great Steppe, Vladimir initiated three princely congresses, the most important being held at Lyubech in 1097 and Dolobsk in 1103.
     “When Sviatopold II died in 1113, the Kievan populace revolted and summoned Vladimir to the capital. The same year he entered Kiev to the great delight of the crowd and reigned there until his death in 1125. As may be seen from his _Instruction,_ he promulgated a number of reforms in order to allay the social tensions in the capital. These years saw the last flowering of Ancient Rus, which was torn apart ten years after his death.
     “Vladimir died on 19 May 1125, and is buried in the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev. Succeeding generations often referred to his reign as the golden age of that city. Numerous legends are connected with Vladimir's name, including the transfer from Constantinople to Rus of such precious relics as the icon Theotokos of Vladimir (Our Lady of Vladimir) and the Vladimir/Muscovite crown called Monomakh's Cap.”.6

; This is the same person as ”Vladimir II Monomakh” at Wikipedia.16

; Per Genealogy.EU (Rurik 8): “[1m.] Vladimir II "Monomachos", Pr of Rostov (1066-73), Pr of Smolensk (1073-93), Pr of Chernigov (1078-93), Pr of Pereyaslavl (1094-1113), Great Pr of Kiev (1113-25), he was the founder of Vladimir Town 1108, *1053, +nr Alta River 19.5.1125, bur St Sophia Cathedral, Kiev; 1m: 1072-74 Gytha of Wessex (+Palestine 10.3.(1098)); 2m: ca 1099 a Byzantine noblewoman (+7.5.1107); 3m: N, dau.of a khan of Kumans (+11.7.1127)”.17

; Per Med Lands:
     "[GYTHA [Eadgyth] ([1050/55]-10 Mar [1098/99]). Gytha's estimated birth date range, based on the birth dates of her children and the estimated date of her husband's second marriage, suggests that she must have been King Harold’s daughter by his mistress Eadgyth Swanneshals, although this supposition is not based on any primary source data. The name "Gytha" suggests that in England she was originally called Eadgyth. Gytha’s existence, and her Russian marriage, are confirmed only by sources written in the late 12th/early 13th centuries, between 100 and 150 years after the estimated date of the marriage, although it is of course possible that these sources were based on earlier records which have since disappeared. None of the other earlier sources which name the sons of King Harold II, such as the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and Florence of Worcester, mention any daughters. According to Saxo Grammaticus, after her father's death she and her two brothers "immediately emigrated to Denmark" where Svend II Estrithsen King of Denmark "received them in a spirit of family duty" and arranged her marriage to "Waldemarus King of the Russians"[2091]. Whether such a move can have been made "immediately" is open to doubt, considering the rebellions of her supposed brothers in England which are dated to 1068 and 1069 (see above). Gytha is named as King Harold's daughter in Fagrskinna, which also gives her marriage to "Valldimar Konongr sun Iarozlæifs konongs i Holmgarde" (which appears to skip a generation in the generally accepted family reconstruction of the Rurikid dynasty). More details are provided by Morkinskinna, which records that the mother of “Haraldr Valdimarsson”, father of Malmfrid who married Sigurd King of Norway, was “Edith the daughter of Harold Godwinson” and that her husband was “the son of King Yaroslav and Ingigerdr, the daughter of Óláfr the Swede” (also skipping a generation)[2092]. Morkinskinna appears to be the only source which attributes the additional name "Harald", indicative of his English ancestry, to her son Mstislav. The husband of Gytha has generally been identified as Grand Prince Vladimir Vsevolodich "Monomach"[2093], but Morkinskinna is the only source which provides enough detail to suggest that this identification is correct. Baumgarten, particularly thorough in his source citations, cites no Russian source which corroborates the marriage[2094]. The lateness of the sources in which Gytha and her marriage are recorded suggests that the information should be treated with some caution. In addition, it is surprising that no name from Gytha's supposed family (with the exception of "Harald" attributed to her son Mstislav in Morkinskinna) was used among the known descendants of Grand Prince Vladimir. While it is true that the Rurikid dynasty rarely imported foreign names for the male descendants, it was not unusual for females to bear names which are recognisable from the families of foreign princesses who married into the family, the obvious example being the Scandinavian name Ingeborg used by Vladimir's son Mstislav for his daughter by Christina of Sweden. The difficult question is to decide the likelihood of such a marriage in light of conditions at the time and contemporary attitudes: some arguments can be mustered for suggesting that a daughter of King Harold II may not have been considered a good marriage prospect. Gytha’s supposed mother was obscure and she herself was illegitimate, although it is recognised that Gytha was related to the Danish royal family through her paternal grandmother and that illegitimacy presented few barriers at the time in Scandinavian royal families. Her father’s death may have glorified him as a hero, or alternatively his defeat may have been viewed as ignominious, depending on the point of view. Her family lived in exile and were without influential connections, apart it seems from the king of Denmark, and her brothers fell into complete obscurity. If a Russian marriage was arranged for her, it is likely that her husband would have been one of the lesser princes of the dynasty: from this perspective, it is true that Vladimir Vsevolodich was at the time relatively obscure, as the son of the youngest surviving brother of the current Grand Prince without immediate prospects of succession. As noted above, the Scandinavian sources consistently propose a name similar to Vladimir for Gytha’s husband, although this should not be viewed as conclusive because difficult Russian names were frequently transcribed into contemporary western sources with more creativity than accuracy. The inevitable, if disappointing, conclusion is that doubts about Gytha’s existence and her Russian marriage cannot be dismissed entirely. Nazarenko reports that, according to a pateric formerly held by the cloister of St Pantaleon, Köln, Gytha died as a nun in Palestine 10 Mar [1098/99][2095]. The year is inconsistent with the estimated date of Vladimir’s supposed second marriage (see below), unless he repudiated his first wife. This reported source has not yet been seen: hopefully, the actual text may help resolve lingering doubts concerning Gytha and her origin.
     "m ([1070]) as his first wife, VLADIMIR Vsevolodich of Pereiaslavl and Suzdal, son of VSEVOLOD Iaroslavich Prince of Pereiaslavl and Suzdal [later VSEVOLOD I Grand Prince of Kiev] & his first wife Maria [Irina] of Byzantium (1053-19 May 1125). He succeeded 1077 as Prince of Smolensk, 1078 as Prince of Chernigov, and 1113 as VLADIMIR "Monomach" Grand Prince of Kiev.] "
Med Lands cites:
[2091] Christiansen, E. (1980) Saxo Grammaticus, Danorum Regum Heroumque Historia, Books X-XVI (B. A. R. International Series 84), XI, VI, p. 58.
[2092] Morkinskinna, 66, p. 328.
[2093] For example, in Baumgarten, N. de 'Généalogies et mariages occidentaux des Rurikides Russes du X au XIII siècles’, Orientalia Christiana Vol. IX - 1, No. 35, May 1927 (reprint, Pont. Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, Rome) (“Baumgarten (1927)”), Table V, after p. 27.
[2094] Baumgarten (1927), p. 24.
[2095] Nazarenko, A. V. (2001) ??????? ???? ?? ????????????? ????? [Dryobnya Rus’ ne Meyzhdunarodyech Lutyach/International Relations of Ancient Rus’] (Moscow). (not yet consulted, information provided by Jim Cyphers in a private email to the author dated 3 Dec 2010.)12


; Per Genealogy.EU (Wessex): “Gytha, *ca 1055/60, +Kiev 7.5.1107; m.ca 1070 Great Pr Vladimir II of Kiev (*ca 1053, +19.5.1125)”.10 He was Prince of Rostov between 1066 and 1073.3 He was Prince of Smolensk between 1073 and 1078.3,16 He was Prince of Chernigov between 1078 and 1094.3,16 He was Prince of Pereyaslavl between 1094 and 1113.3,16

; Founded the town of Vladimir.3 He was Grand Duke of Kiev: VLADIMIR MONOMAKH, prince of Kiev. His reign marked the last period of brilliance at Kiev. between 1113 and 1125.18,1,3

Family 3

NN (?) of Polocz d. 11 Jul 1127

Citations

  1. [S1426] Jiri Louda (Tables) and Michael Maclagan (text), Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 2002), Table 101: Russia - General survey. Hereinafter cited as Louda & Maclagan [2002] Lines of Succession.
  2. [S1490] Genealogics Website (oiginated by Leo van de Pas, continued by Ian Fettes), online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Vladimir II Monomakh: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027049&tree=LEO. Hereinafter cited as Genealogics Website.
  3. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, online http://genealogy.euweb.cz/index.html, unknown author (e-mail address), downloaded updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 8 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik8.html
  4. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Vsevolod I: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027061&tree=LEO
  5. [S1953] Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vsevolod_I_of_Kiev. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
  6. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Vladimir II Monomakh: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027049&tree=LEO
  7. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, 'Irene' Maria Monamacha: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027062&tree=LEO
  8. [S2203] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG): MEDIEVAL LANDS - A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/RUSSIA,%20Rurik.htm#VsevolodIaroslavichdied1093B. Hereinafter cited as FMG Medieval Lands Website.
  9. [S632] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, 7th edition (n.p.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
    Baltimore, 1992, unknown publish date), line 242-7, p. 205. Hereinafter cited as Weis AR-7.
  10. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Wessex page - The House of Wessex: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/brit/wessex.html
  11. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Gytha of Wessex: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027739&tree=LEO
  12. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLAND,%20AngloSaxon%20&%20Danish%20Kings.htm#GythaMVladimirKiev.
  13. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/RUSSIA,%20Rurik.htm#VladimirMonomachdied1125B.
  14. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, NN of Polocz: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00321299&tree=LEO
  15. [S2374] Find a Grave, online http://www.findagrave.com/, Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed 03 July 2020), memorial page for Vladimir II Monomakh (1054–19 May 1125), Find a Grave Memorial no. 95700154, citing Saint Sophia's Cathedral, Kiev, City of Kiev, Ukraine; Maintained by Kat (contributor 47496397), at: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/95700154. Hereinafter cited as Find a Grave.
  16. [S1953] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladimir_II_Monomakh
  17. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 8 page: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik8.html
  18. [S1224] General Editor Peter N. Stearns, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001), p. 225. Hereinafter cited as The Encyclopedia of World History, 6th Ed.
  19. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Mstislav I: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027050&tree=LEO
  20. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Isjaslav Vladimirovitch: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00321300&tree=LEO
  21. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Svjatoslav Vladimirovitch: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00321301&tree=LEO
  22. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Marina Vladimirovna of Kiev: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00321303&tree=LEO
  23. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/RUSSIA,%20Rurik.htm#RomanVladimirovichdied1119.
  24. [S1438] Miroslav Marek, updated 15 May 2003, Rurik 8 page (Rurikids): http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik8.html
  25. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Jevfemija Vladimirovna of Kiev: https://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00330256&tree=LEO
  26. [S2203] FMG Medieval Lands Website, online http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/index.htm, https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/RUSSIA,%20Rurik.htm#IevfemiaVladimirovnadied1139.
  27. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Agafija Vladimirovna of Kiev: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00313564&tree=LEO
  28. [S1490] Genealogics Website, online http://www.genealogics.org/index.php, Youry Dolgoruki: http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00081443&tree=LEO